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1. R\erson, K-ertoii, LL.l) 
4. Rice, Samuel D.. !>. I). 
7. Carman, Albeit, D.I). 



.;. Doutrlas,. George, LL.l). 

5. .Mrs. S. D. Rice 

S. Mrs. Albert Carman 



;j. Williams, J. A., D.D. 
6. Mrs. J. A. Williams 
n. Stratton, Rev. F. H. 



m 
THE FIRST CENTURY OF 
METHODISM IN CANADA 



VOL. II. 1840-1883 



BY 

J. E. SANDERSON, M.A. 



" Showing to the generation to come the 
praises of the Lord . . . and his wonder- 
ful works that he hath done . . . That 
they might set their hope in God and not 
orget the works of God." 

— Ps. Ixxviii. 4-7. 



1^ 



TORONTO 

WILLIAM BRIGGS 

1910 



Copyright, Canada, 1910, 
William Briggs 



BX 

€251 

SZ 



A WORD TO OUR READERS 



This Volume continues the record of Methodist doings 
in Canada from 1840 to the grand Union of 1883. In 
the closing chapters will be found welcome contributions 
from the pens of the Rev. Robert Cade, D.D., the Rev. 
James M. Simpson, and the late Rev. George Webber, 
regarding their several Churches. All the Uniting 
Churches are also represented in our comprehensive 
portrait gallery, according to their numbers at the time of 
Union. The ministers are placed according to the date 
of their entrance. The women as well as the men who 
were known in active church work before the close of this 
volume have here at least a representation. This was 
done under the oversight of seven wise men, and their 
desire to be liberal taxed the generosity of the Publishers 
to the utmost limit — " a hundred and fifty and three " — 
though they would have gladly included hundreds more, 
had it been possible. We trust these will be accepted 
simply as representatives of " the great multitude which 
no man can number." 

In Volume I. a few corrections are necessary : 

The engraving, " Grave of Paul and Barbara Heck," 
was intended to face page 46, where the place of burial- 
Augusta — is correctly stated. On page 63, 3rd line, read 
Madden; page 119, last line, James should be Thomas; 
page 216, near the bottom—" On December i8th a meet- 
ing was held at Saltfleet attended by David Gulp," etc. 

For careful reading of MS. ^ the Author is very 
specially indebted to the Rev. Geo. H. Cornish, LL.D. 

With thanks to God for life and health to finish this 
work, it is now committed to the members and friends 
of the Methodist Church, as an appreciation of the char- 
acter and work of the Church, and an earnest effort to tell 
to our own and succeeding generations something of 
what the Lord has done. 

J. E. S. 

Toronto, May 30th, 1910. 



CONTENTS 



I. Dissolution of the Union - - - - ii 

II. Active Church Work - - ^ - - - 20 

III. Rivalry and Its Results 27 

IV. Revivals, East and West - - - - 35 
V. Education and Missions - - - - 45 

VI. The Union Restored 54 

VII. Encouraging Records 67 

VIII. Extension and Union 83 

IX. From the Atlantic to the Pacific - - - 95 

X. Fields Whitening to Harvest - - - 112 

XI. Canada and British Columbia . - - 123 

XII. University and Colleges 141 

XIII. The Prince of Wales and Methodism - - 152 

XIV. The Field and the Workmen - - - 163 
XV. Colleges and Churches 180 

XVI. Missions Become Circuits . . - - 192 

XVII. The American Centenary ... - 201 

XVIII. England and Canada 217 

XIX. Canada's Enlarging Sphere . - - - 227 

XX. Insurrection and Loyalty - - - - 237 

XXI. Home and Foreign Missions - - - - 254 

XXII. Diverse Views of Union .... 276 

XXIII. Union Arrangements Accepted ... 291 

XXIV. Harmonious Co-operation ... - 306 
XXV. The English and Other Conferences - - 330 

XXVI. Relief and Extension 346 

XXVII. Ecumenical Council and Union - - - 367 

XXVIII. The Methodist Church 385 

XXIX. Primitive Methodism in Canada - - - 406 

XXX. The Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada 414 

XXXI. The Canada Bible Christian Church - - 426 

Index 431 



PORTRAITS 



Many of these portraits and titles are of later date than 1883. 



Page 

Abbs, Rev. George 112 

Adams, Miss Mary E. .. 227 

Addison, Rev. Peter 254 

Aikens, Hon. James C. . . 112 

Allen, Rev. Jas., M.A. .. 384 

Allison, David, LL.D. .. 407 

Ames, Rev. William 67 

Andrews, Rev. Alfred . . 201 

Antliffe, J. C, M.A., D.D. 306 

Antliffe, Mrs. J. C 306 

Badgley, Erastus I., LL.D. 276 

Biggar, James L 45 

Biggar, Mrs. L 45 

Bond, Rev. Stephen 201 

Boyle, Robert, D.D 112 

Brecken, Ralph, M.A., 

D.D 384 

Bredin, John, D.D 45 

Briggs, Wm., D.D 254 ^ 

Briggs, Mrs. Wm 254 

Bristol, Rev. Emerson... 45 

Burns, Rev. William 141 

Burwash, Rev. J., M.A., 

LL.D 306 

Burwash, Rev. N., LL.D. 276 

Burwash, Mrs. N 276 

Cade, Rev. Robert, D.D. . 201 

Campbell, Rev. Amos . . . 276 

Campbell, Rev. Thos. M. 306 

Carman, Rev. Albert, D.D. i 

Carman, Mrs. Albert i 

Cartmall, Miss Martha J. 407 

Caswell, Rev. James ... 67 

Cochran, George, D.D... 162 



Pag. 

Coleman, Rev. Francis . . 45 
Cornish, Rev. George H., 

LL.D 227 

Crosby, Rev. Thomas . . . 384 

Crosby, Mrs. Thomas . . . 384 

Dean, Judge, W. W 384 

Dewart, Edward H., D.D. 141 
Douglas, Rev. George, 

D.D., LL.D I 

Dyer, W. P., M.A., D.D. 407 

Elliott, James, D.D 45 

Edgar, James, M.D 162 

Ferrier, Hon. James 26 

Ferrier, Mrs. James 26 

Flanders, Rev. Rufus A. 45 

Galley, Mr. Edward 180 

Galley, Mrs. Edward 180 

Gardiner, Rev. James, 

D.C.L 45 

Garner, Rev. John 67 

German, John F., D.D. . . 276 

German, Rev. Peter 180 

Gooderham, Mrs. James . . 346 

Graham, Mr. David 407 

Graham, Rev. James . . . 254 

Griffin, Wm. S., D.D 112 

Griffith, Rev. Thomas, 

Ph.D ,. . 276 

Hare, Rev. John J., Ph.D. 407 

Harper, Ephraim B., D.D. 45 

Henderson, Wm. C, D.D. 227 

Hilts, Rev. Joseph H. . . . 254 
Holmes, Rev. A. Lee, 

M.A 407 



PORTRAITS 



Page 

Huestis, Stephen F., D.D. 227 

Inch, J. R., LL.D 346 

Irwin, Mr. Robert 141 

Jackson, Mr. Edward . . 162 

Jackson, Mrs. Edward . . 162 

Jefferis, Rev. Thomas . . 83 

Lake, Mr. John N 346 

Langford, Alexander, D.D. 227 
Lounsbury, Rev. Edward 112 
McBride, Mr. William.. 306 
McClure, Rev. William.. 26 
McDonald, Rev. David- 
son, M.D 254 

McDonald, Hon. John... 83 

McDonagh, Rev. William 141 

McDougall, Rev. George. 141 

McDougall, John, D.D. . . 346 

McLaren, Judge J. J. ... 346 

Manning, Mr. James .... 180 

Markham, Rev. Joseph.. 201 

Massey, Mr. Hart 162 

Massey, Mr. Chester D. 407 

Mathewson, Mr. James A. 83 
Meacham, George M., 

D.D 201 

Meacham, Mrs. George M. 201 

Milligan, George S., LL.D. 180 

Milner, Rev. Jonathan.. 180 

Morrison, Rev. Samuel.. 67 
Nelles, Rev. S. S., D.D., 

LL.D 83 

Norman, Rev. W. E. . . . 26 

O'Flynn, Mr. E. D 384 

Parker, William R., D.D. 201 

Pascoe, William S., D.D. 180 

Pickard, Humphrey, D.D. 26 

Pirritte, Wm., D.D 162 

Potts, John, D.D 227 

Punshon, Wm. Morley, 

LL.D 83 

Rice, Samuel D., D.D... i 

Rice, Mrs. Samuel D. . . i 

Robins, Rev. Paul 26 



Page 

Roberts, Rev. Edward . . 227 

Robinson, Mr. George . . . 384 

Robinson, Rev. Joseph H. 26 

Robson, Ebenezer, D.D... 180 

Rogerson, Hon. J. J 254 

Rolston, Rev. David D... 83 

Rolston, Mrs. David D. . . 83 

Ross, James S., D.D 346 

Rutherford, Mrs. A. O... 384 

Rutledge, Mr. C. W 407 

Ryckman, Edward B., 

D.D 201 

Ryerson, Egerton, D.D., 

LL.D I 

Sanderson, Rev. Joseph 

E., M.A 141 

Savage, Rev. David .... 112 
Shannon, Hon. S. L., 

K.C., D.C.L 227 

Shaw, Rev. W. I., LL.D. 306 

Simpson, Rev. James M. 254 

Sparling, Joseph W., D.D. 346 
Stafford, Rev. Ezra A., 

LL.D 254 

Stevenson, Mr. Edward.. 67 

Stewart, Charles, D.D... 141 

Stone, Samuel G.,«D.D... 276 

Strachan, Mrs. E. S 346 

Stratton, Rev. Fred. B... i 
Sutherland, Alexander, 

D.D 201 

Sutherland, Donald G., 

D.D 306 

Swann, Rev. Matthew. . . . 141 

Taylor, Lachlin, D.D 26 

Torrance, Mr. David 67 

Torrance, Mrs. David ... 67 

Vaux, Mr. Thomas .... 162 

Wakefield, John, D.D. .. 162 

Walker, Mr. Robert 112 

Wallace, Francis H., M.A., 

D.D 407 

Webber, Rev. George . . 227 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Page 

Wilson, Rev. John Carroll 162 
Withrow, Wm. H., M.A., 

D.D 384 

Woodsworth, James, D.D. 306 
Woodsworth, Mr. Richard 83 
Woodsworth, Mrs. Rich- 
ard 83 

Youmans, Mrs. Letitia .. 141 

Young, George, D.D 67 

Young, Rev. Joseph 346 



We regret a mistake, too late t'^^r correction, in placing 
the likeness of the Rev. John MoDougall on page 141, where 
the Rev. George McDougall should be, and the Rev. 'George 
on page 346, where the Rev. John should be. 





Page 


Webster, Mr. George . . . 


26 


Webster, Thomas, D.D... 


67 


Whitlock, Rev. Jesse 


112 


Whitlock, Mrs. Jesse 


112 


Wilkes, Robt, M.P 


276 


Williams, J. A., D.D 


I 


Williams, Mrs. J. A 


I 


Williams, Thomas G., 




D.D 


276 


Williams, Wm., D.D. ... 


180 


Williamson, J. S., D.D. . . 


306 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



St. James Methodist Church, Montreal - - - - iii 

Sydenham Street Methodist Church, Kingston - - - I79 

Maple Leaf and Beaver ------- 161 

Methodist Church, Quebec ------ 226 

Annesley Hall, Toronto ------- 236 

Mount Pleasant Methodist Church, Vancouver, B.C. - - 275 

Ontario Ladies' College, Whitby ----- 286 

Wesley College, Winnipeg ------- 305 

Berkeley Street Methodist Church, Toronto - - - 329 

Methodist Church, Strathcona ------ 366 

Metropolitan Church, Victoria, B.C. ----- 384 

Albert College, Belleville ------- 414 

Methodist Church and Parsonage, Haileybury, Ont. - - 425 



METHODISM IN CANADA 



CHAPTER I. 
1840. 



DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION. 

Eastern District Meeting — Conference, 1840 — Friction — English 
objections — Canadian Government — Alder — Ryerson — Stin- 
son — ^The Judges — Committee — Charges — Clergy Reserves — 
Richey — Delegates — Conference — Whitehead — Case — Dissolu- 
tion — Read j ustments. 

The ministers of the Canada East District met in Mont- 
real, May 1st, 1840, for District Meeting. Edmund S. 
Ingalls and John B. Selley were received into full con- 
nection. Total of members, 3,227; increase, 341. 

Stations, 1840. 

Wm. M. Harvard, Chairman. 

Quebec — William M. Harvard, John B. Selley. 

Montreal — Robt. L. Lusher, Wm. Squire, John P. Hetherington. 

Three Rivers — Vacant for the present. 

W esleyville — One to be sent. 

Russelltown and Hinchinbrook — John Rain, Thomas Campbell. 

Odelltown — ^Thomas Turner. 

St. Armand — Richard Hutchinson, Malcolm McDonald. 

Dunham — John B. Brownell. 

Shefford — John Tomkins. 

Stanstead — Robert Cooney, Henry Lanton. 

Hatley and Conipton — Edmund Botterell. 

Melbourne — John Borland. 

New Ireland — Edmund S. Ingalls. 

Editor of the Wesleyan — Robert L. Lusher. 

The Conference of 1840 was held in Belleville, com- 
mencing- June loth, the President, Rev. Joseph Stinson, 
in the chair. The Rev. Egerton Ryerson was elected 
Secretary. 

II 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Received into full connection — William Willoughby, 
David Hardie, Stephen Miles, John Lever, Sylvester 
Hurlburt, William Scott, Charles B. Goodrich. 

Twelve candidates were received on trial. 

Districts. Chairmen. 

London Ephraim Evans. 

Toronto Anson Green. 

Bay of Quinte Matthew Lang. 

Augusta ....................... Henry Wilkinson. 

Collected for Superannuation Fund ^232. 14. 10. 

" Contingent " £220. 4. 4 

Editor of the Christian Gimrdian, — Jonathan Scott. 

Book Steward — Anson Green. 

The Revs. William and Egerton Ryerson were ap- 
pointed Representatives to confer with the Government 
on all matters affecting the Church. Moses Blackstock, 
John Sanderson, Kennedy Creighton and about one hun- 
dred members, who had followed Henry Ryan, were 
reinstated. Reports from Upper Canada Academy, the 
Book-Room, and Sunday Schools, were very satisfactory. 
The Pastoral Address breathes the spirit of love and 
mutual confidence, with thanksgiving for success and no 
note of alarm for the future. 

In the Address to the English Conference regret is 
expressed that the representative to the General Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Episcopal Church — the Rev. Robt. 
Newton — did not also visit Canada. ' We also deeply 
regret that any diversity of opinion should threaten the 
harmony and cordial co-operation of the British and 
Canadian Conferences. We most anxiously desire to 
strengthen and perpetuate the Union, and to adjust all 
points of difference between us. To accomplish these 
ends we have appointed the Revs. Egerton and William 
Ryerson to attend your approaching Conference, in the 
hope that all things may be permanently settled. Our 
beloved President has consented to accompany them.' 

The English authorities had objected to what they 
considered the political character of the Christian Guar- 
dian, in opposing the desires of the Government regard- 

12 



DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION 

ing the Clergy Reserves and the establishing of the 
Church of England; to Egerton Ryerson also, because 
of his influence with the Government. These irritating 
difficulties had become acute during the year. The mis- 
sion of Dr. Alder had proved practically abortive. His 
efforts to change or even modify Canadian opinion on 
the grave questions he was deputed to settle were power- 
less. The Methodists of this new country would not 
tolerate a Church Establishment ; they would not consent 
to the handing over of one-seventh of their grand inherit- 
ance to support the clergy of a favored church. No such 
provision had been considered in the Articles of Union. 
The endangering of the thousand pound grant to the 
English Missionary Committee was esteemed but a straw 
in the balance. But Dr. Alder's consultation with the 
Government, before leaving Canada, and subsequent com- 
munications were fraught with evil consequences. 

The Canadian Government, obstructed and thwarted in 
schemes of Church aggrandizement by the persistent and 
unyielding opposition of Canadian churches, hoped, with 
the aid of English Methodist authority, to stem the tide 
of Canadian opposition. To such overtures the English 
missionary authorities lent a too willing ear. Hence the 
coming of Rev. Robt. Alder, in 1833, with a dozen mis- 
sionaries, to invade the peaceful domain of Upper Canada 
Methodism. But these plans miscarried, and instead the 
Union was consummated. For seven years disappointed 
hopes lay dormant, but the ultimate aim was not aban- 
doned. When the moment seemed opportune, the effort 
was renewed. The Governor, Sir George Arthur, sought 
by correspondence to influence the Missionary Committee 
in London against the Editor and the Organ of Canadian 
Methodism as intensely political. Such representations 
paved the way for Dr. Alder's second mission to Canada, 
early in 1839. But again he found the trend and solidar- 
ity of Canadian sentiment irresistible and bowed to the 
inevitable. Had the Conference and the Editor yielded 
to the desires of Sir George Arthur's Government, and 

13 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

the suggestions of the London Missionary Committee, 
one-seventh of the lands of the province might now be 
held by the Church of England. 

Dr. Alder had brought a letter from the Missionary 
Secretaries to Sir George Arthur, condemnatory of the 
Guardian and its Editor. This letter was published in 
the Patriot, copied into the Guardian, and answered be- 
fore the Hamilton Conference. Dr. Alder's reply fol- 
lowed. The Revs. Joseph Stinson and Matthew Richey 
had been parties to the election of Egerton Ryerson, as 
Editor, in 1838, and shared with their brethren in resist- 
ing High Church claims. The Conference of 1836, in an 
Address to the King, duly signed by the Rev. William 
Lord, President, said : 

"We, together with the :great majority of vour loyal 
and devoted Canadian subjects, are conscientiouslv and 
firmly opposed to the recognition of any Church Estab- 
lishment within this Province." 

Egerton Ryerson was then in England. In 1837 the 
Conference adopted a series of resolutions equally de- 
cided, under the presidency of the Rev. William M. 
Harvard. On the 7th of April, 1838, Mr. Stinson wrote 
Mr. John Ryerson. 

" I am quite of your opinion that Brother Egerton 
Ryerson ought to take the Guardian next year. There is 
a crisis approaching in our affairs, which will require a 
vig^orous hand to wield the defensive weapon of our 
Conference. There can be no two ooinions as to whom 
to give that weapon. We now stand on fair grounds to 
maintain our own against the encroachments of the oli- 
garchy, and we must do it or sink into a comparatively 
uninfluential body. This must not be." 

The Rev. Egerton Ryerson wrote the Hon. W. H. 
Draper : " The 14th George III. secured His Majesty's 
subjects professing the Roman Catholic faith in the free 
exercise of their religion, and their clergy in the enjoy- 
ment of their accustomed dues and rights, . . . with 
an explanatory proviso, that His Majesty might make 

14 



DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION 

provision ' for the encouragement of the Protestant reli- 
gion, and for the maintenance of a Protestant clergy' — 
not for any one class of Protestants, but of the * Protestant 
religion.' With this agree the opmions of Her Majesty's 
Judges in England : ' We are all of opinion that the 
words, " a Protestant clergy," are large enough to in- 
clude and do include other clergy than those of the 
Church of England, .... and appear to us, both 
in their natural force and meaning, and still more from 
the context in which they are found, to be there used to 
designate and intend a clergy opnosed in doctrine and 
discipline to the clergy of the Church of Rome; and 
rather to aim at the encouragement of the Protestant re- 
ligion in opposition to the Romish Church than to point 
exclusively to the clergy of the Church of England.' " 

Both editorially and before the Conference Mr. Ryer- 
son clearly declared his views : 

* In resnect to the Ecclesiastical affairs of this "Prov- 
ince. I still adhere to the orinciples noon which T set 
out in t8<'6. T believe th^t the endowment of the clerev 
of anv Church in this Province would be an evil to 
that Church as well as impolitic in the Government. 
. . . T believe that the aonrooriatinn of the Clerp-v 
Reserves to Educational pnrooses will he the most satis- 

fnctorv disposal that can be m?de of them 

The present is an epoch in the affairs of this countrv in 
which no man of intelli^rence can be iustifiablv neutral. 
. . . . My decision, however, is not one of partv but 
of principle : not of passion btit of conviction : not of 
partial proscription but of equitable comprehension.' 

These are but brief extracts from an address of two 
hours, after which Mr. Ryerson was re-elected Editor 
by a vote of fortv-one to sixteen. 

The Wesleyan Committee, in London, instructed Mr. 
Stinson to sunport a Church Establishment but the pro- 
ject was disallowed bv the Home Government. In that 
disallowance the decided opposition from Canada was a 
strong factor. By the same influence, in the following 

15 . 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

year, the objectionable clauses were expung-ed from a 
Bill, sent home by the new Governor, the Right Hon. C. 
Poulett Thompson. 

To the Canada Conference of 1840 the Wesleyan Mis- 
sionary Committee, London, sent charges against the 
Rev. Egerton Ryerson, for — 

1. Practically superseding Rev. J. Stinson in com- 
munications with the Government. 

2. In attempting to secure for the Canada Conference 
the grant made to the Wesleyan iVlissionary Society. 

3. In allowing the Guardian to become political. 

The Committee hoped the Conference would repudiate 
these acts of the Editor ; but, if not, it would become the 
painful duty of the Committee to recommend the next 
British Conference to dissolve the Union and adopt such 
measures for the maintenance and extension of the Indian 
missions in Upper Canada as might appear necessary. 

The charges were presented by the Rev. M. Richey 
and received full consideration. It transpired in evidence 
that the Revs. Stinson and Richey, on the 2ik1 of January, 
1840, in an interview with the Government, had informed 
His Excellency that the Union between the English and 
Canadian Conferences was expected to be dissolved, and 
they embodied their views in a memorial : 

" The Church of England being in our estimation the 
Established Church of all the British Colonies, we en- 
tertain no objections to the distinct recognition of her 
as such ; and had the Reserves been exclusively appro- 
priated to her .... we should not have interfered ; 
but as the disposition of them has been referred to the 
Colonial Legislature, we confess we are entirely at a 
loss to conceive why the Wesleyan IMethodist Church 
should be placed in any degree inferior to the Church 
of Scotland .... In any settlement of this important 
question we regard it of vital importance to the perma- 
nent peace and prosperity of the Province, as a British 
Colony, that the sum to be appropriated to us be given 
to the Wesleyan Methodists who are now or who may 

16 



DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION 

be hereafter connected with the British Wesleyan Con- 
ference." 

In supporting the Report of the House of Commons 
on the Civil Government of Canada, the Secretary of 
State for the Colonies, Lord Stanley, said : ' If any ex- 
clusive privileges were given to the Church of England, 
not only will the measure be repugnant to every principle 
of sound legislation, but contrary to the spirit and inten- 
tions of the Act of 1 791, under which the Reserves were 
made for the Protestant clergy.' Not so, Messrs. Stin- 
son and Richey ! 

On receipt of the above Memorial, His Excellency sent 
for Mr. Ryerson, who supplied him with documentary 
evidence of the relations between the two Conferences. 

In regard to Mr. Ryerson's alleged interference with 
the prerogatives of the President, the Conference consid- 
ered that he had done only what he was specially appoint- 
ed to do. It refused to recognize the rights of the Commit- 
tee to interfere in internal affairs, except as provided in 
the Articles of Union, and admitted no control of views 
or proceedings regarding the Clergy Reserves ; nor would 
it acknowledge the right of the Committee to accuse and 
condemn a member of the Conference, and then to exact 
compliance on pain of a dissolution of the Union. It also 
refused to acknowledge the President appointed in Eng- 
land to be, by virtue of his office, the " Agent and Repre- 
sentative of the Wesleyan Body in Upper Canada," in 
dealing with the Government. 

The claim of the Committee to the possession and con- 
trol of the Indian missions the Conference repudiated, as 
those missions were nearly all established before the 
Union. 

Believing that the Committee had acted under misap- 
prehension, the Conference resolved to remove, if pos- 
sible, the misunderstanding by sending Delegates. Having 
attended the English Conference, the Delegates returned 
to Toronto September 20th. On the 23rd a call was 

17 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

issued for a Special Conference, to meet in Toronto on 
the 22nd of October to receive their report. Before 
leaving England the Delegates had published a pamphlet 
containing the documents and official correspondence, the 
substance of which appeared also in the Guardian. The 
Conference opened at 9 o'clock, October 22nd, 1840. The 
Rev. Thomas Whitehead was appointed Chairman. 

After preliminary consideration of the holding of a 
Special Conference and meeting of the Districts the Con- 
ference assembled. Eighty ministers were present. The 
Rev. Wm. Case was elected President, and the Rev. John 
C. Davidson Secretary. The Rev. Egerton Ryerson pre- 
sented the report of the Delegates. A motion for its 
reception led to lengthy discussion, after which it was 
referred to a committee, which recommended its recep- 
tion ; also expressed dissatisfaction with the treatment 
the Delegates had received, and regret that the British 
Conference had decided to withdraw from the Union. 

Eleven resolutions were adopted by the Conference, 
and afterwards published in the minutes ; also other reso- 
lutions in regard to future action. Members and friends 
of the Church were freely admitted to hear the discus- 
sions. Religious services were held in the evenings. Fri- 
day was observed as a day of fasting and prayer. The 
privileges of Sunday were restful and refreshing. The 
Conference sessions continued until the 29th. 

Eleven ministers decided to cast in their lots with the 
British Conference — Ephraim Evans, John Douse. Ben- 
jamin Slight, James Norris, Thomas Fawcett, William 
Scott, James Brock, John G. Manly, Charles B. Good- 
rich, Edmund Stoney, and William Case. Later William 
Steer, John Sunday and Thomas Hurlburt withdrew. 
Joseph Stinson, Matthew Richey, and Matthew Lang 
were already connected with the English Conference. 

Mr. Case expressed his strong attachment to his Cana- 
dian brethren and his desire to continue in the Missions. 

18 



DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION 

Others spoke similarly, all regretting the division and 
hoping that peace might be restored. 

" We listened with indescribable emotion to the ex- 
pressions of attachment from those who went out from 
us. We wept that human frailty should stand in the way 
of unity ; and while we conscientiously differed with 
those taking what seemed to us an unwise departure, 
we regarded them with sincere affection." 

The Rev. Thomas Whitehead was elected President. 
He was in his seventy-eighth year, and the fifty-third 
of his ministry. 

Some necessary adjustments were made in the Sta- 
tions. Several circuits were united. Some missions were 
allowed to remain in charge of ministers who had with- 
drawn, but the Missionary District, as such, disappeared. 
The Canada missionary treasury was empty, and the 
missionaries in urgent need of their allowances. Review- 
ing the situation, Egerton Ryerson closed an address of 
five ihours with these words : * We have surveyed every 
inch of the ground on which we stand. We have offered 
to concede everything but what appertains to our char- 
acter and operations as a Methodist Church. The stand 
we take is Methodistic, is rational, is just. The declara- 
tions of those who leave us attest this. They are 
compelled to pay homage to our character, as a body; 
they cannot impeach our doctrines, or discipline, or prac- 
tice; nor can they sustain a single objection to our 
principles or standing. The very reasons they assign 
for secession are variable, indefinite, personal, or trivial. 
But the reasons for our position and unity are tangible, 
are definite, are Methodistic, are unanswerable.* 



19 



CHAPTER II. 



ACTIVE CHURCH WORK. 

Camp-meetings — Rundle — Hurlburt — Evans — Currie, Young, Mis- 
sions — Hamilton — Mrs. Hurlburt — Mississippi — Revivals — 
London — Bay of Quinte — British — Ottawa — Liberality — Wil- 
ton — Waterloo — S. Schools — Locations — U. C. Academy — 
Eastern work. 

During the summer the ministers successfully prose- 
cuted their work. Several successful camp-meetings 
were held. New churches were opened in Newcastle, 
Brighton, Trent, Vaughan, Albion, etc. 

The Chairman of the Toronto District writes, Septem- 
ber loth : 

* The ministers generally are in very good spirits and 
full of expectation. The Quarterly Meeting at New- 
market was followed by several conversions ; at Tyler's, 
Yonge street, thirty or forty seekers during the week ; a 
most fortunate combination of Camp and Quarterly 
Meeting on the Albion circuit ; blessed results attend- 
ing the labors of teachers, exhorters and class leaders.' 

At a camp-meeting on the London circuit sixty or 
seventy professed conversion ; nearly as many on the St. 
Clair mission — Indians and Whites. 

A two-days' meeting, begun in the woods at Kempt- 
ville, grew into an extensive revival. 

The Chairman of the Ottawa district writes : 

' Greater toil and richer harvests than ever ; revivals, 
camp-meetings, quarterly meetings — all seasons of re- 
freshing. In Richmond, Ottawa and Mississippi over 
two hundred declaring what the Lord had done for 
them.' 

20 ' 



ACTIVE CHURCH WORK 

From Malahide, Barrie, Grimsby, Muncey, Gosfield, 
etc., the preachers write of ingatherings. 

Extracts from the diary of Rev. Robert T. Rundle, 
from Lachine to Edmonton, as the pioneer of Methodism. 
After grateful reference to the kindness of Montreal 
friends, the heroic young Cornish missionary proceeds : 

April 2nd, 1840 — We started from Lachine, up the 
Ottawa, interrupted by currents and foaming cataracts. 

May 2nd — Left the great Ottawa at the Company's 
Fort — Mattawan — and proceeded towards Lake Huron, 
listening to the cataract thundering in solitude, through 
lakes, embosomed in woods. 

4th — Reached Lake Nipissing and went down French 
River, ninety miles a day. 

9th — Arrived at Sault Ste. Marie, and entered the 
crystal waters of Lake Superior. 

17th — Reached Fort William; left our large canoe, 
and in two smaller ones through Dog Lake, Lake of a 
Thousand Islands, Ridge and Croix Lakes, Rainy Lake ; 
and, 27th, Rat Portage ; excessively hot — 92 in the shade ; 
29th, arrived at the Falls of Point-du-Bois ; the whole 
hemisphere illuminated by the Aurora Borealis. 

30th— Reached Slave Falls ; next day Fort Alexander, 
at the extremity of Lake Winnipeg; observed eagles, 
geese, ducks, pelicans, etc., and met large floats of ice. 

June 5th — Entered Jack River, and reached Norway 
House in the evening. 

Rev. Thomas Hurlburt tells of his work on Lake Su- 
perior, teaching about twenty Indian children, and con- 
templating a tour to Hudson's Bay. 

From Oxford »House Rev. James Evans writes, Aug. 
9th, 1840 : 

' I reached Norway House with my wife and daughter 
July 28th, three months and seventeen days after leaving 
Guelph. Mrs. Evans' health has been good generally, 
and Clarissa's has decidedly improved. They succeeded 
in climbing and walking the portages, three, five, some- 
times nine miles a day, camping in all kinds of weather 
and living on all kinds of provisions. We find the fields 
" white unto the harvest." Little did I think when you 

21 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

sent me to Rice Lake that I should wander hither. 
But, glory to God, I am as happy here as anywhere. 
Norway House is my home, when I am there. I spent 
five days getting my family made as comfortable as pos- 
sible ; then started for York Factory to meet the ship 
from England. I purpose, on snow shoes, to visit all 
my posts, if practicable, and I look for God's blessing.' 

On July 29th, 1840, Peter Jacobs wrote from Lac La 
Pluie : 

' Two thousand miles from Toronto, four months 
pulling at the ash oar, rivers, lakes, portages — never 
worked so hard before ; but forgot all my troubles see- 
ing so many Indians. I find them firm in their idolatry, 
holding councils against Christianity and warning their 
young men. Yet some give me encouragement. We 
have been out of provisions for a week, but, thank God, 
plenty of berries. Mr. Evans passed a month ago. All 
well. Pray for us.' 

From Perth, Rev. James Currie writes : 
' On Sabbath last, up to midnight, the altar was 
crowded with penitents. Before I left for Special Con- 
ference eighteen had found peace. Our exhorters and 
leaders continued the work.' 

For the Rideau circuit Rev. William Young says : 

' The Rev. H. Wilkinson came to our Quarterly Meet- 
ing. Love-feast refreshing; many seekers in the even- 
ings following, and about thirty professed conversion. 
Five new appointments — making 17.' 

The Indian missions at The Narrows, Coldwater, 
Snake Island, and Rama, decided unanimously to remain 
under the Canada Conference. 

' The proceedings of the Special Conference give gen- 
eral satisfaction.' Thomas Bevitt. 

' The Lord is with us. The interest taken in missions 
is most cheering.' Wellington Jeffers. 

' In Hamilton one gentleman offered $100, another 
$40, others $20, $10, and smaller sums until we had 
over $400 — six times the amount of last year. These 
offerings say the missions of the Canada Conference 
shall be sustained.' 

22 



ACTIVE CHURCH WORK 

From her far-away Lake Superior home, Mrs. Thomas 
Hurlburt writes her parents, Dec. 20th, 1840 : 

' This is the Holy Sabbath evening, and with an over- 
flowing heart I must tell you of our prosperity. We 
can say of a truth — the Lord is with us. Four of our 
Indians give good evidence of a change of heart, and 
several more are anxiously seeking. Two adults were 
baptized this evening, making sixteen, and twenty-nine 
children. I do not lament my situation, never did, never 
expect to, although I highly prize and often sigh for 
civilized Christian society. Pray for us.' 

The Rev. John Black tells of good, protracted, Bible 
and missionary meetings : ' The fall of 1840 was a dark 
time in our Wesleyan atmosphere, but we look for no 
eclipse on our Zion in 1841.' 

' On the Mississippi Circuit since Conference about 
one hundred have been brought to know their sins for- 
given. Lanark, Ramsay, Pakenham, and Fitzroy have 
shared in the refreshing. Messrs. Bellamy and Dixon, 
though not members of our Church, have made pro- 
posals for the building of two much-needed churches. 
Our parsonage, though not finished, is occupied. The 
dissolution of the Union is regretted, but the action of 
our Conference is generally approved. Every wheel 
runs smoothly under the direction of the great Head of 
the Church and the propelling power of the Holy Spirit.' 

— Alva Adams. 

The Waterloo Circuit rejoiced in extensive revivals: 
* Our friends are strongly attached to the Canada 
Conference. We expect the old ship will outride all 
the storms and have no fear; the Captain is at the helm.' 

Similar notes of cheer come from Prescott, Matilda, 
Hallowell, Grimsby, etc. 

At the opening of the new church in St. Thomas, on 
January loth, 185 1, the liberality of the people was equal 
to the demand, and general prosperity attended the circuit. 

23 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

In Guelph fifty of the sixty members held to the Canada 
Conference. Missionary meetings in Howard, Romney, 
Gosfield, Colchester, Camden and Thames circuits had full 
houses and liberal offerings. Long drives over circuits 
sixty or eighty miles in extent taxed the energies of the 
missionaries, but they found open doors and anxious 
hearers in the new settlements — soon to become fruitful 
fields. The same deputation — Revs. Wm. Ryerson and 
Anson Green — visited Jersey, St. George, Brantford, 
Woodstock, etc., and witnessed cheering developments of 
liberaHty. The London district was estimated at £500 — 
five times as much as in the previous year. 

On the Bay of Quinte District contributions were 
approaching £700; spiritual results also good. 

Newburgh, formerly '" Rogues' Hollow,"' was proving 
true to its new name — sober instead of drunken. 

' About thirty conversions at Napanee ; over a hun- 
dred on the circuit. Meetings for seven weeks. The 
Lord has sustained us.' 

The Cramahe Female Missionary Society held its four- 
teenth anniversary, reporting £12. This was probably 
our first Women's Missionary Society. 

'Was ever the Missionary Society sustained as now? 
Have we not more revivals than ever since the union 
of 1833? Glorious success.' — Editor. 

In Toronto, Hamilton, Brantford, St. Clair, Goderich, 
Guelph, Belleville, Peterborough, Kingston, and some 
other places, the British missionaries were at work, and 
in May reported 1,500 members. 

Very favorable notices appeared of the revival in Que- 
bec under Rev. James Caughey. 

Eastern missionary tour — Lachute, ii2 15s.; St. 
Andrews, about the same and a gold ring; L'Orignal, 
£11; Papineau Seignory, £10; Bytown. a missionary 
tea, given by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Bishoprick; over- 
flowing congregations Sunday; unprecedented enthusi- 
asm at the meeting, James F. Taylor, Esq., presiding, 
£62; Aylmer, £15; twenty miles to M'Gee's ; Goulbourn, 
£7 3s. — first meeting there; Shillington's £5 12s.; 

24 



ACTIVE CHURCH WORK 

thirteen miles to Carlton, eloquent speech by Lachlin 
Taylor, £9 ; Dickson's Mills, Pakenham, where the Holy 
Spirit has been poured out as floods upon the dry 
ground, £110 subscribed for a chapel. In Mr. Dickson's 
new store, fitted up for the occasion, about four hun- 
dred assembled, £27; Boyd's chapel, Lanark, £13. 
What we have seen during these few weeks assures us 
that the people will stand by the Canada Methodist 
Church.' 

' Port Hope was reported for £40 ; Cobourg, from 
key note of £10 from the Chairman, Ebenezer Perry, 
Esq., £75 ; Colborne, £10, and about as much more from 
the F. M. S.; Belleville, £40; Consecon, £15; Hallowell, 
£34, with smaller sums from several other places.' 

In Wilton a new stone church, costing £400, had been 
built. At the opening a gentleman who had contributed 
£75 was converted, and many others shortly after. 
Through Portland and Loughborough to Waterloo the 
improvement in the country was very marked ; good 
farms and well-built houses. The Waterloo chapel, ^yas 
still held by the seceders, though used very seldom, but 
the school-house was filled and £16 contributed; King- 
ston £167 — not surpassed even by Toronto. The city 
was in a state of pleasurable excitement, having been 
chosen Capital of the United Provinces. On the way 
through a rough and sterile country a midday meeting 
was held at Cowan's, and at Gananoque in the evening, 
£15, though there was but one Methodist family in the 
village, that of Ebal Webster, Esq., by whom we were 
kindly entertained. The next day we drove forty-five 
miles through cold and snowdrifts to Keeler's, halting 
at Mallorytown for dinner with Mr. Purvis, who gave 
us a sad record of divisions, nearly half their members 
having joined the Ryanites or Episcopals.' 

In April, 1841, the Secretary of the Kingston Sunday 
School reported : ' That the school reorganized Nov. 
15th, 1840, with 19 teachers and 49 scholars, had in- 
creased to 23 teachers and 117 scholars, with a good 

25 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

supply of books, money in the treasury and deep 
spiritual interest.' 

James Parcells, Secretary of the Sunday School in 
Cummer's chapel, Yonge Street, in his report, April 5th, 

1841, says: 'As far as I know, this school has been 
established upwards of twenty-five years, and Mr. Seneca 
Ketchum was its founder. The teachers generally were 
once scholars in the school. Nearly everybody near us 
has contributed to its support, and we find that union is 
strength. Still more remarkable, all late troubles, politi- 
cal or religious, have never been able to make a division 
in our school. We would that this were universal.' 

According to Bishop Soule, smce the organization of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States, 
2,300 ministers have located, few of them having travel- 
led over ten years. In Canada also, locations have been 
too numerous, though probably few preachers left the 
work until compelled by necessity, and thereafter doing- 
good service in local spheres. _ 

* The Upper Canada Academy,' writes Rev. E. Ryer- 
son, ' has now been in operation five years and upwards 
of four hundred students have attended ; ^et the only 
public aid it has received was a grant of £200 last year. 
Were it properly endowed, it could be filled with male 
students, so as to render a separate Female Seminary 
advisable.' 

A hundred members were added to tho Church at 
Kemptville, and a stone parsonage was begun. 

For the Augusta circuit a house and five acres of land 
were purchased. 

The Rideau circuit had an increase of seventy-five 
members, and built a new parsonage. Other circuits 
were making similar progress. 

The District Meeting for Lower Canada was held in 
Montreal, in May, 1841, and attended by twenty minis- 
ters. Henry Lanton and Thomas Campbell were received 
into full connection ; John F. Elliott and Rufus A. 
Flanders on trial. Increase of members, 452. 

26 




1. llobins, lle\ . I'aul 
4. Ferrier, Hon. James 
7. Norman, Kev. W. E. 



■J. McClure, Kev. Win. 
.'). Mrs. James Ferrier 
S. Pickard, Humphrey, D.D. 



;;. liobiii.son, Kev. .1. II. 
6. Taylor, Lachlin, D.U. 
9. Webster, Mr. George 



CHAPTER III. 

1841-2. 

RIVALRY AND ITS RESULTS. 

Conference — Good prospects — Victoria College — Tour — Heck — 
Prince of Wales — Neelands — Missions — S. Schools — Wes- 
leyans — Conference, 1842 — Ladies' Seminary — Millerism — 
Licenses — Missionary meetings — Eastern District. 

The Conference of 1841 was held in Toronto, com- 
mencing on the 9th of June. The Rev. Wm. Ryerson, 
President ; Rev. Anson Green, Secretary. 

Into full connection — William Coleman, George Good- 
son, Kennedy Creighton, George R. Sanderson, Wel- 
lington Jeffers, George B. Butcher. 

Ten candidates were received on trial. 

Number of members, 17,017; increase, 663. 

About 1,250 members had withdrawn. 

Collected for Superannuation Fund . . . £287. 3s. lod. 
" Contingent " ... £228. lis. 5d. 

Editor, Rev. Jonathan Scott. 

Book Steward, Rev. John Ryerson. 

General Secretary, Missionary Society, Rev. Anson 
Green. 

A committee was appointed for the adjustment of mis- 
sionary affairs with the Missionary Committee, London. 
The Imperial Act, regarding Clergy Reserves, was dis- 
approved. The Annual Address made mention of the 
Special Conference and regretted the secession, but 
gratefully acknowledged the steadfastness and unwonted 
liberality of the members. 

The reply to the Address of the English Conference 
stated : 

" The secessions from our ministry during the past 
year have been more than supplied by the early and 

27 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

voluntary presentation of young men. The liberality of 
our people has enabled us to support our superannuated 
preachers better than ever; to maintain our missions 
and schools and assist feeble circuits." 

A proposal was made that all matters at issue be sub- 
mitted to a tribunal equally constituted from the two 
Conferences. The Address thus answered had been 
printed and published^, but not directly sent to the Can- 
ada Conference. 

'Nine months ago there was some diversity of senti- 
ment among both ministers and people. Our missionary 
treasury was empty, but the missions have been sus- 
tained and increased. The Church is now united. One 
hundred and thirteen ministers have gone to their cir- 
cuits " perfectly joined together in the same mind and 
in the same judgment." May the word of the Lord 
have free course and be glorified.' — Guardian. 

A Bill for the incorporation of the Upper Canada 
Academy as Victoria College, was passed, by the House 
of Assembly, in July, 1841. 

In the early summer camp-meetings were held in Goul- 
bourn, Smith's Falls, Oxford, Bear Creek, Matilda, Carle- 
ton Place, etc. 

On the 4th of August, the Rev. John Ryerson started 
on a tour and writes : ' At the Credit I witnessed with 
delight the successful efforts of David Wright among 
the Indians ; preached twice on the Grimsby Circuit, 
attended a Sunday School Convention in Simcoe, saw 
their new church in building, held a Quarterly IMeeting 
and never heard better speaking in a love-feast ; preached 
in Guelph and visited Gait, a village of about a hundred 
houses, where Brother Sours has fitted up a room which 
will hold a couple of hundred.' 

Mr, Samuel Heck, of Augusta, died on the i8th of 
August, 1 84 1. He was a son of Paul and Barbara Heck, 
converted under Hezekiah Wooster in 1796, became a 
faithful class-leader and local preacher, and closed a life 
of great usefulness at the age of seventy years. 

28 



RIVALRY AND ITS RESULTS 

The Guardian of September 22nd was in mourning for 
Lord Sydenham, the Governor-General, who died on 
September 19th, the result of a fall from his horse, at 
the early age of forty-two years, deeply deplored as a 
true friend of the country. 

An address by the new Principal of Victoria College 
was published. The Provisional btafif consisted of : 

Rev. Egerton Ryerson, Principal — Moral Philosophy; 
Rev. Jesse Hurlburt, A.M. — Hebrew and Natural 
Science ; Rev. D. C. Van Norman, A.M. — Greek and 
Latin ; Mr. Wm. Kingston — Mathematics and English ; 
Mr. Crowley — Assistant in English. 

The announcement of the birth of the Prince of Wales, 
November 9th, caused a thrill of patriotic gladness. 

News of revivals comes from Peterborough, Brock- 
ville, Augusta, Hallowell, Brantford, etc. 

The Rev. John Neelands, stationed at Barrie, received 
instructions in the autumn to undertake the St. Vincent 
and Owen Sound mission. 

* I engaged a friend with a light boat, to sail or row 
near the shore for safety, taking my wife, bed and 
clothing, while I with my pony drove through mud and 
creeks fifty miles to St. Vincent. The Indians were 
mostly away huntingf, but we found a resting-place in 
a wigwam, and held a meeting with the few remaining. 
I have arranged to preach to some settlers on the Oak- 
ville and Owen Sound Road; visited several settle- 
ments; have formed one class.' He soon had three 
classes and three Sunday Schools. 

At the Newgate Street missionary meeting, Toronto, 
the Hon. Captain McCauley was Chairman ; ministers 
of several denominations were on the platform ; pro- 
ceeds, ^175. 

At the Kingston meeting the Hon. Mr. Sullivan pre- 
sided ; the Hon. Mr. Harrison, unavoidably absent, sent 
£2 los. ; the Hon. Receiver-General Dunn was ill, but 
contributed £5; the Chairman subscribed il2 los; the 

29 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Hon. Surveyor-General Parke iio, and moved a resolu- 
tion; Captain Jackson £20; smaller sums made up ^177. 

The President of Conference reported a very satisfac- 
tory missionary tour through the Niagara, Gore, and 
Home districts. 

The Rev. A. McNabb writes : ' The contributions in 
Hamilton are nearing £200. On the plate at Dundas 
were three ten-dollar bills rolled together as three fives 
had been at a previous meeting.' 

On February 24th, 1842, the Rev. Anson Green, after 
spending six weeks attending thirty missionary meetings 
in and around Prince Edward, reports £200 paid, and a 
probable income of £1,000. 

A child's box at Prescott contained over £8. General 
spiritual prosperity prevails in the Eastern Districts. 

At a Sunday School service in Toronto, an address 
was given by Peter McPhail, a dialogue by Louisa Piper, 
Letitia Stewart and Harriet Taylor, a recitation by Mar- 
cia Ryerson. Jesse Ketchum, Esq., was Chairman ; Dr. 
Beatty and Mr. Hodgson, Superintendents — all names 
remembered in Toronto. 

The Primitive Methodist Sunday School tea meeting. 
Bay Street, was attended by about four hundred. The 
report was read by Mr. Robert Walker ; recitations by the 
scholars and addresses by Revs. Lyle and Jolly. 

The British Conference regarded the dissolution of 
the Union as an accomplished fact. " Eighteen mission- 
aries were assigned to Upper Canada ; fourteen principal 
stations among the Chippewas and other Indians." — an 
announcement scarcely intelligible in Canada, as twelve 
out of the eighteen missionaries were resident in circuit 
or mission towns of the Canada Conference. 

The Rev. John G. Manly v/as editor of the Wesleyan, 
published in Toronto. 

The number of British Wesleyan members, 1,627. 

30 



RIVALRY AND ITS RESULTS 

The " Ladies' French-Canadian Missionary Society," 
founded in Montreal, July 12th, 1844, held its first anni- 
versary February 2nd, 1842, and reported nearly £150. 

The Conference of 1842 was held in Hallowell, open- 
ing on the 8th of June. President, Rev. Anson Green; 
Secretary, Rev. Thomas Bevitt. 

Into fiiJl connection — James Spencer, Samuel 
C. Philp, Charles W. M. Gilbert. Thomas Demorest 
was re-admitted after fourteen years' location. Ten 
candidates were received on trial. The Chairmen 
were stationed on circuits. The five districts were 
increased to seven by the addition of Hamilton and 
Cobourg-. Editor, Rev. Jonathan Scott; Book Steward, 
Rev, Alexander McNab. A committee was appointed 
to consider the possibility of a Manual Labor School for 
the Indians. Certain resolutions of the English Confer- 
ence regarding the dissolution of the Union were replied 
to with resolutions of regret. 

Number of members, 19,478; increase, 2,461. 
For Superannuation Fund, £313 5s. 9d. 
For Contingent Fund, £113 los. 

The annual address to the members opens with these 
words : " In no former address have we been able to 
speak of success so extensive and encouraging as that 
with which the great Head of the Church has crowned 
our labors during the past year." 

The formal opening of Victoria College took place on 
the 2ist of July, 1842. The degree of Doctor of Divinity 
had been conferred on the Principal by the Wesleyan 
University of Middletown, Conn. 

A "Ladies' Seminary" was opened in Cobourg by 
Professor and Mrs. Van Norman; also a "Female 
Academy " in the same town by Mrs. J. B. Hurlburt. 

The Book Steward had notice of hymn books arriving 
at Quebec, and announced : " They will be here in two 
weeks." 

31 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Editor says : " We received a remittance of five 
dollars, charged with 2s. pd. postage." 

Peculiar teachings, under the name of Millerism, 
were finding their way from the United States into Can- 
ada, and awakening vigilant opposition. The Rev. J. M. 
Peck, writing of outrages near Rochester, says : " Mr. 
Miller, in our candid opinion, is really insane." 

By camp meetings and other revival services at St. 
Clair, Albion, Gosfield, Whitby, Peterborough, Asphodel, 
Cavan, Pakenham, Perth, and other circuits many hun- 
dreds have been gathered in. The Niagara F. M. S. 
sent a package of clothing, valued at £io. 

Writing from Norway House, July 7th, 1842, the 
Rev. James Evans says: 

' Mr. Rundle has visited Rocky Mountain House, 
Lesser Slave Lake, and other places; Mr. Mason, of 
Lac La Pluie, finds the Indians anxious for instruc- 
tion; Henry Steinhauer, at Rat Portage, is an indefati- 
gable laborer and deserves my highest commendation. 
At Norway House Peter Jacobs has been unremitting 
in his exertions during my winter tour. The kindness 
of the Hudson Bay Co. is constant.' 

From the Saugeen Mission Rev. Thomas Williams 
reports failure in their crops and much sickness. 

A trenchant letter on the " Licensing of Taverns " was 
written by the Rev. H. Wilkinson, of Kingston. His 
portrayal of the liquor business, the inconsistency of 
licensing evil, and the complicity of the voters shows that 
he grasped the situation as heroically as temperance 
men of later days. It was proposed to reduce the 140 
licenses of Toronto to 100, and memorials were pre- 
sented to that effect. The magistrates issued a pre- 
paratory notice that no licenses would be renewed, 
except to persons of " respectable character," for houses 
of " superior accommodation," where there was a 
" necessity " for such houses. Some correspondence 

32 



RIVALRY AND ITS RESULTS 

and controversy resulted. Mr. R. D. Wadsworth, of 
Montreal, visited Toronto, and greatly aided temperance 
interests. 

The Rev. William Ryerson, in the West, and Rev. 
Anson Green, in the East, attended many missionary 

meetings during the winter, with good success. 

Charles Copway, Indian missionary from Lake Superior, 
tells of his visit to L'Orignal : ' Brother Metcalf greatly 
helped the meeting ; then twenty-six miles up the Ottawa 
on the ice. here and there a farm house, but even here the 
" saddle-bag tribe " climbed the rocky cliffs. At one of the 
meetings a Catholic gave 2s. 6d. Another ride of twenty 
miles to By town, for the best meeting of the series. 
The Chairman, Sheriff Malloch. started the subscrip- 
tion with £c^, and it ran up to i6o. Leaving the :good 
friends in Bytown, our next was Osgoode. Br. Harper 
is the circuit walker here in the summer, for there is 
no riding then.' 

Grimsby, Hamilton, Plantagenet, Dumfries, Bramp- 
ton, Sidney, and other circuits were blessed with very 
gracious revivals. 

New churches were built at Simcoe, Alberton, Paken- 
ham, Gardiner's, Blenheim, Berlin, etc. 

At Victoria College examinations high standing was 
attained by Oliver Springer, Samuel S. Nelles, David 
Beach, William H. Brouse, Wesley P. Wright, John C. 
Aikens, H. Dennis, and J. G. Hodgins, most of whom 
took high rank in later years. A summer session was 
held — June 22nd to October 5th. 

The British Wesleyan ministers of the Western Dis- 
trict met in Hamilton, May nth, 1842. Some new 
chapels had been built and an increase of 805 members 
was reported. The Rev. Matthew Richey was Chairman. 

On the 29th of June the Rev. Joseph Stimson sailed 
for England, where he remained for some years. 

33 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Annual Meeting of the Eastern District, was 
held in Odelltown, commencing May 19th, 1842. Mal- 
colm McDonald was received into full connection. 
John Ferguson Elliott, on trial, had died. 

Millerism was urgently propagated by some Ameri- 
cans, and proved detrimental to many circuits ; yet an 
increase of 357 members was reported. 



3^ 



CHAPTER IV. 

1843-4. 

REVIVALS, EAST AND WEST. 

Conference — Scotland — Governor-General — Asphodel — Education 
Bill — Saugeen — Adolphustown — Switzer's — Napanee — 
Osgoode — Wilkinson — Dignam — Quebec — Montreal — Confer- 
ence — Detlor — Credit — Lake Huron — Green — Owen Sound— 
St. Vincent — Jones — Bytown. 

The Conference met in Hamilton on the 12th of June, 
1843. President, Rev. John Ryerson; Secretary, Rev. A. 
McNab. The Rev. Samuel Luckey, D.D., representa- 
tive of the Methodist Episcopal Church, U. S., was in- 
troduced. 

Into full connection: Reuben E. Tupper, Thos. Cosford, 
Wm. Price, Samuel P. La Dow, Eachlin Taylor, James 
Hutchinson, George Copway. 

Eleven candidates were received on trial. 

Number of members, 23,311 ; increase, 3,833. 

For Superannuation Fund, £337 los. 8d. 

For Contingent Fund, £185 i8s. id. 

Sunday Schools, 206; teachers, 1,234; scholars, 8,033. 

It was ordered that books be prepared for the regis- 
tration of baptisms, the Book Steward to be Registrar. 
Editor — Rev. Jonathan Scott ; Book Steward — Rev. Alex- 
ander McNab ; Delegates to Methodist Episcopal General 
Conference — Revs. Anson Green and Dr. Ryerson ; 
Missionary Agent — Rev. WiUiam Ryerson. 

An address to the Governor-General was ordered. 
Many field and camp-meetings were held during the 
summer. 

The Free Church movement in Scotland, the seces- 
sion of over four hundred ministers and nearly a 

35 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

million followers awakened sympathetic interest in the 
churches of all lands. 

The Governor-General and the President of the Exe- 
cutive Council, after careful inspection of Victoria Col- 
lege, expressed their great satisfaction. 

In a few months the benefactions of His Excellency 
towards many worthy objects were said to have amounted 
to several thousand pounds. 

The Rev. George Goodson, of Mississippi Circuit, 
writes of a successful camp-meeting and the reception of 
fifty new members ; Rev. W. Morton, Clarendon, of over 
a hundred. Rev. William Young, Asphodel Mission, 
embracing Dummer, Otonabee, Belmont, Percy, and 
Seymour, with eighteen appointments, reports encourag- 
ing increase in zeal, piety and numbers ; also a new par- 
sonage. 

Towards the end of December the President of Con- 
ference attended a series of missionary meetings in the 
Western Districts ; the Rev. William Ryerson went east- 
ward, attending others. 

The Toronto Temperance Society petitioned the City 
Council against the issuing of so many licenses for the 
sale of liquor, and especially against the selling of liquor 
in groceries, wholesale and retail. 

During the session of 1843 the Legislature passed an 
elaborate Education Bill for the establishment of public 
and model schools. 

The liberality of Thorold in raising £40 missionary 
money, and St. Catharines £60, was eclipsed by the 
Saugeen Indians, who gave £100 out of their annuity. 

The Rev. William Ryerson reported increasing enthus- 
iasm for missions through all the Districts visited in his 
eastward tour through Prince Edward County, to 
Brockville, Bytown, etc., giving thanks to God for pre- 
servation and to the people for unfailing kindness and 
abounding liberality. 

36 



REVIVALS, EAST AND WEST 

On the Murray Circuit the Rev. Isaac B. Howard 
reports the reception of eighty new members ; the Rev. 
C. R. AlHson over sixty for Bath and Isle of Tanti : 

' This will appear only a mite to some of our rich 
brethren ; but to us proceeding" on a small scale it is 
a great work. In the old chapel in Adolphustown, 
where the standard of the Cross was first planted m 
these parts, we have had a gracious season. At^^our 
watch-night service a cloud of mercy broke over the 
people; many were quickened, and thirty or forty 
washed in the blood of Christ.' 

The Rev. Matthias Holtby tells of seasons of refresh- 
ing on the Simcoe Circuit, and many additions. 

At Switzer's Church, Toronto Circuit, the Revs. John 
Law and Ch. W. M. Gilbert held a protracted meeting dur- 
ing February and March. When the roads were too deep 
in mud for waggons, the people came in crowds through 
the fields and woods, and scores were converted. At a 
love-feast on Sunday morning the communion table was 
suddenly surrounded by weeping penitents, and the saved 
of the Lord were many. The writer, with Joseph Hugill, 
afterwards a minister, and very many others, remember 
those scenes with deepest gratitude. 

It was after such times of awakening that the agents of 
Millerism came into Upper Canada, spreading their delu- 
sions, to the injury of many. Some forcible denunciations 
of their teaching were written by the Rev. Henry Wilkin- 
son, one of which thus concludes : ' Let then the deluded 
in and about Toronto open their eyes to the falsehood, the 
audacity and glaring inconsistencies of the imported 
" notion " — Millerism — and cease to render it the least 

possible countenance.' 

From Napanee the Rev. William Haw writes, March 
13th : ' Our meetings were kept up with unabated inter- 
est for four weeks .... and one hundred and forty 
have united with us. At a, temperance meeting fifty- 
seven took the pledge.' 

37 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

On the Rideau Circuit the Rev. William Willoughby 
received about eighty on probation. The Rev. Simon 
Huntingdon writes similarly from Kemptville, and the 
Rev. J. W. McCallum received as many at Cornwall. 

The Rev. Joseph Reynolds says : ' The dark cloud 
which hung over Osgoode Circuit has burst in blessings. 
A" field meeting and four protracted meetings have 
given us two new appointments, two more classes and 
over seventy new members.' 

In a deserted appointment on the Belleville Circuit 
the Rev. Wm. McCollough, after ten days labor rejoiced 
in sixty or seventy conversions. In a new settlement 
near Owen Sound, in a series of meetings held in a 
shanty, without glass or floor, over twenty professed 
conversion. At the missionary meetings, some ' who 
had not bread to eat cast in their mite.' 

From St. Andrew's, in the East, the Rev. John 
Gemley writes of ' a new church in progress and over 
sixty additions to our beloved Zion.' 

The Indians at the Credit held shares in the Harbor. 
John Jones was Wharfinger, and Chief Sawyer took a 
c'argo of lumber from the Indians' mill to Niagara. 

The Rev. H. Wilkinson, Toronto, reports : ' Re- 
moved, 31; excluded, 7; withdrawn, 3J deluded 
by Millerism, 3 ; laid aside for neglect of duty, 43 ; re- 
ceived — by letter 44, on probation, 90. Notwithstanding 
the heavy arrearage of last year, left to be paid this 
year, all claims are met.' 

From the Warwick Mission the Rev. William Dig- 
nam writes of his work, November, 1843 • " We 
brought the building materials out of the bush, 
manufactured them into a temple for the worship of 
God and held a dedicatory service the same day. The 
people had agreed to assist if I would superintend and 
preach to them when all was done. 



38 



REVIVALS, EAST AND WEST 

The morning came, I was not idle; 

I caught my steed and spanned my bridle; 

Then four white feet in swift succession 

Soon brought me to the Sixth Concession. 

The sun was gilding all creation, 

The songsters warbling adoration; 

No note to me was half so cheering 

As what I heard in " Gardner's Clearing " — 

The welcome sound of axes bounding; 

Chips seen flying, woods resounding, 

Drawing, sawing, shingle-making; 

All were working, no one speaking; 

Corner men were busy fitting — 

Working standing, working sitting'; 

Hands beneath in full enjoyment, 

Skids and hand-spikes in employment. 

The walls were raised, the roof erected 

In quicker time than we expected. 

Each man to shingle took his station 

With hammers smack in operation ; 

Next came the moments for devotion, 

When every hand suspended motion ; 

We sang, we prayed and parted praising — 

God bless the friends of Gardner's Raising! 

In the Township of Adelaide two more were erected 
and dedicated the same day they were built; and on the 
four houses built for the worship of God not one cent 
of debt is left, not one glass of rum was drunk, nor 
one disagreeable word spoken. I have been before 
congregations in many towns and villages in this Prov- 
ince, but none conveyed such heightened feeling as to 
see the workmen with folded sleeves and dripping faces 
take their seats, while I stood upon a royal oak stump 
in a corner of the temple and preached Christ, the sin- 
ner's Friend. I have obtained two acres for a mission 
house from Capt. S. Moore." 

Of other results Mr. Dignam writes later: 
' Here where there was not a Methodist there are 
now forty ; in Adelaide twelve conversions in two fami- 
lies. In Warwick a Sunday School was begun and 

39 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

many awakened; twelve of the most satisfactory con- 
versions I ever witnes^^d took place; soon there were 
twenty, among them an old couple nearly eighty, their 
sons, daughters, and daughters-in-law; and twenty in 
Adelaide. Lest I should be exalted above measure in 
seeing about ninety souls brought to know Christ, those 
vultures — the Mormons — messengers of Satan, have 
been permitted to buffet us. I am in the suburbs of the 
field, but in the heart of the work.' 

It was the writer's privilege to visit these townships 
in 1856, on a missionary tour, and witness the develop- 
ment from these early beginnings. 

From the Waterloo Circuit Rev. C. Vandusen 
writes. May 23rd, 1844 : ' Two hundred and fifty- 
three precious souls have been hopefully con- 
verted to God. A young man returned with 
two brothers from Kingston in merry glee. At 
supper he started to say grace, making a mock of 
the ceremony, but in the very act was arrested and 
brought to his knees, writhing under the pangs of a 
guilty conscience. His cries for mercy were heard, 
his chains fell off and he was made free. Since then 
his father and several members of the family have 
turned and united with us.' 

The British Wesleyans had two churches in Toronto — 
George Street Lot, now Queen Street, and one in 
Yorkville. The Rev. M. Richey went to Kingston, in 
exchange with Rev. J. P. Hetherington. The Rev. E. 
Evans went to London; the Rev. John Douse remained 
in Belleville, and Mr. Marsden probably went to Peter- 
borough. Rev. J. G. Manly left for the West Indies. 
Number of members reported, 2,765. 

The annual meeting for the Eastern District was held 
in Quebec, beginning May i8th, 1844. Rev. William 
M. Harvard, chairman. 

Quebec had suffered from a disastrous fire, the larger 

40 



REVIVALS, EAST AND WEST 

portion of the city being laid in ashes. The loss of 
two Methodist churches was sorely felt, and private 
losses by members caused many to leave the city. Amid 
these reverses the Rev. William Squire was cheered by 
the ingathering of some fifty souls. During the year 
the great St. James' St. Church, Montreal, had been 
built, accommodating a congregation of two thousand. 
It speedily became the great rallying centre for the 
Protestantism of Montreal. The Rev. Matthew Lang 
was the minister in charge. In the same year the 
Lagauchetiere Street Church was built, and to it were 
removed the pulpit, communion, pews and other por- 
tions of the old St. James' Church. Amid a dense 
Roman Catholic population, this church had a hard 
struggle for existence, as the writer found during his 
pastorate in later years. 

The Conference of 1844 was held in Brockville, com- 
mencing on the 5th of June. President, Rev. Richard 
Jones ; Secretary, Rev. H. Wilkinson. 

Into full connection — William Dignam Francis 
Coleman, Daniel C. Van Norman, George Bey- 
non, Robert Darlington, William Philp, William 
McCullough, Joseph Reynolds, Isaac R. Howard. 
Ten candidates were received on trial. Editor, 
George F. Playter; Book Steward, Anson Green; 
General Agent, David Wright. The Rev. Alexander Mc- 
Nab was appointed to solicit subscriptions for library 
and apparatus for Victoria College. The Conference 
returned to the plan of travelling Chairmen. Number of 
members, 23,749; increase, 438. Superannuation Fund, 
£412 14s. 9d. ; Contingent Fund, £248 7s. 2d. Sunday 
schools, 223 ; increase, 17. Chairmen were to be respon- 
sible for missionary meetings on their Districts. 

Samuel Detlor, of Fredericksburgh, was one of the 
early settlers who came from New York to Canada. He 

41 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

joined a class under Mr. Losee in 1791, opened his 
house for preaching, and to the end of his life proved a 
friend of Methodism. 

Peter Jones, writing of a refreshing camp-meeting at 
the Credit, says : ' Twenty years ago these very trees 
that now echo with the voice of praise and prayer re- 
sounded with the drunken Indian's yell and the baccha- 
nalian song of the white man, each trying to outdo the 
other in the most abominable wickedness.' 

At the laying of the corner-stone of the new Market, 
Toronto, Sepember 4th, 1844, the Mayor, Mr. Sher- 
wood, referred to the growth of the town : 

' It was known in early days as Fort Tarento. The 
town was founded in 1794 by Governor Simcoe and 
called York. The population was 1,200 in 181 7, 1,677 
in 1826, and 9,654 in 1834, when it was incorporated 
as a City, and named Toronto by Sir John Colborne. 
The revenue was then under £3,000. By 1844 the popu- 
lation had increased to nearly 20,000 and the revenue to 
over £9,000; so we may expect Toronto to become one 
of the largest cities in America.' 

September 5th the Rev. Anson Green started on a 
missionary tour to Lake Huron. 

' From Holland Landing by steamer Beaver we 
reached Snake Island and joined the Indians in their 
camp-meeting; then by canoe to Barrie for Quarterly 
Meeting; found Br. Dean in poor health. At dawn_ on 
Monday with four brethren — Chantler, Smith, Souls 
and Cathey — stocked with provisions, guns and troll- 
ing lines we set off on a nine-mile tramp to Willow 
Creek, down whose tortuous course we paddled with 
difficulty. Soon, however, we were on the Nottawa- 
saga, into which I unfortunately dropped my axe. At 
two o'clock we went ashore, boiled potatoes, roasted corn, 
made tea and ate our frugal meal. Swarms of mos- 
quitoes wanted dinner also. After thirty miles on the 
swift-flowing stream, we were saluted by the owner of 
Cathey's Mills, Sunnidale. A good night's sleep, an 
early breakfast, then down the river to the beautiful 

42 



REVIVALS, EAST AND WEST 

waters of the Georgian Bay, on which we were borne 
forty miles towards St. Vincent. The Indians, just 
arrived from Penetanguishene with their presents, 
were encamped on the beach. With our sails spread 
and they in canoes, looking like a small fleet, we made 
for Nottawasaga Island. Towards evening we passed 
a towering mountain, high and picturesque banks, reach- 
ing St. Vincent at dark, tired and hungry. Br. Nee- 
lands, tired of waiting for us, had left for home, Mr, 
Seemen, from Brockville, and Mr. Mallory, from 
Young, welcomed us to their homes. Wednesday, after 
a shower, we started, some on foot, some on saddle, for. 
the Sound, through the woods of St. Vincent and 
Sydenham townships, with Br. Neelands as guide ; 
country exceedingly inviting, finest of timber, streams 
sparkling with trout. About sunset we were at the 
Sound, then over the bay to the Indian village and the 
comfortable home of Br. Herkimer. Mrs. H. is the 
most interesting Indian woman I ever saw; her house 
neat, beds clean, and food agreeable. Thank God for 
such changes ! Not only religion but the duties and 
privileges of domestic and social life are being taught. 
We saw their fields of wheat, corn etc., their barn, and 
preparations for church and parsonage. With the 
Indians we had a good meeting and met the Chiefs 
in Council. Owen Sound Village is about half a mile 
above the Bay. There is a grist mill, a reservation of 
ten square miles for a town, and a fertile country 
around. The people are settling in fast ; their crops and 
cattle better than I expected to find. The Governrnent 
gives fifty acres to actual settlers and fifty more at eight 
shillings an acre. All the way to Oakville the lots are 
mostly taken. I preached in the village and attended 
a Quarterly Meeting six miles out. About seventy 
people assembled and fifty shared the Lord's Supper, 
Our church had no floor, but sitting on logs the people 
seemed as happy and grateful as those in cushioned 
pews. On Sunday, at St. Vincent, we met in the 
woods about two hundred attentive hearers. In the 
afternoon Brs. Smith and Chandler spoke, Br. Nee- 
lands is sowing the seed and others will reap. Mon- 
day, whilo the morning star was glowing in the east 

43 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

and Jupiter in the west, we arose for our homeward 
passage — the lake calm, the weather hot and the row- 
ing hard. ... On Friday we reached home.' 

The Rev. Richard Jones finds the preachers on his 
District ' happy in their work ; Quarterly Meetings well 
attended, and the stewards devising liberal things ; a new 
church being built in Peterborough, others on the Hallo- 
well, Colborne, and other circuits.' 

The Rev. Dr. Ryerson left for a trip to the Old World 
to secure additions to the library of Victoria College 
and to investigate systems of education. The Rev. 
Alexander McNab supplied his place in the college. 'Fhe 
Rev. Peter Jones also visited England, seeking help to 
lound a Manual Labor School for his people. 

' The Bytown District, writes the Chairman, is about 
two hundred miles in length by fifty in breadth, with 
13 circuits and missions, and 17 preachers. A more 
kind and generous people I never found. Circuits do- 
ing well ; Quarterly Meetings seasons of refreshing. 
About forty conversions in Richmond ; a camp-meeting 
and about seventy conversions on the Perth Circuit; 
at Clarendon nearly all the inhabitants are connected 
with the Methodist Church; in Bytown Br. Baxter is 
having success ; on the Pembroke mission the roads are 
exceedingly bad ; some places are reached by the water ; 
in Westmeath Mr. Samuel Adams has given twelve 
acres for parsonage purposes ; a parsonage is under 
way in Osgoode, another in Buckingham ; a new chapel 
is being built in St. Andrews, and a revival is in prog- 
ress in Lachute.' 



44 




1. Bristol, Rev. Emerson 
4. Bigpar, -Mr. J. L. 
7. Elliott, .James, Ii.l). 



2. Coleman, Kev. Francis 

i). Mrs. J. L. Big^ar 

!s. Gardiner. Jas., D.C.L. 



:',. Flanders, Kev. K. A. 
(i. Harper, E. B.,I).U. 
9. Bredin, Kev. John 



CHAPTER V. 

1844-45. 

EDUCATION AND MISSIONS. 

University Bill — Strachan — McGill College — Dean — New 
churches — London — Montreal — Conference — Victoria Col- 
lege — Pembroke — China — Missionary meetings — London — 
Huron — Bevitt — Philp — Mono — Whitehead — Grievances — 
Harvard. 

The discussions in the House of Assembly on the 
University Bill and many facts brought out are of in- 
terest to Colleges and Churches generally : 

In 1797 the Legislative Council addressed King 
George HI. for lands to found a Grammar School in 
each district and a College or University for the instruc- 
tion of youth in the dififerent branches of liberal knowl- 
edge. The result was an appropriation of 500,000 acres 
as school lands. It was intended that one-half should be 
sold, but land was cheap and little was sold. In 1799 
Mr. Strachan was asked to come from Scotland to 
Canada as a teacher. In 1803 he became a minister of 
the Church of England. In 181 5 he was given a seat in 
the Legislative Council, and had much influence in the 
disposal of school lands. Steps were taken in 1819 to 
throw off the claims of the Schools and appropriate the 
whole 500,000 acres to a University. In 1826 Arch- 
deacon Strachan went to England to obtain a Charter 
for the University. After eighteen months he returned 
with the Charter, making the Institution an Episcopalian 
College. No one could be a member ot the College 
Council without signing the Thirty-nine Articles. In 
March, 1828, the House of Assembly voted an address 
to the King against the Charter. The Colonial Secretary 
suggested that the Charter be held in abeyance until the 

.45 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

House of Assembly should declare the modifications 
desired. In 1834-5 the Assembly passed such a Bill by 
^2 to 5, but the Council defeated it. Finally both Houses 
passed a Bill to abolish the Episcopal tests. This Bill 
received the royal assent in March, 1837. Stillj^ the 
Episcopal clergy, assisted by some of the laity, sought 
exclusive control of the school lands and also of the 
Clergy Reserves — one-seventh of the whole province. As a 

trustee in the management of the school property Dr. 
Strachan was paid £250 a year for twelve years, until 
Sir George Arthur, in 1839, instituted an investigation, 
and the payment was stopped. It was shown that Dr. 
Strachan, then Bishop of Toronto, was loaned a con- 
siderable sum of money by the Council of the University, 
of which he was a member. Original endowment of 
King's College, 225,944 acres; amount sold to Decem- 
ber 31st, 1842, 110,610 acres; amount leased, 95,334 
acres ; amount unoccupied,' 20,000 acres ; average price, 
1828 to 1842, 22s. 9d. per acre. Before June, 1843, 
more than half the original endowment was disposed of, 
and without authority. 

* Before a single lecture was delivered in the Uni- 
versity i 1 00,000 were expended and 400,000 of the 
500,000 acres disposed of without Provincial authority. 
Upper Canada College was opened in 1830 and 60,000 
acres from the residue of the school lands and also a 
site were bestowed on it. The Bursar's office up to 
1843, £1.200 a year, and £350 a year for expense of 
Avenue and grounds : loan to the Cathedral Church- 
Wardens, £4.500, without security, and on the same 
day a loan from the city banks of £4,000 to meet the 
pressing necessities of the University.' — Pamphlet on 
University of King's College. 

McGill College, Montreal. — In the year 1801 a Bill 
was passed " for the establishment of free schools and 
the advancement of learning in the province," the Gov- 
ernor-General to appoint trustees, who should constitute 
a body corporate — " The Royal Institution for the 
Advancement of Learning." 

46 



EDUCATION AND MISSIONS 

In 1811 the Hon. James M'Gill bequeathed in trust 

to the " Royal Institution " the Burnside estate — 46 
acres, with buildings — for " an University or College, to 
be called M'Gill College "; also £10,000 towards building. 
Mr. M'Gill died in 1814. His will was contested, but 
the bequest was maintained. In 1821, by Royal Charter 
incorporating M'Gill College, the Governor, the Bishop 
of Quebec, the Chief Justice of Upper Canada, and the 
Principal of the College were appointed Governors of 
the Institution, with power to appoint professors, subject 
to approval by the Crown. The members of the " Royal 
Institution " were appointed Visitors of the College. 

Possession was obtained and professors appointed in 
1823. The first degree was conferred in 1833. The 
Principal was a clergyman of the Church of England, 
and all the arrangements were for a Church of England 
Institution. The statutes provided that there should be 
no teaching contrary thereto ; that prayers be read only 
by officers of the College in holy orders ; that students 
attend morning service in the " Protestant Episcopal 
Church " ; that degrees in divinity be conferred onlv 
upon such persons as are " in full orders in the Church 
of England or the Protestant Episcopal Church of Scot- 
land." These statutes did not receive the Royal assent. 
The benevolent designs of the founder were not real- 
ized. The College was a failure, only some half-dozen 
students, exclusive of medical students, attending. 

In November, 1844, the " Royal Institution " was 
requested to visit the College. Dr. Bethune, the Principal, 
denied the jurisdiction of that body; then followed con- 
tention and an appeal to the House of Assembly. Even- 
tually, upon a non-denominational basis, the College 
entered upon a career of unimpeded prosperity. 

Thus were the original purposes of the two great 
provincial Institutions in danger of being thwarted by 
ambitious men, intent upon a monopoly of educational 
privileges ; and, similarly, did tardy but effective, legis- 

47 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

lation throw wide open both Halls of Learning to all who 
might wish to enter. Other Colleges, dependent on pri- 
vate benevolence, have financial difficulties to face ; but, 
intrenched in the confidence of their constituents, they 
bid fair to accomplish good work for their country. 

During the winter missionary and revival meetings 
were general throughout the Districts, attended with the 
usual liberal responses and large ingatherings. Of the 
Barrie Mission, extending over Vespra, Flos, Medonte, 
Innisfil, Essa, Sunnidale, Nottawasaga and Tecumseh. 
25 appointments and 250 miles round, the Rev. Horace 
Dean reports several revivals and many additions. New 
churches were opened in Etobicoke, Lambton, Cooks- 
ville, Peterborough, etc. The report of the Adelaide St. 
Sunday School, Toronto, showed an attendance of 300 
scholars, 50 at Blue Bell, 35 at Yorkville, and 15 at the 
Don. The Rev. David Rintoul. Presbyterian minister, at- 
tended their Anniversary, and said : ' The scene was so 
unique that I feel difficulty in saying what I ought. . . . 
It was not merely a gay spectacle ; it was a highly 
edifying assembly. The songs and recitations had one 
simple design — to teach the importance of being pre- 
pared for the future life.' The first Sunday school in 
Streetsville was held in Mr. Rintoul's church, and was 
attended by scholars from all churches. Their annual 
feast was given in the barn connected with the manse, 
decorated with evergreens and spread with tables — and 
the writer was one of a merry group of boys and girls. 

From London the Rev. Charles Lavell writes of in- 
creasing congregations and about fifty conversions : 

' A stage driver on the London Road after attending 
a revival meeting, feeling his burden intolerable, " com- 
manded his chariot to stand still." and fell upon his 
knees, saying : " I will not let thee go, unless thou 
bless me." The burden rolled away and '' he went 
on his way rejoicing." Passing the place afterwards, 
he stopped and said : " This is too memorable a spot 
to pass without returning thanks to God ; it was here 
He pardoned my sins. Let us pray." 

48 



EDUCATION AND MISSIONS 

A new paper — the Wesleyan Methodist — was started 
in Toronto, advocating lay delegation^ and preparing 
the way for the Methodist New Connexion. 

' Through the Eastern Townships there has been 
the greatest excitement for several months — American 
emissaries preaching the immediate coming of Christ.' 
1 The District Meeting for Lower Canada was held in 
[Montreal, commencing May 23rd, 1845, the Rev. Wil- 
jliam M. Harvard chairman. 

The Rev. John Rain died on the 24th of August, 1844. 
British Wesleyan members, U. C, 2,818 ; increase, 53. 
The conference of the Canada Methodist Church was 
opened in St. Catharines, June 4th, 1845. President, 
Rev. H. Wilkinson ; Secretary, Rev. Thomas Bevitt. 

Into full connection — Daniel Wright, Michael Fawcett, 
Joseph W. McCallum, John Gemley, James Elliott, 
Jesse Hurlburt, James Hughes, Ephraim B. Harper, 
Matthias Holtby, Thomas Jeffers, Thomas Williams, 
John Williams, David B. Madden, Joseph Shepley, 
Luther O. Rice, Ozias Barber. Eight candidates were 
■eceived on trial. 
Number of members, 22,946; decrease, 803. 
Superannuation Fund, £414 14s. 3d. ; Contingent Fund, 
^258. 
Editor, Geo. F. Playter ; Book Steward, Anson Green. 
A prospectus for a Sunday school paper was issued. 
For the seventh year no death has occurred among the 
Tiinisters. Contributions are increasing. Political con- 
entions and agitation regarding church polity may 
iiave affected the membership unfavorably. 

Reports from the Burlington Ladies' Academy and 
Uher Educational Institutions continue favorable. 

The names of Victoria students obtaining highest 
narks were: O. Springer, W. Brouse, N. F. English, 
^V. P. Wright, P. W. Spohn, W. Ormiston, W. T. Aikens, 
:. McD. Cameron, T. Chesnut, M. F. Douglas, C. Griffin, 
). M. Lee, S. P. Morse, G. W. Sanderson, J. E. Sander- 
4 49 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

son, J, Gray, G. Proctor, J. B. Grafton, J. Johnson, J. 
Hurlburt, A. Wilson. Oliver Springer received the degree 
of B.A. — the first to receive that degree from any Cana- 
dian Institution. 

The twentieth annual Missionary Report, 1844-5, shows 
an income of -£2,773 9^- lo^^d. 

* At our last Quarterly Meeting it was resolved that 
we build a chapel in Pembroke. One brother said — 
" I subscribed £5 to build a chapel when I was not 
worth sixpence. I paid it and was none the worse. Now 
I can give £50, the land to build it on and all thejim- 
ber." A few others raised the amount to ;£io5. " The 
chapel shall not stick now," said the first brother. 
Pembroke is part of the Bonchere Mission.' H. Shaler. 
The Rev. Dr. Ryerson entered upon his duties as 
Superintendent of Education January ist, 1846. 

New churches were opened at Bowmanville, Hunter's 
Corners, Drummondville, etc. 

The opening of a mission to China was advocated by 
the Editor and approved at Inany missionary meetings. 

' Half the year gone and only £6 received !' writes Rev. 
R. Corson, of the Sheffield Mission, set ofif from the 
Napanee Circuit, with parts of Camden, Richmond and 
Tiendenaga. 

Among many interesting accounts of missionary 
meetings are some from the pen of Rev. H. Wilkinson, 
of those held at the Humber, Weston, Cooksville, 
Shell's, Gardiner's, Harrison's, Switzer's, etc., with men- 
tion of names that have become historic — Bunt, Charl- 
ton, Ogden, Gardiner, Switzer, Mason, Harrison, and 
other pillars of the early churches. One of the men in 
frequent demand as chairman was John Sanderson, of 
Harrison's, probably because he was known to have 
always the expected pound for the plate. 
In January, 1846, the Sunday School Guardian appeared. 
The Rev. G. Kennedy writes from London. Jan. 29th, 
1846: 'We have about 30 regular appointments in our 
sixty-mile circuit — several new ones in the Huron 
Tract. The calls are so numerous that we are under 

50 



EDUCATION AND MISSIONS 

the painful necessity of refusing. We pray the Confer- 
ence to send more laborers. Scores of families, brought 
up under the Canada Conference ministry, have settled 
in the Huron District and now esteem it an angel visit' 
to see one of their ministers. Many Scotch and Irish 
Presbyterians, deprived of their own ministry, attend 
our preaching.' 

We take a sample from the Rev. John Carroll's racy 
record, attending missionary meetings : 

' After twenty miles driving we — Hurlburt, Sov- 
ereign, Lever, Adams, Haw, and Bevitt — met at the 
Green Bush, Jan. 15th. The Chairman said he had 
heard some unfavorable remarks about the spending of 
the money, and hoped the ministers would explain. The 
two missionaries present — Lever and Adams — were 
asked to give an account of their missions. This they 
did to the confusion of complainers. Mr. Haw fol- 
lowed, telling what he knew of missionary givings and 
expenditure. Then came Messrs. Bevitt and Carroll, 
after which the people showed their satisfaction by con- 
tributing over £10. At the next meeting — Caintown — 
fio were raised — the amount fixed as sufficient to 
change the name to Abletown. Quarterly Meeting at 
Elizabethtown — intenselv cold, but good love-feast ; six 
miles for evening service, then home — twelve miles — 
my only chance for a fortnight.' 

From Napanee : * Our fine new chapel was decorated 
with evergreens to show that the missionary cause is 
flourishing. The people at Switzer's think it " more 
blessed to give than to receive." The meeting began at 
II a.m. An aged father said to the Chairman: "Go as 
high as you please and out me down for the same." Our 
chairmen were James Watson, Benj. Clarke, and C. H. 
Miller ; proceeds so far about £40.' — A. Hurlburt. 

Of Cblborne, Brighton, and Brundages, Rev. R. Jones 
reports : ' Good collections ; at Norwood, Quarterly 
Meeting ; missionary subscription three times that of last 
year; sixteen miles to Sevmour — expectations exceeded 
— then to Frankford and Sidney. Much reason to thank 
God and take courage.' 

January i6th, 1846, Rev. S. C. Philp tells of a 
* Good meeting at Morpeth ; then twenty miles on the 

51 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

bleak banks of Lake Erie; weather rough, speakers 
few, congregations small, but the Chairman paid los. 
extra and a young man £i for Br. Sickles' speech — in 
all £5 ; Gosfield a little higher than that, Chatham, £7 ; 
at Wallaceburgh the Chairman — Mr. Flintoff — started 
with £2 los. and soon had £15; Moorehouse, £y i6s.' 

Thus through many weeks did those pioneer deputa- 
tions face the wintry blasts, enlisting the co-operation 
of scattered congregations to plant the standard and 
extend the borders of our Redeemer's kingdom. 

* On the Mono Mission, extending over eight town- 
ships, a new class of 26 was formed at Nottawasaga, and 
a piece of land was offered for a church and burying 
ground. One man brought his violin and women 
stripped off their flowers for the flames. At Green 
Lake, Melancthon, Mr. J. Austin, from Toronto Town- 
ship, made for himself a home, applied for preaching, 
and saw a class of twelve gathered, with prospect of a 
church. Several other classes were formed and from 
long distances they mustered for Quarterly Meeting, 
attended by Rev. H. \\'ilkinson.' So writes Wm. 
Glass ; and Mr. Wilkinson — ' About seventy miles from 
Toronto, where a regular Quarterly Meeting was never 
held before, we met on Saturday and twice on Sunday 
— the snow about two feet deep around the log school 
house — about seventy persons gathered for love-feast. 
Many spoke who had lived thirty or forty years in sin.' 

The venerable Thomas Whitehead, the oldest minister 
in the Canada Conference, died in Burford, January 
22nd, 1846, at the age of 83 years. 

At Cox's Chapel, on the Rideau, one hundred 
dollars were offered towards a China mission. 

A series of articles were written by the Rev. Ezra 
Adams, appealing to the several branches of Methodism 
in favor of union. 

New churches were built at West Flamboro', Queens- 
ton, Thorold, Bowman's, St. John's, Seneca, etc. 

Towards a new church in Hamilton Mr. Kirkindall 
gave an eligible site, McNab Street, valued at £200, and 
£100 subscription; Mr. Jackson, £250; Mr. Moore, £100; 
Mr. Gage, £75, and there were other liberal offerings. 

52 



EDUCATION AND MISSIONS 

Of Port Hope Circuit Rev. John Gemley writes : 
* Three hundred and twenty members, ^130 for their 
minister and about £150 subscribed towards a new 
parsonage. Among missionary offerings were saddle 
and bridle, £3 los., and a fanning mill, £5.' 

For the Bytown District the Rev. James Musgrove re- 
ports : ' Fine sleighing; several $5 bills in missionary col- 
lections — four at Westmeath. By confessions, conces- 
sions and compromise, a union of Methodist churches 
might be effected.' 

' A poor woman,' writes Rev. Geo. Goodson, dropped 
into the box a five-dollar bill. Thinking it a mis- 
take, I spoke to her. ' Oh, no, it was no mistake. When 
I think of what the Lord has done for me I cannot 
do too much for Him." ' 

Oi Buckingham the Rev. John Tuke says: 'This 
mission extends sixty miles along the Ottawa, and 
we have ten regular appointments. The bleakness 
of the region is equalled by its moral sterility. It is a 
lumbering country, and much ungodliness ; "^but there 
appears to be increasing interest in the preaching of 
the Word. Missionary meetings went off well.' 

Total missionary income, 1844-5, ^2,316 13s. Qd. ; total 
expended, £1,773 12s. 4d. 

During several months there was frequent correspond- 
ence regarding the status and grievances of the different 
branches of Methodism in Canada. The Rev. William 
M. Harvard was one of the principal writers on behalf 
of the English Wesleyans. Earnest pleas were pre- 
sented for pacification and unity, in order to spiritual 
advancement. The Editors chair was a storm-centre, 
and no enviable position. British Wesleyan members, 
2,981 ; increase, 163. The Eastern District meeting was 
begun in Alontreal, May 15th, 1846, Rev. William M. 
Harvard in the chair. George H. Davis was received 
on trial. Total number of members, 4,115 ; decrease, 43. 
The influence of Adventism was considered the chief 
cause of the decrease. It was thought that a union of 
their work in Eastern and Western Canada might pro- 
mote a larger union of Methodism in Canada. 

53 



CHAPTER VI. 

1846-8. 

THE UNION RESTORED. 

Conference — Truce — Tour — Carson — Revivals — Executive — 
Articles of Union — James Evans — Meetings — Conference, 
1847 — Dr. Alder — Reconciliation — Bright prospects^Deaths 
— Education — Dr. Dixon — Eastern District — Conference, 1848 
— Belleville — Muncey — Deaths — Liberality, Owen Sound — 
Canada East. 

The Conference of 1846 was opened in Kingston, on 
the 3rd of June. President, Rev. Thomas Bevitt ; Secre- 
tary, Rev. Hamilton Biggar. 

Into full connection — Charles Lavell, Solomon Snider, 
William Herkimer, David Jennings, Michael Baxter, Wil- 
liam Morton, George Kennedy, George Young, George 
Carr, Matthew Connor, William Pollard. 

Ten candidates were received on trial. 

Died — T. Wliitehead. Jan. 22nd, 1846, in his 84th year. 

Editor — George R. Sanderson. 

Book Steward — Anson Green. 

Collected for Superannuation Fund £198 19 o 

Annual subscriptions of preachers 145 15 o 

Interest on Centenary money 98 10 i 

Collection at Conference 5I5 6 

£448 19 7 

Collected for Contingent Fund £299 ii 10 

Missionary appropriation to fund 50 O o 

Book Room appropriation to fund 50 o o 

£399 II 10 
Number of members, 21,557; decrease, 1,389. 

The Revs. John Ryerson and Anson Green were ap- 
pointed Delegates to the English Conference and also to 

54 



THE UNION RESTORED 

the Evangelical Alliance. The Delegation to the English 
Conference was authorized to submit proposals and 
negotiate terms for a reunion of the Conferences. A 
decrease for a second time was a significant lesson on 
the evils of disunion. The pastoral address drew spe- 
cial attention to the need of humiliation, charity and 
consecration. The newly appointed Editor declared a 
truce between contending correspondents, greatly to the 
relief of both branches of the Church. Through the 
summer there were indications of increasing effort and 
hope for a general revival. Camp-meetings and other 
means were attended and followed by showers of bless- 
ing. The Chairman of the Toronto District made a 
tour of some 400 miles ainong the northern missions — 
Snake Island, Rama, Barrie, St. Vincent, etc. 

* Tarrying for refreshment with comfortably settled 
families and with the struggling backwoodsman in his 
floorless shanty; journeying upon the Queen's highway 
and upon our beautiful Canadian Lakes ; clambering 
over rocks, struggling through swamps, creeping along 
cowpaths, eating from a snow-white dining table or 
from the lid of an immigrant's chest, sleeping on a 
feather bed, then on straw, hemlock, or perhaps on a 
plank, wrapped in a travelling cloak. Such is the diver- 
sity he must encounter who would promote the interests 
of our Redeemer's Kingdom. Our tour was marked 
with blessings. Hundreds at the camp-meetings and 
many conversions ; more chapels urgently called for ; 
lumber and labor freely offered, but help needed.' 

Of Adelaide, Rev. R. Corson writes : ' We have 
only twenty appointments ; congregations rather 
small. Quite a number converted at our camp-meeting. 
We are badly oft" for houses to live in. My colleague 
has a log house, without an upper floor. For an ordin- 
ary log house I have to pay rent.' 

September 28th. — Rev. L. Taylor reports revivals on 
the Augusta, Rideau, Kemptville, and Gatineau Cir- 
cuits, in some of which fifty to eighty were converted. 

Of the Richmond Circuit Rev. B. Nankeville says: 

55 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

'I think nearly one hundred persons have entered 
into the glorious liberty of the children of God since 
Conference.' 

The Rev. William Young reports the Brock camp- 
meeting ' most signally owned of God.' 

From Smith's Falls, Peterborough, Napanee, and 
other circuits come similar good tidings. Missionary 
income, £2,789; increase, £473. 

The Delegates to the English Conference having re- 
turned, the Conference Executive v^^as called to meet in 
Cobourg, November 19th, to receive their Report. They 
had been favorably received, and an agreement had been 
reached which it was hoped would be acceptable to both 
Conferences. 

Synopsis of " Articles of Agreement " : 

I. The desirability of union. 

II. Property to be under control of Canada Confer- 
ence; certain appointments subject to sanction of Eng- 
lish Conference. 

III. English Conference to appoint President. 

IV. Minutes of Canada Conference subject to ratifi- 
cation by English Conference in some particulars. 

V. Canadian Book of Discipline in force, with certain 
changes. 

VI. English Conference to appoint Superintendent of 
Missions. 

• VII. Grant of ii,ooo a year to Indian missions and 
i6oo a year to weak circuits. 

The " Articles of Agreement " were heartily ap- 
proved, and an Address prepared for members of the 
Church. The Official Boards in due time declared their 
cordial assent. 

Ladies of Toronto presented an earnest petition to 
the City Council for a reduction of liquor licenses and 
more strict regulation of licensed houses. 

The Rev. James Evans, in very feeble health from 
labor and exposure in the far North- West, left for Eng- 
land. He died soon after his arrival, November 23rd, 
1846, aged 46 years. 

56 



I 



THE UNION RESTORED 

' December 7th, — In pouring rain I galloped off to the 
Credit with Rev. G. Poole to hold the first missionary 
meeting of the series on the Toronto Circuit. Expect- 
ing to remove to Owen Sound, the Indians did but little 
sowing or planting, and had not much to give. The 
night was dark and stormy, but the singing was delight- 
ful, and the few who were out subscribed £8. The ven- 
erable James Wilson assisted us at Cooksville. Through 
Streetsville we drove to Switzer's, Chapel filled, speakers 
in their happiest mood, avails about $50; to Gar- 
diner's — what improvements ! splendid residences, ele- 
gant brick church, but roads almost impassable; congre- 
gation small, and only $25 ; about the same at Shell's.' 

From East and West come accounts of similar meet- 
ings and of considerable additions to the Church. 

The Rev. Dr. Alder was sent out to assist in the con- 
solidation of the work in Canada. He attended the Dis- 
trict meeting in Montreal. A decrease of 192 was re- 
ported. 

The Conference of 1847, looked forward to with un- 
usual interest, was opened in the Adelaide Street 
Church, Toronto, on the 2nd of June. One hundred 
and twenty preachers attended. President, Rev. William 
Ryerson; Secretary, Rev. James Musgrove. The Rev. 
Dr. Alder, Representative of the English Conference, 
was introduced; also Revs. Enoch Wood, Chairman of 
the New Brunswick District; Matthew Richey, of. the 
Eastern District, and William M. Harvard, of the West- 
ern District. They were all asked to take part in the 
deliberations. The members of the Western District 
meeting accepted an invitation to attend. After special 
prayer for divine guidance the report of the Delegates to 
the English Conference was received and Dr. Alder was 
heard. The concurrence of the Quarterly Meetings on 
the Articles of Union was practically unanimous. These 
Articles were under consideration from Wednesday until 
Saturday evening. The evidences of reconciliation 

57 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

were most gratifying. The entire plan was to a great 
extent the restoration of the Basis of Union of 1833, 
with certain modifications as given at the meeting of the 
Executive. By a vote of 82 to 8 the Articles of Union 
were adopted. By this vote the Union was con- 
sidered restored, and Dr. Alder was unanimously invited 
to the chair. A hymn of praise was sung and thanksgiv- 
ing offered for the great consummation. 

The services on Sunday, beginning at 8 a.m., were of 
unusual interest, ministers and people realizing how 
good it was for ' brethren to dwell together in unity.' 

Received into full connection — Abraham W. Sickles, 
John Goodfellow, William Ames, Noble F. EngHsh, 
Robert Lochead, Charles Taggart, James Greener, Isaac 
B. Aylesworth, John Bredin, William Andrews, John 
Gundy. Three candidates were received on trial. 

Members in the Canada Conference 21,740 

Members connected with British Conference . . . 3,082 

24,831 
Number of ministers in both sections, 194. 
Ministers' subscriptions to Superannuation 

Fund ^149 o o 

Collections from circuits 191 4 8 

Interest on Centenary money 28 i 8 

Collection at Conference 11 2 6 

£379 8 10 

For Contingent Fund £455 6 7 

For Chapel Relief Fund 86 8 i 

The income of the Missionary Society met the ex- 
penditure. The consolidation of Wesleyan Methodism 
throughout British North America seemed probable. A 
social evening was spent in the Richmond Street 
Church. An address to the English Conference was 
adopted. The Conference closed on the i6th of June, 
1847. 

.=^8 



THE UNION RESTORED 

The union of Methodist forces opened bright pros- 
pects for the future. The stations present a compact 
phalanx, ready for an effective advance. Fidelity to 
Methodist doctrine and polity on the part of all and the 
power of assimilation inherent in a spiritually vitalized 
church organism gave assurance of vigorous develop- 
ment. Necessary readjustments were readily accom- 
pHshed. Previous lessons on Union had been re-read, 
with a clearer insight into the obligations of Christian 
brotherhood. Actuated by a chivalrous consecration to 
the great Captain of their salvation the members of this 
militant host marched forth to the service allotted them, 
singing as they went: 

" Lord of the living harvest, 

That whitens o'er the plain. 
Where angels soon shall gather 

Their sheaves of golden grain ; 
Accept these hands to labor. 

These hearts to trust and love. 
And deign with them to hasten 

Thy kingdom from above." 

The Chairmen in the active supervision of their ex- 
tensive Districts devoted themselves with renewed 
determination to the assistance of their brethren on the 
circuits and the consolidation of the societies. From 
all quarters came sounds of general rejoicing and spir- 
itual progress. The London District strikes the key- 
note of camp-meeting revivals. Kingston District fol- 
lows quickly, then Bytown, Cobourg, and other Dis- 
tricts join in the chorus of praise and thanksgiving. 
But some who have long borne the burden and heat of 
the day are laying off their armor and dropping from 
the ranks. In the obituary lists we meet such names as 
Mr. and Mrs. L. Andrews, of Vaughan, aged about 60 
years; Mrs. Sarah Dumble, of Cobourg, aged 51 years; 

59 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Mr. Levi Bates, also of Cobourg, whose house was one 
of the earhest places of worship, a leader until his death, 
at the age of 64; Mrs. John Button, of Markham, aged 
75 years, who aided in the building of a church on the 
farm where she lived and died ; Mrs. Stephen Young, 
of Murray, mother of Rev. William Young, aged 64 
years; John Humphries, of Dummer, another leader, 
aged 50 years, and others of whom these are samples, . 

Victoria College, the Burlington Ladies' Academy, 
and the Adelaide Academy — removed from Cobourg to 
Toronto — opened with good attendance. By authority 
of the Conference Executive, petitions were in circula- 
tion regarding the University Bill, presenting the claims 
of Victoria College, the Government having proposed a 
division of the endowment among the Colleges. 

The Chief Superintendent of Education, Dr. Ryerson, 
made extensive tours through the country, delivering 
lectures, and with teachers and trustees considering edu- 
cational questions. The Normal School, in Toronto, 
was opened with about forty students. 

Missionary anniversaries in Montreal, Toronto, and 
other centres indicated a deepening interest and increas- 
ing liberality. From the Elizabethtown Circuit the 
Rev. C. Vandusen writes of ' a hundred precious souls 
gathered into the fold of Christ.' The Rev. B. Nanke- 
ville reports five new chapels on the Richmond Circuit. 
A new church in Streetsville, costing £200, was opened 
February 6th, 1848. Missionary and revival meetings 
were held on most of the circuits through the winter. 

Many grieved with the Rev. Wellington Jeffers in 
the early loss of his active and helpful wife who died 
February 19th, 1848, leaving three little children. 

Revs. Dr. Wood and Lachlin Taylor attended the 
missionary anniversary at Niagara. " We have heard 

60 



THE UNION RESTORED 

Drs. Clarke, Newton, and Watson, but do not recollect 
a speech by any of them so brilliant as Mr. Taylor's." 

In Kingston the missionary meeting was held in the 
City Hall, the Mayor presiding. Revs. Dr. Richey, Wil- 
liam Squire, and several ministers of the city gave 
addresses. The next evening a tea-meeting was at- 
tended by seven or eight hufidred; proceeds i'jy, sur- 
passing all previous efforts. Many other places were 
doing similarly. In Belleville over a hundred additions 
to the Church were reported by Rev. John Gemley, 
Peterborough was aiming to surpass the £88 of last 
year, backed by Williamstown, Shield's, Gardiner's and 
South Monaghan. Dr. Wood was greatly cheered by 
liberal responses to missionary appeals in Hamilton, 
Dundas, Grimsby, and St. Catharines. 

Margaret Amelia, only daughter of Simeon Morrill, 
B^sq., London, and wife of Rev. Charles Lavell, died on 
the 14th of March, 1848. Her earnest prayer when but 
four years old — " Lord, pardon my papa ; pardon poor 
papa !" — led to his salvation. Her short life of twenty- 
six years proved her devotion to Christ. 

The Rev. I. B. Howard writes of over a hundred con- 
versions in Kingston. 

Mrs. Dunham, widow of Rev. Darius Dunham, and a 
member of the first class formed by Losee, died near 
Napanee, March 2nd, 1848, in her seventy- fourth year. 

Margaret Nevill, daughter of Peter and Ann Maria 
Switzer, was born in Ireland, May 12th, 1772. The 
family came to New York, where, in 1793, she was 
married to Anthony Nevill. Coming to Canada, they 
settled in Earnestown, and became members of the 
Methodist Church. Mr. Nevill died in 181 5. Mrs. 
Nevill was distinguished for energy, wisdom, and piety. 
Her children followed her example. After a long ill- 
ness she died March 26th, 1848, in her 76th year, 

61 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Rev. James Dixon, D.D., attended the American 
General Conference as Representative from the Enghsh 
Conference ; the Revs. Dr. Richey, John Ryerson, and 
Anson Green represented the Canada Conference. 

The Canada East District Meeting- w^as held 
in Quebec, the Rev. Dr. Richey presiding, and the 
Rev. John Jenkins, returned missionary from India, 
being elected Secretary. George Douglas, of Montreal, 
was received on trial. Total of members, 3,782 ; de- 
crease, 127. 

The Rev. Dr. Dixon, appointed President of the Can- 
ada Conference, reached Toronto on the 4th of June, 
and preached twice. The Conference was opened in 
Belleville on the 7th of June, 1848. Dr. Dixon presided, 
and the Rev. G. R. Sanderson was Secretary, 

Into full connection — Jno. Hunt, Abraham Dayman, 
Chas. Turver, Jno. Howes, Erastus Hurlburt, Saml. Fear. 

The ordination sermon was preached by the President 
— " so plain and simple that none could fail to compre- 
hend the grand truths presented." The Rev. Enoch Wood 
preached at 3 o'clock, and the Rev. Dr. Ryerson in the 
evening, after which the Lord's Supper was administered. 

Five candidates were received on trial. 

Ephraim Evans was transferred to Nova Scotia ; 
Edmond Botterell, Henry Lanton, Lachlin Taylor, and 
William Scott to the Eastern District. George R. San- 
derson was elected Editor and Anson Green Book Stew- 
ard. Number of members, 23,842; increase, 2.093. 

For Superannuation Fund £447 20 o 

For Contingent " 255 ii 4 

For Chapel Relief " 138 2 8 

Sunday schools, 206; teachers, 1.368; scholars, 9,559. 
Missionary and other public meetings were held in the 
evenings. Dr. Dixon was requested to act as Repre- 

62 



THE UNION RESTORED 

sentative to the English Conference ; it was desired 
that the Rev. Enoch Wood be continued as Superinten- 
dent of Missions. An enlargement of the Christian 
Guardian was authorized, but the price to remain at 
i2s. 6d. 

The Conference felt under deep obligation to Dr. Dixon. 

The honorary degree of M.A. was conferred on the 
Rev. W. H. Harvard by Dickinson College. 

The Indian Reservation at Munceytown comprises 
20,000 acres, occupied by about 1,200 Indians — Oneidas, 
Chippewas, and Munceys. The Rev. Enoch Wood at- 
tended their annual camp-meeting and assisted in 
arrangements for the erection of Industrial School 
buildings. 

Mr. George Lawrence — " Father Lawrence " — 
one of the earliest Methodists of Western Canada, died 
near Niagara on the 5th of August. 1848. in his 92nd 
year. He was in active service with Butler's Rangers, 
and for most of fifty years a worthy class-leader. 

Dr. Dixon received a hearty welcome from the English 
Conference; the Rev. M. Richey, D.D., was appointed 
the next president of the Canada Conference, and the 
Rev. Enoch Wood continued as Superintendent of Mis- 
sions. 

A camp-meeting for the Newmarket, Yonge Street, 
and Humber Circuits, held in September, was highly 
appreciated. 

The Woodstock Church was refitted with pews, pulpit, 
and gallery, to suit the united congregations. 

The ladies of Richmond Street Church, Toronto, netted 
about £200 from a Bazaar. 

The Sunday School Anniversary was greatly enjoyed. 

The summer session of the Normal School was 
attended by 104 male and 22 female students. 

Through the early autumn St. Thomas, Consecon, 

63 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Rednersville, and many other places were favored with 
showers of blessing. The income of the Missionary 
Society for the past year was nearly ^5,000, and met the 
expenditure. Deputations were arranged for the Dis- 
tricts generally, and the key-note of the missionary cam- 
paign was struck in Toronto early in December, with 
audiences and collections well in advance. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Johnson, of Picton, widow of Henry 
Johnson, died Dec. 4th, 1848, aged 81 years. She came 
with her husband to Canada in 1788, and they were 
among the first settlers gathered into the fold by Wm. 
Losee, Mrs. Johnson being one of seven in the first 
class he formed. She rejoiced in the conversion of her 
husband and all their children, proved a true mother in 
Israel and died in the faith. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Morrow, of County Cavan, 
Ireland, came to Canada in 1818, and settled in Cavan. 
There Mrs. Morrow died, August 19th, 1848, at the age 
of eighty, and Mr. Morrow on the 19th of December fol- 
lowing, at the age of eighty-seven — faithful and honored 
members of the Methodist Church. 

Mrs. Lundy. wife of James Lundy, of Lundy's 
Lane, died on December i8th, 1848, aged 64 
years. She came from Nova Scotia in 1796, united with 
the Methodist Church in 1823, and proved a devoted 
m.ember until her death. 

By the census for 1848 the population of Western 
Canada is 715,000 and Eastern 780,000. 

The Revs. Carroll, Pollard, Williams, and Halfmoon 
held missionary meetings on the London District. 
' We floundered through mud and swamps, forded 
streams and rivers unnumbered, the nights dark, but 
crowded houses and meetings of the right stamp. Nine 
more exciting days I never spent, owing to the difficulty 
and danger of our hundred and forty miles on horse- 
back in the latter part of December. Through the grand 

6i 



THE UNION RESTORED 

Huron Tract we met many from places between Ottawa 
and Toronto.' 

The November Quarterly Meeting on the Waterloo 
Circuit was the beginning of an extensive revival. Many 
conversions occurred during the week. A young woman 
having given her joyful experience, saw her father trem- 
bling. Throwing her arms around his neck, she en- 
treated him to yield to Christ. " I will, my child ; I 
will !" and many followed. 

The Rev. John Bredin reports good progress at 
Guelph and Elora; in Woolwich the two classes in- 
creased to six. 

One hundred and forty students are attending Vic- 
toria College, an advance of 25. 

The Mississippi missionary meetings, preceded by 
j much prayer, were marked by increasing liberality. 
Marmora, Madoc, and Shannonville report full meet- 
ings, lively addresses, and good collections. 

The old Hallowell Circuit received a hundred on 
probation and Demorestville half as many. The 
watch night service in Toronto West was the beginning 
of a revival in which about two hundred were gathered 
in. 

The extensive Owen Sound Mission reports steady 
progress among the white settlers and Indians, reward- 
ing the laborious itinerants in their long and tedious 
journeyings through Sydenham, Derby, Sullivan, Hol- 
land, and other parts. People of all churches welcome 
them, and the Indians in their wigwams share with 
them their scanty fare. 

Dumfries Circuit has received about 70 new members 
and advances in missionary offerings. 

From Goderich the Rev. James Gray writes of the 
most glorious displays of divine power he ever wit- 
nessed. 

5 65 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

New churches have been built at Fetch's, Ayhner, 
Vienna, Tyrone, Port Credit, Bowmanville, etc. 

CANADA EAST DISTRICT. 

Stations, 1849. 

Matthew Lang, Chairman. 

Quebec — Charles Churchill, Lachlin Taylor. 

Three Rivers — Malcolm McDonald. 

Wesleyville — One wanted. 

St. John's and Chambly — Matthew Lang, John Douglas. • 

Huntingdon — James Brock. 

Russeltown — Hugh Montgomery. 

Odelltown mid Hemmingford — John C. Davidson, G. Dorey. 

Clarenceville — Edmund S. Ingalls. 

St. Armand — William Scott. 

Shefford — Rufus A. Flanders. 

Stanstead — John Borland. 

Contpton — Thomas Campbell. 

Shcrbrooke — Henry Lanton. 

Melbourne and Danville — Benj. Slight, M.A. 

Leeds — One wanted. 

George Douglas was sent to England to study, but bv 
the home authorities was sent to Bermuda. 



66 




1. Young, George, D.D. 2. Ames, Rev. William 3. Morrison, Rev. Samuel 

4. Torrance, Mr. David 5. Mrs. David Torrance 6. Garner, Rev. .John 

7. Caswell, Rev. James 8. Stevenson, Mr. Edvfard 9. Webster, Thomas, D.D. 



CHAPTER VII. 
1849-51- 

ENCOURAGING RECORDS. 

/ 
Conference, Hamilton — Oxford House — Cholera — Dr. Richey — 
Healy — Whiting — Mrs. Hurlburt — Proton— Bull — Sarnia — 
Williams — St. Mary's — Bytown — Caughey — Lang — Lusher — 
Conference, 1850, Brockville — Bangs — Beecham — Gough — 
Bishop of London — Ottawa — Peterborough — Conference, 
1851 — McDougall — Biggar — Caughey — Kingston. 

The Conference of 1849 "was held in Hamilton, com- 
mencing on the 6th of June. The Rev. Dr. Richey, 
President; Rev. C. Vandusen, Secretary. 

Into full connection — David Clappison, Richard Whit- 
ing, Francis Chapman, Aiex. T. Green, Robt. Robinson, 
Th. W. Constable, James Armstrong, Jonathan Loverin. 
Their reception was moved by Rev. Anson Green and 
seconded by Rev. John Jenkins, of Montreal. The 
ordination sermon was preached by the President. 
Eight young men were received on trial. Book Steward, 
Anson Green; Editor, G. R. Sanderson. Dr. Ryerson, 
Superintendent of Schools, by permission of Conference. 
John Ryerson, Representative to English Conference. 

The Pastoral address gratefully acknowledges nu- 
merical increase, advance in connexional funds, success 
in educational lines, and urges continued faithfulness. 

Camp-meetings followed quickly, beginning with 
Vaughan, June 23rd. 

The Rev. John Ryerson sailed for England July loth. 
Governor Simpson generously offered board and lodg- 
ing to the missionary at Oxford House, and his wife, 
until the company could erect buildings ; also a grant of 
£$0 a year. 

67 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

During July and August about four hundred deaths 
from cholera occurred in Toronto. 

Mrs. Susannah Counter, mother of John Counter, came 
with 'her husband to Kingston in 1822. After many years 
of faithful service and much affliction she died, August 
9th, 1849, aged 80 years. 

The Rev. Dr. Richey suffered severe injuries in To- 
ronto, October 13th, through his horse running away. 

Revivals are in progress in Waterloo, Wilton, Tip- 
perary, Goderich, Woodstock, Scugog, etc. 

' Last night,' writes a New York correspondent, 
' I met Rev. Joseph Sawyer, from Canada. In the 
year 1800, said Dr. Bangs, I was converted through 
the instrumentality of Brother Sawyer, and he gave me 
my first license to preach.' 

The Rev. John Ryerson reached Toronto October 
31st, having enjoyed his visit to the English Conference. 
The missionary report shows a deficit of £50. A day of 
Thanksgiving for the removal of cholera was proclaimed 
by the Governor. 

The Rev. Ezra Healy, hastening to a fire, suddenly 
expired, December 27th, aged 59 years. 

'The Amherstburg Mission,' writes Rev. R. Whiting, 
January 7th, 1850, ' is a laborious one. I have to travel 
six townships — from Colchester through Maiden, Ander- 
son, Sandwich, Maidstone to Rochester, ten miles travel 
and an appointment for every day in the year, finding 
the way by the blaze on the trees, the setting sun or 
evening star, till you see in the distance the cabin of 
some noble-hearted Scotchman, surrounded by a few 
settlers. A sea-shell for a horn sends its echoes from 
cabin to cabin, telling of the coming of a herald of the 
Cross. We have interesting congregations, many con- 
versions, work for two men, and a home offered for the 
second.' 

The Rev. Henry Reid writes from St. Vincent: 
' After our quarterly meeting a revival continued three 

68 



ENCOURAGING RECORDS 

weeks; clearest evidences of justification; over a hun- 
dred added to the Church.' 

AHce, wife of Rev. Erastus Hurlburt, died January 
3rd, 1850, aged 26 — far from home, bidding the friends 
of her youth meet her in heaven. 

After long waiting, the first sermon in the Township 
of Proton, on the Toronto and Sydenham Road, was 
preached by the Rev. Stephen Brownell, January 6th, 
1850, to a hastily gathered company of forty, and a 
class of eleven was immediately formed. Nearly a 
thousand persons settled in that region during the two 
years past, and Mr. George Snider invited all who 
would to meet at his house and hear a sermon read. 
Mr. Brownell could not return for two months. 

At a missionary meeting in the Charlton school-house 
Mr. J. P. Bull was in the chair, and one of the ad- 
dresses was given by his father, Mr. Bartley Bull. Con- 
tributions ii8, the best on the Yonge Street circuit. 
A year later in that log school-house, the writer made 
his first attempt in public speaking and has still a 
vivid remembrance of the fervor and musical ability of 
that congregation. 

The Rev. John Carroll tells of a visit to Sarnia : 
'Left London January iSth, for a drive of sixty miles 
in a buggy. Called on an old friend in Adelaide, 
preached in a new shop, took cold, but by restoratives 
administered by James Flintofif, Esq., and his attentive 
wife, was ready for three services on Sunday, one on the 
Indian Mission, where Brother Chase interpreted. Mis- 
sionary gifts increasing, but not fast enough to prevent 
scanty allowances to the laborers. " I can con- 
tentedly live on bread and water," said one of 
them, " but I cannot bear to see my little ones suffer." 
There are said to be 2,000 Indians along the north shores 
of Huron and Superior, anxious, but yet without teacher 
or missionary.' 

' I joined the deputation,' writes Rev. Th. Williams, 
of Blanchard, ' at Holmes' school-house, nine miles from 

69 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Goderich; house jammed full, liveliest interest, sub- 
scriptions in advance; at Mitchell no members, but 
meeting and collection both good; at St. Mary's a large 
stone school-house, used by all denominations, well 
lighted ; Brother James Coleman, chairman ; William 
Dignam, our missionary from Stratford, delighted his 
old friends by witty descriptions of the v^ork. The 
speeches of Brothers A. S. Byrne and Philps will long be 
remembered. Sparling's Church, erected under Rev. E. 
Evans, the first and only house in the township set 
apart for the worship of God, was decorated with ever- 
greens and chandeliers.' 

New churches have been built at Edwardsburghi, 
Quebec, Hagerman's, Baltimore, Rednerville, Flamboro, 
Weston, Unionville, Palermo, Saxon Settlement, etc. 
The President and Superintendent of Missions, after 
attending missionary meetings in the north and west 
parts of the Province, went eastward in February to 
assist in others. 

The Rev. Edmund Shepherd journeyed — ' Seven hun- 
dred miles, through deep snow and over dangerous ice, 
attending missionary meetings on the Bytown District ; 
excellent arrangements made, deputations punctual, and 
liberality exceeding anything I had seen in this region.' 

On the new Millbrook Circuit, taking the country part 
of Peterborough Circuit, good missionary meetings 
were held at Metcalfe, Shield's, Gardiner's, Monaghan, 
and Blackstock. 

The Sabbath Observance Society, recently organized, 
petitions against the opening of Post Offices on the 
Lord's Day. 

On the Dumfries Circuit — Gait, Berlin, St. George 
and Guelph — hundreds of new members were received 
into the Church. 

At the Convocation of Toronto University, held in 
the City Hall, May 23d, 1850, the Hon. P. B. De 
Blaquire was installed as Chancellor. The Governor- 
General desired that ' our great Educational Institutions 

70 



ENCOURAGING RECORDS 

should be founded upon and inculcate the teachings 
of the Bible.' 

An Academy opened by Rev. Daniel McMullen, in 
Picton, for pupils of both sexes, reported a good year. 

The Eastern District Meeting convened in Quebec, 
May i6th, 1850. Owing to the death of the Chairman, 
the Rev. Dr. Richey presided. A revival in Montreal 
had been greatly aided by the Rev. James Caughey. 

The Rev. Robert L. Lusher died July loth, 1849, aged 
62 years ; and the Rev. Matthew Lang, Chairman, Feb. 
21 st, 1850, aged 52 years. These brethren were held in 
high honor and suitable obituaries were read. 

The westward tide of emigration takes many mem- 
bers from eastern circuits. 

The Conference of 1850 was opened in Brockville 
on the 5th of June by the Rev. Dr. Richey; the Rev. 
Asahel Hurlburt, Secretary. The Rev. Dr. Bangs, of 
New York, attended as delegate from the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and in his address gave incidents 
of his early life in Canada: 

' I remember well when I commenced my feeble labors 
and the trials of those days, when the woodman's axe 
and the preacher's voice sounded together through the 
woods ; when the Methodist itinerant followed the immi- 
grant into his lonely retreat, and, carrying provender, 
tied his horse to a sapling for the night, eating, preach- 
ing and sleeping in the settler's log cabin ; when there 
were only about 1,200 Methodists in the country. In 
fifty years you have become 25,000. May 23rd I entered 
the itinerancy under the Presiding Eldership of the Rev. 
Joseph Jewell, colleague of the Rev. Joseph Sawyer, on 
the Niagara Circuit, and was sent to Long Point. Dur- 
ing these fifty years our numbers in the United States 
have grown from 37,000 to over a million. If we would 
insure the continuance of God's blessing, such as He 
bestowed upon our fathers, we must maintain their 
spirit and practice. Methodism was begotten and fos- 
tered under the spirit of revival ; if we would perpetuate 
its prosperity we must maintain that spirit.' 

71 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Received into full connection — Wm. S. Blackstock, 
James C. Slater, Samuel S. Nelles, M.A. ; James Gray, 
Charles Sylvester, Joseph Hill^ Edwin Clement, George 
Case, John A. Williams, Wm. H. Poole, Wm. Chap- 
man, Thomas Hanna, David C. McDowell, Wm. M. 
Pattyson, Thomas Cleghorn. 

Ali their reception addresses were given by Revs. 
E. Wood, E. Ryerson, N. Bangs, and Wm. Case. 

Dr. Bangs preached the ordination sermon. 

Five candidates were received on trial. 

Died — Ezra Healy, Dec. 27th, 1849, aged 59 years; 
Franklin Metcalfe, June loth, 1850, aged 50 years. 

The Book Steward and Editor were re-appointed. 

Total members — 25,042 ; increase, 774. 

Superannuation Fund ^537 ^ ^ 

Contingent Fund 1,206 7 2 

Dr. Ryerson was requested to act as Delegate to the 
English Conference, if in England at the time. 

The Rev. Dr. Beecham was elected President of the 
English Conference and the Rev. Dr. Hanna was re- 
elected Secretary. 

The Rev. Enoch Wood was appointed President of 
the Canada Conference and Rev. John Ryerson Co- 
Delegate. The Rev. Wm. Squire was appointed Chair- 
man of the Eastern District. 

The Rev.-- Samuel Nelles, M.A., was appointed Princi- 
pal of Victoria College, and the advisability of removing 
the college to Toronto is under consideration. 

On the Brampton Circuit, in August, 1850, occurred 
the death of Brother Bowsfield, an aged and highly 
esteemed local preacher; also of Wm. Switzer, an ex- 
emplary member of the Methodist Church until his 
death, Sept. 7th, 1850, in his 41st year. 

John B. Gough, a noted temperance orator, made a 
tour of Canada, with good results. 

72 



ENCOURAGING RECORDS 

In the early autumn reports of revivals came from 
Augusta, St. Catharines, and other circuits. 

Peter Jacobs, before leaving for England, thankfully 
declared the wonderful changes wrought among his 
people during the last few years, as seen at Rice Lake, 
the Credit and many other places. The Missionary 
Report tells of 12 Indian Missions, 18 missionaries, 21 
teachers and interpreters, 400 scholars, 2 Industrial 
Schools and 1,000 members. The income — about £4,000 
— meets the expenditure and cancels the debt of £700. 

The Rev. Th. Demorest writes an account of the 
first Sunday school tea-meeting at Harrison's, Bramp- 
ton Circuit. This school grew out of a Bible class con- 
ducted by J. E. Sanderson, during his vacation the pre- 
ceding year: 

' The first Superintendent, John Sanderson, Esq., pre- 
sided. Mr. Thomas Holtby, one of the speakers, gave 
promise of future service, and the talent of Mr. Vicker- 
man Holtby, present Superintendent, was duly appreci- 
ated. The treasury was replenished by iio.' 

Another very interesting Sunday school muster was 
held a few miles west — Mrs. Robt. Gardiner and Mrs. 
John Snell providing a plentiful repast and showing 
their deep interest in the young. 

The Sunday school teachers of the Toronto circuits 
had a profitable gathering, Jan. 14th, 185 1. 

The Rev. Eachlin Taylor, recently returned from 
Eastern Canada, was in great demand for missionary 
and other meetings. 

' At Saugeen on New Year's Day,' writes William 
Herkimer, * the annual feast was given — the chapel 
decorated with branches and fruits, the tables loaded, 
twenty sweet native voices singing, and two hundred 
parents and friends rejoicing together, in pleasing con- 
trast to earlier days.' 

The Bishop of London speaking of the Papal Bull, 
parcelling out England into Romish dioceses, said : 

73 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

' There is a danger which alarms me more than any 
aggression of a foreign power. Clergymen of our own 
Church, who have subscribed to the thirty-nine articles 
and owned the Queen's supremacy, have been the fore- 
most in leading their flocks to the very verge of the 
precipice. The honor paid to saints, the claim of infalli- 
bility, the superstitious use of the cross, auricular con- 
fession and absolution are pointed to as worthy of adop- 
tion. The danger is within our gates from unworthy 
sons of the Church of England. Beware of these back- 
ward tendencies ! The inclination for wearing of gowns 
by minister or choir is an indication of the readiness 
with which the essential verities of spiritual worship 
may be filched away by withering formalities.' 

Reports from the upper Ottawa to Brockville indi- 
cate earnest effort in spiritual work and general advance 
in liberality. 

Shut out of the school-house, the little Metho- 
dist congregation at Sparta proposed a meeting 
for building a church. But — "Where can we hold it?" 
'■ In my ball-room," said the hotelkeeper, and it was ; 
money was subscribed to pay for it and the contract 
let for building. 

The death of Mrs. Williams, wife of the missionary, 
was felt as a sad loss by the Blanchard Mission, where 
much work was in progress. 

The Peterborough missionary meeting was of unusual 
interest. ' There must have been nearly i,ooo present. 
Speakers — Nelles, Taylor, and Breden, in their very best 
vein ; the music superior and the collection above any 
preceding.' 

Not only in the chief centres, but in smaller towns 
and country circuits — like St. Andrew's and La Chute, 
in the east— interest in church work and liberal offerings 
are increasing. In Richmond Street, Toronto, the Mayor 
presided ; in Queen Street, Thomas Vaux, Esq. ; in York- 
ville, Capt. Hilliard; the speakers Revs. Jones, Taylor, 
Musgrove, Gemley, Nelles, etc. ' In some respects the 
meeting at Don Mills exceeded the others, and was a 
fitting climax to the series.' 

74 



ENCOURAGING RECORDS 

The Home Government practically commits the de- 
cision in regard to the Clergy Reserves to the repre- 
sentatives of the people. 

At a missionary meeting on the Norwood Mission, 
Aaron Choate, Esq., presented a fanning mill, which 
was sold for £5. 

The Rev. James Caughey spent three months in 
Montreal, with very blessed results — several hundred 
professing conversion. 

The Rev. Wm. Dignam sends a characteristic account 
of missionary meetings on the Barrie District: 

' I can hardly think of putting into short space our 
visit to fourteen townships, the sayings and doings of a 
whole month ; the church and parsonage improvements 
in Barrie, gracious revivals all around, new churches 
filled with worshippers, scores of penitents, zeal and 
liberality, kind attentions to the deputation up to the last 
parting at Lloydtown.' 

Towards the heavy debt on the Montreal churches, 
two trustees subscribed £1,000 each, three £500 each, 
another £250, with more to follow. 

The Belleville missionary contributions reached £88 
— nearly double of last year. His Excellency, Lord 
Elgin, contributed £10 towards Methodist missions. 

Fruitful revivals are reported from Whitby, Claren- 
don, and other circuits. 

Miss Sara, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Craw- 
ford, Hamilton, died April 25th, 185 1. As a token of 
gratitude to her Saviour and love for His cause, she 
left the proceeds of her piano, valued at $300, to vari- 
ous interests of the Church. 

The Rev. James Wilson died at Cooksville, May 28th, 
1851, in his 8ist year — a long life of faithful and fruit- 
ful ministry. 

The Canada East District Meeting comrruenced on 
the 2ist of May, 1851 — Rev. Wm. Squire in the chair. 

75 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The state of the work was reviewed with much anxiety, 
as there were many calls for laborers which it seemed 
impossible to meet. General conditions were favorable, 
but removals were frequent. Prayerful attention was 
given to the French work. 

Number of members, 3,739; decrease, 30. 

The beautiful church in Quebec had been completed. 
Another was built in Granby. 

The twenty-eighth Annual Conference was held in the 
Adelaide St. Church, Toronto, commencing June 4th, 
185 1. About one hundred and twenty ministers atten- 
ded. After an hour spent in devotional exercises, the' 
Co-Delegate opened the Conference and introduced 
the President, the Rev. Enoch Wood, who addressed 
the Conference. 

The Rev. James Musgrove was elected Secretary. 

Into full connection — John Webster, John C. Osborne, 
William McGill, Henry Reid. 

Nineteen candidates were received on trial. 
Died — ^George Ferguson, Jan. ist, iS^i, aged 64 years. 
Alex. S. Byrne, Feb. nth, " " 18 " 

James Wilson, May 28th, " '' 81 " 

Members, 26,213 5 increase, 1,171. 

For Contingent Fund £1,322 o 9 

For Superannuation Fund 610 15 9 

For Chapel Relief Fund 213 16 i 

The English Conference Address was duly answered. 
The Conference declared its approval of the Imperial 
Government in restoring to the Canadian Legislature 
power over the Clergy Reserves. A constitution for a 
Tract Society was adopted. 

Items by Mr. Thomas Vaux: 

'In 1824 we had 36 preachers and 7,150 members; 
now, 1851, upwards of 200 preachers and 26,213 mem- 
bers. The population of Upper Canada in 1824 was 
154.094; last year, 802,503.' 

Camp-meetirigs for Newmarket, Barrie, Cookstown, 

76 



ENCOURAGING RECORDS 

Bradford and other circuits were held with good results. 
Revival meetings were general and hundreds were con- 
verted. 

The success of the Burlington Ladies' Academy, 
Hamilton, seemed highly satisfactory ; but the strain of 
responsibility, financial and otherwise, proved too severe 
for the Principal, Rev. D. C. Van Norman, and he 
announced his retirement to accept the Principalship of 
an Institution in New York. General regret was ex- 
pressed for the probable closing of the Academy. 

By appointment of Conference, Friday, August 8th, 
was observed by Methodist people as a day of fasting 
and prayer. 

A Bill for the incorporation of the Book Room, and of 
the Superannuation Fund and Annuitant Society was 
passed by the Legislature. 

The Christian Guardian of Aug. 20th, 185 1, was the 
first number printed by steam. 

One of several means employed on behalf of Vic- 
toria College was the sale of Scholarships at £25 each, 
to cover the tuition fees for twenty-four years. 

George McDougall, a young married man, of 
Scottish parentage, volunteered for the Indian work 
and was accepted by the Conference. Through his 
trading experience in early life he had become familiar 
with Indian languages and customs and was placed 
with Rev. Wm. Case at Alderville for further experi- 
ence. He was soon in demand by the Superintendent of 
Missions, and sent to Bruce Mines, arriving July 23d. 
The little chapel was well filled on Sunday. Mr, Mc- 
Dougall proceeded to Garden River, met the Indians 
in consultation, and thence to Sault Ste. Marie. He 
was welcomed by the Chief, who was anxious for a 
school, and regretted the departure of former mission- 
aries — Peter Jones, John Sunday and Thomas Hurl- 
burt. Garden River, with about 300 Indians and other 

77 



METHODI«SM IN CANADA 

bands near by, was considered a good location for a 
mission. At Maple Point also about 2,000 Indians were 
accessible. Mr. McDougall took his family to Garden 
River and lived in a shanty without a floor until he 
could build. * Yesterday I preached twice to good con- 
gregations, have visited every family in the village, and 
thank you for my appointment.' 

Oct. ist, Mr. McDougall wrote again : 

* Have labored harder the last two months than ever 
before. Our house is nearly ready for moving into. 
We want a school-house, towards which an American 
gentleman offers £15.' 

At the St. Clair Mission, after a camp-meeting, about 
25 were baptized and a class formed. The Indians 
built and furnished a school-house. 

Samuel McDowell, of Clarendon, was born in Ireland, 
County Fermanagh, in 1786, and came to Canada in 
1835. In his home in the woods Methodist ministers 
met a hearty welcome. His life was marked by faith- 
ful devotion to God and His cause. A sudden call, 
Aug. 7th, 1851, found him ready; his work done and 
two of his sons — David C. and Henry — in the ministry. 

Charles Biggar, Esq., of the Carrying-Place, was born 
in Bath, N. Y., Jan. 7th, 1797, and came with his par- 
ents to Oueenston in 1803. At the age of nineteen he 
began business at the Carrying-Place. In 1821 he was 
married and shortly after became a member of the 
Methodist Church. For thirty years his home was 
open to Methodist preachers, who found him a willing 
co-worker until his death, Oct. 26th, 185 1. A son, 
James L. Biggar, worthily maintained the honor of tlie 
name in religious and public life. 

A new stone church was opened in Hamilton Nov. 
25th, 185 1. An organ costing £200 was presented by 
Peter Hess, Esq., and a communion service by James 
Crawford — expecting soon to drink of the new wine 
in the kingdom above. ^g 



ENCOURAGING RECORDS 

After protracted meeting's in Albion, Mono and Miil- 
mur, over a hundred new members were received, one, 
till then a Roman Catholic, said : '' Sure, it's God's truth 
and a heart of stone could not withstand it." 

The Rev. Francis Coleman attended fifteen missionary 
meetings, with Brs. Clappison. Alcorn, Peter Jacobs, and 
others at La Chute, St. Andrews and other places ; crowded 
houses and proceeds well in advance. In Bytown Samuel 
Alcorn and Peter Jacobs preached. On Monday even- 
ing the church overflowed; and the next evening the 
ladies gave a missionary tea. " How wonderful that an 
Indian could be so changed !" and " speak such good 
English " — so they spoke of Peter Jacobs. 

Mr. Richard Woodsworth gives an account of the 
Rev. James Caughey's wonderfully successful labors in 
Richmond St. Church, Toronto, from Nov. 23d. to Jan. 
7th, when he crossed over to Adelaide St. Church. 
The services had been held afternoon and evening, and 
about 700 professed to receive good. Never before had 
Toronto been so mightily moved. The Eebruarv love- 
feast was a blessed and memorable occasion — the 
church filled with witnesses for Christ. 

The Superintendent of the Sunday school at that 
time was Mr. Alexander Hamilton, and from among' its 
teachers and scholars many became ministers, several 
of whom were converted in that revival — Henrv W. P. 
Allen. George M. Brown, Alex. Burns, Solomon Cleaver, 
John S. Clarke, Richard Clarke, John B. Clarkson, Wm. 
Colville, Geo. H. Cornish, Hugh T. Crossley, Alex. Dren- 
nan, James E. Dyer, Wm. W. Edwards, John Hough, 
Jabez B. Keough, Thomas S. Keough, Andrew Milli- 
ken, Wm. McDonagh, Marmaduke L. Pearson, Samuel 
Sing, John Tamblyn, James Woodsworth, and Richard W. 
Woodsworth. 

For six months Mr. Caughey continued his wonder- 

79 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

fully successful labors in Toronto. The May Quar- 
terly Meetings of the two city circuits gratefully ac- 
knowledged his laborious and effective services. There 
had been over twelve hundred inquirers and many were 
added to the churches. A farewell breakfast was also 
tendered Mr. Caughey. Jn replying to kind words of 
his brethren Mr. Caughey said : ' I really feel hum- 
bled in the dust before God. To Him be all the glory. 
God Almighty bless you all.' 

The Rev. Richard Whiting tells of missionary meet- 
ings at Sandwich, Windsor, Dutch Settlement, Chatham, 
etc., where ' gold, silver and bills came tumbling to- 
gether in sweetest harmony.' 

On Malahide Circuit — Richmond, Moss, Gravesend, 
Vienna and Aylmer — ' speeches good, Wm. Ryerson's 
superlatively so, congregations large and contributions 
in advance.' 

Of the Peel Mission Rev. Matthew Swann reports 
many new settlers, some conversions and clearing the 
debt of Fisher's Church — the first on the mission. 

The Rev. 'James Clark had a thirty-five mile drive 
through the forests; good meetings in Melancthon, in 
Nottawasaga, and at Cathey's, in Sunnidale, where the 
house was decorated, illumined and filled — their first 
oflferings for missions amounting to seven or eight 
pounds, the people poor and only fifteen members.' 

Millbrook rejoices in the addition of 40 new members, 
parsonage near completion and increasing liberality. 

On the Farmersville Circuit — 'good speeches, in- 
creased contributions, a divine influence promoting 
spirituality and helping the mission.' The Rev. James 
Gray reports ' harmony and prosperity at Perth, Lanark, 
Playfair, Steadman's, Wright's and Adams.' 

Mrs. Lucy Heck, daughter of Joshua Adams, was 
born in Perth, Dec. 3rd, 1817. In 1844 she became the 
wife of George Heck, Augusta. From her fifteenth 

80 



ENCOURAGING RECORDS 

year until called home, Jan. i6th, 1852, she witnessed a 
good confession.' 

The debt on the Moulinette chapel, Cornwall, was 
paid; about thirty conversions at Charlesville, twenty 
at Cam's ; missionary money one-third in advance. 

' On the 29th of January, 1852, the Methodist Church 
in Leeds, Megantic, was tastefully festooned and bril- 
liantly illuminated for an intellectual and pleasurable 
commingling of all classes and churches. After tea 
the Rev. Gififord Dorey took the chair. Several ad- 
dresses were given, a most agreeable evening spent, 
and a collection taken for missions.' — Auld Kirk. 

" The new and beautiful Wesleyan Methodist Church, 
on Sydenham Street, Kingston, was opened on Sunday 
last, when very appropriate discourses were delivered by 
the Revs. Enoch Wood and Egerton Ryerson, D.D. ; 
the church was filled to its utmost capacity." — British 
Whig, March 30th, 1852. 

Some of the trustees and largest subscribers were: 
John Counter, Wm. Denn, Thomas McCutcheon, Wm. 
Anglin, Arthur and Edwin Chown. The Rev. Samuel 
D. Rice was the minister in charge. Total expenditure, 
about $28,000. 

Other new churches have been opened in West Gwil- 
limbury, Vandusen's North Port, Prince Albert, etc. 

The two Hamilton Sunday schools report 56 teachers, 
371 scholars and an income of about £40. A third 
school has just been organized in the new church, with 
Mr. R. D. Wadsworth, Superintendent. 

* The Kincardine Mission is new, inhabitants very 
poor, nine appointments, 25 new members, three churches 
commenced, lumber very scarce, the people willing and 
the outlook encouraging.' — Thomas Crews. 

George McDougal, Garden Island, writes: 

* We finished our school-house, though winter was on 
and 15 below zero; had a good watch-night, eleven pro- 
fessing conversion, and our first sacramental service. 
The ravages of the drink curse are fearful. One Chief 

6 81 



• METHODISM IN CANADA- 

recounted twenty of his own relatives who had been 
drowned, frozen, or burned while intoxicated. We visited 
the Bruce Mines and St. Joseph's Island, on snowshoes, 
found several bands of Indians and much sickness.". 

Mr. Thomas Perdue came from Ireland to Canada in 
1831 and settled in Caesar's neighborhood, Caledon, 
where he was a faithful member of the Methodist 
Church and a leader until his death on the 2nd of May, 
1852. 

The^ first Methodist church on the Gosfield circuit 
was built on Mersea Street and opened on the i8th of 
May, 1852, by the Rev. Wm. Price. 

' The Wellesley Mission, formed of the northern town- 
ships of the former Stratford mission, has twenty 
appointments ; roads very bad, in many parts neither 
roads nor bridges, so I have had to go on foot two- 
thirds of the year ; yet have cause to thank God for 
increase of members, though finances are very low. 
Have baptized 64 children and married 17 couples.'— 
George Case. 

The ministers of the Canada East District held their 
Annual Meeting in Montreal, commencing on the 19th 
of May, 1852. On every station there had been ingath- 
ering of souls, but from removals and other causes, 
the increase was small. Two young men were ordained 
for special purposes. The relation of the District to the 
great Wesleyan Connexion was considered, and the 
Rev. James Brock was appointed Representative to the 
Canada Conference, in expectation of closer union. 

Number of members, 3,740 and 243 on trial. 

Sunday school teachers, 326: scholars, 2,224. 

Missionary income, £844 6s. iid. 

The Rev. Henry Cox received his credentials. 



82 




1. Mathewson, Mr.M. A. 2. Punshoii,;\Vin. M., I.L.I). 3. Nelles, S. S., LL.I>. 

4. Woodsworth, Mr. Richard 5. Mrs. R. Woodsworth G. .lefferis, Rev. Th. M. 

7. Rolston, Rev. It. U. S. Mrs. D. D. Kolston 'J. McDonald, Hon. John 



I 



CHAPTER VIII. 

1852-3. 

EXTENSION AND UNION. 

Conference, Kingston — Jones — Warner — Tour — Camp-meeting— 
Jacobs — ^Squire — Crane Band — Quebec — Vaux — Huntingdon 
— Eastern District — Conference, 1853 Hamilton — Union — 
Gavatzzi — Westmeath — Pembroke — Revivals — Garden River 
— Goderich — Churches — St. George — Gage — Meeting. 

The Canada Conference opened in Kingston on the 
2nd of June, 1852. President — Rev. Enoch Wood; 
Secretary — Rev. George R. Sanderson. 

Into full connection — Charles Fish, Alexander Camp- 
bell, John G. Laird, John English, Thomas Peacock, 
John S. Evans, John Armstrong, 2nd, Benjamin Jones, 
Francis Berry, Edward White. 

Nine young men were received on trial. 

Book Steward — Anson Green. 

Editor— J^mes Spencer. 

Agent for Victoria College — Samuel D. Rice. 

Egerton Ryerson, D.D., Chief Superintendent of Edu- 
cation, and Lachlin Taylor, Agent of the U. C. Bible So- 
ciety, with permission of Conference. Thomas Demorest, 
Agent for Connexional Funds. John Ryerson, Repre- 
sentative to British Conference. 

Members, 26,213; increase, 1,372. 

Superannuation Fund ^613 17 6 

Chapel Relief Fund 238 12 6 

Contingent Relief from circuits 363 12 2 

Contingent Relief from Book Room 200 o o 

Contingent Relief from English Conference 733 6 9 

£1,296 18 II 

The Rev. James Brock, Delegate from the Canada 
East District, was introduced. 

83 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Rev. Wm. Case, after 47 years of active service, 
requested relief, which was granted. 
Census. 1851 — Upper Canada, 950,530; Toronto, 30,765. 

On the 9th of July, 1852, Peter Jones left Toronto for 
a northern tour. * At Penetanguishene I was joined by 
Rev. Lewis Warner, and we passed on to Owen Sound; 
thence to Bruce Mines, touching- at Garden River, where 
we saw Brother McDougall and many Indians, glad to 
give us a shake of the hand. At the American Sault, an 
old Chief told us of a large band of Ojibwas beyond 
Lake Superior ; and, said he, " We shall no doubt become 
Christians by and by." Brother Warner preached and 
I spoke to them. We heard there was a prospect of a 
ship canal ; engineers were at work on the Canada side. 
We left by steamer Baltimore, and by break of day on 
the 14th we were off White Fish Point. We made for 
the camp ground, where we all entered heartily into the 
work — four days' preaching, interpreting, praying, and 
the Holy Spirit was present. On Saturday afternoon we 
had a missionary meeting, and sixty dollars were sub- 
scribed. In the love-feast, Sunday morning, they told 
what the Great Spirit had done for them. Eight adults 
and six children were baptized and the Lord's Supper 
administered. On Monday we consulted about schools, 
farms and temperance. Thus ended the first camp-meet- 
ing ever held on the shores of the great Superior, 
crowned with the divine blessing. About fifty, we 
judged, were converted or reclaimed. By starting early 
we reached Garden Island at 1 1 o'clock, and were thank- 
ful for a good bed, after sleeping on the ground every 
night for a week. The Indian Reserve on River St. 
Marie is ten miles by five. We selected a grove for next 
summer's camp-meeting. Sunday, 25th, we had love- 
feast, preaching and sacrament. They need a church 
and a model farm. Brother McDougal has built a good 
house; no expense to the society. Julv 28th — We left 
by steamer Detroit, and called at Bruce Mines. In the 
Lake Superior copper mines ^ we saw blocks of 6,000 
pounds. We were in Toronto for Sunday. It was a 
iglorious sight to see the hundreds at the Lord's table.* 

The Rev. John Ryerson wrote of his favorable recep- 

84 



EXTENSION AND UNION 

tion by the Missionary Committee and the English Con- 
ference; consultations with the Hudson's Bay Co., and 
of arrangements freely made for his going with their 
boats from Montreal next spring, 

Peter Jacobs writes from Red River, June 21st, 1852: 
' Left Sault Ste. Marie with the boats from Montreal 
and reached Red River after 41 days hard travelling. 
Most of the people lost their all in the great flood — 
houses and barns going down the current nearly every 
day. I leave in a few days for Norway House, thence 
to Oxford House and York Factory.' 

The Rev. Wm. Mason writes from Rossville : 
' Expecting Peter Jacobs — have school of 58 scholars, 
Gospel of St. John printed ; repairing the church,' etc. 
Peterborough — ' We have an echo of Mr. Caughey's 
labors — many witnesses in the love-feast to perfect love 
— classes well attended — 80 additions to the Sunday 
school and a new one started ; four acres of land bought 
for £65 and laid out for a cemetery. Quarterly Meeting 
at Mud Lake Mission — full house; Rev. Orrin H. Ells- 
worth, a preacher of great promise, in charge of mis- 
sion. Brother Thomas Hurlburt has arranged to visit 
these Indians and attend their Quarterly Meeting. He 
preaches on the Alderville Mission every other Sabbath 
in addition to his own work on Rice Lake Mission.' — 

John Gemley. 

Rev. L. O. Rice, of Cookstown Mission, writes : 

' Twelve months ago we had neither church nor par- 
sonage and only about 75 members. We now have a 
comfortable parsonage and goodly number added to 
the Church.' 

On the 8th of October, 1852, the first locomotive 
engine from Toronto was run a few miles up the 
Northern R.R. 

A camp-meeting was begun on the Brampton cir- 
cuit, Oct. 2nd. 

' Several services were held on Saturday. Sunday 
was showery, but good congregations filled the larger 
tents, some of them 36x148. From Monday morning 
the weather was fine and the services were continued 

85 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

with little intermission until Wednesday noon. The 
closing exercises exceeded anything I ever saw. 
Eternity will disclose the whole.' — Wm. Young. 

The Rev. Wm. Squire, Montreal, died of cholera, 
Oct. 17th, 1852, aged 56 years — very highly esteemed 
for his work's sake. 

The " Wesleyan Dorcas Society," Toronto, received 
and expended during the year £yi si 7. 

Revivals are reported from very many circuits. 

Full lists of missionary meetings indicate the univer- 
sality of the campaign. 

The Hon. Col. Bruce, after visiting the Industrial 
Schools at Mount Elgin and Alnwick, reported very 
favorably of the work being accomplished by the Revs. 
S. Rose and William Case ; also — ' I cannot pass over 
unnoticed the benefits the children derive from the 
benevolent care of Mrs. Case and Mrs. Rose, in the 
various household and domestic duties.' 

At the Scugog Island meeting — 

* Chief Jacob Crane was called to the chair and told 
what he knew of mission work. After other speeches 
the Indians, poor and few, gave i8 los. 4d.' 

Jan. 26th, 1853, Rev. John Black writes from Tren- 
ton : * Twenty-seven years ago I came from Kingston to 
the River Trent. I saw two log houses and crossed this 
fine stream in a scow. Now there is the incorporated 
X'illage of Trenton, with its wharf, covered bridge, its 
lumber trade, a good market for the farmers, and a fine 
Methodist church, dedicated last Sunday — a high day for 
Stephen and Reuben Yovmg, Joseph S. Peterson, and 
their friends, who are glad to leave the old school house 
for their beautiful temple.' 

' The first " Steam Horse "—Niagara— for the Great 
Western R.R. has arrived in Hamilton, from Massa- 
chusetts.' — Dundas Warder, Jan., 1853. 

After two weeks' hard tugging by thirty-six horses, 
it passed through Dundas on its way to Copetown. 

The Rev. James Caughey spent three months in 

86 



EXTENSION AND UNION 

Kingston, with blessed results to the churches and the 
country around. 

Mary Sparrow was born in Ireland in 1772, married 
Mr. Samuel Switzer in 1796, came to Canada in 1824 
and settled in Toronto Township, where after years of 
faithful service, she died Feb. 2nd, 1853. 

New churches have been opened in Grafton, Essa, 
Port Stanley, Morpeth, Fergus, Bolton, Thornhill. 
Goderich, etc. 

Peter Jacobs writes, March i8th, 1853 : 

* A few years ago I visited the Crane Band of Indi- 
ans, H. B. T., then the most subtle and cruel in that 
region. Their chief delight was to steal the wives from 
other bands, kill the children and awaken the spirit of 
revenge. When I read to them the Commandments the 
Chief said someone had told me of him and therefore I 
had written these commandments. I told him how they 
were written. iWhen I visited them a year ago, the 
whole band was changed. On the sixth day the Chief 
would have the guns, bows, and nets gathered into his 
own wigwam that the Sabbath should not be broken, 
and then pray the Great Spirit to send them a mission- 
ary. A trader said — ■" They trouble me all day to 
read to them the Bible." It was kind of our Belleville 
friend — Billa Flint — to offer £25 a year to send them a 
missionary.' 

Rev. Edward Sallows reports : 

' Twenty-one pounds missionary money raised at 
Bruce Mines ; an enormous quantity of cordwood and 
shingles on the banks of Garden River — the work of 
a few Indians. They have about 4,000 acres and have 
earned $2,000 this winter cutting wood.' 

Quebec, Feb. 6th, 1853: 

' On the 25th ult. I accompanied the Rev. J. Borland 
into Lotbiniere and Megantic counties for missionary 
anniversaries. In the St. Lawrence, floating ice was 
moving rapidly and crossing was dangerous. But the 
canoes were dexterously managed and we landed safely. 
From Point Levi in a cariole, 35 miles to St. Sylvester, 
where Rev. Gifford Dorev has had an extensive revival. 

' 87 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Our host was Mr. Thomas Mackie — local preacher and 
class leader. Next morning we started for Lower Ire- 
land — 19 miles — and were met by J. R. Lambly, Esq., 
who took us to the meeting — crossing the lofty hills, 30 
below zero, our buffalo coats scarcely saved us from 
being nipped. The pleasure and good feeling of a tea 
meeting prepared the way for addresses and a good 
collection. We stayed over-night with James Keough, 
Esq., father of the Keough brothers, Toronto ; and re- 
turned to Leeds for a meeting in the evening.' — Thomas 
Vaux. 

Huntingdon. — ' Scores are being converted on this 
circuit — about 150 during the last few months. Oir 
missionary meeting, bazaar and tea-meeting exceeded 
expectations — about £70. We never witnessed any- 
thing better — neither in Montreal, Toronto, nor in the 
Old Country.' — George H. Davis. 

In the end of May, 1853, the Rev. B. Slight writes: 

' Another Annual Meeting of the Canada East Dis- 
trict has been held. Spiritually, numerically and finan- 
cially we are making progress. Our late honored Chair- 
man — Rev. Wm. Squire — has left a character not often 
equalled for faithfulness and success. Two highly 
esteemed brethren, through affliction, have asked for a 
supernumerary relation. By a unanimous vote we agree 
to unite with the Canada Conference; the laymen's vote 
was also unanimous. The Rev. Enoch Wood, as 
Chairman, has secured our highest esteem. As a me- 
mento he was presented with an elegant Bagster's Bible, 
with the autograph of every member of the District. 
We have appointed the Revs. John Jenkins, John Bor- 
land, and James Brock Representatives to the Canada 
Conference.' 

The Rev. John Jenkins, Montreal, was presented with 
a service of plate and one thousand dollars by Montreal 
friends. 

The Conference of 1853 began in McNab St. Church, 
Hamilton, on the ist of June. 

President — Rev. Enoch Wood ; Secretary — Rev. Wel- 
lington Jeffers. 

88 



EXTENSION AND UNION 

Into full connection — Isaac Barber, Wm. S. Griffin, 
Andrew Smith, Ephraim L,. Koyle. 

The Rev.- John Jenkins, of Montreal, preached the or- 
dination sermon. The Rev. John Borland preached in 
the evening. 

Nine young men were received on trial. 

Died — John Culham, Dec. 2nd, 1852, aged y6 years ; 
David Robertson, Feb. 8th, 1853, in his 24th year. 
Book Steward — Anson Green, D.D. 
Editor — James Spencer. 
General Agent — Thomas Demorest. 
Members, 30,324; increase, 2,739. 

Contingent Fund ^i)336 16 o 

Superannuation Fund 616 18 9 

Chapel Relief Fund 260 i 4 

A committee met in consultation with the Represen- 
tatives from the Eastern District and reported in favor 
of Union. The Report was adopted by the Conference. 
The consolidation of the work in Eastern and Western 
Canada was presented in the Address to the English 
Conference with assurance of its acceptability. 

Sunday Schools, Sunday Observance, Temperance 
and other important interests were carefully considered 
and measures adopted for their promotion. 

Quarterly Meetings w^ere to be consulted in re- 
gard to an annual collection for Victoria College to 
afford candidates for the ministry increased opportuni- 
ties. 

The Conference closed on Friday morning. 

A lecture in Quebec by Gavazzi, the Italian patriot, 
caused a riot and the military were called out. Similar 
disturbances attended his lectures in Montreal. 

Camp-meetings were held in North Augusta, Wilton, 
Mariposa, Yonge Street, Peel, Cookstown, Newmarket, 
Mono, Blenheim, Strathroy, Ingersoll, St. Vincent, 
Dumfries, etc. 

89 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

On the 6th of July, 1853, the steam engine, Toronto, 
on a trial trip, reached Bradford, 42 miles, in an hour 
and four minutes, and returned to Toronto in a little 
less time. 

During the labors of Rev. James Caughey in Hamil- 
ton, from the 24th of March to the 5th of July, about 
700 professed conversion. 

The English Conference approved the Union in 
Canada. 

October 29th, 1853, the Rev. Henry Shaler writes: 
' While you have railroads and steamboats, we are 
content with birch-barks. I have just returned from the 
northwest extremity of the Westmeath Mission, thirty 
miles on horseback^ then seventy in canoe. The scenery 
of the grand Ottawa is both romantic and sublime, but 
high winds and cold weather marred our pleasure. We 
preached several times, baptized some children and solem- 
nized one marriage. In Pembroke, which will probably be 
the terminus of the Brockville and Pembroke R.R., our 
church is nearly finished.' 

Revivals are reported from Newborough, Picton, St. 
George, Dundas, Sandwich, etc. 

Heman Hurlburt was born in Vermont, Feb. 20th, 
1773. In 1783 he came with his father and family to 
Augusta. In 1797 he married Hannah, daughter of 
Mr. Nicholas Moshier. Of eleven sons and five daugh- 
ters thirteen reached maturity — six of the sons becom- 
ing ministers, five — Asahel, Erastus, Jesse, Sylvester and 
Thomas— members of the Canada Conference. He 
died on the 24th Nov., 1853, and was buried in the Old 
Blue Church cemetery. 

The Kingston Ladies Aid and Dorcas Society raised 
and distributed during the past year £165. 

Missionary income for 1852-3— £5,672 ; increase 
£1,100. 

St. Thomas, Dec. 6th.—' Debts on churches growing 
less; our old church in Fingal giving place to a new 

90 



EXTENSION AND UNION 

one. God is gloriously reviving His work.'— Richard 
Whiting, 

Of the Garden River camp-meeting the Rev. George 
McDoiigall writes : 

' On Monday the Chainnan, Rev. C. Vandusen, arrived 
with some forty of the Saugeen and Nawash Indians, 
who interested and astonished their native brethren. In 
some of the camps they wrestled, Jacob-like, till the 
break of day. Friday morning the Lake Superior fleet, 
some sixteen batteaux and mackinaws, hove in sight. 
Twenty lodges were added to the encampment, making 
45, and the meeting progressed in the happiest manner. 
Sunday morning as the sun arose, the voice of praise 
and prayer told of the brighter Son shedding His rays 
and kindling His love in many a heart. A glorious 
work of faith was witnessed. The services v^ere all 
good, the love feast pre-eminently so, as these artless 
sons of the forest .told what God had done for them their 
feelings could not be suppressed, and all joined in giv- 
ing glory to the Author of their salvation. Over a 
hundred had been greatly blessed, and to His name be 
the praise.' 

The Rev. Henry B. Steinhaur writes from Oxford 
House, Dec. 3d, 1853 : 

' There are only four families and three widows 
spending the winter with us — all comfortable in their 
houses, pretty well supplied with fash, and rabbits are 
numerous. My school numbers 24, much in need of 
the books promised.' 

From Goderich the Rev. Charles Silvester writes : 

' Our membership is 400 and we have 26 appoint- 
ments. The railway from Buffalo having its terminus 
here tends to the rapid increase of population in town 
and country. Many applications for preaching are 
made and great disappointment felt when they cannot 
be met.' 

From the Mono camp-meeting the revival spread to 
Snell's, Sever's, M'Guire's, Mulmur, etc., and about 140 
were received on trial. 

In Dundas about a linndred conversions were reported ; 

91 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

others at Lundy's Lane, Gosfield, Sandwich, Wind- 
sor, Sarnia, Flos, Markham, etc. New churches were 
dedicated in Cobourg, SterHng, Milton, Norval, Percy 
Mills, Norwich, Adjala, Newboro, London, Metcalfe, 
Woodstock, etc. 

Of the Cartwright Mission, the Rev. John Sanderson 
writes : 

' On the 1 8th of Dec. last our new frame church was 
opened by our Chairman — Rev. G. R. Sanderson — and 
Rev. Ch. Fish. The Bowmanville choir came out to orr 
tea-meeting. About £40 realized.' 

' On the 23d of January, 1854, the Indians of St. 
Clair Mission had a feast in their chapel. Their women 
with some assistance, did the cooking; the young men 
decorated with flags and evergreens, and waited on 
some 400. Chief Wawanosh was called to the chair; 
singing, prayer and addresses followed. Two couples 
were married. The whole company enjoyed the feast 
most heartily.' 

Among 150 conversions at Cobourg were fifty stu- 
dents of Victoria College. 

On the Port Hope Circuit about 90 new members 
were received, church debts mostly paid ofif and a new 
church built at Perry Town. 

Newborough: ' A widow, not a rich one. subscribed £2 
for missions, and one of the members £8. He has 
doubled his subscription from year to year since it was 
a dollar.' 

CoUingwood Mission : 

' Have taken up four new appointments ; received 
several on trial ; a class and good company at the Har- 
bor. This will be a flourishing town. Mr. Smith's 
store was fitted up for our missionary meeting.' 

' St. George is the name of only a spot in East 
Dumfries; we have also West Dumfries, Waterloo, 
Beveriy, parts of Brantford, Sheffield, Cariyle, Doon, 
Bridgeport, Gait, with a population of 3,000, Preston, 
with 1,200, and Berlin, our County Town; nearly 500 
members, territory for three circuits.' — E. Sallows. 



EXTENSION AND UNION 

' Windsor, terminus of G. W. R. R., delightfully sitr:- 
ated on the Detroit River, half a mile wide at this 
point, is now incorporated and growing rapidly, yet has 
not a house of worship. The few Christians in the 
town are divided among five or six denominations and 
attend their churches in Detroit. We have an intense 
desire to honor God by building a sanctuary.' — Edward 
White. 

Of the Devonshire Mission, Rev. John Webster 
writes — ' There is work enough for two preachers, if a 
second could be obtained.' 

An ominous thrill of approaching conflict was felt 
throughout Canada on the declaration of war between 
Russia and Turkey, March 28th, 1854. 

By one of the largest audiences ever assembled in 
Toronto, the Rev. Dr. Dufif, missionary from India, was 
greeted in Richmond St. Church, April loth, 1854. 

The Rev. Joseph Sawyer, one of the earliest Metho- 
dist preachers in Canada, died at his home, near New 
York, April 18th, 1854, aged 84 years. 

Proposals from the Missionary Committee, London, 
for the transfer of the Hudson's Bay Missions to the 
Canada Conference, having been accepted, three minis- 
ters are preparing to start for those distant missions — 
Rev. Thomas Hurlburt, for Norway House; Rev. Robt. 
Brooking, for Oxford House; and Rev. Allen Salt, for 
Lac La Pluie — all in charge of the Rev. John Ryerson. 
A farewell service was held in the Adelaide St. Church, 
Toronto, May 15th, 1854. 

It is computed that 50,000 Indians are open to mis- 
sionary effort in that vast territory. 

We regret that our space does not admit of our 
noticing the deaths of many worthy members of our 
increasing Methodist family. The occasional ones that 
we give must be accepted as representatives of a great 
number of names worthy of remembrance, and to be 
found by and by in the Book of Life. 

93 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Mr. James Gage, of Hamilton, was born in the State 
of New York in 1774, and at the age of sixteen, with 
his widowed mother, was among the first settlers at 
Stoney Creek. There he married Miss Mary Davis, and 
their home was for many years the welcome stopping 
place of many a traveler. Pleasant stories he was 
wont to relate of Coleman, Dunham, Sawyer, and other 
early itinerants. Moving into Hamilton, he completed 
his four-score years, honored by all who knew him, as 
a generous friend and consistent Christian. 

The old wooden church at Picton, built in 1821 — 
memorable for the organization of the first Canada 
Conference in 1824 and for the Union arrangements of 
1832 — has been removed and preparations begun for 
a new one of stone. 

A camp-meeting was held near Danville, C. E., in 
September, and though but an experiment in that 
region, it proved very successful and opened the way 
for several protracted meetings. 

The Rev. James Caughey commenced work in Quebec 
about the middle of November and continued for four- 
teen! weeks, over three hundred professing conversion. 

The Rev. Enoch Wood presided at the Eastern Dis- 
trict Meeting, commencing May 19th, 1854. The Revs. 
Dr. Green and Wellington Jeffers attended as Delegates 
from the Canada Conference. With the hearty con- 
currence of the laity and the approval of the English 
Conference, union with the Canada Conference was de- 
clared desirable. The Revs. John Borland and Malcolm 
McDonald were appointed Representatives to the Can- 
ada Conference. 



94 



CHAPTER IX. 

i8S4. 
FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE PACIFIC. 

Conference, Belleville — Sault Ste. Marie — Ryerson — Selkirk — 
Mrs. Palmer — Case — Kirkendall — Slight — Hudson's Bay — 
Wcodsworth — Beecham — Conference, 1855 — Eastern Confer- 
ences — Camp-meetings — College location — Hurlburt — Ma- 
tilda — Wallace — Belmont — Boomer. 

On the 7th of June, 1854, Conference assembled in 
Belleville. 

President — Rev. Enoch Wood; Secretary — Rev. I. B. 
Howard ; Journal Secretary — Rev. Reuben E. Tupper. 

About one hundred ministers were present. The 
Delegates from the Eastern District were introduced — 
Revs. J. Borland, J. Brock and M. McDonald. 

The annual meeting of Victoria College was held. 
About one hundred scholarships had been sold. 

Into full connection — Joel Briggs, Joseph Hugill, Wm. 
Creighton, G€0. McDougall, John W. German, William 
Burns, Silas Huntingdon, John Hutchinson, Thomas 
Stobbs, Matthew Swann. Thomas Culbert, George Mc- 
Ritchie, Nelson Brown, Richard M. Hammond, Robert 
Graham, Richard Wilson. 

Twenty-four young men were received on trial. 

Died — George Poole, Sept. nth, 1853, aged 53 years. 
James Booth, Jan. 22nd, 1854, aged 73 years. 

Book Stexvard — George R. Sanderson. 

Editor — James Spencer. 

Representative to Eng. Conf. — Anson Green, D.D. 

The English Conference, addressing the Canada 
Conference, said : * We have heard with great satisfac- 
tion of the desire which exists among the ministers and 

95 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

members of our churches in the Eastern Canada Dis- 
trict to be incorporated with the Canada Conference. 
We believe that the consummation of this purpose will 
greatly increase the stability and usefulness of Wes- 
leyan Methodism in your country; we cordially approve 
of the steps you have already taken, and assure you 
that all suitable means will be employed to complete 
the arrangement.' 

A Committee was appointed to consult with 
the Delegates from the Eastern District. This 
Committee reported favorably and their report was 
adopted unanimously. Thus was the Union accom- 
plished, subject only to ratification by the English Con- 
ference. At the ensuing English Conference the rati- 
fication was eflfected. In anticipation of this final con- 
summation the ministers were stationed — those of the 
East according to a draft submitted by the District. 

Members, Canada Conference, 32.364; increase, 2,040. 
Members, Eastern District, 3,954; increase. 219. 

Contingent Fund ^1.449 13s. yd. 

Superannuation Fund ^694 9s. 8d. 

Chapel Relief Fund £315 iis. lod. 

In the Address to the members reference was made to 
the taking over of the Hudson's Bay Missions and the 
incorporation of the Eastern District. " We have now 
before us the whole of that large section of North 
America extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific and 
from the St. Lawrence to the Arctic Ocean." 

To the English Conference : * The transfer of your 
missions in Hudson's Bay Territory has greatly en- 
larged the field of our operations and furnished a fresh 

incentive to the generosity of our people Our 

special acknowledgments are oflFered to God for the 
delightful Union just formed tetwen the Wesleyan 
Societies of Eastern Canada and our Conference, which 
you so cordially sanctioned.' 

96 



I 



FROM SEA TO SEA 

A total of 238 preachers were stationed and thirty 
or forty more are required. 

The Rev. Thomas Hurlburt writes from Sault Ste. 
Marie, June 14th, 1854: 

' Twenty-two years ago I explored the territory where 
the Garden Island Mission is now established, recom- 
mended it, and am happy to see the present success. 
Native assistants should be sent out throug-h all this 
region, and there are some available, at very small out- 
lay. We are waiting the arrival of Br. Ryerson.' 

Peter Jones went to a Convention in Syracuse, N. Y., 
attended by three hundred Christian Indian Delegates, 
for the consideration of unity among their people and 
plans for their future welfare. They contrasted their 
present experience with the days of savage warfare, 
deliberated and voted upon many questions, and such 
gracious influence rested upon them that they praised 
the Lord and shouted for joy. 

' Not for a long time have I seen such noble speci- 
mens of Indians. I thought mvself pretty tall, but many 
of the Senecas, Oneidas, and Onondagas far outcapped 
me.' 

The Rev. John Ryerson writes from Fort William, 
July 3rd, 1854, of ' the dilapidated Block-house and a 
large stone storehouse, with walls three feet thick — deso- 
lated remains of former grandeur. On the farm grains 
and vegetables were raised and all kinds of domestic 
animals kept. On Sunday we held services ; visited the 
Catholic Priest and were shown over their premises — 
a chapel and several houses built during the past year. 
We are here nine days waiting the canoes for Norwav 
House.' 

July i8th, Mr. Hurlburt writes from Lac La Pluie: 

' Arrived safely, twelve davs from Fort William- 
long portages and much rain. Indians friendlv. Pi'- 
Salt has a good house and the prosnect of plentv to 
eat. Rice, fish and vegetables plentiful. The Indians 
are scattered to their hunting grounds, but will return 
in the fall. Br. Ryerson left this morning for Red 
River, and will meet us at Norway House.* 

7 97 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Lord, Selkirk's Settlement: — 'In 1811 the Hudson's 
Bay Company ceded to Lord Selkirk the immense tract 
from the sources of the streams flowing east into Lake 
Winnipeg, westward to the western boundary of the 
great plains of the Saskatchewan, and from the head 
waters of the line of the National Boundary between 
the United States and British America. To plant a 
colony in such a climate and wilderness was an under- 
taking of tremendous magnitude. The earliest colonists 
were from the Highlands of Scotland — attracted by the 
romance of the enterprise. In thirty years the Red 
River Colony has becomic the most thriving region of 
the North-West — Canadian French in the north and 
Scotch in the south.* 

Through the summer months camp-meetings were 
held on the Ernestown, Yonge Street, Mono, Peel, 
Blenheim, Bradford, Owen Sound and other circuits. 
At some of them Dr. and Mrs. Palmer, of New York, 
very greatly helped. Mrs. Palmer's books on Holiness 
and the Guide to Holiness had been widely read in 
Canada, and opened the way for her personal ministries. 
Mrs. Margaret Taylor, of Toronto, accompanied Mrs. 
Palmer to many of these great country gatherings and 
their labors proved a general benediction in quickening 
spiritual life and arousing attention to the Methodist 
and Scriptural doctrine of holiness in heart and life. 

In July Revs. Wm. Case, Vandusen and Geo. Mc- 
Dougall made an extensive tour on Lake Superior and 
visited many bands of Indians. 

The Rev. Dr. Green reached England July 22nd, and 
sent very interesting accounts of the men he met, the 
sermons he heard, and the Conference. ' I left the Con- 
ference with reluctance, but under the conviction of the 
mighty influence such sermons and prayers as I heard 
must produce throughout the Connexion,' 

98 



FROM SEA TO SEA 

Mr. David Kirkendall, of Hamilton, was born in New 
Jersey in 1760, came to Canada in 1810, purchased a 
farm on which much of Hamilton was afterwards built, 
and united with the Methodist Church in 1825; his life 

was marked by gratitude and liberality until, in his 95th 
year, he departed to be forever with the Lord. 

' The union of our Eastern with the Western work 
will be an era in the history of Methodism in Canada, 
and will be looked back upon with high satisfaction. 
Our Quarterly Meetings have so expressed themselves 
and will send delegates to the Special Meeting in Kings- 
ton. Methodism stands high in the Eastern Townships 
and with a larger effusion of the Holy Spirit will be 
very prosperous.' — Benjamin Slight. 

The Rev. Th, Hurlburt reached Rossville on the 4th 
of August and with Henry Steinhaur held services with 
the Indians. ' The mission is on an island, good land, 
a good garden with choice vegetables; the finest of 
rhubarb, plenty of whitefish, Indians numerous and 
friendly. In the spring and summer 1,500 lodges, 
mostly Crees, numbering 12.000, tent on the plains. 
What a glorious opportunity for a camp-meeting!' 

On the 9th of August the Rev. John Ryerson arrived 
at Norway House. 

' I found Indians from the Saskatchewan, 13 boats 
manned by a hundred men, on a five months' trip. Miss 
Adams will have her hands full with sixty scholars. 
In the year 1669, the Hudson's Bav Company, under 
the direction of Prince Rupert, was formed in London, 
for the fur trade. The charter granted by Charles II. 
gave the Company the exclusive right of trading in all 
the country watered by rivers flowing into Hudson's 
Bay. The Company was authorized to build and fit out 
men-of-war, establish forts, and do everything neces- 
sary to protection ; but was required to promote dis- 
covery and the religious and moral interests of the na- 
tives. The Company established a fort or trading place 
at the head of James' Bay, called Moose Eactorv, and 

99 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

other forts. It was soon found that an earlier company^ 
the North- Western, was in the same trade. Strife 
between the two companies was continued until 1821, 
when they united. The vast region was divided . into 
four Departments and these into Districts, with officers, 
depots, factories, etc., and multitudes of men were 
employed Under the Home Committee a Governor was 
appointed. The present Governor is Sir George Simp- 
son. In the two brigades with which I came from 
Norway House to York there were eight boats loaded 
with furs, from the Mackenzie River, in each boat 42 
packs of furs, averaging iy^ each, a total of £25,000 
in the English market. In the year 1848 there were 
sold at the Company's premises in London, 21,348 
Beaver skins, 541 lbs. of pieces; 6.588 Otter, 1,102 
Fishers, 900 Silver Fox and 19,440 White, Red, etc. ; 
31,151 Lynx, 11,292 Wolf, 908 Wolverine, 150,785 
Marten, 30,103 Mink, 195 Sea Otter, 150 Seal, 299 
Bear, 18,553 Muskrat, 1,651 Swan, 632 Cat, 2,889 Deer, 
2,090 Raccoon, etc., making an annual average of about 
£200,000. besides large quantities exported to the Con- 
tinent, United States, Canada, etc. I have been most 
kindly treated by the officers.' 

By Rev. Robert Brooking: 

' We find the Company very favorable to our missions 
and liberal. The fact that the sale of liquors is pro- 
hibited as far as possible is a great boon.' 

Camp-meetings have been held on Guelph, Brampton, 
Napanee and other circuits; on many others revival 
meetings are being held. 

A meeting of the Conference Special Committee 
and Representatives from the Quarterly Meetings was 
held in Kingston in October, at which many important 
changes were made in financial arrangements. 

New churches have been built at South W. River, 
London, Yorkville, Ingersoll. Plainville. Love's, Bates', 
Mascouche, Wesleyville, Norwood, Newboro, Rawdon, 
Elm St., Toronto, &c. 

The Sixth Annual Report of the Methodist Dorcas 
100 



FROM SEA TO SEA 

Society, Toronto, showed receipts of £56 9s. 46. ; 257 
garments distributed. 

Income of the Missionary Society, 1854 — £7,S39', in- 
crease, ii,866. 

Edward Jackson, of Augusta, a worthy member of 
the Methodist Church, died on the 9th of March, 1855, 
over one hundred years of age. 

Resokitions expressing grateful appreciation of the 
character and labors of Messrs. Richard Woodsworth 
and Charles Robinson were presented them by the 
Official Board of Toronto West Circuit, on their re- 
moval to other circuits. 

To reduce the debt on the Yorkville Church, Mr. 
George White paid £250, Mr. Bloor, £200; Mr. Alcorn, 
£200; Mr. B. Bull, £125; Messrs. H. Routledge and G. 
Rowell, £25 each, and others smaller sums. Mr. Bloor 
also presented £700 as a donation on annuity. 

Sixteen letters from the Rev. John Ryerson to the 
Rev. Enoch Wood, with other letters and documents 
relating to the Hudson's Bay Territory were published 
in a booklet. 

The Rev. John Beecham, D.D., appointed Represen- 
tative to the Canada Conference, 1855, was instructed 
also to visit the Eastern Provinces and investigate the 
probability of further plans for the benefit of the mis- 
sions in those parts. On his arrival in Halifax, May 
24th, 1855, he held a preliminary meeting of ministers 
and laymen, and submitted a proposal for the forma- 
tion of an Eastern Conference, to embrace the entire 
work in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward 
Island, Newfoundland, and the Bermudas. The pro- 
ject met with general favor, and was left for future 
consideration. Dr. Beecham proceeded to London, 
where the Canada Conference assembled on the 6th of 
June, 1855. 

TOI 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

President — Rev. Enoch Wood. 

Secretary — Rev. Samuel D. Rice. 

Into full connection — G. N. A. F. T. Dickson, Edward 
H. Dewart, Wm. Richardson, James Harris, Thomas 
Crews, John Shaw, John Mills, Aaron Miller, 
Thomas Woolsey, Robert Brewster, Robert Hobbs, 
Henry McDowell, James H. Bishop, Henry Steinhaur, 
Thomas Robson, Richard Clarke^ Thomas Lawson. 

Thirty-one young men were received on trial. 
Diedt— Andrew Prindle, Jan. 14th, 1855, aged 74 years. 
John Williams, Aug. 15th, 1854, aged 36 years. 
Lucius Adams, Aug. 29th, 1854, aged 25 years. 
James Taylor, , 1854, aged 28 years. 

Members, 37,885; increase 1,562. 

Contingent Fund ^i-572 18 9 

Superannuation Fund 7^9 ^5 5 

Chapel Relief Fund 350 10 3 

Book Steward — George R. Sanderson. 

Editor — James Spencer. 

The Rev. Dr. Beecham, Representative of the English 
Conference, arrived on Saturday and presented the ad- 
dress of his Conference. As previously requested by 
the Conference, the Rev. William Case, who had com- 
pleted his fiftieth year in the ministry, preached a Jubilee 
sermon. 

The time a minister may remain on a circuit 
was extended from three to five years, conditioned on 
a vote of the Quarterly meeting for the third, fourth, and 
fifth years. Certain changes in our financial economy 
adopted by the Special Meeting of ministers and lay 
delegates at Kingston and endorsed by the Quarterly 
Meetings, were submitted and approved. These were 
published in the minutes of that meeting and in the Dis- 
cipline. 

The services of the Rev. Anson Green, D.D.. 
Representative to the English Conference, were thank 
•fully acknowledged. The Revs. Matthew Richey, D.D., 
Enoch Wood, and John Ryerson were appointed to ac- 

T02 



FROM SEA TO SEA 

company Dr. Beecham and assist in the organization of 
the Eastern British American Conference. 

The brethren of the Eastern Provinces assembled in 
Hahfax, July 17th, 1855. Dr. Beecham took the chair, 
and Rev. William Temple was elected Secretary. The 
Delegates from the Canada Conference were introduced. 
Resolutions from the several districts were presented 
approving of the proposed organization of an Eastern 
British American Conference. ' By this Conference the 
missions in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Ed- 
ward Island, Cape Breton, Newfoundland, and Ber- 
muda were constituted a distinct but affiliated connexion, 
to be called " The Wesleyan Methodist Connexion or 
Church of Eastern British America." Dr. Beecham was 
the first President and Dr. Richey received the appoint- 
ment of Co-Delegate.' 

Dr. Beecham sailed for England, reported to the 
English Conference his successful mission, and resumed 
his official duties as Missionary Secretary, which he 
continued until the 26th of April, 1856, when he was 
summoned from his labors on earth to his rest in heaven. 

The visit of Dr. Beecham to Canada was regarded by 
ministers and people generally as a very great blessing. 
His addresses and sermons were permeated by spiritual 
fervor; his associations with the brethren were marked 
by simplicity and kindness, and his official acts bore the 
stamp of experience and wisdom. The strain of con- 
stant travel and urgent duty proved too great for his 
advanced years. 

Camp-meetings — a first experience, 1855; 

' I had attended every form of popular assembly from 
a logging bee and back-woods town meeting to the ses- 
sions of the Legislative Assembly ; and every kind of 
religious worship from Quakers to Ranters, except a 
Methodist Camp-meeting. To attend one I started for 
Gait. There is no difficulty in finding the place. The 
almost ceaseless sound of voices, singing and praymg 

103 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

with right good will seems like a call to wanderers 
to " turn in hither." On first mingling with the crowd 
and witnessing the uncommon earnestness in a prayer- 
meeting in the woods, I was a little surprised, but took 
Bunyan's advice — 

" Yet since your brethren pleased with it be, 
Forbear to judge till you do further see." 

* A striking kindness, generosity and affection circu- 
late among the people, reminding one of the unity and 
simplicity of early times. There is a withdrawal from 
secular cares, a devotedness to the services that I have 
scarcely ever witnessed anywhere else, and a religious 
feeling deeper than ordinary. The evening services are 
specially solemn and imposing. The blazing fires on the 
high stands, the tall trees, like sentinels guarding the 
worship of the Bternal King, the profound silence, 
broken only by the voice of the preacher warning and 
beseeching, form a picture impressive and sublime. 
Noise and confusion there may sometimes be, but if 
sinners deeply convinced' of sin, cry out by reason of the 
disquietude of their souls, who may forbid? Many are 
awakened and converted. If God works it is not for 
man to dictate the mode of His working. " If this work 
be of God, ye cannot overthrow it." ' 

Another testimony: 

' I do admire and esteem these, to me, peculiar means 
of grace. In Ireland we had them not; and I prize 
this, my adopted country, especially on account of the 
superior privileges. The camp-meeting I account as 
one of the highest privileges this trans-Atlantic clime 
affords.' 

' Mr. Editor. — As the time has nearly arrived for the 
commencement of the 27th volume of your highly en- 
tertaining paper, allow me to say that the more I peruse 
it the better I like it. When I first subscribed it was with 
much coaxing; the next year no coaxing was necessary 
and for the third year I sent the money lest the agent 
might not call. Now, with my own I send you three 
other names and the money.' — ^Veritas. 

Mr. Nathaniel Griffin, born in 1776, in the State of 
New York, after a life of much usefulness in the Can- 

104 



FROM SEA TO SEA 

ada Methodist Church — a local preacher at Smithville 
and afterwards at Thirty Mile Creek — died, Aug. 27th, 
1855, nearing his eightieth year. 

The fall of Sebastopol, September 8th, 1855, has 
lifted a load of anxiety from Britain and her colonies, 
and all join in a shout of triumph to the allied forces and 
in thanksgiving to the God of battles. 

The venerable Father Case died on the 19th of Octo- 
ber, 1855, at the age of 75 years, the result of a fall from 
his horse. He was buried at Alnwick, among the people 
for whom he had lived and toiled so long. The record 
of his ministerial life begins with 1805, when as a youth- 
ful volunteer he came into the wilds of Canada. Of the 
rugged labors and privations of the pioneer itinerant he 
had a full share. He lived in the confidence of his 
brethren, meekly accepting the honors they conferred 
upon him, and in calm, cheerful resignation withdrew 
from the field when he had finished 'the work given him 
to do. 

Mrs. James Falconer, born in Albany, N.Y., in 1770, 
came at the age of six years with her parents to Canada, 
and about twenty years later became the wife of Mr. 
Falconer, Toronto Township. Her attachment to the 
Methodist Church, her piety and hospitality became pro- 
verbial. Her useful life came to a sudden close Novem- 
ber 14th, 1855. 

Mr. Andrew Cheney, of the Centre Road, near Bramp- 
ton, came from County Tyrone in 1819, and his home 
early became a resting-place for his saddle-bag visitors, 
and so continued until his death, January 19th, 1856. 

The Rev. T. W. Constable reports a successful series 
of missionary and tea meetings at Magog, St. Francis, 
Lennoxville, Eaton, Sawyerville, Dudswell, Brompton, 
and other places in the Eastern Townships — ' a vast 
area demanding large increase of laborers.' 

In January, 1856, Victoria College, with 220 students, 
105 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

was overcrowded, and there was a prospect of many 
more. It was thought that there should be an Institu- 
tion for female education. The Rev. S. D. Rice thus 
presents his proposals : 

* The buildings at Cobourg cannot well be enlarged. 
They were intended originally for the education of both 
sexes,; and if they should be used henceforth for a 
Ladies' Academy, it would not be a great diversion from 
the original purpose. For the college there are strong 
arguments in favor of a small, healthy and prosperous 
town. The great and numerous incentives to vice and 
dissipation which abound in large cities, like Toronto, 
would oppose insuperable objections to the selection of 
such localities. Will not some of our wealthy people 
show they are equal to the demands of the age and of 
the Church? We await their response to this appejil.' 

Mr. Rice wrote again on the ist of February, 1856: 

' We require two Institutions to meet the pressing 
wants of these times. If we can build one and furnish 
it for 300 boarders and furnish the other for 100 board- 
ers, and do it for £15,000, I think all would be satisfied. 
How can this amount be raised? Suppose twelve per- 
sons agree to supply $500 each ; or 2,000 shares be sold 
at $30 each; or certain localities might contribute 
largely to secure the college.' 

These projects and Mr. Rice's appeal awakened con- 
siderable interest and much correspondence. The 
writers generally fell in with the idea that a small town 
should be the location for Victoria College, but after a 
few letters had appeared the Editor says : ' Under " Lo- 
caiion of Our Literary Institutions " readers of the 
Guardian will find a carefully written communication 
with views very different from those recently set forth 
by us. Our correspondent X. Y. is the first to enter the 
field, and his s+rictures may call forth the comments of 
others.' X. Y. begins : 

' The editorials and correspondence which have re- 
cently appeared in the Christian Guardian respecting 

106 



FROM SEA TO SEA 

Victoria College and the proposed Ladies' Academy 
have not been read without awakening interest. . . . 
A question of great importance, still pending, is, Where 
shall these Institutions be located? For the College the 
preference seems to be a small town — not a city. This 
may be a popular view, but we think it erroneous and 
one that would prove detrimental to the interests of ,the 
College. In a financial aspect it might appear economi- 
cal, as a site could be secured at small cost. But 
grounds sufficiently extensive could be purchased in or 
near Toronto, and the money would be more readily 
contributed, being convenient to the homes of many 
whose sons would attend, and their patronage would be 
of value. That men of means would locate ten miles 
from their business for purposes of education may 
seem possible, but not very probable. The inducements 
of a village residence cannot balance the advantages of 
city life ; and few parents living in Toronto would be 
disposed to send their sons a distance when excellent 
schools are at their doors. But educational and finan- 
cial interests blend. The number and class of students 
supplied by the locality will influence the finances. The 
impression prevails that the best of educational advan- 
tages are afiforded by the city. Hundreds would send 
to Toronto for tens that would send to a village or small 
town. Among these would be many of the best busi- 
ness and professional men who wish for their sons not 
a literary training only, but an education — to see men 
and things as they cannot in small places and to imbibe 
somewhat of the enterprise they witness. These in- 
fluences are spurs to students in their preparation for 
active life. Nor are these incentives — incentives to in- 
dustry and high attainment which country villages fail 
to supply — unfavorable to morality and religion. Rather 
are they effective in fostering sentiments of self-respect 
and development which, without them, might never 
exist. Incentives to vice may more abound in cities 
than in small towns, but safeguards are also more 
numerous and more powerful. Villages and towns may 
be more dangerous to morals than cities.' 

Dr. Olin, whose religious character and literary 
standing give to his words the stamp of authority, says: 

T07 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

* There is no field for discipline, or action, or enjoy- 
ment like the thronged centres of population arid busi- 
ness, where the battle of life is waged upon the largest 
scale and the incentives to strenuous effort are ever the 
most urgent and significant. The citizen has ever before 
him the best models for imitation; the best means for 
the cultivation of the intellect and acquisition of knowl- 
edge, the ablest men in arts and science, the most 
learned and famous in the professions, the most eloquent 
speakers, the most attractive writers, diffusing such 
intelligence and refinement as are not found in rural 
districts.' 

Several letters followed, with suggestions of sites, one 
of them near Pembroke. 

In the Guardian of February 27th a communication, 
signed " Nimmo " appeared, in answer to " X. Y.," and 
opposing a city location because of the expense and the 
dangers to students. Several other letters were written 
on the same side, but only one or two in favor of a city. 

When " Nimmo " and those siding with him had 
written until they thought the question settled, " X. Y." 
replied to them in bulk, maintaining his views and forti- 
fying them by instancing the locations of great Educa- 
tional Institutions in many countries. The upshot for 
the time was a generous offer by the people of Cobourg 
to enlarge the grounds and build a Science Hall, so keep- 
ing the college in their town. But time works changes. 
Victoria College, though too long delayed, did come to 
Toronto, and the predictions of " X. Y.," then a young 
preacher on probation, who had studied in Toronto, 
were fulfilled. " Nimmo " was Mathematical Professor 
in Victoria College, until, weary of the monotony of a 
" small town," he sought for variety and vivacity in city 
life. 

Towards a Ladies' College the Methodist people of 
London offered a site of several acres in the centre of 
the city and a substantial sum towards the buildings; 

108 



FROM SEA TO SEA 

but their generous offer was too early to be appreciated 
at its value, and no action was taken. 

The Rev, Thomas Hurlburt had made a beginning at 
Rossville : 

' My hands, head and heart are full — so many interests 
to attend to. Printing office in disorder; have examined 
10,000 syllabic characters and struck off the Ten Com- 
mandments. I send you a copy. I can now print 
Chippewa, Cree and English — all the books we want, 
when I get paper and ink.' 

The contributions at the Richmond Street missionary 
meeting, Toronto, amounted to £80. One gentleman 
offered £25 towards sending more men to the Islorth- 
West. The deputation failed to appear at the CoUing- 
wood meeting, 'but,' said the Rev. Joel Briggs, 'the 
time is not far distant when Collingwood will become 
self-supporting and one of our best circuits.' The earn- 
est efforts of the ladies secured £20, and offerings for 
a new church rose to £220. 

Many circuits report revivals — Cooksville, Brantford, 
Brighton, Morris, Belmont, Nanticoke, Cobourg, Picton, 
etc., with additions ranging from 20 to 200. 

New churches were built at Millbrook, Matilda, Bel- 
mont, Williamsville, Portsmouth, Picton, L'Orignal, etc. 

Matilda, March 31st, 1856: 

'During the past winter I visited the Kemptville, 
Smith's Falls, Merrickville, Winchester, and Cornwall 
circuits and found the missionary cause progressing, 
with a strong hold on the sympathies and prayers of a 
large portion of the community. The deputations, fear- 
ing neither snowstorms nor the biting winds, are entitled 
to gratitude. Fair-weather men would not suit this 
work. The new stone church in Matilda was dedicated 
on the 2nd inst., the Rev. Wellington Jeffers, of Mon- 
treal, preaching morning and evening. A protracted 
meeting followed, in which about 140 have professed 
faith in Christ, and the work is progressing with un- 
abated power.' — James Gray. 

109 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

' As the Lord blessed the house of Obed-Edom, when 
he took the Ark, so when we were denied more spa- 
cious places, a kind friend in Morpeth opened his house. 
That father and mother had the happiness of hearing 
their six adult children profess faith in Christ and meet- 
ing them at the Lord's Supper.' — W. Dignam, 

The Rev. John A. Dowler, of Morris Mission, says: 
' I never saw greater liberality, circumstances consid- 
ered; mothers putting pieces of silver into the hands of 
their children, one of them only six months old, and 
holding the little hand over the plate — an impressive 
sermon. One of the collectors, before going out, prayed 
God to give her one pound a day. She was sorry she 
had not asked for more, as during the week she and her 
companion secured six pounds. A small mission house 
has been raised. More laborers are required.' 

Wallace Mission — Rev. James M. Clarke writes: 

' About four years ago this entire mission was a wil- 
derness. As settlers moved in they were visited by 
preachers from the Peel Mission. The two or three 
preaching places have increased to ten, with eight 
classes and over a hundred members, who show a wil- 
lingness to support the cause. I think we shall raise as 
much missionary money per member as some of the 
wealthy circuits. Our new church was dedicated on 
the 1 6th ult. by Rev. Lewis Warner.' 

' A few years ago the Belmont circuit was only the 
extreme end of the London Circuit. In 1853, with tv/o 
or three appointments and as many classes, it was made 
a separate circuit and was somewhat enlarged by Rev. 
E. L. Koyle. During the last eighteen months under the 
laborious and much loved Rev. Wm. Savage, it has 
grown to nineteen preaching places and nearly as many 
classes. Whole families have been brought to God and 
the work is still progressing. Sabbath Schools have 
been opened, two churches built, five more and a parson- 
age are in course of erection. It is only a few years 
since the hardy settlers entered these forests. Truly 
the Lord hath made the wilderness to blossom.* 

On Nanticoke Mission about thirty new members 
were received : in Cobourg over a hundred. 

1 10 



FROM SEA TO SEA 

Mr. John Boomer was born in Nova Scotia in 1780, 
came to Upper Canada and settled in Esquesing in 1819 ; 
in 1821 he married Miss Sarah Ann Crawford, of York, 
one of eight sisters recently from Ireland. Their house 
was opened for preaching in connection with the George- 
town Mission, and became the Hornby appointment. In 
1855 the family removed to Wellesley, where, after a 
long and faithful life, Mr. Boomer died in April. 1856. 
'eaving a numerous and highly-respected family. 




St. James Methouist Church,, Montreal, 



III 



CHAPTER X. 

1856. 

FIELDS WHITENING TO HARVEST. 

Conference, Brockville — Deaths — Missions — London — -Mt. Elgin 
Sarnia — Punshon — Montreal — Caughey — Desj ardins Canal- — 
Ferrier — Toronto — Clinton — Mitchell — Kincardine — Howick 
— Beauharnois — Edmonton. 

The Conference of 1856 was held in Brockville, com- 
TiCncing on the 4th of June. 

President — Rev. Enoch Wood. 

Secretary — Rev. Jas. Elliott. 

Into full connection— -'Wm. Sutton, Wm. D. Brown, 
Orrin H. Ellsworth, John Wakefield, Joseph E. Sander- 
son, B.A. ; Thomas D. Pearson, Samuel D. Mandsley, 
James M. Clarke, Joseph L. Forsyth, Andrew Edwards, 
Edwin Peake, Thomas Charbonell. Robert Brown, 
James Preston, Francis Hunt, Richard L. Tucker. 

The Rev. George C. Whitlock was received from the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, U. S., and appointed to a 
Professorship in Victoria College. 

Forty voung m6n were received on trial. 

DiVrf— William Case, Oct. 19th, 1855, aged 75 years. 

Francis Chapman, Nov. 19, 1855, aged 36 years. 

Thomas Peacock, Jan. 12th, 1856, aged 38 years. 

David Youmans, Feb. 14th, 1856, aged 84 years. 

Book Stczvard — Rev. George R. Sanderson. 

Editor — Rev. James Spencer. 

Members, 39,015; increase, 1,120. 

£ s. d. 

Contingent Fund ^1.572 15 2 

Superannuation Fund 853 i 8 

Chapel Relief Fund 150 10 3 

The Revs. John Hannah. D.D., and Frederick J. 
Jobson, Delegates from the British Conference, and the 

112 




1. Aikeiis. Hon. .1. ('. 
4. Whitlock, Rev. Jesse 
7. Savage, Rev. David 



■>. l;ovle, Robt., D.I). 
0. Mrs. Jesse Whitlock 
8. Walker, Mr. Riberti 



y. Gi-ittin, W. S., D.l). 
6. Abbs, Rev. George 
9. Loansbiirv, Rev. Edward 



FIELDS WHITENING TO HARVEST 

Rev. Robinson Scott, of the Irish Conference, were in- 
troduced. The sermons and addresses of these visitors 
were very highly appreciated. The Rev. Robinson 
Scott preached the ordination sermon. 

The reappointment of Rev. Enoch Wood as President 
and the Rev. John Ryerson as Co-Delegate was re- 
quested. 

The Rev. Anson Green, D.D., was appointed Delegate 
to the British Conference, and the Revs. W.- Ryerson, 
S D. Rice, and G. R. Sanderson to the Eastern Confer- 
ence. 

The Conference closed on Friday morning. 

The Rev. Peter Jones, our pioneer Indian missionary, 
died on the 29th of June, 1856, in his fifty-fourth year. 
He was converted at a camp-meeting in Ancaster in 
1823, at the age of twenty-one. In 1825 he was received 
as a probationer for the ministry, and proved a faithful 
and successful missionary. 

Camp-meetings were held during the early summer 
months on the Cookstown, Blenheim, Belmont, Amelias- 
burg, Owen Sound, London, Millbrook, Guelph, Yonge 
Street, and other circuits. A brief sketch of the Ernes- 
town camp-meeting may be taken as a sample of many: 

' LTnder the superintendence of the Rev. Ch. Fish, 
early and efficient preparations were made. About 60 
tents were built and a large canvas tent obtained for 
special uses. The services were begun on the 19th of 
June, 1856, and a very gracious influence pervaded the 
congregation from the first. On Sunday morning eight 
class-meetings were held in the tents. Immense multi- 
tudes attended the public services durins: the day,, and 
the prayer-meetings followine the preaching, were sea- 
sons of great power. On Monday evening a wonderful 
influence rested upon the people, their restrained emo- 
tions broke forth and anxious ones fell upon their knees 
wherever they were. Soon the shout of victory was 
heard in Charles Wesley's hymn of triumph — 

8 "3 . , 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

" My God is reconciled, 

His pardoning voice I hear ; 
He owns me for His child, 

I can no longer fear ; 
With confidence I now draw nigh, 
And, Father, Abba, Father, cry." 

' The work of soul-savinsf advanced blessedly throug'h 
all the services. On the eighth day a love-feast was held 
and seventy-five persons gave their testimony. The 
Lord's Supper was administered to 458. Through that 
day and evening the services were continued, and in 
the praver-meeting next morning some souls were set 
free. This is the fourth meeting on this ground in 
successive years and the results in each have been glori- 
ous.' — Mitchell Neville. 

' At the Peel camp-meeting so glorious were the mani- 
festations of divine power that the servants of God were 
constrained to " stand still and see the salvation of 
God " — the Spirit having free course, and in this man- 
ner the prayer-meeting continued until the break of 
day.' 

A lay brother on the Mono Circuit was told of a 
neighborhood where once the candle of the Lord burned 
brightly, but now the people sat in darkness. He visited 
the people, began a weekly prayer-meeting, and soon 
witnessed signs of revival. The ministers were notified, 
and in two weeks forty or fifty professed conversion. 
In a few months a church was built. 

Rufus Adams was born in New England in 1783 and 
died in Acton, May 6th, 1856, in his seventy-third year. 
When twenty-eight years of age he united with the 
Methodist Church. He was a diligent student of the 
Scriptures, and proved the sincerity of his faith by a 
well-ordered life and godly conversation. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Henry Leadley and wife 
of Mr. Richard Murphy. Toronto, died on the I5;th of 
August, 1856, at the age of twenty-one years. When 
fifteen she sought and found the peace of a living faith, 
and adorned her profession. 

114 



FIELDS WHITENING TO HARVEST 

" Shall I ask thee back, my child ? 
Back — and leave thy spirit's brightness ! 
Back — and leave thy robes of whiteness ! 
Ah, nay ! I'll wait Heaven's high decree 
That brings my spirit home to thee." — Father. 

Francois Pepin, French missionary, writes from Que- 
bec, November 15th, 1856: 

' I arrived in this city a year ago ; visited my god- 
father and was well received. I gave him a New Testa- 
ment. He read it and said he loved it. In distributing 
some Bibles, I found a poor family, nine children, and 
the father out of work. From some friends I obtained 
clothes and bedding, and gave them a Bible. Several 
are reading the Bibles and other books. I have a sing- 
ing class and Sunday School. Some of the boys and 
girls have been beaten for reading the New Testament. 
The priest said it was a bad book and must be burned.' 

The Hungerford Mission : 

'Through the efforts of Billa Flint, Esq., the Govern- 
ment opening the Addington Road and our mission- 
aries carrying the Gospel to the new settlers, the wil- 
derness is beginning to blossom. Br. Baxter has a new- 
parsonage built in the centre of the mission and there 
is to be a church in Tweed.' 

Over in. 000 were given towards opening missions in 

the North-West. 

Mr. Lindsay Crawford came from Ireland in 1819, 
and settled in Trafalgar, afterwards removing to Ham- 
ilton. From the age of twenty-one he was a faithful 
member of the IMethodist Church, as steward, trustee, 
and leader, until his death, November 22nd, 1856, at the 
age of forty-five. 

The Toronto Wesleyan Dorcas Society expended over 
£40 during 1856. 

The Rev. Thomas Woolsey's work includes Rocky 
Mountain House, Fort Assiniboine, and Lesser Slave 
Lake. The Blackfeet tribe had made a treaty with the 
Crees, and seemed well disposed towards the mission- 
aries. 

"5 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

New churches have been built on the Sidney, Eliza- 
bethville, Mt. Bridges, Aylmer, C.W., Prescott, Strat- 
ford, Bradford, Toronto, Mono, Reach, Churchville, 
Knowlton, and other circuits. 

About 1838 a new church was built in Oakville, but 
was so heavily in debt that it was eventually sold, and 
Methodist interests were low. In 1848 the new Tem- 
perance Hall was rented and prepared for worship. 
Class-meetings, prayer-meetings, and special services 
were held, adding many to the Church. A new church 
was proposed and built in 1853. A recent revival and 
the reception of about a hundred new members render 
an enlargement of the church necessary. 

' The missionary income in the London District is 
likely to be in advance. On the London Circuit our 
people are talking of $1,000 as their offering. The timf^s 
are said to be strangely hard and money very tight, but 
duty calls and the claims must be met. We are project- 
ing three new churches, to cost seven or eight thousand 
dollars.' — John A. Williams. 

The Rev. W. Dignam on a missionary tour: 
' After a drive of twenty-five miles through biting 
cold we reached Mount Elgin Institute, and the sound 
of the supper bell was welcome music. I asked about 
the excellent plate of buckwheat pancakes, and tlie 
Superintendent replied : " My boys and I sowed four 
acres and raised over a hundred bushels. All you see. 
except the coffee, is, I believe, the produce of our farm." 
A chapter was read and the singing was positively 
charming, the several parts carried without the slightest 
hesitation. In the ladies' workshop you may see cutting. 
fitting and sewing, economy in all branches ; and some 
of these young seamstresses can make their own gar- 
ments. In the cellar we saw a great stock of flour, a 
barrel of beef, pyramids of white, firm bacon, great 
cakes of tallow, butter-crocks, cheese, vegetables, honey 
— all from their farm. We went upstairs, to the post 
office, the library, the wash-room, with its basins a-.id 
towels, where Indians learn to wash and be clean.' 

116 



FIELDS WHITENING TO HARVEST 

A Vermont visitor's call at the Indian settlement, Port 
Sarnia : 

' It surprised and interested me to learn that the whole 
tribe was Christian, and many actually converted. Call- 
ing at the Chief's house, his wife opened the door and 
with an easy grace pointed me to the neatly furnished 
parlor. Around the room were likenesses of the Gover- 
nor, Wesley, Peter Jones, Peter Jacobs, etc. Presently 
the Chief entered with his son and daughter. The son 
acted as interpreter. The daughter was the only squaw 
I had seen that came up to the idea I had formed of 
Indian female loveliness. She took a likeness from her 
bosom and gave such a sweet, flute-like laugh as her* 
brother told me who it was. They all enjoyed the 
pleasantry and asked me to come again.' 

A Methodist Episcopal church was built in Jersey- 
ville, and on the day of dedication services in the Wes- 
leyan Church were withdrawn. The best of feeling was 
manifested and the courtesy duly acknowledged. 

A Sunday school convention was held in Kingston, 
February, 1857; about 300 delegates attended, some 
from the United States. During the day the sessions 
were held in the Methodist Church and in the evening 
in the City Hall. 

Exeter Hall, London: 

' An extraordinary scene was witnessed on Tuesday 
night, when the Rev. W. AI. Punshon lectured on " John 
Bunyan" to the Y. M. Ch. Association. At the close 
of his marvellous oration, the whole mass rose to their 
feet as by one impulse ; cheering and waving of hand- 
kerchiefs continued in repeated bursts of enthusiasm/ 

On the 25th of February, 1857, the three Methodist 
congregations of Montreal held a meeting in the lecture 
room of Great St. James Church to consider the 
removal of their debt of '£12,000. The trustees offered 
to give £4,000 if a similar amount were raised by the 
congregations. The ofifer was accepted, and a total of 
£10,000 subscribed. 

117 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Rev. E. B. Harper's testimony: 

' I have labored with Mr. Caughey through a whole 
season, have remained on the field after he had gone, 
have succeeded him where he labored with others and 
esteem him( as an *' able minister of the New Testa- 
ment " ; " a man of clean hands and a pure heart," " a 
good man, full of faith and of the Holy Ghost," by 
whom " much people " have been added to the Lord.' 

A correspondent is anxious for English news : ' We 
look to England, not only as the birthplace of Metho- 
dism, but as the centre of the world's enlightenment 
and elevation — "the Judea of modern Christendom "-- 
and every scrap of information respecting her political 
and evangelical doings ought, it seems to us, to be 
highly interesting to the whole Christian world ; and the 
movements of Methodism particularly so to Canadian 
Wesleyans in their present relation to the parent body.' 

The Rev. William Brown was born in Duchess 
County, New York, came to Canada in 1795, entered the 
Methodist ministry in 1815, and died in Wolford, March 
5th, 1857, aged eighty-seven years. 

Some of the Methodist people of Toronto were 
aboard the ill-fated train, March 12th, 1857, which 
plunged into the Desjardin Canal. About sixty persons 
lost their lives and twenty-five were seriously injured. 

The Hon. James Ferrier, after a busy day in Parlia- 
ment, hurried up to the Yorkville missionary meeting 
and said some good things : ' In this day we hear much 
about platforms, new platforms, or new planks in old 
ones, but the platform on which the Missionary Society 
rests is the " Rock of Ages." Canada is progressing, 
and we must keep pace with that prosperity. The 
Hudson's Bay Territory was not thought of politically 
until made known by the missionaries. The Company 
would keep us in the dark, but we intend to colonize 
that country. Our missionaries will be there to welcome 

118 



FIELDS WHITENING TO HARVEST 

and to cheer the new comers.' Mr. Ferrier took his 
seat, but was recalled to tell about Lower Canada. He 
spoke of the French people, the labors of Mons. Char- 
bounell and others, the French Institutes and openings 
for Protestants. 

Of the Toronto District the Rev. Richard Jones writes, 
March 21st, 1857: 

' A general advance in the District ; no falling off 
anticipated because of the hard times; six new churclies 
erected during the year and about as many more in 
progress; revivals prevailing in nearly all the circuits 
and missions.' 

At Zion Church, Pilkington, Wesleyans and Primi- 
tives labored harmoniously together in a fruitful revival, 
and both branches of the Church reaped good results. 
The Ladies' Aid of Clinton presented the trustees with 
iioo towards a new church. This was an indication of 
better things for this new village in the " Queen's 
Bush," to which Mr. William Harland came in 1854. 
He had been converted in the great revival at Harri- 
son's, Brampton Circuit, in 1850, where he was made a 
Sunday school teacher and a leader. Coming with his 
family to Clinton and finding no church, he prepared a 
place for preaching, and invited the people. The fire 
was kindled, and has been kept burning. Mr. Harland 
was the first Sunday school superintendent, and a leader 
until his death. 

' In Mitchell, where about three years ago we had not 
a class, there is now a large and respectable society, 
with a house of worship far in advance of some in more 
pretentious towns. When Mr. Richard Babb came to 
Mitchell in 1855, it was the head of Mitchell Mission, 
embracing several townships around, since become separ- 
ate circuits — Fullarton, Staffa, Moncton, etc. Lucius 
Adams, I. B. Aylesworth, M.D., and Andrew Smith 
were some of the earliest ministers. 

' In Stratford the new church and other unmistakable 
119 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

tokens, with the divine blessing, indicate a noble future 
for Methodism in that town.' 

The Rev. Andrew Edwards writes from Kincardine 
Mission, April 8th, 1857: 

' We are beautifully situated on the eastern shore of 
Lake Huron, 30 miles north of Goderich and about the 
same distance south of Southampton, and expecting 
soon to become the capital of Bruce. Our population is 
about 1,000. Two steamers visit our harbor, in which 
piers, etc., are being built. The Townships of Kincar- 
dine, Bruce and Huron, around us, are fertile and well 
settled. Farmers from older parts of the province are 
buying out the first settlers, who are moving further 
back. Methodism has had but a precarious existence in 
this county, one man having been sent to wander over 
six or eight townships. Last year an additional mis- 
sionary was sent. There are some good Methodists in 
Bruce Township, but we cannot take up a single Sabbath 
appointment. Malta and Inverhuron are growing vil- 
lages, with good harbors. Our enterprising friend, F. 
Watkins, Esq., of Hamilton, has invested extensivelv 
here, and will send a colony. Our church dedication 
services, conducted by Rev. J. S. Evans, and tea-meeting 
were all we could wish. More laborers are required.' 

Howick Mission, April 15th, 1857: 

' At the formation of this mission, last district meet- 
ing, we had two classes with about 40 members. We 
have now six classes, about a hundred members, and a 
Quarterly Board of ten. An acre of land has been secured 
in Howick and another in Turnberry, on which churches 
are being erected. My expenses — £30 — are paid, and we 
expect to return £20 to the missionary 'fund. Another 
laborer would be required to fill the openings and satisfy 
the people.' — J. A. Dowler. 

The Brighton Circuit, owing to the number of vil- 
lages and increase of rural appointments, calls for an 
increase of ministers and a division of the circuit. 

A Hemmingford correspondent regrets the con- 
stant removal of Protestant families — fifty from a single 
mission in a few years — their farms purchased by Roman 

120 



FIELDS WHITENING TO HARVEST 

Catholics, making it difficult for the Methodist Church 
to maintain its status, even though we report many 
conversions. 

' The Beauharnois Circuit was taken from the Hunt- 
ingdon Circuit at the last Conference. The new stone 
church in Dunham is free from debt. We preach also 
in four schoolhouses. The ladies undertook a tea-meet- 
ing, and provided richly. The speeches were very inter- 
esting. In so earnest and sprightly a manner did the 
Rev. J. E. Sanderson, of Montreal, uphold and vindi- 
cate the practical workings of Methodism that the whole 
audience seemed charmed and convinced. Our finan- 
cial embarrassment is relieved, congregations are in- 
creasing, deep spiritual interest is felt, and there have 
been several conversions.' — William Hansford. 

' The Eaton Circuit,' writes the Rev. R. Wilson, ' is 
the extreme south-east of our Canadian work, and separ- 
ated by many miles of forest from the State of Maine. 
On our arrival we were greeted by a gathering of 
ladies and their husbands, a bountiful table, and a pleas- 
ant social hour, ending in a prayer-meeting. Such a 
friendly beginning opened the way to united and earn- 
est efforts, followed by showers of blessing, about forty 
conversions, growing congregations, and good increase 
in missionary contributions.' 

The Rev. Henry Steinhaur writes from Edmonton, 
May I2th, 1857: 

' In entering upon this mission I have had my share 
of obstacles and hardships ; am carpenter, mason, farmer 
and evangelist, endeavoring to lead the people from 
barbarism. These duties, with frequent journeyings, 
have prevented me paying the constant attention to 
school and translations I could wish. Thirty or forty 
boys are reading in the Syllabic, but we are much in 
need of books. The door seems open to the Crees, 
Assiniboines, Blackfeet, Saucees, Blood Peagans and 
some others, through efforts made to establish peace. 
The starvation and sickness of last winter have done 
much to mollify the hostile tribes. A general assembly 
is to be held to confirm the peace. I have a message 
from the Blackfeet, and intend going. I expect to re- 

I2T 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

ceive letters left at Fort Pitt by the winter packet. I 
am happy in the work, and willing to remain, but feci 
anxious about the education of my children.' 

New churches have been opened at Cole's^ AicVittie's, 
Kinburn, Morrisburg, Georgetown, Morris Mission, 
Everton, Scarboro', Bowerman's, etc. 

During a revival a sweet little girl named Sarah went 
home full of what she had seen and heard. Sitting at 
the table, she asked her father whether he ever prayed. 
" Your mother or your Aunt Sally put you up to that," 
he replied. " No, papa ; but the preacher said all good 
people pray. Pa, do you pray?" "Well, you go your 
way and I will go mine." " Which way are you going, 
papa?" He began to pray. 

THE OLD FORSAKEN HOUSE. 

On Mr. Emmanuel Harrison, of the Brampton Circuit, removing 

to a new brick house, about 1840. 

BY REV. MATTHIAS HOLTBY. 

It very lately was my lot 
To visit a deserted cot 

Which oft had screened from danger 
Not only those who called it "home," 
But those who through the wilds did roam — 

The weary, way-worn stranger. 

But now, alas ! how changed the scene ! 
'Tis cold, and silence reigns within — 

The inmates have absconded. 
"And how is this?" I wildly cried. 
Then the old cottage loudly sighed, 

And thus with tears responded : 

My master bought this lot of land. 
And then he raised me where I stand, 

And finished me at leisure; 
'Tis true I was not very fine, 
But none excelled me on the Line — 

He viewed me then with pleasure. 

To make all safe he hung these doors ; 
He laid these two substantial floors, 

And reared this neat partition; 

And afterwards, to make me fine, 

He Imed me all around with pine, 

Which mended my condition. 

Continued on page 140. 

122 



CHAPTER XL 

1857. 
CANADA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

Conference, Toronto — Chief — Camp-meetings — Temperance — Gifts 
— Madden — French Canadians — Hamilton — Matilda — East 
Bolton — Conference, 1858, Montreal — Griffin — Kingston — 
British Columbia — Missions. 

The Annual Conference opened in the Richmond St. 
Church, Toronto, June 3rd, 1857. President, Rev. 
Enoch Wood ; Secretary, Rev. James Spencer, The Rev. 
Joseph Stinson, D.D., was present as Representative of 
the English Conference. He congratulated Canadian 
Methodists on their advance since he was here fifteen 
years ago. In England they are raising £100,000 for 
the relief of church debts. They are building 400 school- 
houses, also an Institution for the training of teachers, 
but these will only half supply the demand. The Rev. Dr. 
Green gave an interesting account of his visit to England. 
The Rev. Dr. Raymond and Rev. Wm. Hamilton, 
Delegates from the M. E. Church, United States, were 
introduced. The Revs. Dr. Knight and Ephraim Evans 
represented the New Brunswick Conference. 

Into full connection. — Robert Fowler, George Wash- 
ington, Richard J. Foreman, Wm. Williams, George 
Cochran, Thos. Atkinson, John W. Byers, Wm. Tomblin, 
Jay S. Youmans, lohn Kiernon, John Bate, Samuel G. 
Phillips, Wm. H. Bakewell. 

Forty-five candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Peter Jones, June 28th, 1856, aged 54 years; 
Simon Huntingdon, Aug. 25th, 1856, aged 55 

years. 
Benjamin Nankeville, Oct. 9th, 1856, aged 57 

years. 
William Brown, March 5th, 1857, ^g^^ 88 years. 
123 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Book Stezvard — George R. Sanderson. 
Editor — James Spencer. 
Increase of members, over 2,000. 

The Revs. Dr. Stinson and Lachlin Taylor were 
appointed Delegates to the English Conference. The rule 
permitting a minister to remain five consecutive years 
on a circuit was rescinded. Only in a very few cases 
had the permission been acted upon, and the rule was 
regarded as an undesired innovation. 

A memorial was erected in the Brantford Cemetery 
by the Ojibway Indians in memory of their departed 
Chief, Ka-ke-wa-quon-a-by — Peter Jones. 

During June, July and August, camp-meetings were 
held on the Bradford, Nanticoke, Mt. Bridges, Brighton, 
Millbrook, Hastings, St. Andrews, and other circuits. 
To meet a very general desire to hear about first things, 
and to fulfil the request of Mr. James A. Mathewson, of 
Montreal, made shortly before his death, we insert an 
account of the St. Andrews camp-meeting, the first, so 
far as we know, in the Province of Quebec : 

' Has a camp-meeting really been held at St. Andrews? 
and was it successful? Yes, it has been held; and, thank 
God, it was gloriously successful. The thought of hold- 
ing it, suggested by Mrs. Phoebe Palmer, was treasured 
and communicated until time and place were fixed. It 
was held in a beautiful grove, near the railroad depot 
and steamboat landing, owned by John Harrington, Esq., 
who kindly granted us every privilege. At the request of 
Rev. E. H. Dewart a day of fasting and prayer was con- 
scientiously observed on the circuit. On Friday, July 
loth, 1857, the Rev. John Carroll, of Belleville, preached 
the opening sermon. That evening, and at every suc- 
ceeding prayer meeting the seat for anxious ones was 
crowded. After a sermon by Rev. John Gewley, on 
Sunday, the power of God was displayed, and the interest 
increased as the services progressed for ten days. Even 
after the formal closing meetings were continued several 
evenings. Some of the ministers assisting were : George 
Young, Joseph E. Sanderson, David Hardie, and such 

124 



CANADA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA 

laymen as Brothers Mathewson, Brandon, Young, Hall 
and others, of Montreal, with Dr. and Mrs. Palmer, of 
New York, who were eminently useful. About 150 per- 
sons professed to receive justification or sanctification. 
Dr. and Mrs. Palmer returned with our friends from 
Montreal, who were the principal promoters of the meet- 
ing, and held several services there.' — Elias S. Orr. 

St. Andrews, July 28th, 1857. 

In the later summer months camp-meetings were held 
on many other circuits. Of one at Oakville, early in 
October, the Rev. A. T. Green reported: 

' About four thousand were on the camp-ground on 
Sunday and twelve to fifteen hundred on other days. 
As nearly as can be ascertained about two hundred were 
converted. The meeting was attended by the most extra- 
ordinary manifestations of divine power I ever wit- 
nessed ; and the oldest ministers present declared they 
never before saw anything like it. An impulse has been 
given to the work of God which must result in much 
spiritual good.' 

On the Consecon Circuit, after the camp-meeting, the 
revival spirit reached almost every appointment, and over 
one hundred were received on trial. 

' For the Spencerville Camp-meeting earnest prayer 
had been ascending for weeks. The Financial District 
Meetipg was convened at the same time — Sept. 9th — thus 
insuring assistance. Dr. and Mrs. Palmer were also 
present. About fifty tents had been prepared and seats 
for three thousand. On Sunday the congregation was 
estimated at nearly double that number. Over one hun- 
dred professed conversion, and the revival spread to 
many other places.' 

The Rev. Wm. H. Harvard, D.D., died on the 15th of 
December, 1857, after an attack of paralysis. He will 
be remembered as the trusted companion of Dr. Coke on 
his voyage to India. He was President of the Canada 
Conference in 1837 and in 1838; Chairman of the Canada 
Eastern District several years, stationed in Toronto in 
1845 ^"d 1846, and returned to England in 1847. He 
was G'j years of age. 

125 



' " METHODISM IN CANADA 

' When we closed our meetings near Prince Albert it 
was to open in other places. There cannot be less than 
200 Methodists now who were not four months ago. The 
Utica neighborhood is memorable for the first blessed 
camp-meeting held in this township. We have 36 mem- 
bers in Port Perry and held a tea-meeting to organize 
a Sunday School.' — ^W. Savage. 

In connection with the great temperance campaign in 
Great Britain, the Rev. Dr. Arnot, of Glasgow, said : 

'People need not take the trouble to tell me I am 
excited on temperance questions. I know that I am. 
I would be ashamed before God and man if I were not. 
There is more in the public houses of Glasgow to stir 
the spirit of a minister than in all St. Paul saw in Athens. 
I see men and women perishing in these pitfalls. The 
number of the victims overwhelms me. My brain is 
burning. My heart is breaking. The church is asleep, 
and I am weary with holding in.' 

Mrs. Madden, daughter of Rev. David Breckenridge, 
and widow of the late Rev. Thomas Madden, finished 
her earthly journey Dec. 22nd, 1857, '^^ her 67th year — 
owned of God and esteemed by His people. 

The Government and the banks are leading the way 
in a change from pounds, shillings and pence to the more 
convenient decimal currency. 

At the Sunday School tea, Montreal East, Feb., 1858, 
a recitation by Master John W. Little, "The Children's 
Welcome to Their Friends," was given with pleasing 
effect and bright prophecies for the seven-year-old 
speaker. Prizes were awarded to several members of 
the " Juvenile Saturday Scripture Class," taught by the 
pastor. 

A Missionary Tea was given in the lecture-room 
of Great St. James' St. Church, Montreal, in behalf of 
French-Canadian missions, which, with the addresses, 
gave promise of more energetic effort in this too-long- 
neglected field. 



CANADA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA 

The Rev. Rufus A. Flanders, sending an account of 
the opening of a new church on the East Road, Febru- 
ary, 1858, and other local interests, proceeds : 

' I regret that the position and successes of Methodism 
in Eastern Canada are not better understood in the West. 
Our societies have been making large contributions to 
the strength and influence of the Church in the Western 
Province for which they are not generally credited. I 
am convinced, however, that our happy union is, in the 
good providence of God. a pledge of much greater suc- 
cess in this Province, amid the institutions of the Papacy. 
Some efficient means must be employed to bring before 
the churches of Canada the urgency and feasibility of 
missions for the evangelization of our French-Canadian 
fellow-subjects. Let this be done, and what some con- 
sider the impregnable system of Popery will be proved 
powerless before the truth and spirit of God.' 

An old-time tea meeting was held in Newburgh, Feb. 
25th, 1858. The admission fee was 50 cents, but every 
seat was occupied. Several sleigh loads of singers and 
speakers drove out from Kingston. After a sumptuous 
tea, entrancing music and stirring addresses, Father 
Rook arose and towards finishing their church ofifered 
$50 and fifty acres of land. "Noble !" was echoed 
through the house. Presently Mr. A. Caton offered $40, 
if a certain Scotch friend would give the same. 
"Agreed!" said Mr. Nimmo, "and I will make it $140, if 
Mr. Caton will make his $80." "I will," said Mr. Caton, 
and other subscriptions followed quickly. Rising again, 
Mr. Nimmo said : "If the congregation will raise $160 
more, I will give $400 towards the completion of the 
church." This was soon done, making a total of $1,000 — 
and the good Scotch friend was not a member of this 
church, but in this way manifested his brotherly love. 

Hamilton, March i6th, 1858 : ' For the Oakville camp- 
meeting, last autumn, several of our people joined in 
preparing a Hamilton tent. That meeting became a 
Bethel, and we shared largely in the blessings. Dr. and 

127 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Mrs. Palmer, on our invitation, arrived here on a Thurs- 
day evening, and v^^e gathered a company to meet them 
in McNab St. Church. Prayer and fellowship followed. 
The efifect was immediate. Night after night, scores 
presented themselves for prayer, and the progress was 
rapid. Dr. and Mrs. Palmer remained a fortnight, and 
over six hundred names were entered on the register. In 
power and extent the work surpasses anything I have 
seen. We have appointed many new leaders and nearly 
doubled our classes.' — E. B. Harper. 

In the North St. Church, London, noonday prayer- 
meetings were held daily, with deepening interest. 

In the Wesleyan Church, Quebec, meetings were held 
at mid-day and in the evenings, the revival progressing 
steadily. 

The Great Revival — ' The wonderful work of God 
continues with unabated power. All classes seem to be 
influenced and many incidents of thrilling interest are 
related.' — Guardian. 

Matilda and Edwardsburgh. April 29th, 1858- 

' To the untiring labors of Rev. Jas. Gray, under the 
divine blessing, is due the great prosperity of this circuit. 
At the camp-meeting held in September, near Spencer- 
ville, the work of revival received a new impetus ; and 
though our membership was but feebly represented, no 
little benefit was received. An intense longing for holi- 
ness was observable, and special meetings were begun and 
have been continued in several localities. Over one hun- 
dred have been added to our membership and a founda- 
tion laid for extensive work.' George M. Meacham. 

May 4th, 1858, Alex. Brock, Circuit Steward, of East 
Bolton, C.E., writes: 

* Four years ago the Methodist New Connexion left 
us, and in answer to our request the Canada Conference 
sent us the Rev. Joseph Hugill, who labored for two 
years with great success. He was succeeded by the Rev. 
Saml. G. Phillips. By additions of new members and im- 
proving finances we are sreatly encouraged and are 

128 



I 



CANADA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA 

determined to promote the permanency of Wesleyan 
Methodism on this circuit.' 

From Melbourne, C.E., Rev. T. W. Constable writes: 
* The past has been a glorious year ; nearly 300 persons 
have been received on trial on this circuit.' 
K Brantford, May 12th, 1858: 

^ ' We commenced our meetings last November, and 
after five weeks received 37 on probation. In March the 
ministers of the town agreed to hold union prayer-meet- 
ings. They were largely attended — as many as a 
thousand some evenings. We have held additional ser- 
vices and received about 130 on trial.' — Isaac B. Howard. 
New churches have been opened at Uxbridge, Albion, 
Wellington Square, Newtonbrook, Zion — near Owen 
Sound — Millbrook, etc. 

The Conference of 1858 was opened in Great St. 
James St. Church, Montreal, on the 2nd of June. The 
Rev. Enoch Wood, after being President seven years in 
succession, introduced his successor, the Re.v. Joseph 
Stinson, D.D. The Rev. John Borland was elected Secre- 
tary. An address from the official members was read by 
the Hon. James Ferrier, of which we give extracts : 

' As representatives of the Montreal Centre Circuit, 
we bid you a cordial welcome to our city and the homes 
of our people, assuring you of the esteem in which you 
are held as Christian ministers. For the first time your 
Conference meets in the midst of a people who do not 
accept the Bible as their only rule of faith and practice. 
On behalf of these, our French-Canadian countrymen, 
we earnestly plead, so little has yet been done for their 
evangelization. We express sincere satisfaction with 
your fidelity to the principles of Methodism and your 
determination to maintain our class meetings and the 
itinerancy. May God help you, beloved fathers and 
brethren, to fulfil your mission as ambassadors for 
Christ.' — Robert Campbell, Steward. 

The Revs. Dr. Green and Enoch Wood responded. As 
an expression of appreciation and brotherly love on the 
part of the laymen, confirming the recent Union, the 
9 129 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

effect upon the Conference was unmistakable and assur- 
ing. 

Into full connection — John W. Savage, Wm. Lund, 
John S. Clarke, Wm. Hawke, Wm. Savage, James A. 
Iveson, George Jacques, Wm. Shannon, Geo. McNamara, 
Geo. T. Richardson, Alex. R. Campbell, John A. Dowler, 
Edward Cragg, Jabez B. Keough, Wm. Sanderson, Wm. 
Briden, Luther Houghton, David A. Johnston, James 
Masson, Peter German, William Scales, James Roy, 
Andrew Armstrong, Ed. B. Ryckman, B.A., Wm. M, C. 
Luke, Joseph H. Starr, Wm. Stephenson, John Doel, 
Amos E. Russ, John V. Wilson. 

Thirty-nine candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Benjamin Slight, A.M., Jan. i6th, 1858, aged 
59 years. 
James Morgan, Feb. 4th, 1858, aged 28 years. 
James M. Clarke, April i6th, 1858, aged 28 
years. 
Number of members, 49,023 ; increase, 7,096. 

The Conference Love-feast began at 8 o'clock Sunday 
morning. The ordination sermon was preached by the 
President. The reception of the young men on Friday 
evening, the ordination and other services of Sunday, and 
the public evening meetings were new to Montreal and 
were richly enjoyed by the Methodist people. On Tues- 
day evening the ladies invited the Conference to a tea 
in the lecture-room, after which the audience returned 
to the church, where an address and testimonial were 
presented to the Rev. Enoch Wood. The address, signed 
by Silas Huntingdon and about sixty other young men, 
was read by J. E. Sanderson. A beautiful Bible bore 
the following inscription : 

" Presented to the 

Reverend Enoch Wood, 

on retiring from the office of President of 

The Canada Wesleyan Conference, 

By and on behalf of the ministers ordained by him during 
the seven years of his Presidency, in token of their 

130 



CANADA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA 

affectionate regard and high appreciation of his services 
during the term of his administration." 

Some months before, a gold watch had been offered 
for the best essay on " The Inconsistencies of the Use of 
Tobacco by Christian Ministers and People." The watch 
was awarded to the Rev. Edward H. Dewart, of St. An- 
drews, and presented on this occasion. The Hon. James 
Ferrier offered a gold watch or $50 for another essay, 
subject to be chosen, to be competed for by young min- 
isters of not more than ten years' standing. A second 
prize of $25 was offered by D. Torrance, Esq., and a 
third of $15 by Robt. Campbell, Esq. An address from 
the Primitive Methodist Conference, expressing sym- 
pathy and brotherly love, was received and replied to. 

Resolved, " That this Conference regards the practice 
of reading sermons from manuscript in their pulpit 
ministrations as contrary to the spirit and usages of 
Methodism and detrimental to the efficiency of the min- 
istry; and therefore directs that each candidate shall be 
examined on this point by the District Meeting." 

In the English Conference the reading of sermons 
in the pulpit was most severely condemned. 

The Rev. William Arthur said: 

" Every man who sets that example in Methodism sets 
a downward example. Our fathers found a reading age ; 
they made it a preaching age. Let us keep it up." 

The Rev. Thomas Jackson said: 

" I would not for the world practise the reading of 
sermons in the pulpit. It must never be the practice of 
Methodism." 

The Editor and the Book Steward were re-elected. 
The review of an unusually successful year and careful 
consideration of the many and varied interests of the 
Church occupied ten days, and the sessions, so full of 
pleasurable excitement to ministers and people, came to 
a close on Friday night. To meet in Montreal for Con- 
ference was a new and delightful experience to most of 
the ministers, and the vote of thanks they tendered for 

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METHODISM IN CANADA 

the cheerful and generous hospitality they had received 
was given most heartily. 

The Rev. Jabez Bunting, D.D., died on the i6th of 
June, 1858, in the 80th year of his age and 58th of his 
ministry. 

New churches were dedicated in Clinton, Bridgenorth, 
Orwell, Mt. Pleasant, Alma, Ridgetown, Selby, New- 
burgh, Hastings, Trowbridge, Orillia, Orangeville, St. 
Thomas, St. Mary's, Sherbrooke, etc. 

During the summer, camp-meetings were held near 
Aurora, Smithfield, Delhi, Copkstown, Richmond, New- 
burgh, Brockville, Hemmingford, Sherbrooke and many 
other places. 

Of the. Simcoe meeting, Rev. W. S. Griffin writes, 
Sept. 1st, 1858: 

' Every service from first to last was attended with 
the divine blessing. To the mere spectator. Sabbath was 
the high day — such an immense concourse of people, so 
respectable, so orderly ; but the Wednesday following 
was the high day to the children of God. Such a love- 
feast the eldest and the best among us never saw. It was 
easier to speak than to be silent. There were far more 
witnesses for Christ than could be heard. The place was 
holy ground ; it is holy ground still. Fifty or sixty pro- 
fessed the blessing of perfect love, and nearly as many 
pardon. Where there had been scarcely a witness to the 
cleansing blood of Christ, the number seems great. In- 
calculable are the blessings received.' 

Many similar records might be given. Later in the sea- 
son other meetings were held near Goderich, Meaford, 
Grand River, Woodstock, Meadowvale, Belleville, Perth, 
Ottawa, etc., accompanied and followed by such displays 
of saving power as can never be forgotten. 

The Picton Camp-meeting: 

' Will be called the " Long Camp-meeting," lasting 
twelve days. On some days the rain came down in 
torrents, but the congregations were good, nearly 5,000 
each Sabbath. The discourses were sound, simple, earn- 

132 



CANADA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA 

est and effective. Some exhortations of lay brethren 
equally forcible. A young lady who laid a wager that 
she would not be converted gladly paid her foolish bet. 
The most sanguine expectations did not approach the 
good accomplished. Over, a hundred professed conver- 
sion and about half as many sanctification. Scores of 
others could not conceal their emotions. One of the 
senior ministers gave a Bible to each of sixty converts, as 
a memorial. Great credit is due the sisters for the wel- 
come they gave to well-filled tables.' 
St. Vincent Camp-meeting: 

' From the beginning there was no dry, insipid season, 
but a steady hallowing influence which found its way to 
every heart. Almost every service was crowned with 
success. Our oldest brethren say it was one of the most 
powerful seasons they ever realized. The best wine was 
kept for the last. On Tuesday morning all were before 
the stand for the farewell fellowship meeting, and clear- 
flowing testimonies were given — a blessed service, never 
to be forgotten. Then old and young surrounded the 
Lord's table and partook of the sacred emblems. Wave 
after wave of heavenly influence overspread the people. 
With deep emotion, in procession, we sang, " Oh, What a 
Joyful Meeting There," and, bidding each other farewell, 
went everyone to his own home.' — John L. Kerr. 

During the autumn very gracious revivals prevailed on 
many circuits, and ingatherings from scores to hundreds 
were reported. It is not possible to tell by figures the 
actual good accomplished, and the numbers given may 
be liable to large discount. The same might be said of 
the thousands added to the Church under the labors of 
the Apostles. But those who had most to do with those 
early Canadian revivals and were life-long witnesses of 
the results, have borne ample testimony to the Scriptural 
character of the general average of those conversions, as 
shown by their fruits. Repentance, the new birth, 
pardon and holiness were not preached as forms or pro- 
fessions, but as blessed realities, experienced and at- 
tested. There was no uncertain sound in the preaching; 

133 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

the converts were living witnesses, able and willing to 
tell what the Lord had done for them, and became 
" living epistles, read and known of all men." The great 
majority of the members of the Methodist Church have 
been born into the kingdom in connection with revival 
meetings. We have no controversy with those whose 
conversion may have been brought about without any 
such means. The conversion of Saul of Tarsus on the 
way to Damascus was as genuine as those at Pentecost. 
" There are diversities of operations, but it is the same 
God who worketh all in all." 

In the autumn of 1858, very successful efforts were 
made in Kingston for the special benefit of the children 
and young people. About a hundred children were en- 
rolled in a Saturday Scripture class, in which they 
became deeply interested. A Young People's Society was 
formed for social, literaiy and religious work. In addi- 
tion to private meetings and exercises, a public meeting 
was held once a month, at which some of the best papers 
were read and addresses delivered. Occasionally special 
lectures were given by strangers. This movement awak- 
ened deep and lasting interest, drew large attendance, 
and was the means of enlisting many young people 
permanently in church work. In connection with it, 
public services were held in the park ; then a fine hall in 
the City Buildings was rented and fitted up as a second 
church, from which sprang the Queen St. Church. Dr. 
Lavell, Messrs. Cowan, Sweetman, Britton, Skinner, Mc- 
Cammon, Clarke, the Tandy Brothers and other young 
men faithfully aided the junior minister in the initial 
stages of this work. The services of the Misses Butler, 
Overend, Clarke, Shaw, Mrs. Philips and many more 
were not less helpful in these early endeavors to enlist 
the young people of the Church in earnest co-operation 
for the general good. 

The Pacific Coast. — The gold mines excitement and 
134 



CANADA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA 

consequent rush of adventurers into British Columbia 
made fresh demands for missionary labor. Alany urgent 
appeals were made for missionaries. A former resident 
of New Brunswick wrote : 

' There are thousands here who may say, " No man 
careth for my soul " — wanderers who were trained in 
our schools and churches, and remember who taught 
them to lisp the name of Jesus. " Come over and help 
us." If the right man can be found, a flourishing cause 
can be established that will bring glory to God and peace 
to men.' 

The English Committee offered £ioo towards opening 
a mission. The Canada Missionary Executive took up 
the project, and, encouraged by liberal offers, determined 
on sending men into that distant but needy field. The 
Revs. Edward White, Arthur Browning, Ebenezer Rob- 
son, with Ephraim Evans, D.D., as Superintendent, were 
selected, and accepted the call. On the i6th of December, 
1858, a valedictory service was held in Richmond St. 
Church, Toronto, and a farewell breakfast the next 
morning, in St. Lawrence Hall. These services were 
attended by ministers of many churches, and by laymen 
from many places, all alive to the importance and gran- 
deur of the project, and eager to promote it. In a few 
days the missionaries were on their way to New York, 
where another valedictory service was held in their 
honor, the Revs. Dr. McClintock, Bishop Janes, Dr. 
Bangs, Francis Hall, Esq., and others manifesting deep 
and generous interest in the mission. The Rev. Dr. 
Green accompanied the mission party to New York, and 
assisted in arrangements for the long voyage. Kingston, 
from which Dr. Evans had been taken, was left ir 
charge of the junior minister, J. E. Sanderson, until thi 
Rev. Wm. Pollard should arrive from Three Rivers. 

Flinton Mission — 

' When I came to this mission we had ony four regular 
appointments. Now we have ten and are extending far 

135 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

back, fifty miles up the Addington Road, and have nearly 
doubled our numbers.' — Luther Houghton. 

The Goderich District, of which Rev. Thos. Cosford 
was Chairman, this year had ten circuits and missions 
and seventeen ministers and probationers, with a mem- 
bership of 1,866. Of the Mitchell Mission on this dis- 
trict, Rev. Geo. H. Cornish writes : 

' I was sent to this IMission, with the Rev. John S. 
Evans as my Superintendent. It was my first field, ex- 
tending into four townships, and had fifteen preaching 
places. On Sunday, June 27th, I opened my commission 
with a sermon from i Cor. i : 23, travelled 20 miles on 
horseback, preached three times and met two classes. 
Monday, 28th, I rode 9 miles to attend a S. S. Anniver- 
sary and tea held in the bush, and gave an address. 
Tuesday rode 10 miles to the village of Moncton, 
visited 13 families, praying in each home, and in the 
evening preached to a congregation of 35 in a private 
house. Wednesday returned to Mitchell, visited four 
families on the way. Friday rode 15 miles, visited 8 
families. Thus in my first week in the work I had made 
70 miles on horseback, preached 4 times, met 2 classes 
and visited 35 families, widely scattered in a new coun- 
try. On my second Sabbath my subject was " Christ 
lifted up." Many in my congregation were melted to 
tears. A girl of ten summers, convinced of sin, began to 
cry for mercy and soon obtained peace. In conversing 
with her the next day about the great change, she told 
me — "I just said, 'My Saviour!' with all my heart. 
and then my burden was gone." In her room that night 
she wa^ heard praying for her brother. On a sub- 
sequent Sabbath five persons were led to accept the great 
salvation. I felt I could truly say, 
• 

" Oh, 'tis worth living for this 
To administer bliss 
And salvation in Jesus' name." 

These townships are not much cleared as yet, but the 
lots are all taken up and are fast being settled ; the land 
is good and will be very productive.' 

136 



CANADA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Ottawa, Jan. 20th, 1859: 

' Our work has been reviving through the ordinary 
means. Though the names of many have been struck off, 
we have an advance of fifty; and if we value fidehty to 
Methodist rules our membership is doubled. Not only is 
attendance at class and prayer meetings quadrupled, but 
the Sabbath congregation is greatly increased and funds 
in advance. After a tea-meeting about $1,000 was sub- 
scribed towards wiping off our church debt, and we may 
get as much more.' — John Carroll. 

The 33rd Annual Missionary Report says : 

* The last year has been somewhat different in its re- 
ceipts from previous years, owing to the disastrous re- 
vulsion in American finances and unwarranted Canadian 
speculation. But these exceptional circumstances do not 
dishearten the Society's supporters nor the Committee's 
confidence in the support of its 150 missions and 220 
agents.' 

The Rev. Thomas Hurlburt writes from the North 
Shore of Lake Superior, Jan. 21st, 1859: 

' These Indians are some of the most destitute and 
wretched of their race. But they have been reached by 
the Gospel, and some of our native converts are laboring 
successfully among them. Last summer I baptized 43, 
and we propose a camp-meeting next summer, to which 
many may come two hundred miles. Nothing of this 
kind has ever been attempted on the North Shore, and we 
think it very important to get as many as we can together 
for a week. We shall need for them ten barrels of meal 
or flour, fish-hooks, lines, etc. Could a few of our friends 
furnish these supplies? John McDonald, Esq., Toronto, 
would receive and ship them.' 

Orangeville, February, 1859: 

' When this locality was made a separate circuit there 
were about half a dozen members. We have been 
favored with success, and a neat church, 26 x 36, was 
opened last Sabbath.' 

Victoria, B.C., February nth, 1859: 

' Yesterday morning we cast anchor in this harbor, 
five weeks from New York. Our good Brother Pidwell 

137 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

came aboard and escorted us to the house prepared for 
us. The site of the town is pleasant, but there are few 
houses. The principal streets are being macadamized. 
The Union Jack and the Stars and Stripes float side by 
side — emblematic, I suppose, of the unity prevailing. 
Policemen walk the streets and everything is orderly. 
We begin preaching on Sunday, and prospects are good. 
Places in the distance are opening up and news from the 
gold fields is encouraging. We want men and women 
to give this colony a truly British stamp.' — Arthur 
Browning. 

The Rev. Edward White writes, a week later ; 

' The new Police Barracks were hastily fitted up for 
our services on Sunday. They were half filled in the 
morning, and in the evening crowded ; the people seem 
hungry for the word. The climate is fine ; no frost, nor 
snow, except on the mountains. Last June there were 
not more than twenty buildings outside the Company's 
fort; now over five hundred, about fifty store? and a 
dozen hotels; board, $1.50 to $3 a day. The population 
is about 3,000. Lots are selling from $100 to $10,000. 
Government lands are $2.50 an acre in British Columbia 
and double that on the Island. Governor Douglas and 
Lieut. -Col. ]\Ioody are a terror to evildoers. There are 
probably 50,000 miners, and more on the way. We have 
found the officers of the Company kind and gentlemanly. 
We had the honor of dining with the Governor. Apples 
are 40c. a lb., bread 12 i-2c., butter 50c., cheese 50c., beef 
25c., coal $16 a ton.' 

March 7th. — Rev. A. Browning writes from Nanaimo, 
eighty miles from Victoria, telling of the wonderful 
mines, the medley population, the many Indians and the 
wrongs they suffer, the prospect for gold up the Eraser, 
the prevailing lawlessness, and the work before the 
churches. 

Rev. E. White writes again. Queensborough, B.C., 
April 3rd: 

' It is now six weeks since I wrote you, and I should 
have something new to communicate, in a country where 
changes are so sudden and so great. But it has been the 

138 



CANADA- AND BRITISH COLUMBIA 

" rainy season," during which improvements languish. 
There is much building in Victoria, the miners in the 
upper country are at work again, steamers are loaded 
with passengers for the gold regions. There is some 
open prairie ready for the plough. An Indian Chief has 
a large farm, well stocked with horses, cattle and poultry. 
He sells beef to the miners at 50c. a lb. Potatoes of good 
quality are abundant. This town is to be the Capital. 
Col. Moody, with sappers and miners, commenced opera- 
tions a month ago. There are about twenty tents and 
some small houses. The town is beautifully situated, 
fifteen miles from the mouth of the Fraser and about 
eighty miles from Victoria. Many trees are twenty to 
thirty feet in circumference and two hundred in height. 
Yesterday, on the trunk of an old spruce, I preached to 
about fifty men and the only white woman in the place. 
The Company has given us a site in Victoria for church 
and parsonage. We are in the best of health.' 

Mitchell Mission: ' In February, Rev. John S. Evans, 
began special services at Fullarton Corners, where we 
had a small but devoted class of twelve members, who 
for some time had been praying, " O Lord, revive Thy 
work !" The first week gave us showers of blessings, and 
several were brought into the joyful assurance of sins 
forgiven. Tuesday, 15th, attendance increasing, a dozen 
seekers at the altar, several set at liberty. Wednesday, 
i6th, six more set at liberty. Thursday, 17th, a glorious 
time, seven more were made to rejoice in God. Friday, 
1 8th, Bro. E. preached to a crowded house with great 
power, and several more were able to sing, "My God is 
reconciled." The revival flame spreads, the whole com- 
munity is being aroused. Sabbath, 27th, forty-eight met 
in class and told how the love of Jesus had been flooding 
their souls. Such a meeting had never before been held 
in the place. Hallelujah, the Lord reigneth! Thus He 
answers prayer and gives us the desire of our hearts in 
the conversion of souls. At the District Meeting held in 
Clinton last week nearly every Circuit and Mission re- 
ported a year of spiritual prosperity, and there is an 
increase of about three hundred on the District. Praise 
the Lord!' Geo. H. Cornish. 



139 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Of Methodist women in Toronto, perhaps no one is 
more worthy of record than Mrs. Margaret Taylor, 
widow of Mr. Samuel Taylor, and sister of Mr. John 
G. Bowes, who was Mayor of Toronto, 185 1-3 and 
1861-3. She was for many years one of the most fer- 
vently devoted members of Adelaide St. Church, an 
earnest advocate and consistent example of holiness in 
heart and life. She died on the 28th of March, 1859, at 
the age of 53 years. 

THE OLD FORSAKEN HOUSE. 

Continued from page 122. 

In me the Word of God was read 

Both night and morn, and prayer was made, 

And lo! th' Almighty heard it; 
And often when His praise was sung 
With thankful heart and cheerful tongue, 

We felt He did regard it. 

Year after year thus rolled away, 
And peaceful night succeeded day, 

The gains our toils rewarding; 
We had our troubles, that is true. 
But so comparatively few. 

They were not worth recording. 

But ah ! a mighty change took place ; 
I saw it in my master's face 

As he began to grumble ; 
He said that I was growing old 
And could not screen him from the cold ; 

He feared that I should tumble. 

To reason then was of no use ; 
Resolved to build another house 

He was at once decided; 
The bricks were burnt, a plan was drawn. 
The stones were hauled, the timber sawn. 

And all things else provided. 

Across the creek I chanced to look. 

And thought I saw the chimney's smoke — 

Or else my eyes deceived me ; 
I fixed my specks and looked again, 
And then I saw it very plain — 
But dear, O dear I it grieved me. 
Nine of twenty-one stanzas, 
140 




1. McDougall, Rev.'fioor ^ ^a 
4. Dewart, E. H., D.D. 



•2. Swann, Rev. Matthew 3. Burns, Rev.|Williain 
5. Mrs. Letitia Youmans 6. Stewart, Charles, D.D. 



Sanderson, Rev. J. E., M.A. 3. Irwin, Mr. Robert 



0. McL>ona''h, Wni., D.D. 



: 



CHAPTER XII. 

1859. 

UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGES. 

Conference, Hamilton — University — Colleges — incidents — Corner- 
stone — Freshman — Browning — Palmer — Hurlburt — Memor- 
ials — Biggar — Vandusen — Primitives — Parliament — Old Blue 
Church. 

The Conference opened in John St. Church, Hamilton, 
on the 1st of June, 1859. 

President — Rev. Joseph Stinson, D.D. ; Secretary, Rev. 
E. B. Harper, M.A. 

Into full connection — John C. Ash, Wm. H. I^aird, 
Alfred Andrews, Jonathan E. Betts, Th. Cobb. John N. 
Lake, Th. S. Howard, Samuel Tucker, James E. Dyer, 
Isaac Crane, Henry Bawtenheimer, Wm. R. Dyre, Wm. 
Hay, Alex. Sutherland, James F. Latimer, Samuel 
Down, Jas. Hughes, Jr., Wm. L. Scott, John Jackson. 
James Thompson, Wm. Short, Alex. Drennan, Wm. 
Norton, Ed. E. Sweet, Edward Ward, Wm. Hansford, 
Benj. Cole, John Hough, John Davies, Hiram Fowler, 
Edward Barrass. 

Rev. David Hunt was received from the Primitive 
Methodist Church. 

Forty-three candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Samuel C Seeley, 1859, aged 27 years. 

Thos. Fawcett, March 20th, 1859, aged 51 years. 

Book Steivard — Anson Green, D.D. 

Editor — James Spencer. 

The Rev. Dr. Stinson wis requested as President and 
the Rev. Richard Jones as Co-Delegate for next year. 

Number of members, 39,400; increase, 4,261, 

£ s. d. 

Superannuation Fund 1,722 19 2 

Contingent Fund 1,617 i 6 

Chapel Rehef Fund 362 13 i 

A series of resolutions in regard to Victoria College 
141 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

was adopted, the last of which was, " That Victoria 
College is justly entitled to share in the Legislative pro- 
vision for Superior Education. 

' Our visit to Hamilton was mainly in view of attend- 
ing Ihe Wesleyan Conference. Nearly 300 ministers 
were in attendance — intelligent and spirited as found in 
any church or country. The President is a fine specimen 
of English AA^esleyanism. dignified, yet congenial. His 
predecessor. Rev. Enoch Wood, is Superintendent of 
Missions, full of tact and ability. This church has the 
genius to work among all classes, and its prospects are 
pleasing.' — Buffalo Christian Advocate. 

By certain Toronto papers the Conference resolutions 
regarding Victoria College were represented as an attack 
on Toronto University and Upper Canada College. 
They were replied to in The Guardian, and the idea of 
a Provincial University, with a common relation to all 
the Colleges of the country was maintained. To accom- 
plish this ideal and so meet the necessities and the 
demands of the country proved to be a difficult task, 
requiring time and efifort. Toronto University and 
Upper Canada College were not only using up an in- 
come of £20,000 a year, but receiving in addition £1,100 
from the £5,000 appropriated for general Superior Edu- 
cation. An Act had been passed in 1853, providing for 
the affiliation of other Colleges with the University of 
Toronto; and that the surplus, after paying the expenses 
of the University and University College, should be de- 
voted to the promotion of collegiate education in Upper 
Canada. But as no surplus was probable, the Bursar 
showing an expenditure of over £60,000 in a single year, 
such strong representations were made to the Govern- 
ment by the Colleges concerned that a Committee of 
Investigation was appointed. Public meetings were also 
held throughout the country to awaken general interest 
and obtain fair treatment of all the Colleges. 

On many circuits camp-meetings were held, and with 
142 



i 

1 



UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGES 

the usual success. Of the^one held on the Gosfield cir- 
cuit, Rev. Thomas S. Howard gives some remarkable 
incidents : 

' On Monday afternoon, when the prayer-meeting 
closed, many were carried to the tents, overpowered. 
After the lapsv^. of five hours I saw five persons still 
lying and unable to speak or move. On Tuesday evening 
four persons fell to the ground while we were singing. 
On Wednesday our parting love-feast began at 8 o'clock. 
When an invitation was given for penitents to come 
forward, a young man under conviction attempted to 
leave, and when his mother showed signs of sorrow a 
brother said : "Let him go ; God will bring him back." 
He fell, stifif as a corpse, and cried for mercy. I never 
attended so interesting a camp-meeting.' 

Dr. Stinson attended the camp-meeting on Christian 
Island, crossing the Georgian Bay in a furious gale. He 
baptized several and administered the Lord's Supper. 

On the invitation of Dr. Evans, Revs. E. White and 
E. Robson visited Victoria for the laying of the corner- 
stone of the new church. 

' We could not fail to observe the marked improvement 
made since April : a new bridge across James' Bay, new 
Government buildings, stores, private residences, banks 
and the new parsonage. The corner-stone was laid by 
the Governor. We had the pleasure of greeting a sister 
from Canada, now Mrs. Robson.' 

Many interesting Sunday School anniversaries attest 
increasing interest in this department of church work. 

At Bolton, September 19th, 1859, ' Sunday School 
sermons were preached by Brother William Hall, 
a worthy local preacher, the Rev. T. Lawson, and 
Dr. Stinson. The public meeting on Monday exceeded 
anything of the kind ever held in Bolton. The chair was 
ably filled by Mr. Wm. Roadhouse. Recitations, music 
and addresses followed in quick succession. The audi- 
ence was delighted and a debt of £1 1 cleared off.' 

Mr. Charles Freshman, formerly a Jewish rabbi in 
Quebec, converted under the teaching of the Rev. James 

143 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Elliott, has been delivering , lectures in Toronto and 
other places on the customs and belief of the Jews. 

The controversy regarding- education and the col- 
leges waxed warmer day by day, and The Guardian was 
kept on the alert correcting the misrepresentations of 
The Toronto Patriot, The Montreal Witness and other 
papers. 

' The Conference now, as in former years, appeals to 
the conscience and patriotism of every honest man, as its 
sole object is the attainment of equal rights and the pro- 
motion of the best educational interests of all classes. In 
future years it will be acknowledged to have done as 
good service in originating the present movement for 
freedom an 1 equal rights in academic education as even 
its enemies now admit it to have done in battling for 
years in favor of all denominations having the right to 
hold church property and to perform the marriage cere- 
mony.' 

' I have struck a blow,' writes Rev. A. Browning, of 
Nanaimo, B.C., ' in favor of the poor Indian, and such a 
nest of hornets as I have raised ! Too long have these 
natives been treated as brutes and too long has the truth 
been stifled, but a better day is dawning ' 

The only son of Rev. Dr. Evans was drowned at Vic- 
toria, B.C., on the 5th of November, 1859. 

Mrs. Palmer's books on holiness had so well prepared 
English Methodists for her coming that ' she and her 
devoted husband will find invitations for a lifetime. So 
richly did the blessing of God rest upon them at New- 
castle that their way will be open to the best centres 
of Methodism.' 

Nanticoke, Nov. 28th, 1859: 'Since our field meeting 
in September, the work has steadily advanced, with 
upwards of thirty conversions. In Jarvis we have formed 
a class of eighteen, and it promises to become a leading 
appointment. Though the harvest was poor, more has 
been paid in than for the same time in any previous 
year.' — John N. Lake. 

Smithville Circuit : ' The house we live in was com- 
144 



UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGES 

menced by my energetic predecessor, Rev. E White. 
Owing to the failure of the crops, some thought it 
premature to attempt a new building, but a subscription 
list was circulated with good success. Now we have a 
parsonage of which our friends are not ashamed. By 
the Ladies' Aid it was well furnished.' — John Shaw. 

The income of the Missionary Society is $42,348 — a 
considerable decrease, owing to the financial state of the 
country ; but the committee is hopeful of recovery. 

New churches have been opened in London, Lyne- 
dock, Lyn, Glenville, Collingwood, etc. 

Mrs. Madden wife of Rev. D. B. Madden, and young- 
est daughter of Allan and Hannah Ellis, of Mt. Pleasant, 
died at Three Rivers, after a few days' illness, on the 
22nd of December, 1859, at the age of 33 years. 

' Far from her early home, and among strangers, she 
faithfully maintained a close walk with God and died 
with songs of Zion upon her lips.' 

The committee appointed by Conference on University 
and College Education gathered and published much in- 
formation and presented important facts before official 
meetings and conventions. Many resolutions were 
adopted, and memorials forwarded to the Legislature, 
urging an impartial consideration of the claims of the 
colleges, according to the work done by them, and in 
accordance with the University Act of 1853. 

The discussion of these important questions by repre- 
sentative business men, and the general circulation of in- 
formation, could not fail to influence the general 
sentiment of the country. Many Editors took part in the 
discussions and aided the memorialists. 

On the 19th of March, i860, on motion of the Hon. 
M, Cameron, a committee was struck for the purpose of 
taking into consideration and reporting upon the petition 
of the Methodist Conference in reference to the expendi- 
ture of the funds of Toronto University. 

10 145 T ' 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Camilla Coltman, widow of the late Charles Biggar, 
Esq., of the Carrying Place, died on the 25th of January, 
i860, in her 60th year. Dr. Green says : 

' Her house was the first I entered, on my first cir- 
cuit, and how many weary itinerants have looked forward 
to the hour when they should reach her comfortable 
home ! Hundreds have been fed at her table, warmed at 
her fireside and cheered by the kindness of her heart. 
She was a pious, devoted and charming woman for whom 
many will mourn.' 

Penetanguishene, April 3rd, i860: 

' We have been engaged in revival work since New 
Year's, save one week. At French's, where the people 
were greatly opposed to Methodism, the house was soon 
crowded, and God was present to convince and convert. 
After some weeks we were constrained to move to the 
Brock Settlement, where many were awakened, and for 
two weeks the manifestations of divine power increased, 
w<hen a good brother, McRoberts, a local preacher, came 
to my help. We formed a large class, taking in some 
whole families. All opposition seems to have vanished. 
After a week's rest we began in town. I have attended 
many revival meetings, but never saw such pow^r dis- 
played. Drunkards have dashed away the glass, swearers 
have ceased their blasphemy, and the work still moves 
on.' — Wm. M. Cooley. 

" Full many a flower is born to blush unseen 
And waste its sweetness on the desert air." 

Mr. and Mrs. Eairhall came from Sussex, England. 
and settled in a remote part of the McGillivery Mission, 
but not too remote to be found by the seeker of the lost 
sheep. 

' At a prayer meeting held by Bro. Ottawell they were 
invited to join the class. The first sermon Mrs. Eairhall 
heard from a Wesleyan missionary, Bro. John Webster, 
on " The Master is come and calleth for thee," resulted 
in her conversion. Moving into the parsonage neighbor- 
hood, the family became very useful. In revival'; and in 
a class of eighty Mrs. Eairhall was specially useful. On 

146 J 



UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGES 

the 28th of March, eight years from the day of her 
marriage, this afifectionate wife and mother, after a few 
hours of suffering, passed peacefully home. We have in 
this — 

1. A message to those who support missions. 

2. A reward for the zealous missionary visiting those 
who are making their home in remote parts. 

3. A word to leaders — Look after serious persons. 

4. A lesson to mothers in Israel and daughters of Zion 
in faithful obedience to Christ. 

5. A warning to those who neglect the Master's call. 

The Master is come, and He calleth for thee ; 

How clear and how loving this call ! 
He has come, and is calling to you and to me — 

To Martha, to Mary, to all.' — Wm. Dignam. 

Rev. George H. Cornish writes: 

' The Conference of 1859 sent me to Clinton as col- 
league to Rev. Thomas Cleghorn — a circuit with thirteen 
appointments, necessitating a great deal of travel. In 
visiting in the township of McKillop, I found a family 
named Woods living in a small log shanty in the bush. 
Mrs. W. was ill and had been confined to her bed for 
four years. With her I had a delightful conversation, 
found she could rejoice in Christ as her Saviour. She 
said, "I have a good hope of soon reaching my home 
above. I know not why he permits me to suffer here so 
long, but it must be for some wise end." She was born 
in England in the year 1779 and was the daughter of a 
soldier in the British army. She well remembered seeing 
the Rev. John Wesley two or three times in her young 
girlhood. The regiment to which her father belonged 
was sent early in the new century to the Island of Ceylon, 
and there, under the preaching of the Rev. Wm. Harvard, 
she with her husband and parents was converted and 
united with the Methodist Church and received her first 
quarterly ticket from Mr. Hansard. Coming to Canada 
as a pensioner from the army, Mr. W. had taken up 
land in this township and became identified with the first 
class organized about two miles from their home. This 
aged saint of God passed in triumph to her reward early 
in i860.' 

147 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Conrad Vandusen, father of the Rev. Conrad Van- 
dusen, was born near Albany, N.Y., April 23rd. 1751, of 
German descent. 

' At the Revolution he joined the British army, was 
captured by the Americans, but escaped and was with 
the army until the war was over. He then removed to 
Canada, settled in Adolphustown, where his house, store 
and tavern became a centre for dancing and drinking. 
For about fourteen years these Empire Loyalists knew 
nothing of religious privileges. In 1790 they were vis- 
ited by Wm. Losee, who was entertained in Vandusen's 
tavern, and there the people were invited to preaching. 
A revival followed and the tavernkeeper was one of the 
converts. He closed the bar, cut down the sign post, the 
tavern became a house of prayer, Mr. Vandusen a stew- 
ard and class leader until his death in 1827.' 

The Annual Conference of the Primitive Methodist 
Church in Canada met in Ebenezer Church, Gore of To- 
ronto, April 13th, i860. President — Rev. Wm, Rowe; 
Secretary, Rev. Robt. Boyle. This Conference was the 
largest yet held; cheering increases were reported, and 
funds well sustained. Several ministers were appointed 
to new fields. 

In the investigation of University affairs by the Legis- 
lature, Drs. Ryerson, Green, Stinson and others 
appeared as witnesses. Their statements were published, 
and also Dr. Ryerson's reply to Dr. Wilson, Dr. Lillie 
and others, exposing many misstatements. 

At a public meeting, held in Kingston, the Hon. James 
Ferrier said : ' No other question excited anything like 
so deep an interest in Parliament as the University 
Question. For weeks it absorbed the attention of both 
Houses. When Dr. Wilson uttered his eloquent speech 
before the Committee of the House, it was reported that 
the Methodist faction was defeated and the controversy 
ended. But when I saw Dr. Ryerson enter the room, so 
crowded that there was not standing-room, I said to 

148 



UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGES 

myself, the Methodist cause is not down yet. Dr. Ryer- 
son spoke, with more than bis usual ability and clearness, 
for two hours and forty minutes, and on the second 
day one hour and forty-five minutes, producing the 
deepest conviction of the correctness of bis position. So 
overwhelming was the efifect of bis address that an Hon. 
member of the LTpper House said to me, " I wish he 
belonged to our church," and a member of the Legis- 
lature exclaimed, " My ! What a Bishop he would 
make ! " I hope every minister and member will do bis 
duty in this matter.' 

From the Goderich District we have the following 
from Rev. Geo. H. Cornish: 

' In Seaforth, a village on the Huron Road, eight 
miles from Clinton, bidding fair to become a town of 
some importance, we had no services, the nearest ap- 
pointment being the Sparling Church, one and i quarter 
miles north. So, at the request of my Superintendent, I 
went on Sabbath evening, Nov. 13th, 1859, and preached 
what proved to be the first Methodist sermon in Sea- 
forth. The service was held in an upper room in the new 
frame bouse of Bro. James Sparling, which was well 
filled with an attentive congregation. 

Saturday afternoon, Jan. 21st, i860, have just re- 
turned from Wawanosh, where I have been assisting in 
missionary meetings. The deputation on this tour was 
Revs. James F. Latimer, H. Bawtinheimer, Daniel Con- 
nolly, with myself and the preachers on the mission. 
Revs. E. L. Koyl and John Neelands. Four evenmgs 
we were divided. On Friday night, for the last and most 
important meeting, we all met at the church, and we 
there also had the Chairman of the District, Bro. Cos- 
ford. The weather all the week was favorable, the 
meetings were well attended, and the contributions much 
in advance of last year. This was my first visit to the 
townships of Wawanosh, Asbfield and Colborne. They 
far exceed my expectations, being fairly well settled, and 
having some good gravel roads. In a few years more, 
when the axeman shall have cleared more of these giant 

149 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

forests, it will undoubtedly be a fine agricultural country. 
The mission is enjoying great spiritual prosperity. 

' On Sunday, Jan. 29th, I preached missionary sermons 
at Cole's, Cox's and Welsh's, three appointments on the 
Bayfield Mission, and addressed missionary meetings on 
the five evenings following, the last of the series being 
held in Bayfield village, beautifully situated on the 
shores of Lake Huron. The meetings were all well at- 
tended and the results financially will be in advance of 
previous years.' 

One of the local preachers who greatly aided the regu- 
lar itinerants for many years on all those western 
circuits was Mr. George Webster, of London. His 
father came to that vicinity in 1819, and the first sermon 
preached in London Township was preached in his house 
by the Rev. Samuel Belton. George was converted at the 
age of nineteen and in a few years became a laborious 
and acceptable local preacher. He was also Sabbath 
School Superintendent in London for many years. In 
1839 he married Miss Susanah Jackson, and wnth a 
numerous family, lived to celebrate their golden wed- 
ding, somewhat beyond the time limits of this volume. 
British Columbia, April 14th, i860: 

* I had the pleasure of preaching at the dedication of 
Br. White's church, New Westminster, on Sunday last, 
and attending the tea-meeting, with Dr. Evans and Col. 
Moody. Jew and Gentile, Catholic and Protestant 
joined in the repast.' — A. Browning. 

' Scarcely a week passes in which we have no notice of 
church-opening services. Yet the accommodation 
scarcely keeps pace with the growth of our population. 
When the Leslieville Church was almost ready for dedi- 
cation. Miss Ashbridge, who had taken great interest in 
its erection, was summoned away.' — Guardian. 

The Old Blue Church. — Travellers by land or water 
admire the beautiful scenery along the swift-flowing St. 
Lawrence from Brockville to Prescott. Many beautiful 
homes and fruitful farms remind the passer-by of the 

150 



UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGES 

first settlers, the U. E. Loyalists, who abandoned their 
American homes to follow the Union Jack into these 
British dominions. They point further back, also, to 
earlier expatriation of some of their fathers from the 
banks of the Rhine, for conscience sake, and the settle- 
ment of over a hundred families of refugees, in 1708, in 
the County of Limerick, Ireland, under the protection of 
Queen Anne, where, through the instrumentality of 
Methodist preachers, many of them became examples of 
sobriety and piety. Dotting the picturesque landscape 
and nestling amid the sheltering foliage are still found 
substantial homesteads of the Glassfords, Arnolds, 
Breckenridges, Joneses, Hendersons, Wells, Hecks, Hurl- 
burts, and others, telling their tales of early heroism 
and patient toil. Passing the quiet village of Maitland, 
and midway to Prescott, we come upon the site of the 
" Old Blue Church," originally a frame building, painted 
blue, but now transformed and standing nearer the 
road. Around it is the resting-place not only of Paul 
and Barbara Heck, honored of God in the planting of 
Methodism in both divisions of this great continent, but 
also of Thomas Madden, two of his daughters — Eliza, 
who died early, and Hester, the gifted and devoted wife 
of Alva Adams — of Heman Hurlburt also, and his wife — 
parents of four Methodist ministers^ — of Catharine 
Switzer — the beautiful girl who, at the age of sixteen, 
became the wife of Philip Embury, and, after his death, 
of John Lawrence, in whose house was organized the 
first Methodist class in Augusta — and of other early 
settlers and their descendants. 



151 



CHAPTER XIII. 

i860. 

THE PRINCE OF WALES AND METHODISM. 

Conference, Kingston — Playter— Eastern Conference — The Prince 
— McDougall — Scott — Lawrence — Pacific Coast — Jubilee — 
Wooster — Convention — Young People — Planner. 

The Conference of i860 was held in the Sydenham 
St. Church, Kingston, commencing June 6th, i860. 

President — Rev. Dr. Stinson; Secretary, Rev. Ken- 
nedy Creighton. The Revs. Dr. Pickard and James Nar- 
roway, M.A., Representatives of the Eastern Conference, 
were introduced; also Rev. Dr. Sargeant, of the Balti- 
more Conference. 

The official brethren of Kingston presented an address, 
which was read by Dr. Lavell. 

Into full connection — Wm. R. Parker, B.A., John Lea- 
royd, Richard Pinch, Brinton P. Brown, Wm. W. Clark, 
Wm. Cross, John F. Messmore, Wm. J. Hunter, Wm. 
Miller, Philip Rose, Andrew Milliken, Th. Hadwen, 
Samuel C. Philp, Jr., Stephen Bond, Nicholas R. Will- 
oughby, B.A., Geo. M. Meacham, B.A., Andrew L. 
Peterson, James Ash, John Slight, Wm. C. Henderson, 
B.A., Levi Vanderburg, Armand Parent, James Goodwin, 
Donald G. Sutherland, Samuel Wilson, Joseph Kilgour, 
Th. Cleworth, Th. S. Keough, Joshua H. Johnson, 
M.A., Charles Freshman, D.D., John Walton, Ebenezer 
Robson, Arthur Browning. 

Thirty-three candidates were received on trial 

Book Steivard — Rev. Anson Green, D.D. 

Editor — Rev. Wellington Jeffers. 

Members — Total, 53,634; increase, 1,965. 

Superannuation Fund $6,615.32 

Contingent Fund 5,476.86 

Chapel Relief 1,459.89 

152 



THE PRINCE OF WALES AND METHODISM 

The services of the Special Committee on the Uni- 
versity Question were acknowledged, and resolutions 
adopted in reference to Victoria College, with a view to 
enlisting the efforts of ministers and people. 

Addresses were received from the Conferences of 
England and Eastern British America, and replied to. 

A memorial was presented from the Official Board, of 
Great St. James' Street Church, Montreal, in opposition 
to the wearing of the gown in their pulpit. 

The Conference resolved: 

' That the practice of wearing the gown by our min- 
isters, being contrary to the generally established usages 
of our Church in Canada, repugnant to the feelings of a 
great majority of our ministers and people, and calcu- 
lated to foster unnecessary jealousies and divisions in our 
Church, this Conference disapproves of the introduction 
of such practice into any of our churches.' 

The Conference had no desire to enter into the contro- 
versy between the Trustee and Quarterly Boards of the 
St. James' St. Church, and expected that this pronounce- 
ment would suffice to cause the removal of the gown. 

Resolved, ' That the subject of the division of this 
Conference into two or more Annual Conferences be 
referred to the Conference Special Committee, to report 
next Conference.' 

A deputation from Hamilton — Edward Jackson and 
Joseph Lister, Esqs. — presented a proposition regarding 
the purchase oi the Anglo-American Hotel for the pur- 
pose of a Young Ladies'. Educational Institution. 

The Conference approved the project. 

The Revs. Dr. Hoole and James Spencer were ap- 
pointed Delegates to the English Conference. 

On motion, the manuscript of the Rev. G. F. Playter's 
History of Methodism in Canada, Vol. I., was referred 
to the Book Committee for their judgment as to its 
publication. 

Soon after Conference, camp-meetings were held at 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

L'Orignal, Perth, North Gower, Cartwright, Millbrook, 
Barrie, Brampton, Caledon, Peel, Howick, St. George, 
Sault Ste. Marie, etc. 

The Conference of the Eastern Provinces, held in 
Fredericton, reported 15,167 members, an increase of 
351. Ten probationers were admitted to full connection. 
Two ministers had died — William Croscombe and Rich- 
ard Knight, D.D. 

The reports from Mt. Albion Academy indicated en- 
couraging success. 

The Prince of Wales arrived at St. John, N.B., on 
the 23rd of July, and was received with great enthu- 
siasm. A Newfoundland dog, with a massive silver col- 
lar suitably inscribed, was presented to the Prince. 

The new Editor of the Christian Guardian, in a two- 
column editorial, replying to attacks upon the Confer- 
ence by the Montreal IVitncss and its correspondents, 
indicates the directness and force of a trained contro- 
versialist. After a few references to the intolerance of 
Congregationalism under Cromwell, and its assumption 
of exclusive authority in New England under the Puritan 
Commonwealth, the Editor proceeds : 

' The Montreal IVitncss having obtained admittance 
into many a Wesleyan family, under the most plausible 
and liberal professions, has lost no opportunity in striv- 
ing to injure Methodisrh by coining or inserting direct 
or indirect attacks upon the polity, the Conference, the 
constitution, or ministers of the Church. . . . Meth- 
odists have been the pioneers of equal civil and religious 
rights in Upper Canada; and upon no other ground have 
they proceeded or do they stand on the University Ques- 
tion. Yet the Montreal Witness has asserted the reverse 
in every form, and employed all sorts of insinuations 
and innuendoes; has inserted all kinds of extracts and 
communications, impugning the motives as well as the 
proceedings of Wesleyan ministers in their efforts to 
obtain a truly Provincial University, including all the 
colleges of the country, and based upon the principle of 

154 



THE PRINCE OF WALES AND METHODISM 

equal rights to all the colleges. But the secret of these 
imputations by the IVitness and the pretended non-sec- 
tarian zeal for the Toronto monopoly, is that Congrega- 
tionalism itself is reaping a golden harvest from that 
monopoly. The Rev. Mr. Marling and Dr. Lillie do not 
even notice the answers given their arguments by Dr. 
Ryerson, but repeat them as if they had never been 
answered. The IVitness has not published a line of the 
speeches delivered in defence of the Wesleyan Church, 
and yet modestly wishes us to lay before our readers the 
speeches of Mr. Marling and Dr. Lillie.' 

Dr. Lillie, in a two-column reply, which The Guardian 
published, curtly inquires : 

"Who, sir, are you, or, who is the Methodist Confer- 
ence, that your permission or theirs should be an essen- 
tial preliminary to men's speaking their minds on any 
question they may regard as involving the public interest? 
What I feel it my duty to say I will say." 

To which the Editor replies : 

' Not one word did we say that could be tortured 
into questioning the liberty or right of Dr. Lillie and 
Mr. Marling to make speeches on the University Ques- 
tion, or the Witness to publish them. The whole para- 
graph insultingly implies what is contrary to fact, 
without the manliness of stating it.' 

After taking up all the points in Dr. Lillie's letter, the 
Editor thus concludes : 

" We have now waded through the twenty-three para- 
graphs of Dr. Lillie's letter, and we may appeal to the 
reader whether it contains a single fact or argument on 
the University Question ; whether it is anything more 
than a very long and discourteous scold, interspersed 
with imputations of both our motives and acts." 

It is not desirable, at this day, to give further samples 
of the speeches and writings entering into the con- 
troversy which raged around L'niversity matters half 
a century ago. Earnest work was required to break up 
monopoly and insure equal rights to all. Editors and 
writers soon found it advisable to be wary of their 

155 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

attacks upon The Guardian or the constituency it repre- 
sents. It is satisfactory to know that these discussions, 
though sharp and exciting, prepared the way for more 
equitable arrangements and affiliation of the colleges. 

Dr. Charles Freshman, the Jewish Rabbi, of Quebec, 
having been received into the Methodist Church, was 
appointed to labor among the Jews and other foreigners 
in Hamilton. 

The Rev. James Spencer worthily represented Can- 
adian Methodism before the English Conference : 

' Our churches,' said he, ' and we think we have a 
right to that name, being the first there ' — cheers — ' our 
churches are multiplying at a rapid rate, and we like to 
have them out of debt. We are as loyal as Englishmen, 
as is shown by the demonstrations in honor of the Prince 
of Wales in his progress through our country.' 

After a royal reception in Montreal, the Prince 
passed up the Ottawa River and was met at the mouth 
of the Gatineau by a grand flotilla of canoes, and escorted 
into the City of Ottawa, where he laid the massive corner- 
stone of the new Parliament Buildings. Amid banners 
and bands of music, he visited the Chaudiere Falls and 
other places of interest, witnessed the enthusiastic loyalty 
of the people, then left for Brockville, Toronto and other 
western points. Thomas Buck, Esq., of Norwood, writes : 

' I was in Quebec and witnessed the reception given 
the Prince of Wales. In Montreal, also, I saw the great 
preparations. But it gives me pain, as it must every 
true Christian, to read of the Balls, and his dancing till 
near daylight. How much better to hear of his giving 
thanks for his safe arrival.' 

The views of many were voiced by the Rev. H. Wilk- 
inson : 

' It is impossible for the truly Christian portion of Her 
Majesty's subjects to close their eyes to the special 
prominence given to the Ball on the programmes for the 
reception of His Royal Highness. The praiseworthy 
anxiety to render honor no doubt tends to suppress the 

156 



THE PRINCE OF WALES AND METHODISM 

heartfelt protest of tens of thousands to this pernicious 
example.' 

In reference to the Ball to be given in New York, in 
honor of the Prince of Wales, Horace Greeley, in the 
Tribune, says: 

' We are concerned to see names on the committee 
which are more familiar to the public in connection with 
Foreign Missions, the Tract Enterprise, and the Fulton 
St. prayer-meeting than in association with the frivolities 
of the Ballroom.' 

The Prince's reply to Address from the Conference: 
'Gentlemen, — It has been a source of much gratifica- 
tion to me to receive at various stages of my progress 
through this country Addresses from every denomina- 
tion of Christians, all equally kind in their welcome to 
me, and all equally loyal to the throne and person of the 
Queen. I see in this fact the results of that civil and 
religious liberty which prevails in Canada. I trust that 
amongst the blessings enjoyed by this Province, where 
religious equality is conceded to all, that of religious 
peace may not be wanting.' 

The Prince left £200 to be invested for prizes in Vic- 
toria College. 

A voice from the North: 

' Our newest village, Flesherton, has not yet been able 
to erect a building exclusively for worship, but on the 
15th of July the Rev. A. R. Campbell, of Artemesia, 
obtained the use of a commodious room in a hotel, where 
he addressed a number of laborers employed on the 
gravel roads, and residents — a congregation of about 
seventy, all comfortably seated and attentive. Mr. Fow- 
ler, a merchant, brought a melodeon, which greatly 
helped the singing. We hope to continue the services.' 

Among the notable appointments of last Conference 
was that of the Rev. George McDougall to Norway 
House. On his way, Aug. 2nd, i860, he writes: 

' We reached Georgetown, 500 miles from Lake Win- 
nipeg, on Saturday evening, and received a hearty 
welcome. Our journey across the plains was tedious, 

157 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

mosquitoes beyond estimate, but our mercies have ex- 
ceeded our trials. This is truly a great country. The 
munificence and power oi the Creator is seen on every 
hand; prairies almost boundless, mighty rivers, beautiful 
lakes, flowers in endless variety — all speaking of God. 
But the poor Indians are in the utmost deg'"adation. 
White men seldom venture west of this unless in large 
parties. You may hear from us at Red River.' 

Peter Lawrence, of Eglinton, ' was born in New Bruns- 
wick in 1788. In 1810 he came westward and settled 
in York Township. After a few months, through curi- 
osity, he attended a class-meeting at 6 o'clock in the 
morning. By the experiences of the members and the 
counsels of the leader, he was so deeply impressed that 
he resolved, " This people shall be my people." At a 
camp-meeting he obtained peace, and for forty years 
served God and his generation until in his 72nd vear, 
on the 19th of August, i860, he was called home.' 

During September and October, camp-meetings were 
held near Owen Sound, Belmont, Mooretown, Grimsby, 
Elma, Warwick, Goderich, Guelph, Ingersoll, Bob- 
caygeon, etc. 

Dr. Parsons Cook, senior Editor of the Boston Re- 
corder, kept his pen busy some years ago writing against 
Methodism. Recently, for the first time, he attended a 
camp-meeting and learned some good things : 

1. The holding of the minds of the people steadily 
and continuously to divine truth. 

2. The drawing of large assemblies, where even a 
bo'W at a venture may pierce the joints of the harness, 
and those who came to scofif may stay to pray. 

3. Coming for amusement, m.any hear the Gospel who 
may rarely hear it elsewhere. 

4. Opportunity is given for intense and continued 
prayer. 

A four-page leaflet, containing poetic remembrances of 
Rev. Peter Jones, was issued by the Rev. Jonathan Scott: 

' A beautiful memento of departed worth from as 1 
ardent a friend of the Indians as Canada possesses.' 

158 



THE PRINCE OF WALES AND METHODISM 

Resolutions of Conference regarding Victoria College 
were laid before the Quarterly Meetings and heartily 
approved. They were willing to assume an annual con- 
tribution of ten cents per member in support of the 
College. 

The Eastern Townships : 

' That the Methodism of Canada East cannot be 
charged with stagnation the minutes abundantly show. 
In what is now the Stanstead District, there were, in 
1854, 7 circuits and 7 ministers; in i860, 15 circuits, 20 
ministers and 2 French missions. We are persuaded 
that a comparison of the whole Eastern work with other 
portions of British North America w\l\ tend to the honor 
of the self-sacrificing men who have carried it on during 
the last 25 years.' — ^John Tomkins. 

Elizabeth Cummer, wife oi Mr. Edward Stevenson, 
Aurora, ' died Nov. 26th, i860, in the 41st year of her 
age. Early in life she was brought into fellowship with 
God's people and continued an earnest helper in every 
good cause. She left five children to the care of a loving 
husband, who was a firm and useful worker in the Church 
until called to follow her at the ripe age of 89 years.' 

The Rev. Lachlin Taylor, having twice visited Great 
Britain, also many portions of Europe and Asia, on his 
return greatly delfghted large audiences with lectures on 
his travels. 

The missionary income for the past year was $51,823. 
A debt has been accumulating for some years, now 
amounting to $11,720. 

A correspondent, " Alpha," presents, in a lengthy 
article, eight good reasons why the Primitive and Wes- 
leyan Churches should unite. 

On New Year's morning, 1861, the annual muster of 
Methodist Sunday Schools, in Montreal, was held in 
Great St. James' St. Church. Nearly a thousand scholars 
occupied the galleries, with parents and friends in the 

159 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

lower portion. The total number of scholars is 1,120, 
and their missionary contributions this year $531. 

The Christian churches of the world agreed to observe 
the second week of January, 1861, in special prayer for 
a more abundant outpouring of the Holy Spirit. 

The churches as well as the States of the neighboring 
Republic realize the difficulty that slavery is making. 

In connection with the Kingston Missionary Anni- 
versary, a Breakfast was given in behalf of the British 
Columbia missions. Among special contributions were a 
locket and chain from a lady and a $50 cheque from 
Hon. Jas. Ferrier. 

At the request of the St. Armand Quarterly Meeting, 
the Rev. Barnabas Hitchcock preached a Jubilee sermon. 
He was one of the three young men converted through 
the blessing of God upon a sermon preached in a whis- 
pering voice by the Rev. Hezekiah Calvin Wooster, in 
1798, as he passed through the neighborhood, going home 
to die. The other two were Rev. Thomas Best and Mr. 
George Wilson. 

A prophetic note was struck by the Rev. Wm. Ames, 
Feb. 8th, 1861 : 

" If all are truly anxious for the glory of God, as we 
hope they are, and if it appear that His glory can be 
more fully advanced by union than by disunion, surely 
we may hope that He whose glory we seek will impart 
the wisdom necessary to bring about so desirable a con- 
summation." 

From the pleasant little vil'lage of Westmeath, in the 
Upper Ottawa region, the Rev. Wm. Tomblin tells of 
revivals and the successful labors of a German and 
French missionary in Ottawa, Renfrew, Pembroke and 
other parts, where needy German settlements were 
found. 
Victoria County : 

' This county has settlers from the lands of the Sham- 
rock, the Rose, and the Thistle, with a few native-born 

160 



THE PRINCE OF WALES AND METHODISM 

Canadians. Beautiful lakes, towering hills and fertile 
valleys make the northern parts romantic. Lindsay, our 
prospective County Tovi^n, vi^ith a population of 2,000, 
had, a few years ago, only two or three stores and as 
many taverns. Bobcaygeon is a thrifty village, with 
about 250 inhabitants, 24 miles from Lindsay, the centre 
of a large lumbering district. Three steamboats ply 
between Lindsay, Bobcaygeon and Peterborough. The 
religious condition of the people is not less than a hun- 
dred per cent, better than it was two years ago. At that 
time the Rev. John A, Dowler had 41 members and 60 
on trial ; last year we had 100 members and 75 on trial. 
Without house or home, he took up his abode in a 
tavern. Now he has a comfortable parsonage, and not 
more than $50 debt. They had no churches ; now they 
have two and subscriptions to warrant the building of 
one in Bobcaygeon and another at Fenelon Falls. Mis- 
sionary givings are also a hundred per cent, in advance. 
We know of no place where the Missionary Society is 
so speedily receiving such a return. It is the glory of 
our missionaries to follow the woodman's axe; may this 
glory never depart. This county has been a terror to 
some of our young men, but Wm. Galbraith, in his first 
year, is not afraid to face the music' — D. C. Clappison. 

Wellesley Mission, March 4th, 1861 : 

' The year thus far has been one of great toil. We have 
taken up four new appointments, and in four classes 
have about sixty persons, newly found in God, who 
promise to do well. Three churches have been erected 
and dedicated since Conference, and there is not more 
than about $50 debt on the three. We expect to raise 
more missionary money than last year.' 

Bath Circuit, March, 1861 : 

' To the industry and perseverance of Bro Michael 
Fawcett, we are indebted for the church in Bath ; to Bro. 
Beynon for the comfortable parsonage, and to Bro. 
Clappison for freedom from financial embarrassment. 
In improving the interior of the church and furnishing 
the parsonage, the Ladies' Aid has expended over $250. 
For our missionary meetings the churches and school- 
houses were tastefully decorated and the income is likely 

II 161 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

to be in advance. Our college money was raised through 
a lecture by the Rev. Wm. Stephenson on " Past, Present 
and Future," a magnificent lecture. We have received 
62 on trial.' — ^J. Herbert Starr. 

Kincardine and Bruce Mission — Rev. J. F. Latimer 
and Geo. H. Cornish. The field large ; ten appointments 
in four townships. Roads bad and people scattered. The 
Lord has blessed the united labors of His servants. Souls 
have been saved and believers have been strengthened. 
We report an increase of seventy to our membership. 
Every Circuit and Mission on the District reports having 
had a good year and consequent increase in members. 

The examinations and Convocation of Victoria College 
in May, 1861, were of unusual interest and afforded the 
highest satisfaction, both as to the number of students 
and the work accomplished. The President. Rev. S. S. 
Nelles, M.A., recently honored by Queen's College with 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity, on behalf of the Senate 
of Victoria, had the high privilege of conferring the 
degree of Doctor of Laws and Literature on the Rev. 
Egerton Ryerson. 

World-wide Methodism hears with regret of the death 
of Thomas Farmer, Esq., for many years Lay Treasurer 
of the Wesleyan Missionary Society, London, England, 
a man of noble Christian character, whose contribution 
to b/enevolent and religious enterprises reached £10,000 a 




162 




1. Wakefield. John, D.I). 
4. Jackson, Mr. Edward 
7. Edgar, James, M.D 



2. \au,\, Mr. Thomas 
5. Mrs. Edward Jackson 
8. Wilson, Rev. John C. 



3. Cochran Geoige, D.P 
6. Massey, Mr. Hart 
9. Pirritte, Wm.. D.D. 



CHAPTER XIV. 



THE FIELD AND THE WORKMEN. 

Conference, Brantford — Edmonton — Fire — Eastern Conference — 
Ruston — Rocky ^Mountains — Woolsey — Female College — ^Car- 
roll — Population — Browning — Slater — Rolling Sands — Jack- 
son — Quebec — Kingston — Plater — Bangs — Conference, 1862, 
Belleville — Globe — -Wesley — Gowns — Lucas — Wilkinson — 
Stinson — Woolsey — McDougall. 

The Conference of 1861 was held in Brantford, com- 
mencing on the 5th of June. 

President, Rev. Joseph Stinson. D.D. ; Secretary, Rev. 
John Gemley. 

Into full connection — Wm. Irwin, George Browne, 
Daniel Connolly, John Scott, Richard Potter, Samuel C. 
Philp, Jr., Isaac Baker, James Broley, Christopher Ham- 
ilton, Wm. M. Cooley, Joseph Kilgour, James Kennedy, 
Isaac B. Tallman, Hall Christopherson, Robert Smith, 
Th. A. Ferguson, Hugh McLean, John Potts, Wm. E. 
Walker, Edwin Fessant, Alexander Langford, Th. W. 
Jeffrey, Robert Mark, Wm. W. Ross, Peter Campbell, 
Archelaus Doxee, James Thorneloe and Oliver E- Burch. 

Twenty-six candidates were received on trial. 
Died — ^Cornelius Flummerfelt, February loth, 1861, aged 
y2 years. 
Robert Hobbs, February, 1861, aged 31 years. 
Thomas Drake, Jr., April 30th, 1861, aged 23 
years. 

Book Stezvard — Anson Green, D.D. 

Editor — Wellington Jefifers. 

Agent for Cpnnexional Funds — Thomas Demorest. 

Representative to the English Conference — George R. 
Sanderson. 

Representatives to the Eastern Conference — The 
President, the Co-Delegate, S. S. Nelles, D.D., and John 
Gemley. 

163 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

At the request of the people of Brantford Dr. Ryerson 
gave a lecture on Education. 

' It was an address of extraordinary clearness and 
carried conviction, we verily believe, to every hearer.' 

A full report of Victoria College was presented. To- 
wards its support a contribution, averaging ten cents a 
member, is expected from the circuits. 

The Committee on the Division of Conference advised 
a division into four Conferences. After discussion the 
matter was deferred. 

The appointment of Rev. Dr. Stinson as President, 
Rev. Enoch Wood as Superintendent of Missions, and 
Rev. James Musgrove as Co-Delegate was requested. 

The number of ministers to attend the next Confer- 
ence was limited to 200, in addition to officers of Confer- 
ence and candidates for ordination. 

The Conference of the Eastern Provinces met in St. 
John, N.B., June 26th, 1861, Nine young men were re- 
ceived into full connection and fifteen on trial. Two 
ministers had died — Charles Gaskin and Thomas Gaetz. 
The deputation from the Canada Conference was intro- 
duced. The Revs. J. Snowball, Ch. Churchill, A.M., and 
J. Allison, M.A., were appointed Delegates to the next 
Canada Conference. 

The Rev. Dr. Pickard was requested as President for 
next year and the Rev. Ch. De Wolfe as Co-Delegate. 

During the early summer camp-meetings were held on 
the St. Vincent, Goderich, Cartwright, Cobourg, Peel, 
Wolford, Ebenezer, Brock, Howick and other circuits. 

The Education Question was still before the country, 
and some papers continued their opposition to the action 
of the Conference. 

' With a disingenuous perverseness the advocates of 
monopoly persist in saying that we wish the destruction 
of Toronto University. There is no truth in the charge ; 

164 



THE FIELD AND THE WORKMEN 

we have said all along let the Toronto Institution be sus- 
tained. We demand impartial treatment of all the col- 
leges, and no honest man will gainsay or oppose our posi- 
tion. Let our opponents state our position honestly, then 
meet it with honest arguments. They have never done 
so.' — Guardian. 

The Rev. S. C. Philp and family were scarcely settled 
in Lindsay when nearly the whole town was swept by 
fire. The loss is estimated at $800,000. 

Mary Charlotte Ruston ' was born in 1821, near Odell- 
town, C.E., whither her father and family had come from 
Hull, England, in 1820. For educational advantages 
Mary spent several years with Mrs. Latham, in Quebec 
and Montreal. At the age of sixteen, under the ministry 
of Rev. Dr. Harvard, in Quebec, she was led into the 
clear experience of saving grace, and was thenceforth a 
sincere member of the Methodist Church. As the wife of 
the Rev. R. A. Flanders, with cheerful fortitude she 
shared the trials incident to the itinerancy ; a wise coun- 
sellor, a faithful friend, a loving mother, leading her 
children early into the beauties of religion, and taking a 
lively interest in the work of every circuit. After anxi- 
ous watching with her children, during sickness, the toil 
of moving proved too great ; she became seriously ill, 
and on the 25th of July, 1862, her spirit took its flight 
to the land of rest. She was 41 years of age.' — R. A. F. 

Rev. Geo. McDougall, writing from Grand Rapids, 
July 23rd, 1861, told of three deputations coming from 
east of the Rocky Mountains seeking a missionary. 

' Can we not do more for the thousands of Indians 
near Edmonton? From 500 of the Stoneys comes the 
cry for a missionary. Through Rundell and Woolsey 
many of them embraced Christianity. We want a prac- 
tical missionary for this important field. Chief Factor 
Christy offers assistance.' 

The Rev. Edward White reports the destruction of the 
new steamer Cariboo, shortly after leaving Victoria, 
causing the death of the captain, the mate and several 
others. 

165 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Rev. Th. Woolsey, after six years' labor among 
the tribes of the Saskatchewan, made the journey of 
about a thousand miles to Red River. He arrived in 
July and was hospitably entertained by the Rev. John 
Black in the Presbyterian manse. Some of Mr. Black's 
people kindly assisted Mr. Woolsey in gathering supplies 
of wheat, flour, cattle, implements, etc. The Anglican 
Bishop of Rupert's Land also extended special cour- 
tesies to the Methodist missionary during his two weeks' 
stay. On the 17th of July Mr. Woolsey set out on his 
return with nine well-ladened carts and four men, be- 
sides other carts and parties. On the way they were 
overtaken by a brigade of the H. B. Co., which was for- 
tunate, as the country was in a disturbed state. 

The Wesleyan Female College, Hamilton, was opened 
to students on the 24th of September, 1861, with 
Miss Adams as Lady Principal, a full staff of teachers, 
and Rev. Richard Jones as Governor. At a public meet- 
ing in the evening the Rev. S. D. Rice reported the pur- 
chase of the buildings for $35,000 — about one-third of 
the original cost. Addreses were delivered by the Rev. 
Drs. Stinson, Nelles, Willis and others, who congratu- 
lated the promoters on the excellent provision made for 
female education, and expressing the highest hopes for 
the success of the institution provided through the lib- 
erality of its originators, who were chiefly gentlemen of 
Hamilton, assisted by all who became stockholders. 

During September and October camp-meetings were 
held on Wawanosh, Stratford, Smith, Saugeen, Glan- 
ford, Berlin, Norwich and other circuits. 

At a breakfast given in the Richmond Street Church. 
Toronto, the Rev. John Carroll said : 

' I remember vv'hen the square on which this church is 
built was enclosed with high cedar pickets, protecting an 
orchard and meadow, where these hands were often em- 
ployed ; and on this very spot I knelt seeking mercy. The 

166 



THE FIELD AND THE WORKMEN 

first missionary meeting in York consisted chiefly of the 
exhibition of a few Indian children from the Credit.' , 

Richard Woodsworth, Robt. Kenny, of Aylmer, C.E., 
Dr. Beatty, of Cobourg, and many others spoke. At the 
public meeting in the evening Revs. Kennedy Creighton, 
John A. Williams, George Douglas and Dr. Stinson gave 
addresses. The Missionary income was $48,652, an in- 
crease of over $6,000. 

By a committee appointed at the Conference of i860 
a monthly magazine, the " Wesleyan Repository and "Lit- 
erary Record" was issued. At the last Conference it 
was proposed to change the title to " Wesleyan Magazine 
of Canada," under the editorial supervision of Rev. Jas. 
Spencer. 

In November, 1861, a " Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation " was organized in Woodstock, in connection 
with the Methodist Church, under the pastoral oversight 
of the Rev. Wm. Stephenson. About $100 v.-as sub- 
scribed towards a library, and arrangements were made 
for monthly lectures, etc. 

Census of Canada, 1861 : 

Population of Upper Canada .2,506,755 

Population of Lower Canada. 1,396,091 

Roman Catholics 1,200,865 

Church of England 374^887 

Methodists 372,'i54 

Presbyterians 347^991 

Baptists 69,310 

Lutherans ^5,156 

Congregationalists . 14^284 

Bible Christians .-. 8,084 

As -the Bible Christians are really Methodists, they 
might well be numbered with them, making 380,179. 

In Upper Canada — Methodists. 341,572 

Church of England. 311,565 

Presbyterians 303^384 

Roman Catholics. ....... 258,141 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Fort Hope, B.C., November loth, 1861 : 

' For days I was reported drowned in the treacherous 
Fraser. We were caught in a hurricane — but I hope soon 
to see my friends. Our church in Yale will be finished 
with little debt, though lumber is $40 a thousand and 
other things in proportion. We have but one Methodist, 
but Catholics, Jews and Chinese are helping. A fortu- 
nate miner gives us $100.' — A. Browning. 

The Rev. J. C. Slater, Barrie, writes of a missionary 
trip: 

' On Saturday, February 5th, 1862, I left with our 
Chairman, Rev. K. Creighton, for Penetanguishene — 
Rolling Sands, from the crumbling of the sandy points. 
Winding among the trees of the forest we found the 
road so good one might think it a gravel road leading to 
a city, instead of to the " Ultima Thule " of the County 
of Simcoe. With good sleighing, amid the varied scenery 
of hills and valleys, rivers and lakes, we were soon at the 
clean and comfortable Half-way House. Much of the 
land is sandy and the settlements few. Toward evening 
we arrived at the home of Mr. Jeffrey, merchant, from 
whom and his excellent family we received a most cor- 
dial welcome. Though not a member of our church, he 
is a very generous supporter. The population i? chiefly 
French and half-breeds. The language, one-horse sleds, 
etc., remind us of the habitants of La Bas Canada. Quite 
an amount of business is done here in Indian trading. 
One house is said to have collected $20,000 worth of 
furs in a season. There are three churches — French 
Catholic, Episcopal and Methodist. Our congregations 
were small, but we did our best. The Monday meeting 
was a success. C. Smeath, Esq., was called to "the chair ; 
Bro. McNamara read the report ; Mr. Patterson, a great 
traveller and warm friend of missions, gave a good 
speech and was followed by the deputation. Miss Jeffrey 
on the melodeon led the choir, adding greatly to the in- 
terest. It seemed as though this loving people had given 
up all ordinary work for a missionary jubilee. Our 
return was as pleasant as our going out, and we shall 
retain pleasant memories of our visit to the city of the 
Rolling Sands.' 

168 



THE FIELD AND THE WORKMEN 

Daniel V. Lucas, a student at Victoria College, having 
volunteered for mission work in British Columbia, was 
ordained in Yorkville February 2nd, 1862, and left on 
the following Thursday. 

Owen Sound District, by the Chairman : 

* On St. Vincent Mission a comfortable new parson- 
age, good missionary meetings and many accessions. A 
new church needed in Meaford. Great prosperity on Mt. 
Forest mission. Arthur village the scene of many con- 
versions ; missionary meeting of great interest; good 
singing, aided by an old English shipbuilder. In Durham 
a new church, regular services and good Sundav School. 
Arran the most promising field in the District. Inver- 
may — a good parsonage and fine brick church opened 
February 9th, 1862. Hanover — successful missionary 
and tea meetings, parsonage relieved of debt. Southamp- 
ton — good Quarterly meeting, some conversions, parson- 
age needed. Owen Sound is one of our most desirable 
appointments.' — ^J. A. W. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hutchinson Jackson were in Southamp- 
ton in 1854. The first little church was made into a 
dwelling house — still standing. Andrew Graham, James 
Turner, John Belshar and his wife — Miss Grafton, of 
Dundas — were among the earliest Methodists in the 
place. 

Quebec District — 

' On Eaton Circuit congregations increased and new 
members received ; a new church being built in Cook- 
shire; missionary meetings successful. New ministers 
on the District — Scott, Fessant, Evans, Derrick, Peake, 
McDonagh — are awakening new life.' — R. B. 

Stanstead District — 

' Attended 19 missionary meetings in Potton, Bolton, 
Georgeville, and Dunham; subscriptions well in advance. 
The Granby church is repaired.' — E. S. Ingalls. 

The city of Kingston enjoyed a succession of encour- 
aging events: the successful revival labors of Rev. Wm. 
Taylor, California, in the early autumn; a visit and lec- 
ture from the editor of the Guardian in the interest 

169 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

of Wesley Hall and the Young People's Movement, and 
a presentation to Aliss Butler, organist; missionary ser- 
mons by Rev. John Gemley of Quebec ; sermons by Rev. 
George Douglas at Sydenham St. Church anniversary. 

Playter's History of Methodism — 

* This work will be found exceedingly entertaining and 
instructive. We did not expect so full an exhibit from 
the scattered materials available. We would not be with- 
out it for five times its price.' — Guardian. 

It was a volume of 420 pages, price $1.25, and an 
edition of 4,000 was published. Not many may know 
the labor involved in collecting, investigating and select- 
ing materials for such a history. The present writer and 
the Methodist Church owe a debt of gratitude to the 
patient toiler for collecting and preserving these early 
records of our church. 

The Rev. Nathan Bangs, D.D., died in New York on 
the 3rd of May, 1862, at the age of 84 years. His early 
ministry in Canada was the beginning of a career of 
great usefulness in a wider sphere, in which his ability, 
firmness and gentleness of disposition won general 
esteem and affection. 

Cookstown, advanced from a mission to a circuit, re- 
ports an increase of members from 267 to 360; two minis- 
ters well supported, three new churches built, a site 
secured for another and a parsonage, and good increase- 
in missionary money. A proposal to sanction the run- 
ning of street cars on Sunday in Toronto was refused by 
the unanimous vote of the City Council on the 9th of 
June, 1862. 

" At the Convocation of Victoria College Air. John J. 
McLaren, of Hinchinbrook, received the degree of B.A. 
and also the Prince of Wales Gold Medal for 1862." — 
Huntingdon Journal. 

The Conference of 1862 met in Belleville on the 4th 
of June, the Co-Delegate, Rev. Henry Wilkinson, in the 
chair. Owing to the serious illness of the Rev. Dr, 

170 



THE FIELD AND THE WORKMEN 

Stinson it was considered expedient and legal to elect a 
President. The Rev. Enoch Wood was elected, the Rev. 
James Musgrove being Co-Delegate. The Rev. Wm. 
Scott was re-elected Secretary. The delegation from the 
Eastern Conference, Rev. Charles Churchill, M.A., and 
Rev. John Allison, were introduced. They bore clear 
testimony to the success of the Union. 

Into full connection — ^Wm. Hall, B.A., Shem Blan- 
shard, Wm. Hayhurst, Wm. J. Hewitt, James Anderson, 
Phineas D. Will, John Sanderson, Elias W. Frazee, 
Thomas Bell, Geo. H. Cornish, Henry F. Bland, Joseph 
A. Dorion, John Salmon, B.A., James Alex. Gordon, 
David Ryan, Th. Brock, Robt. Thompson, Th. Feather, 
Edward Harris, Benj. Sherlock, Wm. Sheridan, Samuel 
Jackson, Wm. H. Peake, Samuel Teeson, George Sten- 
ning. 

Thirty-three young men were received on trial. 
Died — John Goodfellow. July 22nd, 1861, aged 43 years. 
Samuel Belton, October 6th, 186 1, aged 71 years. 
William Williams. November 19th, 1861, aged 32 

years. 
George Jones, May 20th, 1862, aged 28 years. 

Total number of members 54,405, increase 841. 

The Book Steward and the Editor were re-elected. 
The Rev. Dr. Green was nominated for President next 
year, the Rev. John Carroll for Co-Delegate and the 
Rev. Enoch Wood, D.D., as Superintendent of Missions. 
The Rev. A. Hurlburt gave an account of his reception 
by the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church ; an address from that Conference was read, also 
one from the English Conference. 

In reference to the erection of a French Methodist 
Church in Quebec, the report of the committee was 
adopted, committing the oversight of the French work 
to a mixed committee. 

The Rev. William Arthur, M.A., and John Douse 
were appointed Representatives to the English Confer- 
ence. Quebec was chosen as the next place of meeting. 
Conference closed on Friday. 

171 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

At the closing of Hamilton Female College several 
excellent essays were read, interspersed with vocal and 
instrumental music. A presentation was made to Miss 
Adams, the Principal, amid general congratulations on 
the success of the first year. 

The Globe of June 28th inquires : 

" Will no friendly correspondent give us a hint as to 
what went on with closed doors at the Belleville Wes- 
leyan Conference on the subject of the Common School 
and University Question ? " 

The editor of the Guardian replies : 

' If the Globe will accept the services of a would-be 
friendly contemporary, we beg to inform that most 
catholic and impartial journal that we are glad to hear of 
its anxiety to obtain news from the Wesleyan Confer- 
ence, as we believe it is the first intimation it has given 
its readers that any Wesleyan Conference had been held. 
We also beg to say that there were no closed doors while 
any general question was considered. We had a large 
number of visitors most of the time, and reports of the 
proceedings appeared in the three Belleville papers, some 
of which were copied by several other papers. Very little 
was said and no action taken on the University Question, 
except to appoint a committee. The ministers and mem- 
bers of the Wesleyan Church are so unanimous and the 
question has taken such a shape that they did not consider 
further action necessary. Xo disrespectful word was 
spoken respecting any other Christian denomination.' 
■ British Methodism — Members, 325,262; on trial, 24,- 
952. What the Central Christian Advocate says: 

' Our Canadian brethren are progressing nobly in their 
work, and have reached the Pacific. In a few years 
they will have several conferences. British America will 
be a great empire, friendly to the United States, with a 
powerful Methodist confederacy of great efficiency. It 
has already prevented Church and State alliance in Can- 
ada. It is promoting common and college education with 
success. The Christian Guardian is just and liberal to- 
wards this country.' 

By the last General Conference of the Methodist 
172 



THE FIELD AND THE WORKMEN 

Episcopal Church, U.S., the advisability of admitting 
laymen to the General Conference was submitted to the 
Annual Conferences. In 24 Conferences, since held, 
there was a majority of 826 ministers and 2,828 laymen 
against. 

During the summer many camp-meetings were 
held, with the usual blessed results. These meet- 
ings proved mighty agencies in keeping before 
the people the doctrine of forgiveness of sin, 
not as a theory, but as a conscious experience, 
attested by the Holy Spirit. Before John Wesley under- 
stood this experience he heard from the lips of his dying 
father this enlightening testimony : " The inward witness, 
son ; the inward witness ! That is the strongest proof of 
Christianity." That was on the 26th of April, 1735. 
But John Wesley was befogged by the delusions of mys- 
ticism. His departure from Oxford effected providential 
deliverance from the ascetic self-denials and morbid 
humiliations to which he and his chosen companions had 
so long subjected themselves. The fresh air of a trans- 
Atlantic voyage was about to open his eyes and his heart 
to a more robust and spiritual type of religion. Astound- 
ing as it must have been to a learned and self-righteous 
Fellow of Lincoln, the simple testimonies of rejoicing 
Moravians were to awaken in Wesley's developing ex- 
perience " glimpses of attainments in spiritual life 
hitherto unknown to him, and an inward joyful realiza- 
tion which should scatter the mystical subtleties of 
Thomas a Kempis ; the keynote to an exultant song of 
triumph which even the sweetly devotional Jeremy Taylor 
had not taught him to sing." His jubilant song of tri- 
umph, caught up by his people, has given tone and char- 
acter to the multitudes who crowd the ranks of Metho- 
dism, flowing onward from generation to generation with 
convincing sweetness and rapture. 

Cultured and schooled in the things of the Kingdom as 

173 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

was Susannah Wesley, she was long held in bondage 
under the conviction, ' That an absolute assurance of for- 
giveness we can never have until we enter heaven ' ; but 
the veil was taken away, and in her emancipation she 
rejoiced with her son in the clearer light and more scrip- 
tural experience. 

It is matter for congratulation that in the freshness 
and brightness of the Western world we possess and 
profess the religion of the Lord Jesus unclouded by mists 
of seclusion and unfettered by ritualistic observances ; 
and it should be our care to walk in " the liberty where- 
with Christ has made us free." The responsibility is 
upon us to hold and to perpetuate pure and undefiled 
religion, free from the monkish observances and spec- 
tacular attractions which have too often been substituted 
for the Spirit and the power. The few Methodists who 
show an inclination for the wearing of gowns or sur- 
plices by ministers or choirs would do well to remember 
that it was by just such apparently harmless innovations 
that Pusey and his associates, with great professions of 
piety, began the introduction of ritualistic observances 
and by stealthy manoeuvering entangled the church in a 
network of sensuous formalities from which escape has 
seemed impossible. Methodism, made and kept alive by 
the indwelling Spirit of the living God, would be weak- 
ened and its inherent freedom shackled by substituting 
outward and formal observances for inner and spiritual 
life. Even though no such substitution be intended, les- 
sons from other ages and churches admonish us to be- 
ware of beginnings that forbode disaster. 

The building of churches has marked the onward 
march of Canadian Methodism. Wherever newcomers 
hew out for themselves homes in the wilderness, the itin- 
erants follow them with the Gospel message and sanc- 
tuaries are reared in accordance with their hu.mble cir- 
cumstances. As numbers and means increase better pro- 

174 



THE FIELD AND THE WORKMEN 

vision for worship becomes necessary; and the people 
whose homes are improving are not slow to undertake the 
erection of sacred edifices in harmony with improving 
conditions. Among several circuits showing these signs 
of life and progress we find Warwick, Simcoe, Elora, 
Clinton, Dundas, Cayuga, Brampton, Albion, Markham, 
Omemee, Otonabee, etc. 

The Rev. D. V. Lucas writes from Victoria, B.C., June 
3rd, 1862: 

' With Bro. White and two Indians we started for 
Nanaimo in an open boat on the 21st ult. We landed on 
an island in the Gulf of Georgia; slept the first night on 
the ground, the second in the boat, and at noon the fol- 
lowing day reached the end of our trip. The scenery re- 
minded us of "The Thousand Islands," but on a much 
grander scale. On Saturday all business was suspended 
for boat racing. The canoes contained from 8 to 16 
Indians. When the gun at the old Eort gave the signal 
about 150 paddles struck the water. No spirited Roman 
youth was ever more anxious to outstrip his fellows than 
were these Indians. On their return they struck up a 
song, which for sweetness, harmony and time I have 
never heard surpassed. On Sunday Bro \\niite 
preached ; Tuesday a tea and address in the school-room ; 
Wednesday we sailed for New Westminster, arriving in 
the evening, and on Saturday I reached Victoria. The 
brethren who came four years ago have faced many diffi- 
culties, but not one of them thinks of leaving. A great 
future is before us.' 

The Rev. Henry Wilkinson died on the 14th of August, 
1862; 58 years of age. He had been 31 years in the min- 
istry, for many years Chairman of Districts, President 
of Conference, Co-Delegate the last year of his life — one 
of our most laborious and successful ministers. 

On the 26th of August, 1862, the Rev. Joseph Stinson, 
D.D., ex-President of the Canada Conference, died in 
Toronto, after several months of severe affliction, in the 
6ist year of his age and 39th of his ministry. Thus have 
the two chief officers of last year's Conference been taken 
almost together. jyc 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Mr. Joseph Bloor, of Yorkville, came from Stafford- 
shire, England, in 1818. He gave the site upon which 
the church was built and about $5,000 towards the new 
church. He was a faithful member of the church, loved 
as a father in his class, and on the 31st of August, 1862, 
in his 75th year, died with a triumphant hope of eternal 
life. 

By the English Conference the Rev. Dr. Green was 
appointed President of the next Canada Conference, the 
Rev. John Carroll, Co-Delegate, and the Rev. Charles 
DeWolfe, President of the Eastern Conference. 
From Rev. George -McDougall, Aug. 15th, 1862: 
' Our journey from Fort Pitt was made in three days, 
through a country equal to the best part of Canada for 
agriculture — a black loam on strong clay, producing the 
richest grass, feeding countless herds of buffalo; and 
water power without limit. A Cree encampment gave 
us a hearty welcome, and two of their Chiefs accom- 
panied us. Through a good interpreter we pointed them 
to the blessed Redeemer. After our journey, catching 
sight of the native church, now nearly finished, the mis- 
sion premises and the neat little homes, I could scarcely 
realize that I was thousands of miles from home. The 
little fields of barley, wheat, potatoes and turnips look 
well. With peculiar emotion I visited the mission grave- 
yard. After a couple of days with Bro. Steinhaur we 
start for new Victoria Mission.' 

The Rev. Th. Woolsey writes, August i8th, 1862: 
' Though our provisions were nearly gone, we had 
fortunately killed a fat ox, against the arrival of Bro. 
McDougall. On the 20th we left with our guides to visit 
the Crees on the plains. We selected a new site for the 
Victoria Mission, near the Saskatchewan, crossed the 
river in a barge, Mr. John McDougall and others plung- 
ing into the deep waters and swimming across. On Satur- 
day a fine young buck fell to the rifle and supplied our 
need. Hallowed services on the Sabbath. On the 26th 
we came upon the Cree encampment amid great demon- 
strations of delight. They gave us a tent and we had a 
series of open-air services — the first camp-meeting ever 

176 



THE FIELD AND THE WORKMEN 

held on the Saskatchewan Plains. In the Sunday love- 
feast thirteen Indians gave their experience. We are but 
the vanguard of the great Methodist army. After some 
baptisms and a funeral we left, assured that a brighter 
day is dawning upon this people. " Other persons," said 
a Chief, " pass through our country and scarcely notice 
us. I am 54 years old and have seen many changes. I 
remember when buffaloes were thick as blades of grass. 
We have suffered great loss of life by our enemies. We 
must tether our horses and keep watch. We told the 
Sarcees the good words of our missionaries, and for two 
years they have not killed any of us. We remember what 
Mr. Rundle told us and were sorry when he left." Mr. 
McDougall replied, telling them about the Bible, and 
advised them to cultivate the soil. The officers of the 
Fort gave Mr. McDougall a hearty reception on our 
return. We had three services in Cree on Sunday.' 

Other letters from the missionaries continued the 
record. After expressing his admiration of the attrac- 
tively picturesque location chosen for the Victoria Mis- 
sion, Mr. McDougall proceeds : 

' In this delightful country, with its pleasant climate, a 
flourishing mission will soon become a centre of civiliza- 
tion and Christianity to surrounding tribes and exert an 
influence on numbers equal to the whole Indian popula- 
tion of Canada. The Cree and Stoney camp near Carlton 
had seventy tents. Later I passed five camps, each with 
ten to twenty tents. With Bros. Woolsey and Steinhaur 
I visited seventy tents. Had time permitted, the Black- 
feet, Stoneys and Sarcees would have gladly received us. 
Then there are the Wood Indians and a large number of 
Protestant mixed bloods. Most affectionately were we 
received by the missionaries on these vast plains, tra- 
velled the last twenty years by Rundle, Woolsey and 
Steinhaur. The work must be consolidated, churches 
established, and the hunters taught to till the soil. These 
tribes slaughter at least twenty thousand buffaloes yearly 
and they are fast disappearing. We should have imme- 
diately two more missionaries and an experienced teacher. 
The church has both the men and the means.' 

September 2nd Mr. McDougall writes again : 

' We are now in the country of the dreaded Elackfeet, 
12 177 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

and are hourly expecting an attack from the war party. 
Our only refuge is God. Our approach to the great camp 
was very exciting. On the little hillocks around were 
sentinels with loaded rifles and scores of horses grazing. 
The vast circle of tents, all made of dressed buffalo skins, 
and many of them beautifully ornamented, presented a 
striking picture. Inside the inclosure we caught a glimpse 
of savage life, under one of its happiest aspects. Ninety 
fat cows had been captured and stages were loaded with 
the richest meat. Women, the slaves of heathendom, 
were hard at work, while their lords, robed and painted, 
sat smoking. An old conjurer, in alarm, drummed and 
sang most lustily, but we were received with the greatest 
kindness. The head Chief set before us a kettle of the 
choicest flesh. Another offered us his tent. After the 
feast the pipe of peace was passed around, arrangements 
made for an evening service, and the Indian herald an- 
nounced the commencement of their first camp-meeting. 
Around the missionaries gathered the native Christians, 
flanked by the restless eyes and blood-stained faces of 
their savage brothers. Their earnestness cannot be 
described. Through seventeen services we had the price- 
less privilege of pointing these benighted wanderers to 
the Lamb of God, the interest and, we trust, the effect- 
iveness increasing to the end. The head chief was read- 
ing the 8th chapter of Romans when I visited him. Yes- 
terday Bro. Steinhaur left for his station. How often 
he reminds me of the venerated Wm. Case, through 
whom the Ojibway boy was rescued from paganism to 
obtain a good education and become a successful mes- 
senger of salvation to these perishing tribes. Our part- 
ing from the Crees was very affecting, the Chief and his 
warriors accompanying us some distance. On our way to 
Edmonton over the rich, grassy plains we passed within 
fifty rods of a herd of buffalo without disturbing them. 
Elegant antelopes bounded past us with incredible swift- 
ness. Wolves and prairie dogs feasted on dead carcases. 
Withered antlers tell the story of the elk and the moose, 
but the king of the plains is the grizzly bear. Of birds 
and w^ater fowl there is great variety. . . . T deeply 
regretted that I was not able to visit the Stoneys. We 
learned that the noble native who had been their spiritual 
guide was killed last spring bv the Blackfeet. To Jesuits 

178 



THE FIELD AND THE WORKMEN 

who visited them the Chiefs said, " For twenty years we 
have been Methodists, and we shall wait one year longer 
hoping our old friends will remember us." I wrote that 
we would remember them and, if permitted, I would be 
their missionary next summer. On the 9th of September 
we took leave of our hospitable friends of Edmonton, and 
in a small skiff I commenced my homeward journey of a 
thousand miles.' 




Sydenham Street AIetuodisx Chlrcii, Kingston. 
179 



CHAPTER XV. 
1862-3. 

COLLEGES AND CHURCHES. 

Commission — British Columbia — Bowes — Elm St. — Temperance — 
Montreal — Eastern Townships — Conference, 1863, Quebec — 
Class-meetings — Spencer — Jubilee — Aikens — Mason. 

The University Commission — Hon. James Patton, 
M.L.C., Vice-Chancellor of the University; John Beatty, 
Esq., M.D., of Cobourg; John Paton, Esq., of Kingston, 
and David Buchan, Esq., Bursar of the University — re- 
ported : 

' Of the original endowment about 207,493 acres 
have been sold for $1,358,903; unsold, 18,310 acres, 
valued at $167,049; due on land sold, $334,226. The 
College buildings cost $355,907; Library and Museum, 
$65,569. These expenditures the Commission deem dis- 
proportionate to the uses and inexpedient.' 

The Bursar's Department costs $7,670 — one-seventh of 
the present annual income; fuel, in 1861, $2,598. There 
had been no audit of the Bursar's accounts. 

The Commissioners submitted their proposed scheme 
to the chartered Colleges and to the Senate of Toronto 
University, and the replies showed " substantial agree- 
ment " in approval of the plan — 

' that the Senate of the University consist of the heads 
of the Colleges, one elected by each college corporation, 
and one-third appointed by the Government; that $1,000 
be allotted for successful competitors ; that the chartered 
Colleges accept affiliation with the University and that 
the University only grant degrees ; that an annual appro- 
priation be made to University College of $28,000. and to 
each of the affiliated Colleges $10,000 and $500 to each 
for prizes,' etc. 

I So 




1. German, Rev. Peter 
4. Galley, Mr. Edward. 
7. Milner, Rev. Jonathan 



2. Pascoe, Wm. S., D D. 
5. Mrs. Edward Galley 
8. Williams, VVm., D.D. 



3. Milligan G S., LI..D. 
6. Manning, Mr. James 
9. Robson, Ebenezer, D.I). 



COLLEGES AND CHURCHES 

Other suggestions and details are found in the report. 
Several of the Toronto and other papers strongly opposed 
the report and brisk correspondence was kept up for 
some months. 

' We have taken pains,' writes the editor of the 
Guardian, ' to read and hear all that has been available 
on the University Question, and have encouraged discus- 
sion in our columns. We utterly fail to see why the 
proceeds of an endowment that should net $100,000 a 
year should be spent on one College, while it might, with 
a fair amount of local aid, sustain ten, each doing as 
much educational work and doing it as well as the one.' 

' Many petitions have been presented against University 
reform. The publication of the Commissioners' Report 
seems to have aroused the friends of the Toronto 
monopoly. Many of the petitions are from Presbyterian 
congregations. To those who know the relation of 
Knox College to the University it does not seem in the 
best taste that they should petition to retain the 
monopoly.' — Quebec Correspondent. 

October 13th, 1862, the Rev. Dr. Evans writes of his 
tour through British Columbia : 

' My confidence in our future, always strong, has been 
greatly strengthened by what I have seen during recent 
months in passing through portions occupied by miners, 
agriculturists and traders. I am convinced that the coun- 
try is incomputably rich in minerals, and within a few 
years will be the hom.e of thousands of well-remunerated 
cultivators of the soil. I have no disposition to invite 
persons to leave comfortable homes, as some of us have 
been charged with doing. We sympathize with many 
who have met disappointment. Their failures are often 
attributable to themselves or circumstances, for a fair 
proportion have been successful. With God's blessing 
progress is being made in most of our fields of labor. 
The zeal of my esteemed colleague is helping the con- 
gregation and Sunday School in Victoria.' 

The Missionary Committee was in session during the 
second week of November, in the Adelaide St. Church, 
Toronto. At the annual meeting the Mayor, John G. 

181 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Bowes, Esq., presided. The income was $53,427, but the 
expenditure $4,000 in excess. A missionary breakfast 
was given in the Richmond St. Church, attended by about 
200 ladies and gentlemen. 

The opening of the Ehn Street Church, Toronto, 
on the 1 6th of November was an occasion of 
great interest. The Rev. Dr. Wood preached 
the dedication sermon. This interesting cause dates back 
to 1845-50, when volunteers held prayer-meetings and 
Sunday School in the schoolhouse on Teraulay St. In 
1855 the church recently destroyed by fire was built. 
The new church is of white brick, 55x85, with school 
and lecture rooms ; cost $18,000. 

Prohibiton — The Temperance Advocate calls upon all 
friends of temperance to petition the Legislature for the 
suppression of the liquor traffic. 

' We heartily concur in this advice, and petitions should 
be repeated every year until the all-important object is 
accomplished.' — Guardian, December, 1862. 

Revival services begun by Evangelist Hammond in the 
American Presbyterian Church, Montreal, so increased 
in interest during December, 1862, that the meetings were 
transferred to Great St. James St. Methodist Church 
and the Rev. James Caughey, of Burlington, Vermont, 
was invited to come over and assist. The revival inter- 
ested most of the Protestant churches of the city, and 
some hundreds were added to their numbers. 

New Westminster — 

' Many persons arriving in February found the ground 
covered with snow — unusual here. Our church is 
crowded; prayer-meetings and Bible class well attended. 
Dr. Evans came to our missionary meeting — the first held 
here. Mr, Clarkson, from Bowmanville, Ont., was in 
the chair; over $200 contributed. An address and purse 
of $100 cheered Rev. E. Robson.' — E. White. 

The Rev. Lachlin Taylor left in March for Britisl: 
Columbia on a mission for the Bible Society. 

182 



COLLEGES AND CHURCHES 

, Leeds County, C.E. : 

' Our towering mountains, abundant streams and fer- 
tile lands are among the most beautiful landscapes in 
Canada. Our intelligent and devout Methodists appre- 
ciated the Chairman's visit last summer and his sermons, 
full of pathos and power. Our missionary meetings, 
tea-meeting and love-feast were all encouraging. We had 
twelve weeks of revival services, our minister preaching 
twelve times a week.' — ^John T. Lambly. 

The Annual Primitive Methodist Conference com- 
menced its sessions April loth, 1863, in the Alice St. 
Church, Toronto. The Rev. John Nattrass was chosen 
President and the Rev, Thomas Crompton Secretary. 
The increase in members and funds indicates prosperity. 

The Rev. G. F. Playter, replying to inquiries regarding 
his History, says : 

' Preachers and others may wish to learn about the 
second volume. The " hard times " have not been pro- 
pitious for the sale of the first volume, and the author is 
not a little embarrassed. He hopes that the coming Con- 
ference will lend a helping hand towards the publication 
of the second, which is now ready for the press.' 

An edition of four thousand of Vol. L had been 
printed. It is matter of deep regret that Mr. Playter's 
second volume, though written, was never published. It 
was left by the author with the Book Room for examina- 
tion, and what became of it we have not been able to 
learn. The loss of such an accumulation of events con- 
cerning our church from 1828 to i860 cannot easily be 
estimated. 

Owing to the wide separation of the brethren on the 
Quebec District and the impossibility of maintaining fre- 
quent fellowship they looked forward to the Annual 
Meeting with much interest. 

' The great depreciation of American money interfered 
much with the finances of the border circuits, but the 
spiritual aspects of the District were encouraging. The 
city of Quebec had raised upwards of $4,000 for local 

183 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

purposes. On some of the circuits parsonages had been 
furnished. In Cookshire a church was built chiefly- 
through the liberaHty of two gentlemen. The influx of 
American sects was a source of irritation and a hindrance 
to evangelical ministrations. But a brighter day is dawn- 
ing for the Eastern Townships. Their physical aspects, 
in variety, beauty and sublimity are rarely equalled. 
Some parts are specially adapted to agriculture; springs 
of pure water and rich pasturage ensure the choicest of 
dairy products. Mines and minerals afford a variety of 
employment and good results. The approaching Con- 
ference is expected to draw increased attention to this 
part of the field. The supervision of our Chairman, the 
Rev. John Gemley, has been vigilant and sympathetic' 

The venerable Dr. Hannah, concluding his address at 
the Wesleyan Missionary Meeting, in Exeter Hall, said : 

' May I just mention the late Dr. Stinson, whose course 
I have traced from its beginning? I knew him as a youth 
at home when he first gained the religion of our Lord, on 
entering his work as a missionary, in his faithful labors 
at home and abroad, and did not think my beloved young 
friend would cross the river before me. I think of Dr. 
Stinson as a man of sterling piety, of eminent ministerial 
talent, of wise judgment and devoted zeal, who well filled 
up his allotted space and has passed to his rest.' 

New churches have been recently opened in Hastings. 
New Boyne, Camden, Tilbury East, Claremont and many 
other places. 

On the 3rd of June, 1863, the Conference met for the 
first time in the city of Quebec. 

* To most of the ministers everything here is of in- 
terest. The stamp of antiquity is everywhere ; the narrow 
streets, the massive walls and gates, the heavy ordnance, 
the groups of soldiers at every corner inform us that the 
time has not yet come when the nations shall learn to war 
no more. The reception of the Conference has been most 
cordial.' 

At 10 o'clock Wednesday morning the retiring Presi- 
dent, Rev. Dr. Wood, opened the Conference. One hun- 
dred and eighty ministers were present. The Rev. Dr. 

184 



COLLEGES AND CHURCHES 

Green, appointed President of this Conference, took the 
chair, with Rev. John Carroll as Co-Delegate. The Rev. 
James Spencer, M.A., was elected Secretary. 

Into full connection — Wm. Briggs, Francis W. Ware, 
George Burson, Robt. Shavv^, B.A., John Neelands, 
Wm. F. Morrison, B.A., James Hannon, Daniel A. Per- 
rin, B.A., Jos. H. Stinson, Peter Bawtenheimer, George 
McRae, Coleman Bristol, B.A., Isaac Gold, Robt. O. 
Wilson, James Graham, John B. Clarkson, B.A., Jas. W. 
Sloan, Richard N. Adams, Hazelton A. Spencer, Francis 
C. Ireland, George Washington, B.A., Alex. Campbell, 
Jr., Edmund S. Shorey, Alex, La Clair, James A. Gor- 
don, Thomas Bell, and Samuel Jackson. 

Thirty-three candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Thomas Harmon, July 24th, 1862, 78 years. 

Edmund Stoney, August 8th, 1862, 71 years. 

Henry Wilkinson, August 14th, 1862, 58 years. 

Joseph Stinson, D.D., Aue. 26th, 1862, 60 years. 

John Shannon, September 6th, 1862, 25 }ears. 

John H. Mulholland, Oct. 31st, 1862, 24 years. 

Philip Rose, December 29th, 1862, 42 years. 

Abraham Dayman, April 13th. 1863, 44 years. 

James Musgrove, May 9th, 1863, yy years. 

James Ash, June 6th, 1862, 29 years. 
The unusually large number of deaths was deeply felt 
by the Conference. 

Total number of members, 56,338; increase, 1,933. 
The Book Steward and Editor were re-elected. 

A resolution from the Quebec District led to a careful 
consideration of the class-meeting as a Scriptural and 
edifying mode of Christian fellowship. 

A committee was appointed to revise the Discipline, 
with such changes as had been legally made; also a com- 
mittee to prepare a, new Tune Book. 

The Rev. Geo. H. Cornish proposed publishing a 
" Handbook of Canadian Methodism " so soon as the 
necessary information can be obtained. The Conference 
gave its approval. 

The addresses of the Rev. Drs. F. G. Hibbard and 

185 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

F. Hodgson, Delegates from the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, U. S., and the ordination sermon by Dr. Hib- 
bard were listened to with very deep interest. 

The Rev. John Douse reported his visit to the English 
Conference. 

The Rev. Dr. Wood was requested as Superintendent 
of Amissions for next year and the Rev. S. D, Rice as 
Co-Delegate. 

The Revs. John Carroll and Dr. Nelles were appointed 
Delegates to the General Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, U. S. 

The Conference, regarded as one of the most interest- 
ing yet held, closed on Friday evening. 

Several ministers supplied the pulpits of other denomi- 
nations, some of which own their indebtedness to Metho- 
dism. Isaac Taylor says that Methodism saved the lan- 
guishing non-conformity of England. On the death of 
Lady Huntingdon many of Whitfield's chapels became 
Independent ones. Wm. Jay received his first impres- 
sions in a Methodist preaching room at Tisbury. The 
mother of John Angel James, says Mr. Dale, left the 
dissenting meeting house for the Methodist chapel be- 
cause she found there 'more power, though less polish.' 
Dr. Leifchild, Dr. Campbell, George Smith of Poplar, 
Stoughton of Kensington, Parker of Manchester, were 
all Methodist local preachers. Dr. Raffles, Dr McAll, 
James Parsons of York, on the maternal side, were re- 
lated to Methodism. 

Of 2,600 hymns in use by the churches, 1,156 are 
from the Wesleys. Toplady, though a bitter opponent, 
incorporated 164 hymns by the Wesleys in his hymn- 
book. In most later collections there is a similar pro- 
portion. 

The Eastern Wesleyan Conference met in Charlotte- 
town on the 24th of June, 1863. President, Rev. Dr. 
De Wolfe; Secretary, Rev. R. A. Temple. 

186 



COLLEGES AND CHURCHES 

For the 2ist anniversary of the Mt. Allison Academy, 
Sackville, there was an enthusiastic gathering of twelve 
hundred and fifty pupils and friends. 

The Revs. J. H. Starr, of the Canada Conference, 
Edmund Botterell, of Newfoundland, and Fred. W. 
Moore, of Bermuda, were introduced. 

The Reports showed vigorous progress in educational 
and financial interests, but a slight decrease in members. 

In the recent English Conference, during an 
earnest consideration of class-meetings. Dr. Bunting 
closed an earnest address with these words : " Most 
earnestly I exhort all converts to Christianity to avail 
themselves of that incomparable means of grace — the 
class-meeting." 

Mr. Gregory said: " People should be taught that 
their membership was incomplete unless they came to 
the communion of saints. They were all bound to con- 
tribute something towards mutual edification." 

William Arthur said : " The Lord's Supper is not a 
test, but a public recognition of church member- 
ship. Every church has its own tests, but there is 
no Scripturaily constituted church that professes 
to dispense with tests altogether. In the Metho- 
dist Church one leading condition and test of membership 
is that, among other Christian duties, fellowship be 
attended to. It is part of God's will that we should 
exhort one another, edify one another, confess our faults 
to one another. The church provides for the individual 
life, the public and the social life of the church. Let us 
do everything to revive the old Methodist spirit in regard 
to the class-meeting and the love-feast." 

Dr. Hannah said : " The wisdom of more than a hun- 
dred years is worthy of our regard. This form of Chris- 
tian fellowship has proved of inestimable advantage, 
and I trust the day will never come when this Confer- 
ence will give any sanction to the neglect of the class- 
meeting." 

Mr. Rigg said : " I am very thankful to hear Mr. 
Arthur state so distinctly that the Lord's Supper is not 
a test of church membership;, but a token of it. There 
are other churches in which persons receive the Lord's 

187 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Supper, though not recognized as fully accredited mem- 
bers of the church. I hope we shall be very loath to 
enlarge by relaxing our test of church membership." 

It was stated in Conference that some young men 
were becoming readers rather than preachers. 

The Rev. John Bredin, from Canada, being asked to 
speak at the open meeting, after some statements regard- 
ing missionary and educational work, said : 

" I predict that a century hence the Canadian people 
will be the noblest specimens of humanity on the face 
of the earth, all that was good in the Celt, the Saxon, the 
Gaul, and other races, combining to form neither English, 
Irish, nor Welsh, but Canadians, who would take their 
right place among the churches of Christendom and 
among the nations of the earth." Cheers. 

Arrangements were made for a Jubilee Celebration of 
the founding of the Wesleyan Missionary Society. 

The seceding bodies of Methodists, in England, seem 
disposed to cultivate fraternal intercourse, with a view 
to possible re-union. The following is a statement of 
their numbers : 

Primitive Methodists 140,000 

Free Methodist and Reform Union 70,000 

Methodist New Connexion 33,000 

Bible Christians 24,000 

Irish Primitives 14,000 

At a Breakfast, opening the Missionary Jubilee in 
England, £10,000 were subscribed. The Rev. Thomas 
Jackson preached a Jubilee sermon, and the offerings 
during one week in Leeds and vicinity were over 
£30,000. 

Rev. Isaac B. Aylesworth, M.D., Agent for Victoria 
College, after a few weeks' canvass, reported $10,000 
raised, between Cobourg and Matilda, with the prospect 
of soon securing the $30,000 required. 

The Rev. James Spencer, M.A., ex-Editor, Secretary 
of last year's Conference, and Representative to the 

188 



COLLEGES AND CHURCHES 

English Conference, died on the 9th of October, 1863, 
after a few days' illness, at the age of 51 years 

The Rev. Lachlin Taylor arrived at Victoria, May 
23rd. Several Chinese were there, in search of gold, 
opening a new phase of missionary work. Captain Peck, 
of the merchant vessel Vancouver, a local preacher, with 
a converted crew, was telling his experience, with good 
effect, to crowds, week-day and Sunday. Some women 
and children had arrived from Bowmanville, Ont. 

At the Annual Meeting of the Missionary Society in 
Kingston, J. A. Mathewson, Esq., of Montreal, proposed 
that we co-operate with the parent Society, and cancel 
the debt of the Missionary Society and all othei Church 
debts. The proposal was heartily accepted and sug- 
gestions made for accomplishing the work. The mission- 
ary income is not meeting the expenditure by six or 
seven thousand dollars a year. 

The Rev. E. Sallows reports an exciting tour among 
the Indians of Lake Superior, and thus ends his story : 

' We rowed down to the "Soo," ran the rapids, met 
many old friends who hailed with shouts our safe return. 
My dear wife and little girl were on the banks anxiously 
awaiting us — after twenty-seven days' absence and a 
journey of 600 miles.' 

After sixteen months' work, the French missionary 
appointed to Montreal reported an average congregation 
of fifty persons and twenty-four members in class. 

Dec. i8th, 1863 — The Rev. George Young writes of 
the Jubilee spirit in Quebec: 

' After the successful missionary meeting the trustees 
determined on a social gathering with a view to raising 
^4,000 on their church debt. When the chairman offered 
S400 eight gentlemen promptly followed his lead, making 
$3,200, which was soon increased to $5,240, when the 
Doxology was thankfully sung. At the missionary meet- 
ing the Hon. James Ferrier, being called to the chair, 
said: 'If we think of our blessings, our gratitude will 
be manifested by our offerings. 

iSo 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

" Shall we, whose souls are lighted 
With wisdom from on high — 
Shall we to men benighted 
The lamp of life deny?" 

^od requires sacrifices. Do the many who give five or 
ten dollars make sacrifices? A man in Montreal, hearing 
of a missionary's need, sent me four dollars and denied 
himself of his 25c. dinner for sixteen days to make up 
the amount. 

' The Hon. J. C. Aikens seconded one of the resolu- 
tions.' 

Havelock Mission — ' After preaching in Norwood and 
Havelock, we were driven seven miles to Victoria, by 
Peter Pearse, Esq., Warden of the County. At the mis- 
sionary meetings, during the following evenings, we 
met many settlers from the vicinity of Belleville. The 
woods abound with game, the lakes with fish, and over 
the ice lumbermen were drawing immense supplies 
of timber. In the southern part of the township, workers 
were in the iron mines. Good schoolhouses are available 
for worship, and the young missionary, fresh from col- 
lege — Edward Morrow, B.A. — has penetrated every 
accessible neighborhood, and visited every Piotestant 
family, not forgetting the children. No wonder we had 
good meetings.' — Chairman. 

The Rev. John Carroll tells of another journey, north 
from Peterborough, with the Rev. John Sanderson, 
through the townships of Smith, Innismore, Verulum, 
Harvey, Somerville, Gal way, Lutterworth, etc., to Gull 
River — 120 miles over land, lake, swamp and ice — finding 
the people " superlatively agreeable." 

Mr. James Aikens, whose arrival in Canada and settle- 
ment in the Toronto Township we noticed in Vol I., p. 
123, made for himself and family a comfortable home, 
and the Presbyterian elder became a Methodist class- 
leader. In 1856 he suffered the loss of his wife and 

190 



COLLEGES AND CHURCHES 

daughter. To himself the call came Dec. 15th, 1863, 
soon after his 82nd birthday. He is remembered as a 
man of inflexible integrity and extensive influence. 
Hon. James C. Aikens and Dr. Wm. T. Aikens, of To- 
ronto, are worthy representatives of a numerous 
family. 

A movement in Montreal Methodism for Church ex- 
tension reached a general and hopeful agreement at a 
representative meeting of all the circuits, on the 27th of 
January, 1864, for the raising of $50,000 and the building 
of three additional churches. 

Mr. Hugh Mason, of Trafalgar, Ont., born in County 
Armagh, Ireland, was one of a noble band of German- 
Irish immigrants who reached Little York about 1820, 
and were among the pioneers to cut away the forests of 
the Toronto, Trafalgar and adjoining townships. In 
1825 Mr. Mason married Miss Eliza, daughter of Samuel 
and Mary Switzer, and both became members of the 
Methodist Church, at the appointment long known as 
" Switzer's." Their home was ever open to friends and 
strangers, and many a toil-worn itinerant received a 
cheering welcome and generous entertainment. After a 
life of faithful service, Mr. Mason died Feb. 14th, 1864; 
Mrs. Mason survived her husband to her 88th year. 

The Revs. John Carroll and Dr. Nelles received a very 
hearty welcome from the General Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, U. S. ; so also did the Rev. 
W. L. Thornton, M.A., Representative from the Eng- 
lish Conference. 



191 



CHAPTER XVI. 
1864. 

MISSIONS BECOME CIRCUITS. 

Conference, Toronto — Dignam — Lord Minton — Blythe — Wingham 
Listowel — Lucknow — Goderich — Seaforth — Barrie — Perth — 
Blackfeet. 

The forty-first session of the Canada Conference was 
opened in the Elm St. Church, Toronto, on the ist of 
June, 1864. The Rev. Wm. L. Thornton, M.A., appoint- 
ed President by the Enghsh Conference, was introduced 
by Dr. Green and welcomed to the chair. His earnest 
and sympathetic address won all hearts. The Rev. S. D. 
Rice was introduced as Co-Delegate. The Rev. Wm. 
Pollard was elected Secretary. Of those appointed to 
attend Conference, over two hundred were present. The 
Rev. Robinson Scott, of the Irish Conference, was intro- 
duced, also the Rev. Fitch Reed, D.D., of the M. E. 
Church, U.S., who, in 1820, had been appointed to the 
York Circuit by Bishop McKendry. In his address he 
referred with much emotion to those early times. His 
visit and addresses were very highly appreciated. 

Into full connection — Peter Addison, Wm. Adams, 
Daniel E. Brownell, Nathaniel Burwash, B.A., Alex. 
Burns, B.A., Nathaniel S. Burwash, Henry Beeson, 
David Brethour, John Corbett, Wm. F. Campbell, David 
Chalmers, George H. Field, Josias Green, Robert God- 
frey, Wm. Hicks, David Kennedy, B.A., Geo. H. Ken- 
ney, Jas. Matheson, Davidson McDonald, John Philp, 
B.A., Jas. E. Richardson, Brock Rose, Edmund S. 
Rupert, B.A., Wm. H. Schofield, B.A., Ezra A. Stafford, 
Geo. Sexsmith, Thomas Walker, John C. Willmott, B.A., 
Wm. C. Watson, B.A., Jas. Whiting. 

192 



MISSIONS BECOME CIRCUITS 

Twenty-nine young men were received on trial. 
Died — James Spencer, M.A., October 9th, 1863, ^g^d 51 
years. 
Robert Brown, November 4th, 1863, aged 45 years. 
Kenneth McKenzie, December 25th, 1863, aged 28 
years. 

The church was well filled Sunday morning for the 
love-feast. The President preached the ordination ser- 
mon. Hundreds were unable to gain admission. The 
Rev. Robinson Scott preached in the evening. All the 
services of the day were greatly enjoyed. 

The Report of the Book Room was satisfactory. 

The Book Steward and Editor were re-elected. 

The Bursar declared Victoria College self-sustaining. 

Nineteen thousand dollars had been raised toward the 
debt. 

It was considered that the Committee had acted pre- 
maturely in publishing the new Discipline ; and it was 
ordered that the changes be submitted to next Con- 
ference. 

There was an increase of 156 members, but so large 
a decrease of those on trial — owing probably to 
closer scrutiny by reason of the Children's Fund — as to 
show a decrease of jy6. 

A day of special humiliation and prayer was appointed. 

The President suggested the nomination of a President 
for next year. The Rev. Richard Jones was nominated, 
and the Rev. Asahel Hurlburt as Co-Delegate. 

The visit of the Rev. W. L. Thornton, M.A., will be a 
pleasurable remembrance. His conduct in the chair sur- 
passed all expectations. His strict attention to business, 
his simplicity and impartiality, the deep spirituality of 
his addresses, the unction attending his discourses, won 
the admiration and gratitude of the whole Conference. 

The Rev. Robinson Scott's mission is in quest of aid 
for the Irish education system. His preaching and ad- 
dresses were very highly prized. At the General Con- 
's 193 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

ference, Philadelphia, he was assured of assistance to the 
amount of probably $100,000; and Canadian Methodists 
own their great indebtedness to Irish Methodism. 

The degree of Doctor of Divinity was recently con- 
ferred on the Rev. Lachlin Taylor. 

The Provincial IVesleyan accords unstinted praise to 
the Rev. W. L. Thornton, M.A., whose presence and 
counsels, as President, contributed greatly to the pleasure 
and profit of the Eastern Conference. 

The Rev. John Mc^Murray was elected Secretary. 

Eight young men were ordained and five were received 
on trial. The Revs. Arthur McNutt and J. B. Brownell 
had died during the year. 

Members, 15,105; on trial, 1,793 — ^ slight increase. 

The Mount Allison Educational Institution, the St. 
John Academy, and the Theological Institute received 
careful consideration. 

The Rev. John McMurray was nominated as the next 
President, and the Rev. E. Botterell as Co-Delegate. 

The missionary Jubilee Celebration was favorably 
entertained. The Rev. Robinson Scott attended, and, 
with the President, sailed for England on the 7th of July. 

The Rev. Wm. Dignam died near St. John's, London 
Township, on the 22nd of July, in the 54th year of his 
ministry. 

' We remember,' writes the Editor, ' when Bro. Dig- 
nam began his labors on the Ottawa District in 1840 — 
his energy and devotion to his work, an excellent man 
whose labors have been blessed to many souls.' 

On his return from Canada, the Rev. W. L. Thornton, 
M.A., was elected President of the English Conference. 
Though already Editor of Methodist publications, he 
was suggested as Principal for the new Theological In- 
stitution. In an evening session Mr. Thornton delighted 
a full house with thrilling descriptions of his experiences 
in the United States, Canada, and the Eastern Provinces. 

194 



MISSIONS BECOME CIRCUITS 

The observance of August 5th as a day of fasting and 
prayer was followed by many evidences of increasing 
faith and enlarged expectations of spiritual progress; at 
many camp-meetings was heard the " sounds of abun- 
dance of rain," giving assurance that the temporary 
decrease will be succeeded by glorious increase. 

The Rev. Thomas Woolsey, after nine years of ardu- 
ous labor on the great Saskatchewan Plains, returned 
in good health and with good tidings from his fellow- 
laborers. To the missionaries Canada owes a debt of 
gratitude for making known the true character and 
value of the great North-West: 

' I have declared most strongly the peculiar adapta- 
tions of the Saskatchewan Valley for extensive immi- 
gration, because of the fertility of its soil and the salu- 
brity of its climate and am surprised to find contrary 
views circulated. Lord Milton, after traversing this 
country, in a paper read before the British Association 
on his return to England, says : " I must allude very 
briefly to the magnificent country which extends from 
Red River to the base of the Rocky Mountains. . . . 
It is peculiarly well adapted for settlement ; rich prairies 
ready for the plough, interspersed with woods for build- 
ing and fencing. The spring is a month earlier than on 
the shores of Lake Superior; grain of all kinds grows 
with the greatest luxuriance, and the root crops are finer 
than I have seen in England. The pasturage is almost 
endless in extent and so luxuriant that horses turned out 
thin in the winter are brought in fat in the spring. Could 
communication be established between Canada and Brit- 
ish Columbia this district would, I believe, be one of the 
most valuable of the British possessions." ' 

The annual muster of Methodist Sunday Schools in 
Montreal, New Year's morning, reported 179 teachers, 
1,320 scholars and $877 in missionary contributions. 

The Rev. John Gemley reports indications of increase 
in missionary giving — ' notwithstanding that this is the 
most trying season that the country around Kingston 
has experienced for many years.' 

195 



METHODISM IN CANADA. 

Blythe Mission — 

' This year a brighter prospect is dawning ; a few con- 
versions at Blythe and some at the country appointments ; 
about twenty at Wingham, a village of about 250 inhabi- 
tants, springing up as by magic in the midst of the 
woods. A few zealous friends are looking for a church 
site, hoping to remove from the " upper room " gener- 
ously provided by Mr. T. G. Jackson, merchant, into a 
commodious church.' 

This region was a part of the Morris Mission, and was 
supplied from Clinton, where Alexander Campbell was 
stationed in 1854. He sent his colleague, John Hough, 
into the country around Wingham. Among the first 
Methodists there were Adam Reid and his wife, who 
settled there in 1854, and whom the writer had the 
pleasure of meeting near Wingham last year — 1909 — 
then 82 years of age, one of the early leaders, and father 
of the Toronto artist, Mr. George A. Reid, whose paint- 
ings — " The Closing of the Mortgage " and others — have 
made his name famous. Another son is Mr. Thomas 
A. Reid, Principal of the Public Schools, Owen Sound. 

Another name connects this part of the country with 
early days. Mr. Nathaniel Burwash, brother of Mr. 
Adam Burwash, who is mentioned in Vol, I., page 203, 
left the Ottawa region in 1852 and settled in the Town- 
ship of Bruce, to take his share with early Methodist 
workers. There Mrs. Burwash died in 1876, and he in 
1880. They are represented by a son, the Rev. 
Nathaniel S. Burwash. 

In 1863 Mr. James Lee came to Listowel — then a part 
of the Elma and Wallace Mission — and assisted Mr. Wm. 
McKenny in finishing a small frame church. Mrs. J- 
M. Scott and Mr. Jacob Large, of Large's appointment — 
father of Mr. John Large, Toronto, and Mr. Jacob Large, 
Listowel — were among the early and steadfast helpers. 

Lucknow — In 1837 Mr. Daniel Webster came from 
Tipperary, Ireland, to Norval, Ont., and thence to Luck- 

196 



MISSIONS BECOME CIRCUITS 

now in 1854, when the country was a wilderness. At 
Racket's schoolhouse, five miles out, the Wesleyans, New 
Connexion and Presbyterians began services about i860. 
The Revs. David Ryan, Wesleyan, and James Caswell, 
New Connexion, were some of the earliest preachers. 

The first leader in Lucknow was Mr. Thomas Steven- 
son. Daniel Webster had five sons — James, Robert, 
Thomas, Daniel, and Richard; also five daughters, all 
save one living near Lucknow, and members of the 
Methodist Church. 

Goderich has long been the central point of an exten- 
sive district, and many of the early ministers are well 
remembered' — John Beatty, John Armstrong, John K. 
Williston, Th. Fawcett, James Norris, John Bredin, John 
Gundy, Henry Byers, John Hunt, George Kennedy, Thos. 
Williams, John Williams, James Gray, John G. Laird, 
Samuel Fear, Joel Briggs, Charles Silvester, etc., up to 
1855, when John S. Evans was appointed. About that 
time Mr. Wm. Acheson, Mr, George Cox, leader, Mr. 
Geo. Acheson, S. S. Supt,, and their wives, were among 
the chief workers in the little frame church, and helpers 
in building the new brick church in 1859. At that time 
there was a New Connexion Church, in which Mr. and 
Mrs. Wm. Swafield were early members. There was 
also an M. E. Church. About 1850 the Rev. Samuel 
Fear, of Goderich, started an appointment in Mr. James 
Maitland's house, a mile or two from the present site 
of Seaforth, where Mr. Young, Mr. Sparling, Mrs. 
Cluff, and others assisted in building a small church. In 
i860 the Rev. John Mills, of Clinton, preached in Mr. 
John Beatty's house. A small frame church was built in 
1861, and the present church in 1877. 

The sudden death of the Rev. Wm. L. Thornton, 
M.A., on the 5th of March, 1865, was the cause of deep 
and widespread grief. As President of three Confer- 
ences he held a deservedly high place in the esteem and 

197 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

affection of Methodist preachers, and of the people as 
well. He had been only three weeks laid aside from 
active duties, and his death was unexpected. " My 
mercies abound ! " were probably his last words. The 
Guardian of April 5th was in deep mourning for him. 

The opening of a new brick church in Barrie, on the 
9th of April, 1865, by the Rev. Drs. Wood, Jeffers, and 
Green, invites to retrospection: 

' The nucleus of Methodism west of Lake Simcoe was 
found on Yellow Head Island, among the Indians, and 
then nursed at Coldwater and Orillia. There from 1828 
to 1835 labored in succession Revs. John Beatty, John B. 
Attwood, Cyrus R. Allison, Gilbert Miller and Samuel 
Belton. Occasionally they made their way through the 
woods to the township of Vespra, in which is the town 
of Barrie. At the Conference of 1835 Dr. Stinson, 
Superintendent of Missions, said to Rev. Jonathan 
Scott : " You are given charge of the Indian Mission at 
Lake Simcoe, Coldwater, and the townships around ; you 
shall have a colleague. Form a circuit." Mr. Scott dur- 
ing four years had for colleagues David Hardie, Th. 
McMullen and Wellington Jeffers. The field was ten 
townships, and at the end of four years there were twelve 
classes, besides the Indians, and twenty-four appoint- 
ments, of which Barrie was one, with a room in a log 
dwelling for a church. Later the mission was named 
" Lake Simcoe, Coldwater and Barrie." In 1841 it was 
called the " Barrie Mission." Ten years later Barrie was 
the home of the Chairman, Rev. Lewis Warner, and of 
others in succession. The Lake Simcoe Mission has fur- 
nished territory for seven circuits and given several 
recruits to the Methodist Conference.' Jonathan Scott. 

Beaverton. — In the month of August, 1862, I preached 

the first Methodist sermon in Beaverton and organized 
a class of six members. As the appointments on the 
mission were several miles apart, and the roads rough, 
in many places through the bush, with only blazed tracks, 
and to reach the appointments furthest north, in Garden 
and Dalton, the lake had to be crossed in a log canoe, 
the only craft available, I could hold only service once 

198 



MISSIONS BECOME CIRCUITS 

in every three weeks, except in the Mara church, 
where I preached every Sunday morning. The peo- 
ple were not possessed of much of this world's 
goods; the receipts at our first Quarterly Meeting were 
$7.10 in cash and $16 in kine, second quarter $38.67, 
third quarter $42.90, fourth quarter $55.44, a total of 
$160.11, which, with a small grant from Mission Fund, 
paid rent, horse-keep and gave about $200 for family 
expenses. But they were united, kind-hearted and loyal 
to Methodism. God blessed my labors and gave me the 
joy of seeing a goodly number of conversions. I left 
for my successor a membership of "]"], and ten appoint- 
ments in six townships. During the two years I travelled 
7,677 miles, of which I walked, when the roads were too 
bad to take my horse, 564 miles.' Geo. H. Cornish. 

' On the Perth Circuit obstacles and prejudices are 
giving way to prosperity. Some of our thirteen appoint- 
ments were commenced forty years ago, nine during the 
.past three years — a proof of the energy of our pastor, 
the Rev. Amos E. Russ, M.A. We have five churches 
and two being built. At Tay River the schoolhouse, in 
which a protracted meeting was in progress, was burned. 
Mr. Russ determined to have a church. In a few months 
it was opened and nearly paid for. At Harper's 7th line 
of Bathurst, two years ago, about twenty new members 
were added and a church built. A good revival at the 
Ferry secured a large increase of members and the erec- 
tion of a stone church. The 2nd line of Drummond is 
now doing what should have been done twenty years 
ago — building a fine stone church The members, quick- 
ened by revival meetings, determined to arise and build. 
A new appointment was opened at Port Elmsley a year 
and a half ago. The few members, increased by a revival, 
are now building a stone church. The Hargrave church 
is out of debt, and with other places is proving the wis- 
dom of the itinerant system. Perth, in the meetings 
held and the power of the Spirit manifest, forms a pleas- 
ing contrast to a few years ago. Many brethren of the 
town have greatly helped other places. Three years ago 
the Quarterly Meeting, with only 143 members, asked for 

199 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

a second preacher, and the increase has abundantly justi- 
fied the venture.' 

At the recent Convocation, Victoria College, eighty 
students graduated in Arts and twenty in Medicine. 
With the removal of the debt and an increasing attend- 
ance, prospects are brightening. 

The Rev. George McDougall reports remarkable peace 
negotiations between the Blackfeet and Cree Indians. 
The Blackfeet had carried off many of the Cree horses. 
The old Cree Chief read to his warriors the account of 
Christ calming the waters, and proposed a friendly visit 
to the Blackfeet camp. " He who stilled the waters can 
save us," said the Chief, as he set off with his com- 
panions. The Blackfeet, with guns and war-whoops, 
rushed out to meet them ; but seeing the old Chief hold- 
ing a book instead of a gun, they halted and asked, 
" Who are you ?" After a little conversation the Crees 
were asked into the camp and entertained. The mis- 
sionary was invited to come and negotiate a peace. 
The field in which we represent Christianity is larger 
than Western Canada. Give us two more active laborers 
and, with the blessing of heaven, the Blackfeet and the 
Crees will soon be Christian too.' 

Since last Conference new churches have been built 
at Collingwood, Waterloo, C.E., Mono, Victoria, East- 
ville, Kinsale, Grimsby, Sarnia, Wardsville Barrie, 
Cooksville, Belleville, etc. 

The opening of the spacious and beautiful 
Bridge St. Church, Belleville, was an occasion 
of very deep interest. On the first Sunday, May 
2 1st, 1865, sermons were preached by Rev. Drs. Wood, 
Taylor and Douglas; on the second Sunday by Revs. 
E. B. Harper, M.A., N. Burwash, B.A., and Wm. Ste- 
phenson. The church is built of stone, 70x100 feet, and 
tower. It stands on a central site, commanding a fine 
view of the Bay. 

200 




1. Cade, Robt., U.I). "J. Markham, Rev. .lo.seph 3. SuUieilaiid, Alox ,]).!). 

4. Meachain, Geo. M., 1). D. 5. Mrs. G. M. Meaohaiu 6. Andrews, Rev. Alfred 

7. Ryokman, K.B., 1)1). 8. Parker, \V. R., 1)D. 9. Bond, Rev. Stephen 



CHAPTER XVII. 
1865-6. 

THE AMERICAN CENTENARY. 

Conference, London — Elliott — Burns — Accident — Muskoka — Flan- 
ders — Insanity — Centenary — Sackville — Fenians — Conference, 
Montreal, 1866 — Arthur — Loyalty-^A Hundred Years — Sym- 
pathy — Union — Ritualism — Ernestown — Carrol — Eastern 
Townships — Kapelle. 

The Conference of 1865 was opened in London on the 
7th of June, by the Rev. S. D. Rice, Co-Delegate. About 
200 ministers were present. Mr. Rice spoke with deep 
emotion of the sudden death of President Thornton, The 
Rev. Richard Jones was introduced as his successor, and 
the Rev. Asahel Hurlburt as Co-Delegate. 

The Rev. John Hunt was elected Secretary, the 
Rev. Wm. Scott, Assistant, and the Rev. J. S. Evans, 
Journal Secretary. 

The Rev. Dr. Pickard, Delegate from the Eastern Con- 
ference; the Revs. Ch. Elliott, D.D., George Peck, D.D., 
from the Methodist Episcopal Church, U.S., and the 
Rev. Dr. Eddy, were introduced. 

Into full connection — Thomas Cullen, Weslev Casson, 
Th. Derrick, Robt. W. Ferrier, M.A., Thomas Garbutt, 
Wm. Galbraith, Samuel J. Hunter, Le Roy Hooker, Hugh 
Johnston, B.A., Th. Kelly, Daniel V. Lucas, Alexander 
Lester, Joshua P. Lewis, Samuel Might, Alfred McCann, 
Wm. S. McCullough, B.A., Wm. Tucker, Ebenezer 
Teskey, Th. G. Williams, Isaac Weldon, Wm. C. Wash- 
ington, B.A. 

Seventeen candidates were received on trial. 
Died — William Dignam, July 22nd, 1864, aged 54 years. 
Benj. Hitchcock, Oct. 12th, 1864, aged 80 years. 
Thos. Bevitt, Feb. 5th, 1865, aged 69 years. 
Robt. Thompson, March 15, 1865, aged 29 years. 
201 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Total number of members, 56,395 ; increase, 643. 
Book Stczi'ard — Rev. Samuel Rose. 
Editor — Rev. Wellington Jeffers, D.D. 

A communication was received from the New Con- 
nexion Conference, expressing hope of a general Union 
of the Methodist Churches in Canada. 

A Committee on Union was appointed. 

The ministers agreed to the assessment of one per 
cent, on their salaries in aid of Victoria College, 

The Rev. Charles Elliott, D.D., preached the ordina- 
tion sermon, and the Rev. Dr. Ryerson a funeral sermon 
in remembrance of the Rev. W. L. Thornton, M.A. The 
Rev. Dr. Jeffers was nominated as Co-Delegate for next 
year. 

The Great St. James' St. Church, Montreal, was 
chosen as the place of meeting for next Conference. 

The coming of distinguished American Delegates, so 
soon after the close of the long-continued and disastrous 
civil war, was an indication of the close friendship exist- 
ing between American and Canadian Methodism, and 
the addresses delivered give assurance of the permanence 
' of that friendship. 

The Rev. Dr. Charles Elliott, President of the Iowa 
University, was in quest of someone who should become 
his successor in that position, and his choice fell upon 
the Rev. Alex. Burns, B.A., who consented to go. 

This Conference will be remembered as one of sur- 
passing interest and deep spirituality. The ample and 
generous hospitality of the people of London was duly 
appreciated. 

So closely did the members of Conference feel them- 
selves bound to each other that the consideration of 
division into several conferences was deferred to some 
more urgent season. 

One pang of deep sorrow broke in upon the general 
happiness, caused by a sad drowning fatality at the 

202 



THE AMERICAN CENTENARY 

Desjardins Canal, Dundas, on the 13th of June. Five 
young persons — Messrs. Edwin W. Coleman and George 
Creighton, the Misses Carrie Coleman, Mary Creighton, 
and Kate Gage' — were capsized and all drowned except 
Mr. Creighton. George and Mary were son and daugh- 
ter of the Rev. Kennedy Creighton, then at Conference. 
The Conference adjourned and repaired to the station 
in sympathy with the stricken father, to meet the lifeless 
body of his beloved daughter. She was buried in the 
London Cemetery. 

The largest funeral procession ever seen in Dundas 
followed the remains of Edwin and Carrie Coleman to 
their last resting-place; and a similarly large company 
attended the funeral of Miss Kate Gage to the Hamilton 
Cemetery. The sorrowing friends had comfort in the 
assurance that their loved ones were " not lost, but gone 
before." 

The modest estimate of £100,000 from the English 
Missionary Jubilee has been more than doubled. 

Two new circuits have been formed in Toronto, the 
Elm St. Church being detached from the Richmond St.,. 
and Yorkville from the Adelaide St. Church. 

Shefford, Oct. 13th, 1865: ' The mournful news comes 
by telegraph of the sudden death of the Rev. Rufus A. 
Flanders, Chairman of the Stanstead District, in Boston, 
whither he had gone last week on business. He was but 
48 years of age, a laborious and faithful minister, a most 
affectionate husband and father. Mr. Flanders took cold 
the morning he left home, waiting two hours at the sta- 
tion, in the cold and rain, and probably died of pneu- 
monia. The Rev. James Graham, of Yonge St. South, 
was sent to supply Mr. Flanders' place. 

During the summer the Rev. Thomas Woolsey 
visited England, attended many missionary meetings, had 
a good supply of hymns and catechisms printed in the 

203 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Cree language, received numerous presents for the 
missions, and reached Toronto safely in November. 

The Report of Dr. Workman, Supt. of the Toronto 
Lunatic Asylum, 1864, furnishes some important sta- 
tistics regarding nationality, marriage, and religion — of 
995 patients admitted during six years — 1859 to 1864. 

Of Canadian birth 266 

Of Irish birth 353 

Of Scotch birth 149 

Of English birth 143 

Of United States birth 43 

Of all other countries 41 

The Canadian population consists of: 

Irish 191,231 

English 1 14,290 

Scotch 98,792 

Other countries 88,890 

493.203 
Canadian 902,879 

The Irish, English and Scotch — 404,313 — or 29 per 
cent, of the population, sent in dy per cent, of the 
patients ; while the Canadian 65 per cent, of the popula- 
tion sent in only about 27 per cent, of patients. Since 
1841 the following have been admitted: 

Men. Women. Total. 

Married 731 950 1,681 

Single 915 518 1,433 

1,646 1,468 3,114 
In regard to religion: 

English Church 474 28.36 per cent. 

Church of Rome 412 23.79 per cent. 

Presbyterians 422 24.37 P^^ cent. 

Methodists 274 15-65 per cent. 

All others 153 8.83 per cent. 

Dr. Workman adds : 

" Now I doubt not all except the Methodists will be 
ready to affirm that religion has nothing to do with 

204 



THE AMERICAN CENTENARY 

insanity. But they — Methodists — I honestly believe 
may with perfect truth and justice contend, in the face 
of the figures now before them, that religion — their re- 
ligion — has much to do with insanity ; not, however, 
with its production, but with its prevention." 

Dr. Workman was not a Methodist, and we have 
copied the above items from his Report as an offset to 
statements frequently made to the disparagement of 
Methodism. Methodists and others will see how ground- 
less are such aspersions. 

" The Baptist Freeman insists that the Israelites had 
a ' complete immersion ' in the cloud and in the sea. 
Our contemporary is mistaken ; they were sprinkled ; it 
was the Egyptians who had the ' complete immersion.' " 
— Guardian. 

The Rev. Geo. H. Cornish is preparing "" A Handbook 
of Canadian Methodism," containing the names of all 
the preachers in connection with Canadian Methodism 
from 1790 up to the present year, the circuits they have 
traveled, and much more important information. 

At the request of the Centenary Board, the Rev. Dr. 
Stevens has written " The Centenary of American Meth- 
odism." The celebration will begin with the first Sabbath 
of 1866, and Canadian Methodists should enter into it 
with heartfelt gratitude. 

The male department of the Sackville Academy, N.B., 
was burned on the i6th of January, 1866. 

The Methodist Church, Quebec, one of the finest 
buildings in the city, was greatly damaged by fire. It 
was built in 1849, costing about £13,000, and renovated 
two years ago. The insurance — £5,600 — may cover the 
damage. 

The Rev. Alex. Burns, B.A., writes from Mt. Pleasant, 
'Iowa, on behalf of Dr. Elliott, acknowledging the Union 
Jack sent him from Canada. 

' The Dr. has had a slight stroke of paralysis. A 
205 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

glorious revival is progressing in both churches ; about 
twenty students converted, reminding me of old Vic- 
toria, in the days of Tew, Parker, Ryckman and Hen- 
derson. I have received letters from young men, inquir- 
ing about openings. These Conferences are full. If 
young men come to the United States expecting large 
salaries and speedy promotion, they may expect disap- 
pointment. Showers of mercy are descending upon the 
churches. It is to be a year of thankofferings and 
conversions.' 

At the invitation of the President, many ministers and 
members attended a meeting of the Conference Execu- 
tive, in Kingston, Feb. 28th, to consider the steps to be 
taken in Canada in connection with the American Cen- 
tenary Celebration. A series of resolutions was 
adopted, leaving final arrangements to next Conference. 

Rumors of an intended Fenian invasion of Canada 
become more alarming. 

The Rev. George Scott, President of the approaching 
Canada Conference, arrived in Halifax on the 7th of 
May and reached Toronto on the 26th. The next day 
he preached in the Adelaide St. and Richmond St. 
churches. From the College at Sackville he received the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity. 

The Rev. A. Browning reports $3,000 raised for all 
purposes, in Victoria, during the year. 

Conference gatherings are threatened with interrup- 
tion through actual Fenian invasions. On the ist of 
June about 1,500 Fenians crossed from Buffalo to Fort 
Erie, but met a reception from Canadian troops, such 
as they had not expected. After a few skirmishes and 
the loss of some lives, the raiders made a hasty retreat 
across the river — all save a host of prisoners held as 
hostages for future good behavior. Another invasion, 
made in the east, upon St. Albans, was speedily repulsed. 
While the excitement was at its height and volunteers 
being hurried to exposed points. Conference met, June 

206 



THE AMERICAN CENTENARY 

6th, 1866, in Great St. James' St. Church, Montreal. The 
Rev. Dr. Scott took the chair, and the Rev. George 
Young was elected Secretary. 

The Rev. Dr. Jeffers was introduced as Co-Delegate. 

Received into full connection — Moses M. Johnson, 
Thomas Kelly, Stephen Kapelle, John B. Keagy, B.A., 
George Robson, Wm. Taylor, Benjamin Clement, Nelson 
Burns, B.A., Geo. M. Brown, George Leach, Marmaduke 
Pearson, Ed. Morrow, B.A., Cornelius A. Jones, William 
Jackson, Thomas Cullen, Alfred H. Reynar, B.A., Alex. 
Hardie, B.A., Thomas Garbutt, Webster W Leach, Wm. 
Halstead, John F. German, B.A., John Russell, Erastus 
Curry, Hugh Cairns, Henry W. Maxwell. 

Ten candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Rufus A. Flanders, Oct. 12, 1865, aged 48 years. 
Alexander Campbell, Dec. 31st, aged 45 years. 
Wm. H. Winans, May 30th, 1866, aged 24 years. 

There was an increase of over 800 members. 

After an early love-feast the ordination sermon was 
preached by Dr. Scott. In the evening Dr. Ryerson 
preached. Many of the city pulpits were occupied by 
members of Conference. To Montreal- Methodism, Con- 
ference Sunday was a high day. The proposed division 
of Conference was referred to the District Meetings and 
Conference Executive for further consideration. The 
Centenary Celebration was considered and referred to 
the Executive for final arrangements. The Editor and 
Book Steward were re-elected. 

The Rev. James Elliott was nominated as President 
for next year, and the Rev. Samuel Rose as Co-Delegate. 

The Revs. R. Jones and Dr. Jefifers were appointed 
Delegates to the Eastern Conference. 

A Committee on Union was appointed. 

The Hamilton Female College reported another suc- 
cessful year ; an average of 79 boarders and fifty day- 
pupils ; interest paid, liabilities reduced by $1,257, and 
$2,600 expended for pianos. 

207 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Conference was invited to a Breakfast on Friday 
morning. James A. Mathewson, Esq., spoke on behalf 
of Montreal Methodists ; Dr. Green and others responded. 

In regard to the Centenary Fund, the Conference 
Executive recommended that of the amount raised, $6,000 
be paid to the Irish Educational Fund ; one-half of the 
balance to the Superannuation Fund, and the remainder 
to the education of candidates for the ministry. 

The Conference closed on Friday evening. 

The Conference of Eastern British America was held 
in St. John, N.B., commencing on the 27th of June, 
1866. The Rev. Dr. Scott presided. The Rev. Dr. 
Butler, from India, was one of the visitors. The Rev. 
John B. Strong, the first English Methodist minister 
sent to Quebec — 1813 — was there; also the Rev. Henry 
Pope, another early minister. Thirteen young men were 
ordained and seven received on trial. The Canadian 
delegates were received with honor. Number of mem- 
bers, 15,275; on trial, 1,351. Since the organization of 
the Eastern Conference in 1856 the number of ministers 
has increased from 95 to 153; the members from 12,885 
to 15,275 ; the Missionary Fund from $10,955 to $12,374; 
Contingent, from $1,021 to $1,186; Educational, from 
$319 to $686. Several churches and parsonages have 
been built. 

During the summer camp-meetings were held on 
many circuits — Barrie, Howick, Grimsby, St. Clair, 
Niagara, Kingsville, Belleville, Perth, etc. 

The ministers of the Brantford District met to con- 
sider " The hindrances to the work of God, and means 
for their removal." Two days were spent profitably. 

" Do not the times present an unusual number of things 
to interest, excite, and turn attention from religion? 
Discoveries, inventions, new industries, speculations and 
enterprises, competition, conflicts of political parties, war 
clouds, with other events and issues are keeping com- 

208 



THE AMERICAN CENTENARY 

mimities in a ferment, and religion is in danger of 
having a secondary place in men's hearts." — Guardian. 

The Rev. Wm. Arthur, M.A., was elected President of 
the English Conference, and the Rev. John Farrar, 
Secretary. 

' Mr. Arthur is a power, not in Methodism only, but in 
the country at large. No other minister among us has 
taken so prominent a part in matters affecting the gen- 
eral welfare of mankind. From the west of Ireland, 
where he was born, he proceeded to the Theological 
Institution in 1837 ; thence to India, France, and back to 
England, where he became one of the General Secre- 
taries of Missions.' 

The Rev. Dr. -Scott, addressing the English Confer- 
ence on his visit to Canada, said : 

' The loyalty of Canadians equals, if it does not sur- 
pass, anything to be seen in our own country. Of this we 
had an illustration on the Queen's Birthday. I was in 
Toronto on the ist of June, when the Fenians crossed to 
Fort Erie, and during the next few days was going east- 
ward. The excitement and determination to repel the 
invaders was everywhere. The abortive attempt will help 
forward the Confederation of the Provinces. Methodism 
there constitutes a community second to no other. The 
Montreal Conference reported over 500 itinerants and 
56,768 members.' 

The contrast between the political, moral and religious 
condition of the world a hundred years ago and the 
present calls for a grateful and joyful Centenary Cele- 
bration. Wesley and his helpers were for many years 
engaged in a fierce struggle with frigid ecclesiasticism, 
and breaking up the sterile soil of England with the 
newly-sharpened Gospel plough, and were garnering rich 
spiritual harvests from their toilsome sowing. Whit- 
field's preaching, as Green says, was " such as 
England had never heard before — theatrical, extrava- 
gant, often commonplace, but hushing all criticism by its 
intense reality, its earnestness of belief, its deep, trem- 
14 209 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

ulous sympathy with the sins and sorrows of mankind." 
He was in many cases a forerunner to Wesley, whose 
deeper culture and watchful oversight insured rich re- 
sults for generations to come. Clive's brilliant victories 
on the sunny steppes of India, and Wolfe's startling 
conquests in the New World had added immense areas 
to the British Empire and to the sway of 
Anglo-Saxon civilization. Irritating grievances were 
disturbing the New England Colonies, foment- 
ing disaffection, the prelude to revolution and 
independence. The germ of Methodism planted in 
New York in 1766 was taking root, but no one could 
foresee whereunto it should grow in a hundred years, 
with the blessing of God upon an earnest ministry and a 
sympathetic co-operating laity, outstripping older forms 
of Christianity and attaining a foremost position among 
the churches of the western world. The high vantage- 
ground reached has not been won without patient, self- 
sacrificing toil ; but the position and prospects of Meth- 
odism after a hundred years' testing on this continent 
afford most encouraging assurance of future and per- 
petual progress. Though Canada Methodism at this 
date — 1866 — lacks some twenty years of completing its 
century, it can heartily join hands with the Church which 
gave it birth in grateful retrospect and joyful thanks- 
giving. Its honorable stand among the churches, its 
efforts along lines of education and morality, its itinerant 
labors among the earliest settlers in the forests, its main- 
tenance of effective, aggressive evangelization, afford 
abundant reason for thanksgiving to the God of all grace. 

The spirit and polity of the Methodist Church have 
been proved admirably adapted to the circumstances and 
demands of a new country ; and they will not fail to 
meet the conditions of greater material progress and 
increasing educational and industrial development. 

From the British Conference: 
210 



THE AMERICAN CENTENARY 

' We regard with deep interest your Centenary move- 
ment. Our own Centenary of 1839 imparted a mighty 
impulse to our spiritual progress, and we trust the trans- 
Atlantic Centenary, celebrating the first planting of the 
seed of A'lethodism on your continent, will be the means 
of communicating a similar impulse. 

' The class-meeting has been a vital factor in Meth- 
odism, not in its beginning only, but in its widest ac- 
tivities'; a means of grace which true Methodists will 
continue to prize. . . . On those who have become 
rich, intelligent or conspicuous, a weighty responsibility 
rests in regard to their example. . . . To play well 
our part, to quit ourselves like men — such men as the 
early Methodists were — to be in the front rank of intelli- 
gence, yet marked by simple, earnest piety ; to educate, 
elevate and regenerate the masses is not easy, but it is 
the work we are called to do.' 

Centenary sermons were preached in Toronto on the 
2 1st of October, and public meetings followed. Among 
the speakers was Wm. McArthur, Esq., of London, Eng- 
land, one of the Irish Delegation. The contributions in 
Richmond St. Church were nearly $5,000. Notices of 
successful meetings are coming in from all parts of the 
country. 

The Rev. Geo. F. Playter, Canada's Methodist his- 
torian, died on the 24th of October, 1866, at the age of 
55* years. 

The " Division of Conference " and the " Union of 
Methodist Churches " are kept to the front by editorials 
and frequent correspondence. 

The laying of the corner-stone of the new Methodist 
Church, Stanstead, on the 30th of October, 1866, was an 
event of more than local interest. The first estimate was 
$10,000 — one-half of which and a site were given 
by Carlos Pierce, Esq. But the " Plans and Specifica- 
tions " indicated a building of much larger pretensions. 
Two or three times there was a doubling up of sub- 
scriptions to meet the unexpected outlay of $60,000, 

211 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

more than one-half of which was the share Mr. Pierce 
generously took upon himself. The fine central site, the 
massive granite structure, the rich mahogany furnishings, 
the ample provision for congregation, Sunday School, 
and social means, won general admiration. 

The lowering of the price of the Christian Guardian 
from $2 to $1.50, in clubs of ten, for 1866, did not double 
the circulation, as many expected, the increase being less 
than 2,000; the reduction, therefore, proved a loss to the 
Book Room. 

The income of the Missionary Society for 1865-6 was 
$64,106, an increase of $11,000. 

Ritualism in Canada. — The Bcho,Nov. 14, 1866, says: 
" Church matters at the present time are in far from 
a satisfactory state in the Canadian dioceses. The great 
mass of the younger clergy, educated in Canada, are 
hankering after the new-fangled ritualism, which is 
creating such trouble in England. The importations, as 
a general thing, are no better — some of them worse. 
The laity are still sound, without whose countenance 
these Romanizing practices cannot be introduced." 

Mr. Carroll, having gone to Montreal and the town- 
ships, writes : 

'At Odelltown a revival was in progress. I preached 
five times, assisted at the Centenary meeting, and left 
Bro. W. C. Henderson rejoicing over about twenty con- 
versions. The meeting at La Colle was one of the best 
for attendance, heartiness, music and money. We saw 
the foundations of the old mill where, in 1812, Col. De 
Saliberry turned back Gen. Dearborn. From West Farn- 
ham, Bro. Hiram Fowler conveyed me to Sutton. 
Emerging from the unprogressive French settlements, we 
started up the beautiful valley of the Yamaska, past com- 
fortable homes and well-cultivated fields, rising into 
purer air, with wider horizon ; mountains in the distance 
and two beautiful twin villages — Cowansville and 
Sweetsburgh — then the flickering lights of Sutton Plain, 
nestling amid the mountains and lulled by the tiny north 
branch of the majestic Massisqui. I met a good sister, 
Dunham, a Methodist since the beginning of the century, 

212 



THE AMERICAN CENTENARY 

who told me she had entertained the Rev. Fitch Reid in 
1820. She came to our Centenary meeting, where the 
giving was wonderful for the place. Being unable to 
reach Freleighsburgh for the next evening, Bro. Wm. 
Scales drove me to his parsonage, at Knowlton, for 
dinner. From Brome Centre the roads diverge in various 
directions through the most beautiful valleys, amid moun- 
tains and lakes. On our way to South Bolton, through 
the Bolton Pass, the scenery can scarcely be surpassed 
out of Switzerland. Towards evening we circle the lofty 
" Owl's Head," whose summit we had in view for several 
days. Benumbed with cold, right glad were we to catch 
a glimpse of light radiating from the inviting parsonage 
of Bro. Edmund Sweet and his wife — a sister of Mrs. 
Scales, worthy daughters of Father Kneeshaw, of St. 
Andrews. From my window, I obtained a fine view of 
Lake Memphra-Magog. It was Saturday morning, and 
I was due in Stanstead for Sunday. A couple of lads 
rowed me over the lake to Georgeville, and an old Irish- 
man, for seventy-five cents, drove me three miles, to 
Fitch Bay, the residence of the missionary — Moses 
Johnston — who, at the sacrifice of leaving his precious 
young wife alone for the night, took me to Stanstead. 
In princely quarters my exhausted energies were so far 
resuscitated that I was prepared to enjoy the love-feast, 
which the Rev. W. R. Parker is seeking to revive among 
the people. There was a good congregation, good sing- 
ing, and, if the people had learned to kneel, we should 
have felt there was good praying. In the afternoon a 
funeral, then, by the Rev. John Tomkins, I was driven 
to Hatley for evening service, in a well-kept church, with 
good singing and liberal giving. Returning on Monday 
to Stanstead, I noticed with delight the good houses, 
well-cultivated farms and fine stock. After a short stay 
at Lawyer Colby's, and a ride of fourteen miles with 
Bro. Malcolm McDonald, we were at Georgeville for 
the Centenary meeting. The church was well filled, the 
singing soul-stirring, and the meeting good. This is the 
" Copp's Ferry," where the missionary, Crawford, 
formed the first class in the original Stanstead Circuit 
in 1803, in which were Richard Packard, leader; J. A. 
Packard, Sally Packard, Miss Artemesia Bullock, Aliriam 
Bullock, Wm. Bullock, Jr., Jeremiah, Louis and Nancy 

213 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Lord. On our return to Stanstead the corner-stone of 
the new church was well and truly laid by Mrs. Pierce. 
The evening meeting, with Bro. Borland, Tomkins, Sel- 
ley, and Sanderson, was abundantly compensating. To 
Hatley I was conveyed by Bro. Jos. E. Sanderson, to 
whose Centenary meeting at Compton I would have 
gladly stayed had I not been gazetted for Melbourne, 
whither I proceeded by train down the beautiful valley 
of the noble St. Francis River, through the pleasant 
towns of Lennoxville and Sherbrooke, to Richmond, 
whence Bro. Jeffrey drove me quickly to the Melbourne 
parsonage. Everything was in readiness for the Cen- 
tenary meeting, but, owing to an effort in progress for 
the Quebec sufferers, the collection was deferred. Next 
morning I was driven by Bro. Scott to Lawrenceville, 
and thence, by an energetic young Lawrence to Water- 
loo, on time for the meeting. The church, for site, style 
and finishing, is a model, and results were good. Our 
next and last meeting was at Three Rivers — wondrously 
productive; thence to Toronto, after three weeks' ab- 
sence and 1,200 miles of travel.' 

We have given this rather lengthy but racy sketch 
that our readers may catch at least a bird's-eye glimpse 
of the far-famed Eastern Townships from the pen of 
a ready writer, a pioneer and a veteran among Canadian 
itinerants. 

From 1804 to 1820 Stanstead, Sherbrooke and the 
region around were supplied by preachers from the 
M. E. Church, U.S.— 

Joseph Fairbank, S. Chamberlain, Philip Ayer, Levi 
Walker, Ch. Virgin, Elisha Streeter, S. Briggs, Jos. 
Dennett, R. Hayes, John Lewis, Benj. Sabin, Zenas 
Adams, S. B. Haskell, Phineas Crandell. 

After 1820, English and Canadian ministers occupied 
the field, among whom, up to 1850, were: 

Thomas Catterick, Matt. Lang, Joseph Stinson, Wm. 
Squire, Thomas Turner, Richard Pope, Jas. Knowlan, 
John Hick, Geo. Newlove, Robt. Cooney, Jas. Brock, 
John Borland, John Tomkins, Br.rnabas Hitchcock, Jas. 

214 



THE AMERICAN CENTENARY. 

Booth, W. E. Shenstone, John B. Selley, M.D., Ed. S. 
Ingalls, Hugh JMontgomery, Malcohii McDonald, Gifford 
Dorey, John Douglas, Benj. Slight, John Armstrong. 

Stanstead, Sherbrooke and Lennoxville are among the 
most beautiful and prosperous towns of Canada. 

Bishop Janes, of the M. E. Church, and Dr. Jeffers, 
Co-Delegate, attended the Montreal Missionary Anni- 
versaries. At a Breakfast given after the meetings, 
nearly $3,000 were subscribed. 

Toronto meetings gave promise of substantial in- 
crease. 

Ottawa, under the persuasive Irish of the Rev. 
James Brock, of Prescott, and the burning 
eloquence of Rev. William Stephenson, Toronto, 
will maintain its record; and the prospects gen- 
erally indicate that the Centenary Celebration rather 
stimulated than exhausted the liberality of the people. 
Bishop Morris' sanguine prediction that the Centenarian 
contributions would reach $5,000,000 seems likely to be 
fulfilled. 

The Act constituting the Dominion of Canada by the 
confederation of the Provinces of Upper and Lower 
Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, changing 
the names Upper and Lower Canada to Ontario and 
Quebec, making provision also for the incoming of New- 
foundland, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, Prince 
Rupert's Land, and the North-West Territories, re- 
ceived the sanction of the Queen. 

The Convocation exercises of Victoria College, the 
sermon by the President, the lecture by Prof. Burwash, 
the orations and valedictory by the graduates^ the in- 
crease in attendance, and the announcement that the 
debt of $30,000 was paid gave general satisfaction. 

The Rev. John Gemley furnishes some interesting par- 
ticulars of his district: 

' Woodstock is making zealous efforts for the reduc- 
215 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

tion of a heavy church debt, and a division of the circuit 
is recommended. In Norwich a new church is being 
built, and a second minister is asked for. On the Fair- 
field Circuit, six new churches have been built during 
recent years. Simcoe is devising means for removing a 
church debt. A new church is to be built in Tillsonburg. 
Port Dover has a new brick parsonage. Lynedock, a 
busy lumbering region, has a new parsonage, increasing 
income and good spiritual results. In Brantford the 
connexional funds will be doubled, $3,000 debt paid ofi", 
and an increase of members. Missionary contributions^ — 
good aggregate increase.' 

The course of study and mode of examining candi- 
dates awaken attention and correspondence. 

German work, Ottawa — Rev. S. Kapelle, missionary : 
' In September a glorious revival, clear witnesses, 
changed lives, proofs of the Spirit's work. Family wor- 
ship is begun in many homes, the wife sometimes build- 
ing the altar and conducting the worship. On the 3rd of 
]^Iay our first church, springing out of the revival, was 
dedicated by our Chairman— the house filled with an 
earnest congregation. We have taken up ten appoint- 
ments, built two churches, two more under way, and 
seventy members received on trial.' 

New churches have been opened on the Coboconk, 
Newtonville, Fitzroy, Horning's Mills, Ailsa Craig, Pak- 
enham, Bayfield, and other circuits. 

The Rev. John Carroll dedicates the first volume of 
his acceptable and valuable biographical sketches, just 
issued — " Case and His Contemporaries " — 
" to the various Methodist Bodies in Canada, in hope 
that the remembrance of a common parentage may lead 
them to compromise their differences, combine and 
economize their energies in one undivided phalanx, to 
urge forward, instrumentally, the glorious work of 
evangelization." 

This work, extending through several volumes, was a 
welcome addition to Mr. Carroll's "Past and Present," 
both of which will be of permanent value in Methodist 
biography. 

216 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

1867. 

ENGLAND AND CANADA. 

(^otiference, Hamilton — Punshon — Arthur — Union — Convention — 
Mt. Elgin — Holiness — College Grants — Hannah — Butler- — 
Union — Punshon — Lay Delegation — Affiliation. 

The Conference of 1867 was held in the John St. 
Church, Hamilton, commencing on the 5th of June. 

President — Rev. James ElHott ; Secretary, Rev. Jas. 
Gray. 

Into full connection— Sa.mue\ B. PhiHps, Geo. Rogers, 
Henry Kellam, Egerton R. Young, Robt. H. Waddell, 
Wm. W. Shepherd, Jos. W. Holmes, James Laird, Manly 
Benson, Henry W. P. Allan, Jacob Freshman, James 
McCartney, John H. Kapelle, Jos. Colling, John C. Wil- 
son, John Stewart, Wm. R. Barker, John Burwash, 
B.A., Samuel Connor, Elisha Tennent, Charles E. Perry, 
Geo. Ferguson, Richard Robinson. 

Eighteen candidates were received on trial. 
Died' — Geo. F. Playter, Oct. 24th, 1866, aged 55 years. 

Horace Dean, Nov. nth, 1866, aged 68 years. 

Thos. Campbell, Nov. 12th, 1866, aged 55 years. 

Orrin H. Ellsworth, Jan. 2nd, 1867, aged 49 years. 

Samuel Cairns, Jan. 12th, 1867, aged 26 years. 

Robt. Shaw, B.A.. Jan. 13th, 1867, aged 30 years. 

David Thompson, Jan. 23rd, 1867, aged 25 years. 

John Black, April 28th, 1867, aged 78 years. 

Henry Beeson, May nth, 1867, aged 37 years. 
Total number of members, 58,457; increase, 1,689. 

, The Book Steward and Editor were re-elected. 

The Rev. Drs. Richey and Pickard, Delegates from 
the Eastern Conference, and the Rev. Dr. Hibbard, of 

217 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

the East Genesee Conference, were introduced. Dr. 
Richey preached the ordination sermon, and Dr. Hibbard 
took the service in McNab St. Church, 

A fraternal address was received from the Primitive 
Methodist Church. 

The Committee on Union reported that the committees 
of some of the churches were so fettered by instructions 
and restrictions that no general meeting had been held. 
It was thought that committees should be untrammelled. 
The Committee was reappointed. 

The Rev. Drs. Richey and Pickard said that pro- 
posals of union were favorably received by their Con- 
ferences. 

The Report of the Committee on the Division of Con- 
ference recommended the division. After a discussion 
lasting two days, the vote showed i6o against to 120 for 
division. The probability of union with the Eastern and 
perhaps other Conferences seemed to favor postponement 
of division. 

On motion, the second volume of Playter's History 
was placed in the hands of the Book Committee, with a 
view to its publication, if deemed advisable. 

The Rev. Drs. Ryerson and JefTers were appointed 
Delegates to the General Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, U. S., and Dr. Lachlin Taylor to the 
Eastern Conference. 

Sydenham St. Church, Kingston, was chosen as the 
next place of meeting. 

The Conference closed on Thursday evening. Many 
of the ministers accepted an invitation to attend the 
closing exercises of the Female College, and were highly 
pleased with the success of the Institution. A lecture 
was given, at the College, by Dr. Jeffers on " The Do- 
minion of Canada" — a good preparation for the ist of 
July, proclaimed as the first Dominion Holiday. 

The Rev. Wm. Stephenson accompanied Dr. Taylor to 
218 



ENGLAND AND CANADA 

the Eastern Conference. They received a most hearty 
greeting, not at the Conference only but also in several 
cities. 

Extract from a private letter from the Rev. Wm. M. 
Punshon— dated Bristol, July loth, 1867— to the Rev. 
Dr. Ryerson: 

' I beg very gratefully to acknowledge the receipt of 
yours of June 19th, bringing me the only intimation I 
have received of the request of the Canada Conference. 
I feel thankful for this mark of confidence from brethren 
over the water, and if Providence open the way, I shall 
regard myself as favored with no small opportunity of 
getting and doing good. No step in this matter has been 
of my own motion, . . . and I can scarcely write 
finally until the decision of our Conference has been 
pronounced.' 

The Wesleyan Conference met in Bristol, July 31st. 
The Rev. John Bedford was elected President and the 
Rev. John Farrar Secretary. 

The request of the Canada Conference for the appoint- 
ment of the Rev. W. M. Punshon as President for next 
year was complied with; he was also appointed Delegate 
to the next General Conference of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, U. S. 

At the request of the Irish Conference, the Rev. Wm. 
Arthur, M.A., was appointed President of the new Col- 
legiate Institution in Belfast. 

Several Irishmen have sat in the chair of the English 
Conference — Wm. Thompson, Dr. Adam Clarke, Henry 
Moore, Walter Griffith, John Crook, Adam Averell and 
Wm. Arthur. 

In reference to Union, the editor of the Christian 
Guardian says : 

' We understand that the New Connexion and Primi- 
tive Conferences have agam appointed Committees on 
Union and have left them free from restrictions. This 
is well. The Methodist Episcopal General Conference, 

219 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

however, meets only once in four years, and we know not 
if its committee will now feel as free as the other com- 
mittees to consider the whole question. . . . We 
were the first in this province to urge upon Methodists 
the importance of seeking union, and to suggest that imtil 
we could agree upon a plan we should cultivate brotherly 
feelings towards each other. The spirit of conciliation 
and compromise should be manifested by all the parties 
concerned.' 

Methodism does not seem to have found a very con- 
genial soil in Scotland. Forty years ago there were 27 
ministers and 3,249 members. Last year there was the 
same number of ministers and an increase of only 75 
members. But three new chapels have been built recently 
and three more are in progress. It is believed that a 
Relief and Extension Fund would tend to progress. 

That Canadian churches are becoming increasingly 
alive to Sunday School work has been manifested by the 
interdenominational conventions held during recent 
years. At the fourth Convention, just held in Toronto, 
several hundred delegates, representing both Ontario and 
Quebec, attended. Knox Church was crowded during 
the day, and in the evenings hundreds could- not gain 
admittance. The children's gatherings in the afternoon 
of the third day filled three large churches— Richmond, 
Elm and Bond St. The last evening witnessed an un- 
usual outburst of enthusiasm, the church crowded until 
nearly midnight and about $1,000 contributed. 

The re-opening of the Mount Elgin Industrial School, 
on the 2nd of October, 1867, was a grand occasion for 
the Ojibways and their friends — the Oneidas After 
religious service dinner was served on the lawn. The 
finest ox obtainable and a plump two-year-old had been 
prepared. The proceedings, enlivened by the stirring 
strains of the Ojibway Band, were continued until sun- 
down. About thirty Indian boys and girls are enrolled 
as boarders and as many more expected. 

220 



ENGLAND AND CANADA 

Methodism and the Church of England — 

' Methodism could not be re-united to the Church of 
England. . . . There is no organization which is 
throughput so complete an embodiment of lay liberty 
and lay influence, so complete a protest against clerical 
monoply and absolutism, as INIethodism. It can hold 
brotherly intercommunication with all true Protestant 
churches. If it were to be absorbed or " reconciled," 
this large liberty of friendship and of co-operation would 
have to be given up. The Congress this year has not 
noticed Dr. Rigg's " Essays for the Times." Mr. 
Arthur's authority and Mr. Wiseman's letter to the Times 
are ignored. For Methodism to unite with the Church 
of England would be putting new wine into old bottles.' 
— Watchman. 

The venerable Bishop Strachan, D.D., LL.D., died on 
the ist of November, 1867, in his ninetieth year. He 
was a native of Aberdeen, came to Canada in 1799, was 
ordained by Bishop Mountain in 1803, and was elected 
Bishop in 1837. His influence in the Legislative Council, 
his zeal for the financial interests of his adopted church, 
was intense. Had not Egerton Ryerson crossed his path 
his ambitious policy of an established church and the 
public lands to sustain an English Church college would 
doubtless have been realized. His plans miscarried. But 
the status of the English Church in Canada and Trinity 
University are due largely to Bishop Strachan. 

The Missionary Society Anniversary was held in 
Whitby, November loth and following days. The Rev. 
George McDougall, from the North-West, added greatly 
to the interest of the meeting. His descriptions of the 
country, the needs of the Indians, the toils and successes 
of the missionaries, were listened to with the deepest 
sympathy. 

The income was $70,558, an increase of nearly $4,000 
— meeting the expenditure for the year, but there is an 
accumulated debt of nearly $20,000. 

221 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Rev. Dr. McClintock's Theology— 

' I have made a little exposition of Methodism ; I sum 
it all up in a sentence or two. It takes the old Theology 
of the Christian Church ; but it takes one element which 
no other Christian church has dared to put forward as 
a prominent feature of theology — the great central, pre- 
vailing idea of the whole Book of God — the holiness of 
the human soul, heart, mind and will. Go through all the 
confessions of all the churches, and you will find this in 
no other. This is our mission. If we keep to this, the 
next century is ours. This shall be the ground of our 
triumph. God keep us true ! ' 

The Rev. Dr. Freshman made an extensive tour 
through the German settlements and missions on the 
Ottawa, aiding Bro. Kapelle amid many difficulties and 
finding openings for other laborers. 

Increase of Methodist ministers in twelve years : 

1853 1865 

Wesleyan. . . 213 540 

Episcopal 99 200 

New Connexion 52 117 

Primitive 25 80 

Bible Christian 20 65 



409 1 ,002 

Members and adherents probably about 500,000. 

The above figures are supplied by Rev, I. B. Ayles- 
worth in one of his earnest pleas for Methodist union — ■ 
the progress of the past indicating what might be done 
in the future by a union of forces. 

The income of Toronto University has been declared 
insufficient to meet its demands ; and to relieve its necessi- 
ties it has been proposed to withdraw grants made to 
denominational colleges. Memorials have been presented 
for and against this proposal. 

Education in Scotland and Canada. — Mr. Home, a 
member of the Education Committee of Scotland, says : 

' The last suggestion which I venture to offer for the 
consideration of the Royal Commissioners is to bring 

222 



ENGLAND AND CANADA 

over to this country, to be examined by them, Dr. Ryer- 
son, the distinguished man who laid the foundation and 
reared the structure of the educational system in Canada. 
With Dr. Ryerson I have no personal acquaintance, but, 
having- seen what he has accomplished, I have formed the 
highest opinion of him as an authority in educational 
matters, as a liberal-minded Christian and a very saga- 
cious politician.' 

The Rev. John Hannah, D.D., died at Didsbury on the 
20th of December, 1867, after ten days of severe illness, 
at the age of seventy years. In the regular work of the 
ministry and in the chair of Theology, at Didsbury, he 
won the most affectionate regard. The rich unction at- 
tending his addresses and sermons, on his visit to Canada 
in 1856, are gratefully remembered. 

The lectures of Rev. Lachlin Taylor, D.D., and his 
addresses at missionary meetings are awakening great 
interest and liberality. 

The Rev. George McDougall, with his inexhaustible 
stores of information about the North-West, is proving 
a grand addition to missionary deputations. In Montreal 
he joined Dr. Butler, from India. 

" From flowing minds and hearts these eminent mis- 
sionaries discoursed to large and deeply interested audi- 
ences on the fields and incidents of their labors, investing 
missionary enterprises with an importance that cannot 
be estimated." 

The large and comparatively new Methodist Church in 
Halifax was burned on the 22nd of February, 1868. 

During the month of March the Rev. James Caughey 
conducted a series of very successful revival services in 
the Elm St. and Richmond St. Churches, Toronto. 

The Union- — 

' The facts so forcibly presented by Bro. Aylesworth 
are undeniable, as many of us know from sorrow ; and 
the Wesleyan Methodist Church ought not to be slow 
in endeavoring to bring about a happier state of things.' 
— Wm. Scott. 

223 I 



. METHODISM IN CANADA 

Rev. Wm. Brown, in the Canada Christian Advocate: 
' Our last General Conference afifirmed the desirability 
of a union. The commitees appointed should certainly 
make an effort to accomplish the work for which they 
were appointed. Many of our best and wisest people are 
praying for the healing of breaches in Methodism. Let 
the misunderstandings of the past be forgotten. There is 
no reason for contention now.' 

Bishop Richardson expresses his opinion in a letter, 
April ist, 1868, that the Committee of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church is as free to act as other committees. 

' Canada has been the means of changing the whole 
colonial policy of Great Britain; it will be still more to 
its honor to originate the union of churches.' — Guardian. 

At a breakfast in London, April 6th, the Rev. Wm. 
Morley Punshon was presented with an address and a 
purse of seven hundred guineas " as an expression of 
friendship and of high appreciation of his private excel- 
lencies and his public services to the cause of Christ." 

Mr, Punshon, appointed President of the next Canada 
Conference, sailed by the Scotia, April nth, arrived in 
New York on the 22nd, preached at the dedication of St. 
John's Methodist Episcopal Church, Brooklyn, and, pro- 
ceeding to Montreal, preached in Great St. James St. 
Church and delivered his lecture on " Daniel in Babylon " 
on Monday evening. 

' It would be impossible to find space for the many 
beautiful illustrations, the graphic descriptions, the 
shrewd observations, the pathos, the humor, the art — felt 
rather than seen^ — both in the composition and delivery 
with which the lecture abounded.' — Witness. 

From Montreal Mr, Punshon proceeded to Ottawa, 
where his lecture was a " sensation and a success," 
preached in Belleville, attended the Convocation of Vic- 
toria College, preached the dedication sermon for Cen- 
tenary Church, Hamilton, and left for Chicago to attend 
the General Conference as Delegate from the English 

224 



ENGLAND AND CANADA 

Conference. The Rev. Dr. Ryerson attended as Delegate 
from the Canada Conference and the Rev. Dr. Richey 
from the Eastern Conference. Lay delegation was one 
of the great questions under consideration. The Confer- 
ence in i860 had declared itself willing for the change, if 
the people desired it. The vote of both ministers and 
laymen was strongly against it. The ofifer was repeated 
in 1864; no vote was taken, but the agitation continued. 

The Rev. Dr. Evans sailed from Victoria on the 3rd 
of April and reached Toronto six weeks later. 

On the 7th of May a valedictory service was held in 
the Richmond St. Church, Toronto, on the departure of 
Revs. George Young, Peter Campbell and Egerton R. 
Young for the North-West. On the platform were Revs. 
James Elliott, President; W. M. Punshon, M.A., Drs. 
Wood, Ryerson, Green, Jeffers, Taylor, George Mc- 
Dougall, Messrs. John McDonald, A. W. Lauder, and 
others. The church was filled to overflowing with a 
deeply sympathetic audience. The next morning a 
breakfast was given in the lecture room. John McDonald, 
Esq., presided, and addresses were given by Revs. Wm. 
Stephenson, Principal V/ilHs of Knox College, W. H. 
Gibbs, Esq., Oshawa; Rev. Drs. Caldicott, Baptist; Jen- 
nings, Presbyterian ; Cocker, New Connexion ; J. G. 
Manly, Congregational; W. H. Beatty, Esq., and Rev. 
W. M. Punshon. Contributions of about $1,800 were 
handed in. 

The missionaries have been largely instrumental in 
making known the priceless value of those vast regions, 
and the outcome is seen in negotiations for the trans- 
fer of the Hudson's Bay Company's rights and the 
opening of unlimited fields for missionary enterprise. 

The Rev. A. Carman, M.A., President of Albert Col- 
lege, in the Canada Christian Advocate, joins hands with 
the Editor of the Christian Guardian in the demand for 
' fair, honest, liberal and patriotic ' dealing by the Gov- 
15 225 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

ernment on the College Question. The plan likely to be 
proposed is — One University, with the privilege of affilia- 
tion open to all colleges on certain conditions. 

On his return from Chicago the Rev. W. M. Punshon, 
M.A., lectured in the Richmond St. Church on " Daniel 
in Babylon." Enthusiastic applause testified the ap- 
preciation of his eloquent words, and continued cheering 
marked the close. A vote of thanks proposed by the 
Rev. Dr. McCaul and seconded by Dr. Daniel Wilson 
was carried with acclamation. 




AIethodist Church, Quebec 



226 




1. Henderson, \V. C, H.li. j. l.antrford, Alex., D.D. 3. Potts, John. D.L», 
i. Roberts, Rev. Edward 5. Miss Mary E. Adams 6. Cornish, Geo. H., LL.D. 

Huestis, S. F., D.D. S. Webber, Rev. Georsre 9. Shannon, Hon. S. L. 



CHAPTER XIX. 



CANADA'S ENLARGING SPHERE. 

Conference, Kingston — Punshon — Oshawa — Eastern Conference 
— Victoria — Red River — Fort Garry — McGill Square — North- 
West — British Cohimbia — Dr. Evans — Sea to Sea — Endow- 
ment — Winnipeg — Young — Blackfeet — Convocation. 

The Conference met in Sydenham St. Church, King- 
ston, on the 3rd of June, 1868 — the Rev. James Elliott, 
President, in the chair. About 250 brethren answered to 
the roll-call. The President briefly and gratefully re- 
viewed the year and introduced his successor, the Rev. 
W. M. Punshon, M.A., who received a hearty welcome. 
The Co-Delegate, Rev. Dr. Taylor, was introduced. The 
Rev. Ch. Lavell, M.A., was elected Secretary. 

Received into full connection — Geo. H. Bridgman, 
M.A., Alexander G. Harris, Robt. L. Gabie, James Kines, 
Donald G. Sutherland, M.A., Andrew B. Chambers, Jas. 
Woodsworth, James McClung, Daniel E. F. Gee, Wm. H. 
Rowson, B.A., John W. Wicher, Jacob E. Howell, M.A., 
Wm. H. Withrow, M.A., Wm. Shaw, Joseph H. Chant, 
Osborne Lambly, M.A., John H. Stewart, Robt. Bell, 
Wm. J. Shaw, M.A., LL.B., Richard Kerr, Henry Irvine, 
Stephen Chartier. 

Twenty-nine candidates were received on probation. 

Died — Robert Graham, February 20th, 1868, aged 70 
years. 

The Book Steward and the Editor were re-elected. 

The Rev. Dr. Evans gave a very interesting account 
of the work in Vancouver and British Columbia. The 
Rev. Dr. Butler, from India, was introduced. A depu- 
tation from the Presbyterian Synod, in session in the 

227 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

city, received a very hearty welcome. The Rev. Drs. 
Green, Taylor, John Borland and George Douglas were 
appointed to convey the greetings of the Conference to 
the Synod. The Conference love-feast was opened at 
8 o'clock Sunday morning by the Rev. John Carroll, and 
proved a season of delightful fellowship. 

The ordination sermon by the President equalled 
highest expectations. Dr. Jeffers preached in the even- 
ing. 

Total members, 60,444; increase, 1,987. 

An effort is to be made to raise an Endowment Fund 
of $100,000 for Victoria College. 

The Constitution of the Sunday School Union was 
revised. No difficult legislation was attempted. 

Mr. Punshon's lecture on John " Wesley and His 
Times " was such a treat of art and eloquence as had not 
before been enjoyed in Kingston. 

The new and beautiful church in Oshawa was dedi- 
cated on the 14th of June, the Rev. Dr. Ryerson preach- 
ing in the morning, Rev. Dr. Jeffers in the afternoon, and 
the Rev. W. M. Punshon in the evening. Large audi- 
ences attended, and in the evening Dr. Jeffers preached 
to an overflow congregation in the Presbyterian Church. 
The cost of the new church was about $15,000, which, 
after another Sunday and a tea-meeting, was all pro- 
vided for. 

Mr. Punshon proceeded to Fredericton, N.B., as 
President of the Eastern Conference, accompanied by 
Rev. Dr. Nelles, Delegate from the Canada Conference. 

' The Rev. Morley Punshon, after presiding over the 
A^^'esleyan Conference, left Fredericton with the Hon. 
Judge Wilmot. His visit among us has been like the 
flash of a meteor, illuminating all around. On Sabbath 
morning the A^^esleyan Church was filled to its utmost 
capacity. The sermon was a masterpiece of eloquence, 
accompanied by a gracious influence to the hearts of all. 
His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor was among the 

228 



i 



CANADA'S ENLARGING SPHERE 

hearers. Every Church in the city was represented and 
expressions of satisfaction came from every class and 
creed.' — Nezv Brunswick Reporter. 

Volunteers were asked for the Pacific Coast. Mr. 
Henry Cunningham, of Victoria, ofifered $500 a year 
for three years towards the support of a missionary at the 
Cariboo gold fields, where there are 1,700 miners without 
any minister. The Revs. Amos E. Russ, with wife and 
two children, and Thomas Derrick accepted the call and 
left for New York, whence they sail by Panama. 

The Rev. Albert Carman writes : 

' At the last session of the Provincial Legislature the 
Colleges were asking some system of public aid that 
would enable them to carry on their operations. To 
some of them aid was afiforded on the ground that they 
had long been recipients ; but they were curtly told that 
they need not come again, as though they were not claim- 
ing an indisputable right. . . . Have the Colleges a 
community of interests? H so there should be unity of 
action. . . . H we demand aright we shall obtain 
fair and honorable legislation that will benefit all classes 
of Her Majesty's subjects.' 

The Rev. E. R. Young writes from Red River, July 
1 6th, 1868: 

' We rose about 4 o'clock, prepared breakfast, looked 
after our horses, joined in praise and prayer, and at the 
call of our indefatigable leader were soon on our way; 
halted at noon, then journeyed till night. At times it 
seemed as if we and our faithful horses would melt; at 
other times drenching rain would penetrate our tents. 
We forded rivers and mudholes, almost impassable. The 
grasshoppers have eaten nearly every green thing. We 
never saw a finer soil ; no forests to fell — a home for 
millions. We are waiting a boat for Norway House. 
Bros. McDougall, Campbell and party are making pro- 
vision for their long journey in carts and wagons.' 

July 19th, 1868, the Rev. George Young writes from 
Fort Garry: 

' Crossing into the Dominion we sang " God Save the 
Queen " and hoisted the Union Jack. This so vexed or 

229 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

frightened a pair of our American horses that they ran 
away, but were recovered. Bro. McDougall's Red River 
carts amused us not a little — large, awkward-looking 
wheels attached to a frame that serves for shafts and 
box, with raw buffalo hide on wheels and axle instead 
of iron, and so little grease that with a hundred of them 
in a train their music can be heard far off. Nearing 
Fort Garry we found the roads so miry that we were 
compelled to camp among swarms of mosquitoes. But 
in this there was a special providence, as about 2 o'clock 
a fearful storm of wind, rain and lightning burst upon 
us. Had we reached the settlement and tented on the 
open prairie our wagons and tents must have been 
destroyed. The next day we crossed the Assiniboine, 
looked into Fort Garry and passed on six miles, to rest 
for the Sabbath.' 

The Trustees of the Adelaide St. Church, Toronto, 
purchased McGill Square, about three acres, for $26,000, 
as a site for a representative church. 

' Less than thirty years ago the land north of McGill 
Square and eastward from Yonge St. to the Don was 
mostly unproductive and covered with zig-zag fences, 
but has now populous streets, handsome dwellings, gar- 
dens and pleasure grounds. In that time the city has 
more than trebled its extent, trade, and population. It 
would be no great stretch of prophetic reasoning to say 
that this Square, with its buildings, will in twenty years 
be worth $200,000.' — Toronto Telegraph. 

John McDonald, Esq., sends a very interesting account 
of the Rama camp-meeting: 

' In addition to the Rama Indians, there were many 
from Colpoy's Bay, Mud Lake, Snake Island, and Geor- 
gina Island. A larger proportion of them are members 
of the church than in white communities and they are 
intelligent Christians. To those who labor among them 
the results must be cheering. See for yourselves and you 
will say we have not yet done our duty to the Indians.' 

Quebec — ■ 

'The Rev. W. M. Punshon, M.A., lectured on Friday 
evening in the Wesleyan Church on " Daniel in Baby- 

230 



CANADA'S ENLARGING SPHERE 

Ion " — a lecture originally prepared for the Young Men's 
Christian Association, London, and presenting Daniel as 
a model for young men. Beauty of conception, elegance of 
language and perfection of elocution combined to render 
this lecture one of the most delightful to which we ever 
listened. Last night Mr. Punshon preached to an 
immense concourse, some hundreds being unable to ob- 
tain admittance. The sermon was eminently calculated 
to lead men to investigate their course in life and to 
adopt sincere resolutions of amendment.' — Quebec 
Gazette. 

' A Canadian route to the North-West is the subject 
of a report by S. J. Dawson, Esq., C.E., recently printed 
by order of the House of Commons. On such communi- 
cation the future of Canada is greatly dependent. Can- 
ada has resources whose development must greatly accel- 
erate the increase of her population and wealth. . . . 
Let a tolerably practical route be opened to Red River 
and the valley of the Saskatchewan, and soon millions of 
population and hundreds of millions of trade would 
make Hudson's Bay Territory a number of provinces and 
Canada a great and progressive confederation. The 
threatened famine at Red River is hastening the Govern- 
ment's exertions^ in opening up the above route.' — 
Guardian, Oct. 14th, 1868. 

The Revs. Amos Russ and Thomas Derrick arrived 
in British Columbia Sept. 4th, 1868. 

The people of Nanaimo gave the Rev. Edward White 
a hearty reception on his return to their circuit. He was 
accompanied by the Rev. Thomas Derrick, whose ser- 
mons and addresses, before leaving for Cariboo, were 
very highly appreciated. From Montreal to Cariboo is a 
wonderful transition, but the energy and devotion of the 
new missionary specially fit him for the situation. 

The missionary income for the year 1867-8 was $74,884 
— an increase of over $6,000, but still leaving a deficit of 
nearly $4,000. The Secretary, Dr. Taylor, urged that 
the debt be paid. Mr. W. H. Gibbs said we should not 
pay the debt only, but raise the revenue to $100,000. 

231 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

'When at Cariboo/ said Dr. Evans, ' I had to pay $i:2 
a day to laboring men, $i6 to carpenters, $30 to a man 
with a yoke of oxen, yet those hard-handed miners gave 
us enough to build, without asking you for help. They 
had been four years without a minister, until Mr. Der- 
rick's arrival,' and there are now 141 members. Nanaimo 
is the great centre for coal, copper and iron — the only 
place on the Pacific Coast where anthracite is found.' 

Towards building a church at Red River $1,800 was 
contributed. 

The Rev. E. R. Young writes from Norway House, 
Sept. 30th, 1868: 

' Our home is among the Indians north of Lake Winni- 
peg. From Red River we were rowed in a little open 
boat by six Indians, often fearfully tossed on the im- 
mense waters, but mercifully preserved. We have a nice 
church, a good Sunday School and an interpreter. I 
have just returned from Oxford House, over 200 miles, 
in a canoe, with two Indians. The missionary there is a 
converted Indian and I went to administer the sacra- 
ments. Coming home wind, rain and snow beat upon us.' 

' The claims of the Hudson's Bay Company have been 
rejected by the British Government and the Dominion of 
Canada will soon extend " from sea to sea." With a 
route opened into those vast territories the prairies will 
soon become fruitful fields.' — Guardian, November, i< 



The Rev. George Young writes that the general desti- 
tution around Fort Garry and the prospects for winter 
were appalling. The Company had made a grant of 
£1,600 to provide nets, ammunition and seed wheat. 

The Canada Christian Advocate has had a series of 
editorials on the College Question, one of them conclud- 
ing thus: 

' It is not our business to present the details of a gen- 
eral measure for colleges. If the people demand such a 
measure it is the business of the Government to enact 
it. . . . There could be independent Universities or 
one bona fide Protestant University, which we certainly 
have not now.' 

232 



CANADA'S ENLARGING SPHERE 

A meeting was held in Cobourg, Nov. loth, 1868, in 
response to a call from the Conference and College au- 
thorities to initiate an effort for an Endowment Fund. 
Representative men attended from many parts of the 
Province and some generous sums were offered: Rev. 
W. M. Punshon, $3,000; John McDonald, Esq., $2,000; 
W. H. Gibbs, Esq., $1,000 and $1,000 conditional; Wm. 
Kerr, Esq., $1,000; Wm. Beatty, M.P.P., $1,000, and 
smaller amounts. Edward Jackson, Esq., of Hamilton, 
was not there, but a few days afterwards gave $2,000 
and $3,000 more conditional. 

A resolution was before the House declaring it ex- 
pedient to extend the provisions of the University Act of 
1853, making provision for the affiliation of Colleges. 
Various amendments were offered, but no final action 
taken. 

The wonderful attraction of Mr. Punshon's lectures 
has not only cultivated a taste for high-class, instructive 
entertainment, but has also awakened the dormant elo- 
cutionary powers of many a village Hampden and many 
a name, hitherto unknown to fame, is drawing full 
houses. 

A " Handbook of Canadian Methodism," by the Rev. 
G. H. Cornish, has been published by the Book Room — 
" a veritable mine of information of exceeding interest to 
preachers and people." 

From the far-away Edmonton House the Rev. Peter 
Campbell writes, Jan. 8th, 1869: 

' We are well — never felt more like work. I drove 
my two oxen and carts seven hundred miles over the 
plains, and walked most of the way. Mrs. Campbell drove 
the horse and buggy and took care of our two little girls 
most of the way from Red River — sometimes in a river 
swift enough to carry us off our feet, or plunging through 
bogs in which oxen and cart were well-nigh buried. We 
reached Edmonton Sept. 21st — four months and a half 
on the way. The plains are very fertile; grain and root 

233 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

crops grow well. Gold, coal, platinum, salt and sulphur 
abound. The rivers are magnificent; the Saskatchewan 
navigable, for steamboats, 1,200 miles; the Athabaska 
and Peace Rivers, nearly their whole length; the Mac- 
kenzie from the Arctic Ocean to Great Slave Lake. Our 
house is comfortable. Preaching on the Lord's Day 
morning and evening; Sunday School in the afternoon. 
I spent a Sabbath with Bro. McDougall and expect to go 
to the Mountain House in February — camping in the 
snow.' 

Mrs. Campbell, who so pluckily handled the reins 
crossing those swiftly-flowing rivers and wide-extended 
plains, worn out by the untold privations of missionary 
life, rests in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto; one of 
her little girls is Mrs. E. J. Forbes, in Australia, the 
other, in Toronto, widow of the late Rev. William C. 
Sanderson. 

The Rev. Thomas Derrick writes a glowing account 
of his journey to Cariboo: 

' Behind six noble horses, in massive harness, and such 
a carriage ! the mountain tops of Yale in the distance, the 
peaks forever glistening in their icy grandeur — and we 
are away, not for a few miles, but for hundreds ; cross- 
ing the suspension bridge over the Eraser, viewing the 
Cascades, the Boston Bar, the dizzy heights of " moun- 
tains on mountains hurled " ; then the China BlufiF, the 
Big Canon, the Jackass Mountain, until we halt for night 
at Lytton.' 

Walking in advance for exercise, Mr. Derrick took 
the wrong road, the stage passed him, and he had to 
wait two weeks for the next. But at Bonaparte he 
found a welcome, a congregation and a collection of $15. 
" Thank you, sir," said one man, " this is the first sermon 
preached here, and I had not heard one for five years." 
He preached in other places also. The third day after 
his arrival at Cariboo $250 were subscribed. The next 
day a shell of a building served for a church, as it did 
for weeks, until stalls were put in — then they thought of 

234 



CANADA'S ENLARGING SPHERE 

the stable and the manger. Soon they occupied the new 
church ; a parsonage in the rear, with three rooms ; a 
carpet, the gift of Mrs. Meacham, on the floor — site and 
buildings costing $i,8oo. He preached also at Mosquito 
Creek, seven miles by dog sleigh. 

The Rev. George Young, Red River, writes John Mc- 
Donald, Esq., Feb. 25th, 1869, thankfully acknowledging 
the help sent, says they are digging for a foundation, 
and hope to see the " glorious edifice " rising by and by. 
His mission extends eighty miles. 

' In Wesley Hall, Winnipeg, we have a Sunday School 
and preaching, afternoon service in a private house at 
Sturgeon Creek, six miles out ; Sunday School at 4.30 
and preaching at 5.30, Gowler farm, closing with class 
and prayer-meeting — then sleeping in buffalo robes on 
sweetly-scented hay. At 5 o'clock next morning ofif for 
forty miles drive, preaching in the evening to a hastily 
gathered company. Tuesday — Eight miles to High Bluff, 
attentive worshippers and a fellowship meeting. Wednes- 
day — Twenty-seven miles to White Mud River, with 
parties who came for me ; preached to a few, visited 
several poor families. Next morning preaching at Q 
o'clock and sacrament, then 27 miles to High Bluff for 
service in the evening.' 

A settlement has been effected with the Hudson's Bay 
Company : Canada to pay the Company £300,000 sterling 
and allow certain land privileges, etc. 

Rev. Geo. McDougall writes, Victoria, May ist, 1869: 
' One noble old Cree chief — Mas-ke-pe-toon — started 
about two weeks ago for the Blackfeet camp, hoping to 
arrange a peace between the tribes. As he was approach- 
ing the camp, bearing a white flag and an open Bible, a 
Blackfoot shot him. Seven others of our Crees were cut 
to pieces.' 

New churches have been recently dedicated on the 
Brooklin, Streetsville, Clark's Mills, Newcastle, Tillson- 
burg, Fairfield, Mitchell, and other circuits. 

In connection with the Convocation of Victoria Col- 

235 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

lege, the Rev. W. M. Punshon, M.A., preached the 
baccalaureate sermon, and delivered his celebrated lecture 
on " The Huguenots." 

" Cobourg, May 21st, 1869. It is a little more than 
forty years since I was appointed to the Whitby Circuit. 
It embraced seven townships. I added two more. We had 
eighteen appointments, but no chapels. We found one 
hundred white and two hundred Indian members. Flour 
was seven dollars a barrel. We had five children, and 
received $212. This had to meet all our claims — chil- 
dren, table expenses, fuel, horse-keep and salary. Our 
friends built us a log parsonage. W^e were blessed with 
a good revival, and our net increase the first year was 
100. Changes have taken place. W^here we had one 
circuit, there are ten, with forty chapels. Instead of 
hundreds there are thousands of members. Some seven- 
teen persons who were members there when I com- 
menced my labors are living still, and witnesses for 
Christ. Many of them are aged and infirm ; nine are 
widows. I am in my 77th year, and in good health ; 
have travelled 2,000 miles and read 33 books during the 
year." — Robert Corson. 




Annesley Hall, Toronto. 
236 



CHAPTER XX. 

1869-70. 

INSURRECTION AND LOYALTY. 

Conference, Toronto — British Columbia, Red River — Wesley— 
Riel—Scott— Conference, 1870 — McGill Square— Mrs. Pun- 
shon — Lay Agency — Education — The Trent — Sherbrooke — 
Committees — Recommendations — Colleges. 

The Conference assembled in Richmond St. Church, 
Toronto, on the 2nd of June, 1869. President. Rev. 
W. M. Punshon, M.A. ; Secretary, Rev. Charles Lavell, 
M.A. ; Co-Delegate, Rev. George Douglas. 

Into full connection — John Wilson, Charles A, Hanson, 
Carl Alum, Christopher Cookman, Jos. H. Locke, Jos. 
M. Hagar, B.A., Geo. A. Mitchell, B.A., John Smiley, 
M.A., John Scanlon, John W. Totten, Thomas Colling, 
B.A., Thomas Campbell, Geo. H. Squire, B.A., Wm. 
Raney. 

Forty-five young men were received on tria^ 

Book Stezvard — Samuel Rose. 

Editor — Edward H. Dewart. 

Secretary of S. S. Union — John Carroll. 

Total number of members, 62,600; increase, 2,156. 

The Revs. W. G. Campbell, of the Irish Conference, 
and the Rev. W. F. Clarke, of the Congregational Union, 
were introduced. 

The Report of the Book Room was very encouraging. 
Nearly 30,000 volumes and about as many pamphlets 
had been issued during the year. The value of the stock 
was about $15,000, and the profits over $4,000. 

The change of Editor was the result of a persistent 
canvass during the year, and was probably the first time 
anything of the kind had been attempted by any member 

237 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

of Conference. It was feared that the success attending 
the innovation might prove a temptation for its repe- 
tition, or lead others to resort to similar unbrotherly 
tactics. Dr. Jeffers, who for nine years had wielded the 
editorial pen with singular ability, was presented with 
a gold watch and an address in token of the esteem of 
his brethren. 

The motion for Division of Conference was deferred. 

The Revs. John Borland and George Douglas were 
appointed to convey the greetings of the Conference to 
the Congregational Union. 

The rule forbidding the election of the same person as 
President oftener than once in four years was suspended. 

For the first time no invitation was received for the 
next Conference. On this becoming known, the Toronto 
East Official .Board sent in an invitation. 

The Daily Recorder was issued during Conference. 

The Rev. Edward White sends an exhilarating ac- 
count of a thousand-mile tour among the mission stations 
of British Columbia: 

' Set out Sept. 2ist, preached at Maple Bay, overland 
to Victoria, cheering service in Yale, thirteen miles along 
the foaming Eraser and over the suspension bridge. 
After all I had heard about the grandeur and wildness 
of the scenery, I must confess that, rushing along Jack- 
ass Mountain, seated with the driver, the Eraser 1,500 
feet below us, the mountain rising 5,000 feet, the wind- 
ing road hewn out of solid rock, I felt what was meant 
by " painfully sublime." In large letters we read, " Meals 
one dollar," " Beds one dollar." Next morning ofif early, 
along the Thompson and Bonaparte rivers, country 
wild but beautiful, 80 miles to Clinton ; then 53 miles 
to Bridge Creek, where we met Bro. Derrick. Next day 
80 miles to Soda Creek, where we struck the Eraser 
again, went aboard the Victoria, and made sixty miles 
against the current in eleven hours ; met some old friends, 
and on to Barkerville, 60 miles — a town much improved 
since the fire. Population of Cariboo estimated at 3,000 
— one-fourth Chinese. Mining interests have suffered. 

238 



INSURRECTION AND LOYALTY 

Wages six to ten dollars a day ; board twelve to sixteen 
per week. I don't wonder Bro. Derrick is perfectly at 
home in such a place, with such a people.' 

The new granite church in Stanstead, C.E., was dedi- 
cated Sept. 30th, 1869, by the President. The church is 
64x120, exclusive of tower and porches. The auditorium, 
upholstered and carpeted, is separated from the lecture- 
room by doors on pulleys. Arrangements for Sunday 
School and social services are most complete. In the 
basement are furnaces, kitchen, gas works, etc. The 
cost exceeded $60,000, American money, of which 
$36,000 came from the main originator of the project — 
Carlos Pierce, Esq. On Monday evening Mr. Punshon 
gave his brilliant lecture, " Macaulay." 

This is probably the most beautiful and complete 
Methodist Church in Canada, outside the cities. When 
the undertaking was suggested by Mr. Pierce, he was 
told, " We are not able to build." " Go to work," said 
he, " and I will pay half of a $10,000 house." Plans were 
prepared and estimates made, running up to nearly twice 
the sum proposed. " I will pay half," said Mr. Pierce, 
and set men to work in his granite quarries. The work 
went on, further estimates became necessary, Mr. Pierce 
still offering to pay half — and all the cost above $30,000. 
In the absence of contracts, the expenditure far exceeded 
calculations, but Mr. Pierce generously saw it through, 
even adding organ, clock and bell. 

The Annual Meeting of the Missionary Society was 
held in Ottawa, John McDonald, Esq., presiding. Report 
and Financial Statement by Drs. Wood and Taylor; 
addresses by Dr. Beatty, Judge Deacon, Revs. Dr. 
Jeffers, Charles Lavell, and W. M. Punshon. 

Great dissatisfaction prevails among the half-breeds 
at Red River, and opposition to the policy of the Govern- 
ment. The Rev. George Young remains at his post, 

239 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

counselling peace, but fearing disaster. A small force 
under Schultz and Boulton was captured by Riel and 
held as prisoners. 

Some years ago Father Chiniquy became well known 
throughout the Province of Quebec for his zeal in Tem- 
perance work, almost rivalling Father Alatthews. He 
also published a pamphlet on the errors of Protestantism. 
Going to the United States, he became known as a very 
zealous Protestant. He returned to Canada, zealous as 
ever in the cause of Temperance, and openly avowing 
Protestant principles. He lectured in Montreal and 
other places, exposing the errors of his early belief and 
teaching, and, though fiercely assailed by his former 
friends, won the ear of thousands of his countrymen. 

The Revue des Deux Mondcs, the most influential 
literary journal in France, recently published a lengthy 
article on John Wesley, by Charles de Remusat, a dis- 
tinguished scholar, who has been studying England, her 
literature and religion, and wrote this article to introduce 
John Wesley to the French people. He gives the account 
of Mr. Wesley, his preaching, and revivals, in his own 
words, and even corrects misrepresentations of some 
English writers. He explains the physical phenomena, 
witnessed under Methodist preaching, as not unusual 
effects of violent emotion: 

" These abrupt transitions from the power of Satan 
to the power of God were not attested by tears, sighs 
and groanings only, but by a new life, a lasting improve- 
ment, lions became lambs. We must either consider 
Wesley a false witness or acknowledge that it was the 
work of God. The gifts of the Holy Spirit are not 
visions. The work and example of Whitfield and Wes- 
ley have exercised an indirect influence much greater in 
the eyes of the historian than the immediate effects of 
their preaching, and given birth in Great Britain and in 
the countries of British origin to a religious movement 

240 



INSURRECTION AND LOYALTY 

which has altogether contradicted the predictions of such 
lookers-on as Voltaire and Montesquieu." 

Such attention to Wesley by a French writer is scarcely 
surprising, when such names as Shakespeare, Scott, 
Byron, and many more, are acknowledged to have left 
an indelible impress on French literature. In the vigorous 
pages of Victor Hugo, De Vigny, George Sand and 
Balzac, the influence of Gothic freedom and force is 
clearly discernible. The French intellect takes as natur- 
ally to close observation as to scientific investigation. 
The study of cause and effect by Remusat finds illustra- 
tion in such writers as M. Zola, in, for example, his 
influential though scarcely logical essay, " Le Roman 
Experimental," as he duly estimates both the observa- 
tions of the astronomer and the scientific experiments 
of the chemist. 

No honest student of the moral and religious condition 
of England during the early and later years of the 
eighteenth century — the supine indifference of the clergy 
to spiritual interests, the declension and decav of dis- 
senting Churches, the immoralities in which high and 
low were steeped — with the awakened sensibilities and 
fresh heartbeat of religious life developed through the 
middle and later years of the century, without paying a 
meed of tribute to the zealous band of Oxford students, 
who went out as the heralds of a resuscitated evangelism 
to awaken slumbering Churches. Though " despised and 
rejected of men," they were " mighty through God to the 
pulling down of strongholds." 

During the winter the insurrection in the North- West 
gathered strength. A Provisional Government was 
formed, with Louis Riel as President, and a force of 
volunteers was armed and drilled. Many loyal men were 
made prisoners, and some were sentenced to be shot: 
but Thomas Scott was the only one upon whom the 
sentence was carried out. 

i6 241 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

March 5th, 1870, the Rev. George Young writes a 
brother, Mr. Hugh W. Scott, of Toronto : 

' Your brother was taken prisoner by Mr. Riel in De- 
cember, but made his escape ; he was again taken, with 
forty-seven others. The day before yesterday he was 
tried and sentenced to be shot the next day. I stayed 
with him, and we spent the evening in prayer. Next 
morning I went with Mr. Smith to intercede with Riel, 
but to no purpose. When led out from the walls of Fort 
Garry, he knelt in prayer and so remained until tke fatal 
shots were fired. I have begged the body, and if we 
secure it, will write again.' 

Mr. S. H. Harvard, of Toronto, writes : 

' On my outward trip last summer, I had in the coach 
from St. Cloud one fellow-passenger — a fine, tall, mus- 
cular youth, some twenty-four years of age — and I was 
singularly struck with his inoffensive bearing towards 
everyone. In a lonely inn by the wayside we shared a 
bed together. This was Thomas Scott, who has been 
murdered in cold blood.' 

Capt. Rowe, of Madoc, writes : 

' I have to inform you that the unfortunate man — 
Scott — who has been murdered by that scoundrel, Riel, 
was for some time a member of my company, and did 
duty with the battalion at Stirling in 1868. He was a 
splendid fellow, about six feet two inches.' 

" The death of Scott will not be fruitless. It will put 
an end to the vacillations of the past and kindle a feeling 
through the country that will be too strong for those who 
recently sympathized with Riel and the Jesuits of the 
North-West." 

A military expedition, sent out by the Government, 
speedily subdued the rebellion. 

London — 

' The Dundas St. Church was opened on the 4th of 
April, 1870, the Rev. W. M. Punshon, M.A., preaching 
the dedication sermon. On the following evening Mr. 
Punshon lectured on " Wesley and His Times." ' 

Bowmanville — 

' On Easter Sunday, 1870, our new church was dedi- 
cated, the Rev. W. M. Punshon preaching morning and 

242 



INSURRECTION AND LOYALTY 

evening, and Rev. Wm. Pollard in the afternoon. On 
Monday evening a lecture was given on the Prince of 
Dreamers by the Prince of Orators. 

' Expenditure, $7,500 ; of which $4,800 still due, was 
raised in a few minutes; liberality seldom equalled.' — 
G. N. A. F. T. Dixon. 

The Conference for 1870 met in the Adelaide St. 
Church, Toronto, on the ist of June. 

President, Rev. W. M. Punshon, M.A. ; Secretary, 
Alex. Sutherland. Of 300 ministers appointed to attend, 
230 were present. 

The President read Mr. Bradburn's rules, written for 
his own guidance during Conference: 

1. Be tender of the character of every brother. 

2. Say nothing but what is strictly necessary. 

3. If accused, avoid recrimination. 

4. Beware of impatience ; firm, but open to conviction. 

5. Use no guile nor craft. 

6. Guard against self-confidence; despise no opponent. 

7. Avoid lightness — " Thou God seest me." 

" If these rules be observed by us, not only will our 
business be transacted with a dignity befitting the highest 
court of our Church, but our session may be a blessed 
means of grace." 

The Co-Delegate, Rev. Ephraim Evans, D.D., was in- 
vited to the platform. 

A resolution, acknowledging the efficient services and 
generous contributions of the President during the past 
year, was heartily adopted. 

The President acknowledged the kindness of his 
brethren, but would have had the reference to his givings 
omitted, as he had long since adopted the principle of 
systematic beneficence. 

The Rev. Gervase Smith, Delegate from the English 
Conference ; the Rev. Drs. Lindsay and Lowrey, from 
the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, U.S., were introduced. 

243 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

A meeting was held on Thursday evening for the 
reception of the Delegates. The Rev. Arthur Browning, 
from British Cohimbia, received a hearty welcome home. 
Received into full connection — John H. Robinson, John 
S. Fisher, Nathaniel Smith, Thomas M. Campbell, George 
Clark, Albert C. Wilson, Anselm Schuster. 

Henry S. Matthews was received from the Primitive 
Methodist Church. 

Twenty-two candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Cyrus R. Allison. July ist, 1869, aged 74 years. 

Wm. H. Schofield, M.A., Oct. 22nd, 1869," aged 29 

years. 
Wm. T. Hewitt, Dec. 9th, 1869, aged 70 years. 
James H. Bishop, Dec. 25th, 1869, aged 43 years. 
Samuel Connor, Jan. 7th, 1870, aged 33 years. 
R. Cooney, D.D., March i8th, 1870, aged 69 years. 
James Fear, April 17th, 1870, aged 29 years. 
R. W. Ferrier, M.A., May 2nd, 1870, aged 32 years. 
Total of members. 64,688 ; increase, 2,088. 
The Book Steward and the Editor were re-elected. 

The British Conference was asked to allow the Canada 
Conference to elect its own President next year. The 
Rev. G. R. Sanderson was nominated as Co-Delegate. 

The President preached the ordination sermon. 

The Delegates from other Conferences preached in 
several churches. 

The Rev. Gervase Smith delivered two very excellent 
lectures on " The Siege of Derry " and " Wycliffe." 

The revised Discipline was adopted. 

The Rev. George Douglas, LL.D., renewed his notice 
of motion on the expediency of dividing the Conference. 

The Endowment Fund of Victoria College had reached 
$70,000. 

A letter and resolutions were received from the New 
Connexion Conference, strongly favoring negotiations 
for Union. 

The Revs. Dr. Green and E. B. Harper, M.A., were 
appointed Delegates to the Kirk of Scotland. 

244 



INSURRECTION AND LOYALTY 

The Revs. H. D. Powis and A. Duff, Delegates from 
the Congregational Union, and the Revs. Robt. Boyle 
and Wm. Rowe, from the Primitive Methodist Confer- 
ence, were introduced and addressed the Conference. 

The Revs. S. Rose and H. F. Bland were appointed 
Delegates to the Primitive Methodist Conference, and 
the Revs. C. Lavell and E. H. Dewart to the Congrega- 
tioiial Union. The Rev. Gervase Smith was requested to 
represent the Canada Conference in the British Con- 
ference. 

The corner-stone of the Metropolitan Church, to be 
erected on McGill Square, Toronto, was laid on the 24th 
of August, 1870, by the Rev. Dr. Ryerson, Mr. Punshon, 
with other ministers and laymen, assisting. 

The Adelaide St. Church having been sold, farewell 
sermons were preached in it on the 28th of August by 
Rev. Drs. Green and Ryerson^ — the congregation to 
occupy a temporary tabernacle on the Square. 

The sudden death of Mr. Punshon's wife, on the 23rd 
of September, caused deep sorrow and general sympathy. 

By the crushing disaster at- Sedan, the bloody conflict 
between France and Prussia was ended. Napoleon III. 
" has flung away his power, his fortune, his people, 
his destiny, and has filled his country with fire, blood and 
tears." 

The Annual Meeting of the Missionary Society was 
held in Port Hope. Sermons were preached, Oct. 9th, 
1870, by Revs. W. M. Punshon and Dr. Evans, At the 
public meeting the Hon. James Ferrier, of Montreal, 
being called to the chair, said : ' Methodism, by its ag- 
gressive energy, its use of lay agency and its recognition 
of the social element in humanity, is specially adapted 
to this growing country. Its record is full of encourage- 
ment and bright with promise for the future. Our zeal 
and godly enterprise should keep pace with the rapid 
progress of our population and our extension in the 

245 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

North-West. Weighty responsibilities are upon us. 
Greater victories and richer fruits of missionary toil are 
before us, if God enable us to go forward and faithfully 
use the opportunities opened to us by His providence.' 

Rev. Drs. Wood, Taylor, Green, Arthur Browning; 
Hon. J. C. Aikens, Secretary of State; Wm Beatty, 
Esq., M.P.P. for Welland; Wm. Clendenning, Esq., of 
Montreal, and others, took part in the exercises. 

Income for the past year, abou<^^ $75,000; increase, 
$2,500. The parent society made a special grant towards 
paying off the debt, on the understanding that henceforth 
the Society must depend on Canadian resources. 

At the request of the President, the second Sabbath of 
November was observed by Methodist ministers and 
people as a day of thanksgiving. 

The Bishop of Exeter, England, advocating important 
reforms in the Church, laid special emphasis on lay co- 
operation. Instead of being encouraged and sedul- 
ously employed in the Methodist Church, as aforetime, 
it is too often undervalued and neglected. John Wesley, at 
the first, was timid in admitting lay assistants, but, yield- 
ing to clearly-indicated providential direction, he learned 
the value of lay helpers, and provided for their general 
employment, with incalculable relief to himself and 
benefit to the people. Not as preachers only, but as 
leaders, stewards, and members of society, they were to 
find active w^ork " watching over each other in love." 
Every member was enlisted as a co-worker. By indi- 
vidual and mutual effort the societies were established 
and multiplied. As to the results attained by the ever- 
increasing army of lay workers, the early records 
abundantly testify. It is not to the credit of the Church 
which was the first to recognize and employ this effective 
arm of the service to discourage "its employment or 
permit its disuse. 

246 



INSURRECTION AND LOYALTY 

A local preacher's experience : 

" For the last twelve years I have filled the office of a 
local preacher. Frequently under the scorching summer 
sun or the cold, wintry blasts, I have travelled thirty 
miles on the Sabbath, preached three times, led two 
classes, and paid horse hire, amounting on an average 
to sixty dollars a year. This was in country settlements, 
where local preachers are received with as cordial a 
welcome as ever. They require more sympathy, encour- 
agement, counsel from ministers, periodical meetings and 
other means of improvement. This is the testimony of 
one who has watched with much solicitude the gradual 
decline of primitive Methodist usages." — Ottawa. 

Mr. Punshon in Boston : 

' On Thursday evening last, in the Music Hall, the 
Rev. W. M. Punshon pleased exceedingly a great audi- 
ence by his portraiture of " Macaulay." It seemed as if 
Macaulay wrote for Punshon to speak. We should like 
to hear him give not only his " Milton," but his " Lays of 
Ancient Rome." No man pronounces a poem on the plat- 
form equal to Mr. Punshon.' — Zion's Herald. 

The Methodist Book Room is much improved — new 
windows, new signs, and the floor lowered. 

The Christian Guardian on Union : 

' Important advantages would accrue to Canadian 
Methodism from an amicable union of all its forces. 
Some, indeed, may honestly think that the different sec- 
tions of the Methodist family create a wholesome rivalry 
and stimulate each other to greater zeal and liberality 
than would be likely were they all in one Church. But 
such small advantages are more than counterbalanced by 
serious disadvantages. A united Church would econo- 
mize resources, present increased power, and exert a 
moral influence for the suppression of jealousy, rivalry, 
and the development of religious life. The Canada Chris- 
tian Advocate speaks of the present state of things as 
" inexcusable and lamentable." " Methodism in this 
country should move forward not in straggling bands, 
but as a united host, to the accomplishment of its grand 
mission for the glory of God and the good of our com- 
mon country." . . . "So soon as there is developed 

247 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

a strong and general feeling of brotherhood and desire 
for organic union, it will vanquish all the hindrances 
which now stand in the way of forming ONE Methodist 
Church for Canada." ' 

The Rev. S. Morrison, in Canada Christian Advocate: 

' It seems unaccountably strange, if the movement for 
Union has been carried on in sincerity, that there has 
been no meeting of the committees. Let it be demon- 
strated that bigotry does not exist in the Methodist 
Churches. A Primitive Methodist said to me the other 
day that Union was only a question of time.' 

The Rev. John Carroll writes : 

' The members of the several Methodist Churches are 
essentially one in feeling and desire for Union. A Meth- 
odist Episcopal minister assures me that a little free 
conversation between a few of the leading ministers 
would lead to a solution of all apparent difificulties. The 
poverty under which many of the ministers prosecute 
their work is one of the least evils of the present state 
of things.' 

Education in Quebec: 

* There are scores of boys and girls in Methodist 
homes in this Province upon whom the Church might 
confer the greatest favor by placing within their reach 
such an educational institution as they need. They would 
repay it a hundredfold by and by. The need is pressing, 
the material is abundant, and the means are adequate. 
Let those who have at heart the interests of the youth of 
Methodism in Quebec ponder this question.' — W. 

Mr. Robert Gardiner, of Britannia, in the Township of 
Toronto, for forty years an exceptionally able, laborious 
and acceptable local preacher, a sympathetic co-worker 
with the ministers, and held in high esteem by all classes, 
died on the 25th of November, 1870, after a few weeks 
of very severe illness. Another effective local preacher 
was Mr. James Forster, for many years a fellow-worker 
with Mr. Gardiner. 

Methodist preachers were among the first, in most 
places the first, to preach the Gospel to the new settlers 
in Canada, and by the blessing of God upon their self- 

248 



INSURRECTION AND LOYALTY 

denying and persevering labors, very blessed results have 
followed. But the Methodist Church is beginning to 
realize that her workers have scarcely had a fair chance. 
Under the pressure of need, young men have been called 
suddenly from the plough or the forge to assume, with 
slight preparation, not the duties of a worker only, but 
the responsibilities of a leader. Christ chose His twelve, 
but kept them for some years in special preparation for 
His service. Some degree of mental training has been 
possible to candidates during their probation, and it is 
to their credit that so much has been accomplished. But 
the training has been limited, and the theological knowl- 
edge essentia] to their work has been but partially at- 
tained. The conviction deepens that, with the increasing 
demands and abilities of the people, better provision 
should be made for placing more adequate educational 
opportunities within the reach of candidates for the min- 
istry. To consider this subject, a Committee was ap- 
pointed by the last Conference. 

" Forty-two years ago," writes the Rev. John Carroll, 
" I preached the first Methodist sermon ever delivered 
at the mouth of the Trent, now called Trenton. There 
were a few houses on the east side of the river, a tavern 
or two and a few huts for the lumbermen, on the west. 
The only means of crossing the river was a scow. Now 
it is spanned by a strong, covered bridge. The village 
numbers about two thousand, with a beautiful Methodist 
church on each side. Then the people seldom saw a 
paper ; now they read the dailies. Then there was not 
even a stage ; now there are four railway trains each way 
daily. The telegraph had not been heard of ; now there 
are two lines, and wires almost innumerable. At the 
Carrying Place the Methodists now worship in a church, 
instead of the old schoolhouse. The picturesque ceme- 
tery, where sleep the ' forefathers of the hamlet,' has 
grown more beautiful. Charles Biggar and his hospi- 
table wife are missed from the old white house, but 
James Biggar and his worthy helpmeet maintain the 
reputation of the place, with the prospect of passing it 

249 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

on to other generations — Charles, James, George ; so may 
' the bright succession run.' From this vicniity came 
three Methodist ministers, WilHam Smith, Hamilton 
Biggar and William Young.' 

At a meeting of Methodist ministers and laymen, Dec, 
13th, 1870, in Sherbrooke, Q., it was moved by Rev. 
E. B. Ryckman, M.A., seconded by Rev. Wm. Jackson, 
and resolved: 

" That we believe it to be expedient and necessary to 
establish in the Province of Quebec an Institution, under 
Methodist control, for the higher education of our youth 
of both sexes ; and that a public meeting be called to 
meet at Sherbrooke on the nth of January next, at ten 
o'clock a.m., to consider the project." — ^John Wakefield, 
Chairman; E. S. Orr, Secretary. 

At the missionary tea, in Montreal, a gentleman offered 
fifty dollars, to be paid so soon as the Wesleyan and 
New Connexion Churches unite. 

On the 31st of January, 1871, a Union Tea-Meeting was 
held in Toronto for the promotion of brotherly feeling 
between the different branches of the Methodist family. It 
was largely attended and did much to remove the barriers 
between members of the same common stock. The Hon. 
J. C. Aikens presided, and among those present were Revs. 
Dr. Evans, S. Rose, W. S. Griffin, Alex. Sutherland, 
Bishop Richardson, James Gardiner, S. Morrison, Th. 
Webster, Dr. Cocker, J. McAllister, W. Tindall, R. 
Boyle, J. Davison, W. Rowe, J. J. Rice, D. Cantlin, 
Messrs. Kennedy, Wilkes, Walker, and many other 
members of the churches who enjoy a foretaste of re- 
union. 

The Union Committees of the Wesleyan, New Con- 
nexion, Primitive and Methodist Episcopal Churches met 
in the Music Hall, Toronto, and after a free and full 
consultation, adjourned, to meet again on the last Tues- 
day in March. They met accordingly, and agreed upon 
the following recommendations to be submitted to the 
several Conferences : 

250 



INSURRECTION AND LOYALTY 

That, in the opinion of this meeting, a scheme of 
Union, to be generally acceptable, should embrace the 
following points : 

1. That a General Conference should be formed, to 
meet, say once in four years, having power to make rules 
and regulations for the whole Church, subject to such 
restrictions as may be imposed by the Discipline. 

2. That Lay Representation in the General Conference 
should be included, in such form as may be agreed upon. 

3. That the Representatives to the General Conference 
should be elected — ministers and laymen in equal num- 
bers. 

4. That in case of the admission of laymen to the 
General Conference for purposes of legislation, the 
Annual Conferences should be composed of ministers 
only, who have travelled four years and been received 
into full connexion ; such Conferences to have the right 
of examining ministerial character, and of stationing the 
ministers within their representative bounds, and exer- 
cising general administrative powers. 

5. That one or more General Superintendents should 
be elected by the General Conference, to hold office for 
a term of years corresponding to the term of the said 
Conferences, such Superintendent or Superintendents to 
be set apart for the work by such form of services as may 
be agreed upon, to be amenable to the General Confer- 
ence for all their official acts, and to be eligible for re- 
election. 

6. That there be District Meetings, and that they con- 
sist of all traveling ministers and preachers within the 
District, with an equal number of laymen — to be ap- 
pointed as may be determined — such laymen to have 
the right of taking part in all proceedings except in the 
examination of ministerial character. 

7. That the United Church should provide by legisla- 
tion for the continuation of Class-meetings, Love-feasts, 
Leaders' Meetings, Quarterly IMeetings, and Local 
Preachers' Meetings, on the Circuits and Districts. 

8. That persons holding the office of Traveling 
Deacons in any of the existing Methodist churches 
should continue in possession of all their rights and the 
exercise of all their functions, until the termination of 
their probation. 

251 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Resolved — That these General Recommendations be 
now adopted and referred to the various Conferences; 
and in case of their being approved, the said Conferences 
be requested to take such steps as they may deem neces- 
sary for giving the said recommendations practical effect. 
A. Sutherland, Robert Waeker, 

Secretary. Chairman pro tem. 

The above recommendations were read in the Niagara 
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
referred to a Committee, which reported : 
' That a just and honorable union of the Methodist 
Churches was desirable, but that it was not deemed ex- 
pedient for this Conference to discuss a Basis of Union 
until the other branches of Canadian Methodism were 
in a position to act independently/ 

At the New- Connexion Conference, held in Owen 
Sound, in June, 1871, the second of a series of resolu- 
tions was : 

* That this Conference accepts in the main the Basis 
of Union proposed, as moderate and fair to all branches 
of the Methodist Church, as it recognizes the representa- 
tive position of the laity in the Legislative Court of the 
Church.' 

Slight modifications were suggested in the Basis, 
affecting District Meetings. 

The Observer, Bible Christian, warned against haste 
in attempting to precipitate Union. 

A series of letters appeared in the Provincial IVes- 
leyan, favoring a General Conference for Canada. 

The Rev. Wm. McClure; ex-President of the New Con- 
nexion Conference, died February 19th, 1871. 

A Prospectus was issued for the proposed new College, 
in the Province of Quebec : a Joint Stock Company — 
fifteen laymen and six ministers as Directors. 

Compton offered $11,000 if the College be located there. 

The Baccalaureate discourse for the Victoria College 
graduates was delivered by the Rev. Dr. Nelles. The 
number of students increases yearly and the Convoca- 
tion was of great interest. 

252 



INSURRECTION AND LOYALTY 

Lay Representation has received the approval of con- 
siderable majorities of the laity and of ministers in 
the Annual Conferences of the M. E. Church, U.S. 

The Rev. W. M. Punshon, with Revs. Hugh Johnson 
and Manly Benson, reached Victoria, B.C., April nth, 
1871, and attended the District Meeting, preached, lec- 
tured, ordained Thomas Crosby, and left for Puget 
Sound April 25th. 

Churches have been opened at Zion Hill ; Dundas St., 
London; Bowmanville ; Elm St., Toronto; Lawrence- 
ville, Q.; Brooksdale, Harmony, Lloydtown, Odessa. 
Emmons, Shannonville, etc. 

At Sault Ste. Marie, religious services have been held 
for many years in the Court or school house, but these 
being no longer available, the Methodists, aided by the 
Missionary Society, have undertaken the building of a 
small church, costing about $1,200, and also a parsonage, 
towards which the few residents have contributed about 
$600. 

Mr. Richard Woodsworth came from England to 
Toronto — then Little York — about 1830, and was soon 
known as an earnest Methodist and an effective local 
preacher. In 183 1 he married Miss Mary Ann Watson, 
who had come to York with her father and family in 
1819. They were members of the Adelaide and George 
St. Churches until the building, in 1845, of the Richmond 
St. Church, of which Mr. Woodsworth was architect and 
builder, and in which they held their membership until 
the Elm St. Church was built, in connection with which 
their later years were spent. Mr. Woodsworth was 
taken suddenly ill while preaching on Sunday evening, 
Jan. 22nd, 1871, and died the next day. He was a man 
mighty in prayer, in which he may be likened to the Rev. 
Dr. Wood. Mrs. Woodsworth survived her husband 
about thirty years. Of twelve children, several died early, 
and two — James and Richard W. — are well-known Meth- 
odist ministers. 

253 



CHAPTER XXL 
1871-2. 

HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS. 

Conference, Belleville — Newcastle — Punshon — England — Statis- 
tics — Prince Consort — Dixon — Japan — Manitoba — Metropoli- 
tan — Revivals — Basis of Union — Hart — Conference, 1872 — 
Jackson — Manitoba — Mrs. Evans — Japan — Thunder Bay. 

The forty-eighth Annual Conference met in the new 
and beautiful Bridge St. Church, Belleville, on the 7th 
of June, 1871. 

The English Conference having granted the Canada 
Conference the privilege of electing its own President, 
the Rev. W. M. Punshon was elected by an almost 
unanimous vote. 

The Rev. Alex. Sutherland was re-elected Secretary, 
and the Rev. G. R. Sanderson took his seat as Co- 
Delegate. 

A memorial was presented from Great St. James' St. 
Church, requesting the lengthening of the term of a min- 
ister's stay on a circuit ; another was in regard to the 
founding of a College in the Province of Quebec. 

Received into full connection — Wellington W. Carson, 
Peter W. Jones, Alfred L. Russell, B.A., Thomas Jack- 
son, Edwin McCollum, Richard W. Woodsworth, Ed- 
mund S. Tones, John Mahan. John Scott, B.A., John 
Saunders, B.A., Charles S. Eby, B.A., Jos. W. Sparling, 
B.A., Joseph Hall, Samuel Sing, John Wilson, B.A., John 
Ridley, Ezekiel Richardson, Wm. Andree, Matthew Rob- 
ison, Ezra Healy, Robt. McCullough, Wm. W. Edwards, 
John J. Hare, James S. Ross, James Pearen, and also 
Wm. C. Jolly, Ch. E. Stafford, James H. Stonehouse, 

254 




1. Brings, Will.. U.I). 
i. Addison, Rev. Peter 
7. Graham, Rev. James 



■-!. Mrs. Will. Brings 

5. Hill-, Rev. Joseph H. 

8. Stafford.'E. A., D.D. 



a.^Siinpson.^Rev. James il. 
0. McDonald, L)., M.D. 
'.». Rogerson, Hon. J. J 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

from the Primitive Methodist Church ; Ch. V. Lake, John 
Hiscocks, from the Methodist Episcopal Church; and 
Thomas W. Glover, from the Bible Christian Church. 

Fifteen candidates were received on probation. 
Died — Benjamin Cole, Aug^. 2nd. 1870, aged 45 years. 

Alexander Lester, Aug. 8th, 1870, aged 43 years. 
Thomas Lawson, Oct. 22nd, 1870, aged 46 years. 
George Robson, Dec. 12th, 1870, aged 32 years. 
Stephen Miles, Dec. 13th, 1870, aged 80 years. 
S. Brownell, March 22nd, 1871, aged 70 years. 
James W. Sloan, June 2nd, 1871, aged 35 years. 

Total membership, 66,799; increase, 2,111. 

The Book Steward and the Editor were re-elected. 

Communications were received from the Anglican, 
Presbyterian and Congregational Churches, suggesting 
co-operation in appointing a day of general Thanksgiving, 
the Government having declined the responsibility. 
Approval was given. 

The President having requested relief from official 
duty, he was appointed Representative to the English 
Conference. He was also nominated as President for 
next year, and the Rev. John Borland as Co-Delegate. 

The founding of a College at Stanstead was heartily 
sanctioned. 

The Revs. James Elliott and Dr. Rice were appointed 
Delegates to the Eastern Conference, 

The resolutions of the Union Committees, with certain 
modifications, were accepted as a Basis of Union. 

A Committee was appointed on titles to church prop- 
erty, and to secure legislation if necessary. 

The question of Lay Delegation was discussed, and 
referred to the Quarterly Meetings. 

A Committee was appointed on Union ; also a Com- 
mittee to consult with a Committee of the Eastern 
Conference, with a view to the Confederation of Wes- 
leyan Methodism throughout British North America. 

The Conference closed on Friday. 

255 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The generous hospitality of Belleville was highly 
appreciated. 

' The Newcastle region has furnished to the itinerant 
ranks three Wilsons, Walsh, Jewell, Jackson, Potter, Mc- 
Intyre, and perhaps others, and Methodism there would 
be still stronger if united. The separate existence of the 
atoms cannot long resist the law of crystallization. I 
believe Wesleyan ministers and members stand ready to 
adopt anything of value from the other systems. Dr. 
Green claims to have preached the first sermon in Clarke, 
and the writer organized the first permanent class in 
Newtonville, in 1837.'^ — John Carroll. 

The Eastern Conference favorably considered the 
question of Union, and appointed a Committee. * The 
Canada Conference owes us much,' said the Secretary, 
Rev. D. D. Currie. ' We have given it Enoch Wood and 
Samuel D. Rice, with little in exchange. There are diffi- 
culties in the way of Union, but we hope to see them 
overcome.' 

Dr. Pickard had always thought ' that the Wesleyan 
Church in British America, as affiliated to the British 
Conference, should be one, and believed the members 
would accept a proper arrangement.' 

The Rev. James R. Narraway, M.A., said: 

' There is a grand prospect opening before us. We 
have read of the valleys of the Saskatchewan stretching 
away towards the Pacific Coast, and contemplate the 
thousands upon thousands rolling into that land. The 
Protestant churches will have enough to do in meeting 
their spiritual wants. Why should Methodist churches 
keep asunder? The day must come when they will be 
one. Let the Committee be appointed.' 

The Rev. Wm. Pollard and family, with Rev. Joseph 
Hall, arrived safely at Victoria, B.C., on the 9th of July. 
The Rev. E. White had left with his family for Canada. 

After an absence of three years the Rev. W. M. 
Punshon, M.A., received a hearty welcome home, the 
Conference rising and greeting him with cheers. Cana- 

256 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

dians may well feel proud of their Representative. His 
address was given in an open session, held in Free Trade 
Hall, the audience estimated at six thousand, including 
some eight hundred ministers, repeatedly indicating their 
delight by cheers and waving of handkerchiefs 

* He rose, evidently under deep emotion, and never 
have we heard him speak with greater power, telling us 
of the vast extent of British North America, its varied 
populations, the remarkable progress and influence of 
Methodism.' — Watchman. 

Mr. Punshon, with Prof, and Mrs. Reynar, returned 
to Canada in September. 

" Shall we have a foreign mission? " is being asked in 
Canadian missionary circles, and many are thinking 
prayerfully of the needs and openings in Japan. Some 
think our present extending work, with the great in- 
crease of foreign population likely soon to enter our 
great North-West, quite sufficient to tax our resources 
of men and means. But the command to ' preach the 
Gospel to every creature ' is still in the marching orders. 
New enterprises awaken fresh interest, and wealth lying 
idle or absorbed in worldly speculation might open the 
way to nations perishing in ignorance. 

By the Synod of the Canada Presbyterian Church, 
meeting in Montreal, a Basis of Union between the 
Presbyterian Churches was unanimously adopted — a 
helpful example to Methodist Churches. 

Very grave injustice is threatening the Indians of Two 
Mountains, Quebec, in the efforts being made to dis- 
possess them of their lands. 

The corner-stone of a new church on the corner of 
Carlton and Sherbourne streets, Toronto, was laid on 
the loth of October, 1871. The rapidly increasing popu- 
lation of that part of the city is demanding additional 
church accommodation. 

17 257 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Statistics of population — Census of 1871 : 

1861. 1871. Increase. 

Ontario 1,396,091 1,620,842 224,751 

Quebec 1,110,664 1,190,505 79,841 

Nova Scotia 330,857 387,800 56,943 

New Brunswick . . . 252,047 285,777 33.740 



3,089,659 3484,924 395.275 

Rate of increase — Ontario, 16.9 per cent. ; Quebec, 
7.18; Nova Scotia, 17.21; New Brunswick, 13.38. 

Total increase — 12.79 per cent. 

Population of chief cities — Toronto, 56,092 ; Hamil- 
ton, 26,716; London, 15,826; Ottawa, 21,545; Kingston, 
12,407; Montreal, 107,225; Quebec, 47,166. 

The Rev. Thomas Woolsey presents an earnest plea 
for the founding of a College in the North-West to meet 
the necessities of the English-speaking population, and 
for the training of missionaries. 

' A sample career : '' When the late Dr. Carroll found 
me behind a druggist's counter in 185 1, told me how much 
young men were needed, and asked me if I would consent 
to enter the ministry, I knew nothing and thought nothing 
about salary or the trials before me. I could not sleep at 
night, for joy that God had called me to the work. I was 
like a man whose fetters were broken and he was free. . . 
I was but an exhorter, and was sent to Nanticoke Mis- 
sion' — now embracing almost a district. In two months 
I was saturated with ague and was removed to the Elora 
Circuit. In the backwoods and healthy climate I got 
rid of ague. All I received in nine months was a pair of 
stockings and two dollars for horse-shoeing. Having no 
cutter I had to ride on horse-back, but never was there a 
happier boy on all that round as I rode through the 
woods, singing, ' I'll praise my Maker while I've 
breath.' And my ! I had mv pay, too — in souls brought 
to Christ. The next year I went further back into the 
woods of Peel, Maryboro and Wallace ; got my board, 
but very little money. It was a precious year to me ; 
more than a hundred souls, I think, were brought to 
Christ. Don't discourage the lads who think they are 
called of God to preach the Gospel." — James Harris. 

258 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

Methodists believe in the experience of religion, the 
knowledge of sins forgiven, and the witness of the 
Spirit. So do many others. When the Prince Consort 
was nearing his end, his last Sabbath on earth, while 
most of the Royal Family were at church, his daughter 
Alice watched with him. Feeling very weak, he begged 
to have his sofa drawn towards the window that he 
might see the sky and the clouds passing. At his request 
the Princess played and sang several of his favorite 
hymns. As she ceased, he was leaning back, his eyes 
shut and his hands folded in prayer. " Were you asleep. 
Papa? " she asked. " Oh, no," he answered, " only I have 
had such sweet thoughts." As the Queen was reading 
to him from " Heaven Our Plome," he said : " We do 
not know in what state we shall meet again, but that we 
shall know each other and be together in eternity, I feel 
perfectly sure." 

The Rev. James Dixon, D.D., who was President of 
the Canada Conference in 1848, died on the 28th of 
December, 1871, at Bradford, Yorkshire, in the 84th 
year of his age. 

The Rev. Edward White, recently returned from 
British Columbia, has been delivering lectures of great 
interest on that wonderful country. 

The Christian Guardian for 1872 appears in new type 
and change of form — more pages and of less size. Its 
columns are opened freely for the discussion of Union, 
and the views of many writers for and against are vigor- 
ously presented. 

A Committee appointed to investigate the opening of 
a mission to Japan has the matter under consideration. 

A Local Preachers' Convention, Chatham District, 
spent two days very profitably, closing with a love-feast 
and the Lord's Supper. 

At the missionary meeting in Winnipeg, the Hon. Don- 
ald A. Smith occupied the chair; the Rev. George Young 

259 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

read the report, and addresses were delivered by Revs 
John Black, Presbyterian, E. R. Young, and J. W. Tay- 
lor, U. S. Consul. Contributions were $130 — $50 over 
the total of last year. 

The Rev. M. Robison, of High Bluff, writes, March 
loth, 1872: 

' When I came here in 1869 I found a class of seven 
persons. ... I was convinced that we must build, 
and we went to the woods with our axes. We knelt upon 
the ground and commended the undertaking to God. 
After the timber was brought to the site the times of 
trouble came on, and the work was at a standstill. With 
assistance from Bro. Samuel H. Harvard, of Toronto, 
the church has been completed at a cost of $1,100. About 
the same time we built the Bethel Church, costing $600. 
of which $350 were paid by four or five men who had 
recently united with us. We have about thirty members, 
a class-meeting, well attended, and two prayer-meet- 
ings. The people were much given to drunkenness, but 
are now noted for sobriety and pledged to oppose the 
liquor traffic. At Gowler's, Bro. Wm. Gowler and his 
wife were our only members; now there are over twenty. 
The timber is on the ground for a church. At Portage 
la Prairie we have only two members, but a good congre- 
gation, which would be much larger if we had a church. 
Mr. Charles Mair gave us a site, and the timber is on the 
ground. There will be much building next summer in 
this nucleus of a town, or possible city. From the Mis- 
sionary Society we have a grant of $500 towards the 
erection of churches, and the people have raised about 
$800, but I am $400 out of pocket. Unfortunately for 
me the gift of $250 by a lady was included in the grant, 
which I think was not the intention of the unknown 
giver. In two years and a half we have raised about 
$2,200, and expect to put $200 into the missionary 
treasury.' 

Montreal — 

* On New Year's morning two thousand children 
crowded the spacious galleries, bringing $2,347 — over 
one dollar each. The South and East circuits have been 
divided, with great benefit. Neither men nor money 

260 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

should be spared to secure the suburbs of this prosperous 
city. Lachine, opened six years ago, is now self-support- 
ing, and'ar-source of revenue. We want more ministers 
to guard our interests at Longueuil, St. Lambert's and 
the Tanneries. Romanism has richly-endowed convents, 
and we should have a Ladies' Academy, also a Theo- 
logical Hall.' 

The Metropolitan Church, on McGill Square, Toronto, 
was dedicated on Thursday morning, April 4th, 1872. 
The Rev. W. M. Punshon opened the service, Dr. Wood 
led in prayer. Dr. Green and Rev. Geo. Cochran, pastor 
of the church, read the lessons, and Rev. Dr. Tififany, of 
Newark, N.J., preached the sermon. 

The expenditure for site and church was $133,000, of 
which $60,000 had been provided. Subscriptions amount- 
ing to $21,000 were immediately sent in. Mr. Punshon 
then proceeded with the dedication. 

In the evening John McDonald, Esq., presided, and 
addresses were given by Mr. Punshon, Dr. Tiffany and 
others; $5,000 additional were subscribed. On Sunday 
morning Mr. Punshon preached, from Ps. 133: 8, 9 — 
" Arise, O Lord, unto Thy rest," and Dr. Tiffany in the 
evening. On Monday evening Dr. Tiffany lectured on 
" The Yosemite Valley " to a delighted audience. 

Editorials and correspondence in the Canada Christian 
Advocate indicate great diversity of opinion in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church in regard to Union. 

On many circuits fruitful revivals are reported. 
" Methodism in earnest " must have revivals ; as signs 
and proofs of spiritual life they should never be lacking. 
Wesley's hope was that the Methodist revival might con- 
tinue till the end of time. 

New churches have been built at Troy, Teviotdale, 
Muncey, Lindsay, N. Augusta, Kincardine, Smithfield, 
Orangeville, St. Vincent, Homing's Mills, Murvale, 
Avening, Carlton St., Toronto; Hilton, St. Clair, Rock- 
field, Carleton Place, etc. 

261 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The New Connexion Conference, held at Hespeler in 
May, 1872, adopted unanimously a resolution highly 
favorable to Union, and appointed a Committee on 
Union. 

A circular was issued by the President and Secretary 
of Conference, containing the resolutions adopted by the 
Union Committees as a Basis of Union, with instructions 
to Superintendents to have these resolutions considered 
and voted upon in the May Quarterly Meetings, and the 
results reported to the Chairmen of Districts. 

At the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, U.S., held in Brooklyn, N.Y., the Revs. Luke 
H. Wiseman, M.A., and the Rev. W. M. Punshon, M.A., 
were -introduced as Representatives from the British 
Conference. 

* Mr. Punshon's beautiful and discriminating refer- 
ence to the four Bishops who had died since the last 
General Conference was overpowering and produced 
a storm of blended emotion and applause. An original 
letter from Bishop Asbury, which he read, stirred the 
foundations of feeling still more deeply. He sat down 
amid a tumult of applause. Men were laughing and cry- 
ing in all directions.' 

The Revs. Luke H. Wiseman and T. Bowman Steph- 
enson, of the English Conference, preached in Toronto 
on the 26th of May, 1872. 

The forty-ninth Annual Conference of the Wesleyan 
Methodist Church met in Great St. James St. Methodist 
Church, Montreal, on the 6th of June, 1872. 

The President, Rev. W. M. Punshon, M.A., LL.D., 
opened the proceedings. 

The Rev. Wm. Scott was elected Secretary. 

In his opening address, the President made special 
reference to his visit to the English Conference and to 
the American General Conference. 

A Deputation from the Kirk of Scotland was received 
• — the Revs. Dr. Milligan, Dr. Lang and Gavin Lang — 

262 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

whose addresses were heartily enjoyed by the Confer- 
ence. The Rev. Joseph W. McKay, Secretary of the 
Irish Conference; the Rev. L. H. Wiseman, M.A., Sec- 
retary of the English Conference, and the Rev. T. Bow- 
man Stephenson, were also introduced. 

On nomination of the President, the following Com- 
mittee on the Theological Institution was appointed: The 
President and Secretary of Conference, the Co-Delegates, 
Rev. Drs. Ryerson, Evans, Wood, Taylor, Nelles, Rice, 
Green, Jeffers, Douglas, Revs. R. Jones, James Elliott, 
E. B. Harper, M.A., and C. Lavell, M.A. 

Into full connection — Wm. M. Bielby, Andrew Cun- 
ningham, David Cattanach, Wm. H. Cook, Thomas Car- 
dus, J. Anderson Chapman, B.A., Robt. Davey, Wm. W. 
Edwards, Wm. J. Ford, John Grenfell, Thomas W. 
Glover, John C. Garrett, Thomas Haddon, Ezra A. 
Healy, John R. Isaac, Wm. Johnson, Benj. B. Keefer, 
Robt. McCulloch, Robt. F. Oliver, James Pearen, B.A., 
Robt. Phillips, Wm. Ryan, Walter Rigsby, Francis C. 
Reynolds, Jabez B. Saunders, John Tozeland, Isaac Wil- 
kinson, David Williams, Richard W. Williams, Wm. J. 
Young. 

Forty-three candidates were received on probation. 
Died — Moses M. Johnson, Aug. 27th, 1871, aged 35 years. 

Thomas Jefifers, Sept. 14th, 1871, aged 62 years. 

Ezra Adams, Nov. 30th, 1871, aged 84 years. 

Wm. McGladdery, Dec. 2nd, 1871, aged 22 years. 

Thomas Demorest, Jan. 29th, 1872, aged 74 years. 

William Shaw, Feb. 24th, 1872, aged 35 years. 

David Wright, March 28th, 1872, aged 80 years. 

H. W. Maxwell, April 13th, 1872, aged 31 years. 
The Book Steward and the Editor were re-appointed. 

An evening session was held for the reception of Dele- 
gates — Revs. H. Pickard, D.D., and D. D. Currie, from 
the Eastern Conference, and Rev. Luke H. Wiseman, a 
visitor, from the English Conference. 

The Revs. Dr. Green and John Gemley were appointed 
Delegates to the Congregational Union. 

263 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The returns from Quarterly Meetings showed a con- 
siderable majority in favor of union. 

Committees were appointed to confer with the Com- 
mittee of the Eastern Conference and other committees 
of the Churches negotiating for union. 

A memorial was presented from some gentlemen of 
Montreal, favoring the founding of a Theological School 
in that city, towards which over $40,000 had been sub- 
scribed. The memorial was referred to a committee. 

The resolutions of which Dr. Douglas had given notice 
became the order of the day : 

1. That in the judgment of this Conference the time 
has come when it is necessary and expedient to divide 
the Conference. 

2. That a Committee be appointed to consider the 
whole subject and prepare a plan to be laid before the 
next Conference. 

3. That in the event of the Eastern British American 
Conference deciding in favor of Federal Union, that 
Conference be invited to send a delegation, pro rata, to 
the aforesaid Committee for the purpose of drafting a 
scheme for the future government of our Church in this 
Dominion. 

After some discussion the votes showed : On first reso- 
lution, 249 for and 62 against; the second and third 
carried almost unanimously. 

The report of the Union Committee, expressing hope 
for the union of all Methodists in Canada, and also of a 
Federal Union with the Eastern Conference, was adopted. 

Dr. Pickard expressed the pleasure his visit had 
afforded him and the hope that future and more intimate 
fellowship was before them. 

The President and Dr. Evans were appointed Dele- 
gates to the Eastern Conference. 

The Endowment Fund for Victoria College had 
reached $87,959, and the hope was expressed that a Theo- 
logical Chair would soon be established. 

264 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

An Address of congratulation to the Queen on the 
recovery of the Prince of Wales, and another of wel- 
come to the new Governor-General, were ordered. 

A Deputation from the New Connexion Conference — 
Revs. Dr. Wm. Cocker, Joel T. Pitcher and Robt. Wilkes, 
Esq. — brought assurance of the affectionate regard of 
their Conference and hope for future amicable relations. 

A resolution in acknowledgment was adopted 

The report of the Book Room showed profits of $7,742 
— an increase of $1,942. 

Report of the Committee on a Theological School in 
Montreal : 

Whereas, the Hon. James Ferrier, Wm. Clendinning, 
John Torrance, Esqs., and others of the Methodist 
Church in Montreal propose to endow a Theological 
School in Montreal, and for this purpose have already 
secured over $40,000, which sum is subsequently to be 
augmented ; and whereas, they further propose to place 
the said Theological School under the exclusive control 
of the Conference, with the following conditions, viz. : 

1st. That it be established in the City of Montreal; 

2nd. That it be established speedily. Be it therefore 
resolved : 

1st. That this Conference, with great cordiality accepts 
the proposition of the generous donors. 

2nd. That a Professor, or Professors, as also the Board 
of Management — consisting at the beginning of five min- 
isters and five laymen — shall be appointed from time to 
time by this Conference, and any additional facilities and 
provisions for further instrviction shall be provided by 
the Board of Management at its discretion; provided 
always that the financial responsibility involved in the 
establishment and maintenance of the Theological School 
shall be assumed by the Board of Management. 

3rd. That the Board of Management shall present to 
the Conference an Annual Report of the condition and 
progress of the Theological School. The Report was 
adopted. 

A committee — the Revs, the President, Dr. Wood and 
John McDonald, Esq. — was appointed to visit the mis- 
sions in Manitoba. 265 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The opening of a mission in Japan was recommended. 

As the next Conference will be the fiftieth, it was re- 
solved that the Jubilee be suitably celebrated, and also 
that of the Missionary Society. 

Several ministers and others offered $ioo each towards 
a Theological Chair in Victoria College. 

The President addressed the Conference, reviewing 
the years of his sojourn in Canada, and requested that he 
should not be again nominated for office, as he was in the 
position of an Ambassador recalled. ' il . 

The Rev. S. D. Rice, D.D., was nominated as President 
and the Rev. E. B. Harper, M.A., as Co-Delegate. 

The Rev. George Douglas, LE.D., was appointed pro- 
fessor in the Theological School, Montreal. A Board of 
Management was also appointed . 

In view of relief from further financial obligations, the 
British Conference proposed to pay £7,000. The offer 
was accepted by the Conference and the amount ordered 
to be invested for the Contingent Fund. 

The Revs. G. R. Sanderson and A. Sutherland gave 
an account of their visit to the General Coijference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, U. S. 

Conference closed at the end of the tenth day 

The Rev. Edward White, returning from a visit to 
England, died suddenly in Montreal on the i6th of June, 
1872, aged fifty years. 

The Eastern Conference received the Address and Dele- 
gation from Canada most heartily ; and to further Federal 
Union appointed a committee — Revs. Dr. Pickard and 
Stewart, D. D. Currie, H. Pope, Jr., James Taylor, J. 
McMurray, S. F. Huestis and A. W. Nicholson. 

Edward JackSon, Esq., one of the most highly esteemed 
citizens of Hamilton, a faithful and liberal member of 
the Methodist Church, died on the 14th of July, 1872, 
aged 73 years. In the ordinary work and great enter- 

266 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

prises of the church Mr. Jackson for many years took a 
prominent part, and his memory will be kept green by a 
grateful people. 

The Rev- Luke H. Wiseman, M.A., was elected Presi- 
dent of the English Conference. As Representative of 
the Canada Conference he presented a vivid picture of 
its operations. 

In accordance with Conference instructions, better 
provision is being made in Victoria College for a Theo- 
logical course. The President of Conference opened the 
course with an admirable address on " The Duties and 
Studies of a Christian Minister." 

Twenty-seven students have entered these classes. 

An Act of Incorporation was granted the Missionary 
Society of the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Canada by 
the Canadian Parliament. 

The venerable Henry Boehm spent a few weeks in 
Canada. He preached at Ridgeway and Welland with 
considerable strength, to the great delight of the people. 

In 1811 Mr. Boehm accompanied Bishop Asbury across 
the St. Lawrence and to Kingston. Vol. I., p. 60. 

The Missionary Com.mittee met in Brockville October 
6th. An increase of $10,000 was reported. 

The report of the delegation to Manitoba was instruc- 
tive and awakening. 

The missionaries in the Red River and Saskatchewan 
Districts were summoned to meet the Delegates on the 
ist of August. Some travelled twenty or twenty-five 
days. In addition to Drs. Wood, Punshon and John 
McDonald, Esq., there were present — Revs. George 
Young, George McDougall, Michael Fawcett, Henry H. 
Steinhaur, Peter Campbell, John McDougall, E. R. 
Young, Matt. Robison, A. Bowerman and George Ed- 
wards. The religious state of all the missions was en- 
quired into- — the schools, new openings, condition of the 
tribes, and the need of a College in Winnipeg. Thanks 

267 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

were presented to Governor Smith and ofificers of the 
Company for generous hospitaHty and the fitting up of a 
commodious wareroom for Dr. Punsjion's lecture. 

A subscription for the founding of a school or college, 
started by the Chairman, W. H. Gibbs, Esq., and John 
McDonald, soon reached $3,000. 

The Rev. Wm. Rowe, Primitive Methodist, returning 
to England, has resigned the editorship of the Christian 
Journal and is succeeded by the Rev. Thomas Guttery. 

Mrs. Evans, wife of Rev. Dr. Evans, died suddenly at 
Mt. Elgin on the i6t'h of November, 1872. 

" For a term of years longer than falls to the lot of 
most ministers' wives she has been the faithful and de- 
voted companion of her now bereaved husband — a true 
Christian lady, highly esteemed by all who knew her." 

On the 27th of November the ofificial members of the 
Toronto Methodist churches were called together in the 
Richmond St. Church to consider openings for extension. 
The need of more adequate provision in various parts of 
the city was evident ; a committee was appoin*:ed to in- 
vestigate and report. 

A pleasing evidence of increasing attention to Sunday 
School W'Ork was seen in a Sunday School Institute held 
in the Elm St. Church, Toronto, by the Sunday School 
Association of the city. 

Reports of revivals and missionary meetings show that 
many are laboring and praying for the prosperity of Zion. 
The autumn and early winter should realize the joy of 
harvest among the churches. 

A correspondent of the Evangelical Witness, who 
touched at Japan, on his w^ay to China, writes : 

* There is no religious toleration yet, but missionaries 
and all friends to the cause of Christ are earnestly look- 
ing to the Embassy recently sent to Europe, in the hope 
that it will help to open the door to Christianity. I found 
at Yokohama three Missionary Boards and about eight 
missionaries, some of whom have been at work for years. 

26S 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

A dictionary of the language has been made, a portion of 
the Bible translated, and religious books printed. The 
Scriptures have not been circulated. There are twenty- 
five converts in that city — all there are in Japan — most of 
them learning English. There are no native preachers, 
nor public preaching. There is a day school, taught by 
Miss Kidder, with twenty scholars; among them the 
Governor of the city and his daughter, both of whom are 
reading the Bible. At no other place in Japan can there 
be any professed Christians, according to the decree.' 

A very important and suggestive memorial was re- 
cently submitted to the Prime Minister by Mr. Mori, 
Japanese Minister at Washington, advocating liberty of 
conscience in religion. 

A correspondent in Zion's Herald writes: 

' The Bible is being translated into Japanese. The 
Gospel by Mark is completed and the other Gospels will 
soon follow.' 

The Rev. S. R. Brown, who with Dr. Hepburn is en- 
gaged in this work, writes : 

' I am persuaded that no heathen nation at the present 
day offers more encouragement to the friends of Christ. 
It looks. as if the time had come, God's set time, for the 
nation to be brought to Christ. . . . Although the 
Government has not revoked the old law against Chris- 
tians, nor granted religious liberty to the people of Japan, 
yet there does appear to be hesitation in proceeding with 
persecution.' 

The French missionaries in Quebec — Bros. Charbon- 
nel, Parent, Dorion, Syvret and Sadlier — present records 
of extensive and persistent labors in their several dis- 
tricts, meeting with some success, but amid manifold 
discouragements and constant opposition. 

The Rev. Wm. Halstead writes of his arrival at Thun- 
der Bay, early in July, 1872. The first night he had a 
bed on the floor, afterwards board in a hotel at eight 
dollars a week. A town plot, about a mile square, had 
been laid out. The Court House was obtained tempor- 

269 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

arily for a place of worship. For the building of a par- 
sonage he found materials very scarce and deai, but in 
six weeks moved into it. 

' Soon Mrs. Halstead arrived and housekeeping was 
begun in the first parsonage north of this great inland 
sea, Lake Superior. Two weeks after our arrival we had 
a call from the President of Conference, John McDonald, 
Esq., and other friends from Toronto, who subscribed 
$500 towards building a church — a thankoffering for 
deliverance from the perils of shipwreck on their way. 
This generous donation opened the way for the erection 
of " Providence Church," the most prominent building in 
the new town, opened on the loth of November. The 
congregation is very regular and attentive. The church 
is about three hundred miles from the nearest on the 
east and five hundred from the nearest on the west — 
Grace Church, Winnipeg. Contributions so far about 
$1,250, and about $2,000 more required. AVinter began 
in November; the temperature 35, below zero before 
Christmas, but milder after.' 

The Rev. Charles S. Eby sends an interesting letter 
from the German missionary, Bro. T. E. Morden, giving 
an account of his labors in the Upper Ottawa region — 
Green Lake, Algoma, West Wilberforce, Renfrew and 
Indian River, meeting Frenchmen, shantymen and re- 
mote settlers, and sending fifty subscribers for the 
Evangelist. 

' There are four churches in Pembroke — Roman, 
Anglican, Presbyterian and Methodist — the last small 
and not well situated. There is a good brick parsonage, 
and a new church is a necessity, in order to be a first- 
class circuit. The successful labors of the Rev. J- C. 
Slater prepared the way for his successor, and Peter 
White, Esq., was on hand to bid him welcome. It has 
been my privilege to live among kind friends, but none 
more so than the people of this stirring little town.' — 
R. Whiting. 

' We are gratified to hear from so many circuits that 
revivals of religion are cheering the brethren in their 
diflferent fields of toil.' — Guardian, Feb. 25th, 1873. 

270 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

The Rev. John Semmons reached Rossville in safety. 
While delayed in Winnipeg he gave welcome help to the 
Rev. George Young. 

The Rev. E. R. Young visited the new mission at 
Beren's River. The Revs. C. Thompson and W. V. Sex- 
smith left for British Columbia by Pacific R. R. 

The Rev. Thomas Jackson, the oldest minister in the 
English Wesleyan Conference, died on the lOth of March, 
1873, in the ninetieth year of his age. 

What are the prospects for union? some are asking. 
The Basis of Union prepared by the Committees was sub- 
mitted to the Conferences of the several churches. By 
the New Connexion it was accepted, with slight modifica- 
tions. The Wesleyan Conference approved of it, subject 
to approval by the laity of the form of lay delegation 
recommended. The Bible Christians were against a 
general Union. The Annual Conferences of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, though expressing general 
approval of Union, gave no judgment on the plan pro- 
posed. 

The majority in the Primitive Methodist Conference 
was against Union, though latterly the union feeling 
seems to be extending among the people. 

The organs of the Methodist Episcopal and Bible 
Christian Churches have been steadily against Union, 
under the pretext that the larger body would absorb the 
smaller ones. Committees of the Canada and Eastern 
Conferences met and prepared a general plan of union 
between all the Wesleyans. 

Progress of the Canada New Connexion Church : 

1842 — • 20 ministers and preachers; 2,484 members 
18^2— so " " 4.496 

1862— QO " " 8,001 

1872— I T7 " " 8,^S2 

1874—122 " " 7,862 

Missionary money — 18.^2, $1,988; 1872, $8,352.14 

271 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

' Among the benefits of union with the New Connexion 
Church in England, . not the least was the influence ex- 
erted by representative men of the English Connexion 
upon the ministers of the Canadian Church. Such men 
as John Addyman, Dr. H. O. Crofts, Wm. McClure, 
Joseph H. Robinson, Dr. W. Cocker, John Medicraft, 
and for a brief period Dr. Wm. Cooke and Dr. Stacy, 
presented a high ideal of the Christian ministry, as ex- 
amples of pulpit and administrative ability. Prominent 
among those honored ministers was Joseph H. Robinson, 
who in 185 1 was appointed Superintendent of Missions 
in Canada, and during the fifteen years he held that office 
was four times elected President of Conference. He 
was the chief promoter of the Evangelical Witness in 
1854, and its Editor up to 1870, when by the English Con- 
ference he was elected Editor of the Nezv Connexion 
Magazine. In 1872 he was elected President of the Eng- 
lish Conference. He returned to Canada in 1874 and 
took a prominent part in adjusting matters between the 
Canadian and English connexions.' — Joseph R. Gundy. 

The committees appointed by the several Conferences 
were called to meet in Toronto in October, 1872 ; again 
in January, 1873, but only the Committees of the Wes- 
leyan Methodist and New Connexion Churches met. 
After much deliberation they adjourned to the 9th of 
April, when they again met and agreed upon a Basis of 
Union to be submitted to the Conferences. 

The New Connexion Conference was held at Dunn- 
ville, commencing June 4th, 1873. After a debate of 
nearly four days the Conference unanimously adopted a 
series of resolutions, one of which was : 

Moved by Robt. Wilkes and seconded by Rev. J. Medi- 
craft : 

' Whereas a committee was appointed by the Hespeler 
Conference to meet with committees of other Alethodist 
churches, and said committee conferred with a committee 
of the Wesleyan Methodist Church, resulting in the report 
laid before this Conference ; Resolved, That the said 
Report be now adopted, subject to the sanction of a 
majority of our November Ouarterly Meetings, and that 

272 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

this Conference appoint a Deputation to proceed to Eng- 
land to la}^ a full statement of the whole matter before the 
Conference, and that their report and the decision of the 
Quarterly Meetings be laid before our next Conference.' 

The Rev. William Williams and Robert Wilkes, M.P., 
were the Deputation sent. 

The new Stanstead Wesleyan College will soon ofTer 
to the young people of the Province of Quebec much- 
needed educational advantages, especially to young ladies, 
too many of whom are attending Convents. The expendi- 
ture is estimated at $40,000. 

The Rev. Thomas Hurlburt died at Little Current on 
the 13th of April, 1873 — the result of a fall on the ice and 
concussion of the brain. He was sixty-five years of age, 
had spent most of his life in mission work among the 
Indians, and probably no other white man was so familiar 
with their languages. 

The Rev. Wm. H. Williams died at Matilda on the 
nth of May, 1873, at the age of 79 years — the oldest 
minister in the Canada Wesleyan Conference. 

' The Indians of the Lake of Two Mountains, Q., 
have been drawing lumber from La Chute, twenty miles, 
for their new church, notwithstanding the efTorts of 
priests and courts to dispossess them of their rights. 
With the blessing of God, up the Church shall go.' — John 
Borland. 

A valedictory service for the Revs. George Cochran 
and Davidson McDonald, M.D., about to leave for Japan, 
was held in the Metropolitan Church on the 7th of Mav, 

On the nth of May, 1873, Dr. Punshon preached in 
the Metropolitan Church — his last sermon in Toronto 
before leaving for the Old Country. 

Dr. Punshon gave a faiewell lecture on " Florence and 
Her Memories," in the Metropolitan Church. May 13th. 

On the evening of the 19th a farewell tea was given 
in the lecture-room, and a testimonial, a beautiful casket 
containing a bank receipt for $4,000, together with an 
18 iz-jz 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

engrossed address, was presented to Dr. Punshon as an 
expression of esteem and gratitude from his Canadian 
friends. 

The labors of the Rev. Wm. Stephenson in Ottawa and 
on the District were fruitful of much good. 

"When he came amongst us three years ago Ottawa 
had but one Wesleyan minister, now three ; then hut two 
preaching places, now four; then but one church, now 
another is being built, which will be not onlv an orna- 
ment to the city, but a credit to Methodism. The circuit 
income, then one thousand dollars a year, now fifteen 
hundred, and an additional thousand for the second 
preacher; congregations, members and general funds 
similarly increased." 

The Brockville District May meeting was one of much 
interest. Special attention was given to prohibition. The 
visit of the President, bidding farewell on his way to 
Quebec, was highly appreciated. General progress, num- 
erical and financial, was indicated bv the returns. 

The Barrie District extends to Sault Ste. Marie and 
Prince Arthur's Landing, on the north shore of Lake 
Superior, employing 27 ministers and preachers on 25 
circuits and missions, from which the reports are fairly 
encouraging, both in finance and membership. The need 
of an increase in the salaries, especially of probationers, 
is keenly felt. 

The review of the Pembroke District at the May meet- 
ing showed good progress. Revivals and church building, 
increase of members and finance, much labor but good 
returns were the general experience. 

The Kingston District had been bereaved of one of its 
members, the Rev. James Thompson, worn out with ex- 
cessive labors, died April 19th, 1873, aged 43 years. 
The Rev. Richard Wilson was obliged to retire through 
failure of health. 

The Goderich District meeting was marked by har- 
mony, brotherly love and faithfulness; the circuits and 

274 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS 

missions in a spiritually healthy and progressive state, 
most of them showing an increase. Many fine new 
churches have been built and parsonages furnished. 
Towns and villages show a growing desire to become 
stations. Ten years ago there were none, now six. 

The Stanstead District, as usual, suffers much from 
removals westward, but reports an increase of 98. 




MouM Pleasant Methodist Chukcii, Vaxlouver. 
275 



CHAPTER XXII. 

1873. 
DIVERSE VIEWS OF UNION. 

Conference, London, — New Connexion — Union Prospects — Pun- 
shon in England — Eastern Conference — Dean Stanley — Eng- 
lish Conference — ^Japan — Union — Gundy — Edmonton — Tra- 
falgar Castle — Pembroke — Cochran — McDonald — New Con- 
nexion — ^Convocation — Ladies' College. 

The Conference met in London June 4th, 1873. 
President, Rev. S. D. Rice, D.D. ; Secretary, Rev. E. B. 
Ryckman, M.A. 

Into full connection — James Awde, James Allen, Alex. 
C. Chambers, James Charlton, Edwin A. Chown, B.A., 
Brabazon B. Dundas, Joseph Deacon, John W. Dock- 
stader, Abel Edwards, Thomas J. Edmison, Wm. H. 
Fife, John Ferguson, Jos. Galloway, John Hare, B.A., 
Newton Hill, John R. Isaac, Wm. J. Jolliffe, John A. 
Jewell, B.A., Adol. G. Knight, B.A., Benj. Longley. 
Geo. C. Madden, Wm. Mills, James F. Metcalfe, James 
Macfarlane, Robt. F. Oliver, Thomas R. Reid. Robt. 
Reynolds, James S. Ross, Wm. Rilance, Job Roadhouse, 
John H. Ruttan, John G. Scott, Richard Shier, Edward 
H. Taylor, Wm. T. Turner, Daniel W. Thompson, Isaac 
Tovell, David Winter, John B. Wass, M.A. 

Thirty-seven candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Edward White, June i6th, 1872, aged 50 years. 
Edwin S. Washington, B.A., July 2nd, 1872, aged 

26 years. 
Joseph L. Sanders, Aug. i6th, 1872, aged 41 years. 
William Ryerson, Sept. 15th, 1872, aged 75 years. 
Thomas Hurlburt, April 14th, 1873, aged 65 years. 
James Thompson, April 19th, 1873, aged 43 years. 
Wm. H. Williams, May nth, 1873, aged 79 years. 
Rowley Heyland, May 27th, 1873, aged 75 years. 
The Book Steward and the Editor were re-elected. 

N^ 276 




1. Buruash, N., LL.D. 
4. Griffith, Thomas, Ph.D. 
7. Badgele}', E. I., LL.D. 



•1. Mrs. N. Burwash 
5. Williams, T. G., D.D. 
S. Wilkes, Robt.,M.P. 



8. Stone, S. G., D.D. 
fi. German, J. F., D.D. 

9. Campbell, Kev. Amos 



DIVERSE VIEWS OF UNION 

The Committee on the Jubilee of the Church and Mis- 
sionary Society recommended that commemorative ser- 
vices be held during September and October next and that 
offerings be received for the Superannuation Fund, for 
Theological Education, and for Missionary premises. 
The matter was remitted to a mixed committee. 

The Rev. E. B. Ryckman, M.A., was appointed Prin- 
cipal of the Collegiate Institution, Dundas. 

A resolution expressing grateful appreciation of Dr. 
Punshon's manifold labors in Canada was heartily passed. 
Dr. Punshon replied with thanks to the Conference and 
the people of Canada for the kindness Ije had received 
during his sojourn among them. He also stated that the 
generous gift which had been presented to him should, 
at his death, be invested for the Superannuation Fund. 

Resolutions of the Joint Committee relating to Federal 
Union and Division of Conference were read, in the main 
adopted and sent to a committee. All the changes pro- 
posed were submitted to the Quarterly Meetings. 

A telegram from the New Connexion Conference stat- 
ing that the Basis of Union was adopted was received 
with cheers. This was followed by an official declara- 
tion of acceptance, subject to the Quarterly Meetings and 
the English Conference. 

The Rev. Joseph H. Robinson, President of the New 
Connexion Conference, and the Rev. Henry Medicraft 
were introduced. 

The Revs. Dr. Nelles and Edward H. Dewart were 
appointed Delegates to the English Conference. 

The President and Dr. Douglas were appointed Repre- 
sentatives to the Eastern Conference. 

A letter of brotherly greeting was received from the 
Primitive Methodist Conference and replied to. 

The proposal to divide into three Annual Conferences 
prevailed. 

277 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

I. The Wesleyan Methodist Conferences in British 
America shall be so altered in the form of their general 
government as to be composed of one General Confer- 
ence and several annual Conferences. 

The Annual Conferences- — ■ 

i8. The work in the Provinces of Ontario and Quebec 
shall be divided into three Annual Conferences, to be 
known as the Toronto, London, and Montreal Confer- 
ences. 

19. The Toronto Conference shall embrace the To- 
ronto, Bradford, Barrie, Collingwood, Owen Sound, 
Whitby, Cobourg, Peterborough, and Belleville Districts. 

20. The London Conference shall embrace the Hamil- 
ton, Niagara, Brantford, London, St. Thomas, Chatham, 
Sarnia, Guelph, and Goderich Districts. 

21. The Montreal Conference shall embrace the King- 
ston, Brockville, Perth, Pembroke, Ottawa, Montreal, 
Quebec, and Stanstead Districts. 

The Rev. George Young presented the claims of Mani- 
toba and called for volunteers. 

The Stationing Committee required 27 young men. 

The Superannuation Fund amounted to $29,343, of 
which $5,000 came from John McDonald, Esq. 

The late Edward Jackson, Esq., of Hamilton, left 
$10,000 towards a Theological Department. Mrs. Jack- 
son sent an equal amount. Prof. N. Burwash, B.D., was 
appointed to the Theological Chair. 

The following were appointed clerical members of the 
Stanstead College Board : Revs, Dr. Rice, Dr. Douglas, 
Le Roy Hooker, Benj. Longley, B.A., Joseph Hagar, 
M.A., and George Washington, M.A. 

The Committee on Insurance recommended the forma- 
tion of a society of ministers, each member to pay one 
dollar on entrance and one dollar on the death of a mem- 
ber, for the benefit of the widow. Conference approved. 

Conference closed on the twelfth day. 

While the general forecast for Union was regarded as 
278 



DIVERSE VIEWS OF UNION 

likely to be realized, many of the details were necessarily 
but tentative, subject to such modification as the circum- 
stances and judgment of the uniting Churches may event- 
ually determine. To the Reports of the committees 
charged with the consideration of these great questions 
the most careful consideration was given. In the pro- 
cess of development it was hoped that such a complete 
ecclesiastical system would be evolved as shall ensure 
general satisfaction. 

The discussion of Union in the New Connexion Con- 
ference, as reported in the Evangelical Witness, was con- 
ducted with moderation and ability. An able speech by 
Robt. Wilkes, Esq., M.P., made a profound impression. 
He declared the proposed Basis betokened the most lib- 
eral Methodist Constitution ever submitted on either side 
of the Atlantic. 

The Rev. George Richardson said : 

' The Canadian Conference is rather a partner on equal 
terms than the child of the English New Connexion. 
When the English Connexion had but two or three 
ministers, a hundred members, and no chapels, the Can- 
ada Church had twenty ministers, 2,500 members and 
several chapels. The opponents of Union laid great stress 
on the rights of the minority; but what about the rights 
of the majority?' 

The Rev. J. H. Robinson, who, as Representative of 
the English Conference, had in his first address opposed 
the Union, greatly modified his views. 

Dr. Punshon's welcome home was what might have 
been expected. A correspondent writes : 

' This celebrated divine, who arrived in England ,f rem 
Canada a few days ago, preached his first sermon in the 
Wesleyan Chapel, City Road, to a congregation number- 
ing nearly 4,000. Long before the doors were opened 
the space in front of the edifice and the street were 
crowded with people ; at two o'clock, when the doors 
were opened, the anxious concourse, all of whom had 

279 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

provided themselves with tickets, rushed in ; every seat 
and nook were filled — and this on a week-day. The col- 
lection was for the extinction of the debt on the West- 
minster Wesleyan Chapel. Two thousand and twenty-five 
pounds were contributed.' 

The Eastern Conference opened on the 26th of June, 
1873, in Fredericton, the beautiful capital of New 
Brunswick. The new President, Rev. Dr. Stewart, was 
introduced by his predecessor, and also the Co-Delegate, 
Rev. Elias Brettle. Thirteen candidates for the ministry 
appeared, and four were reported from Newfoundland. 
The Confederation arrangements, with one slight change, 
were accepted by the Conference. 

' The examinations in the Wesleyan Female College, 
the proficiency in music and art studies displayed by the 
young ladies, were in the highest degree creditable, both 
to them and their instructors. The essays by the gradu- 
ating class of eleven showed literary talent and careful 
instruction in composition. Dr. Rice and his associates 
deserve the thanks of parents for the admirable advan- 
tages placed within reach of their daughters.' 

Dean Stanley, in a recent lecture on the " Life and 
Character of John Wesley," said : 

' John Wesley shared the glory of the founders of 
many great religious movements. Robert Brown, foun- 
der of the Independents ; John Spilsburg, founder of the 
Baptists ; George Fox, founder of the Friends, are com- 
paratively insignificant personages by the side of some 
of their disciples. But John Wesley was incomparably 
greater than any who have since borne his name. He 
was one of the redeeming characters, historically and 
religiously, of the eighteenth century, and no one, before 
the Reformation or since, has played a greater part in 
awakening the religious fervor of the country.' 

The Centennial statistics of Methodism in the United 
States show 9,699 ministers, 14,382 local preachers, 
11,300 churches, and 1,421,322 members. 

280 



DIVERSE VIEWS OF UNION 

The Evangelical Witness says : 

' Our exchanges for the past few weeks have teemed 
with congratulations on the action taken by our Con- 
ference, and also by the Wesleyan Conference. The 
New Connexion Conference in England has dissented 
from the decision of the Canadian Conference, but we 
trust the cautious arrangements instituted will insure 
honorable unanimity and satisfaction.' 

The Rev. George T. Perks, M.A., was elected Presi- 
dent of the English Wesleyan Conference. 

The Rev. Gervase Smith was elected Secretary. 

The Rev. Drs. Stewart and Pickard, Delegates from 
the Conference of Eastern British America, were intro- 
duced ; also Rev. Dr. Nelles and Rev. E. H. Dewart, Dele- 
gates from the Canada Wesleyan Conference. 

The Address from the Canada Conference was re- 
ferred to a special Committee. 

The Rev. E. H. Dewart remembered the Guardian and 
forwarded a series of racy editorials. 

' All matters affecting the relationship of the Canada 
Wesleyan Conference to the English Conference were 
satisfactorily arranged. The committee received the 
communications and suggestions of the Canadian Dele- 
gates with great courtesy and in a most liberal spirit. A 
sub-committee was appointed to prepare resolutions for 
adoption by the Conference. These were presented by 
Rev. Dr. Wiseman, who explained the circumstances that 
had occasioned the changes.' 

The ex-President presented the Report of the Commit- 
tee and the Resolutions. 

The preamble stated that, owing to the proposed Union 
with the New Connexion Church, it was necessary for 
some modification of their relations to the Canada Con- 
ference ; therefore resolved : 

I. That this Conference rescifTtls the Articles of Union 
which now subsist between the Connexion in Great Bri- 
tain and the Conferences of Canada and Eastern British 

281 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

America respectively, and gives to those Conferences the 
right to conclude such arrangements for their own con- 
solidation into one body and for their entering into terms 
of union with other Methodist bodies as shall be in 
accordance with the doctrines of Methodism . . . 
and with a system of discipline which, while adapted to 
the altered circumstances of Canadian Methodism, shall 
preserve the fundamental principles of a connexional 
form of government. 

2. The second resolution conferred on the Confer- 
ences thus separated all rights and interests the British 
Conference might now possess by virtue of any deeds or 
instruments relating to trust property. 

3. The third resolution had reference to the placing 
of the official seal of the Conference to any application 
the Conference might make to the Parliament of Can- 
ada or Provincial Legislatures for the vesting of any 
trust property, etc. 

4. The fourth was an expression of regard and prayer 
for the Conferences. 

After brief addresses by Revs. G. Smith, W. Arthur, 
Dr. Rigg and Dr. Scott, the resolutions were unanimously 
adopted. 

Dr. Punshon spoke of the love of Canada for Metho- 
dism and for the mother land ; and the reverent regard in 
which this Conference was held. The changes were for 
the enlargement and prosperity of the work of God in 
that great country. 

The Rev. A. E. Russ writes from New Westminster, 
Aug. 5th, 1873, of his safe return after a most delightful 
visit to Canada. 

The Rev. James Turner also writes at the same time 
of his arrival, without any mishap, from dear old Canada 
to that w^estern city. 

The Rev. Davidson McDonald, M.D., has written sev- 
eral letters, telling of the journey of the missionaries 
across the continent and onward to Japan, where they are 
now, in good health and spirits, vigorously undertaking 
the study of the language. 

282 



DIVERSE VIEWS OF UNION 

* So far all the events connected with the inception 
of this mission have been favorable, and now, on the 
bluffs of Yokohama, in our " own hired house," we are 
preparing to preach the Word in another tongue.' 

The Missionary Committee met this year in Peter- 
borough. Anniversary sermons were preached on the 
I2th of October, 1873, by the Revs. Dr. Rice and E. B. 
Harper, M.A. The annual meeting was held on Tuesday 
evening, the Hon. Senator Ferrier in the chair. Dr. 
Wood reported an increase of 23 missions and 29 mis- 
sionaries. The income for the year was $108,369; in- 
crease, $14,353. Addresses were delivered by Revs. John 
Gemley, C. S. Eby, J. B. Armstrong, John McDonald, 
Esq., and others. 

Before the action of the Canada New Connexion Con- 
ference was known in England the English Conference 
passed resolutions against the Union, and these resolu- 
tions, with other documents, were circulated in Canada. 
The Executive Committee of the Canada Conference met 
and unanimously, save by one vote, adopted an Address 
to their people, in opposition to the course of the English 
Conference and the circulation of such documents, with- 
out the consent of the constituted courts, as " the decision 
of the whole matter was left by the Conference to the 
unbiased judgment of the November Quarterly Boards," 
and that such interference is in violation of the Articles 
of Union. 

Considerable correspondence for and against Union 
appeared in the papers, largely a reiteration of what had 
been said before. 

In the midst of these negotiations came the sudden 
death of one of the chief participants, the Rev. Samuel 
B. Gundy, President of the New Connexion Conference, 
from typhoid fever, at the age of 41 years. He was a 
most amiable and courteous Christian gentleman, a 

283 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

devoted and effective minister, and will be painfully 
missed by his own and other Churches. 

A strong plea is being made for the erection of a 
Methodist church in Ottawa worthy of the capital, W. E. 
Sanford, Esq., of Hamilton, being one of the prime 
movers. 

Among the speakers at the Missionary Breakfast in 
Montreal were Revs. Egerton R. Young, of Norway 
House; Ebenezer E. Jenkins, from India; Mr. Hall, 
from China ; Thomas Crosby, of British Columbia, and 
Mr. Parent, French missionary, Quebec. 

The Rev. Peter Campbell, Victoria, writes very thank- 
fully of Dr. Taylor's visit to Edmonton — his presence in 
the councils of the Cree, Stoney and Blackfeet Indians, 
and the intense admiration expressed by Scotchmen for 
the Doctor's sermons and lectures. 

The Provincial Wcslcyan's forecast of Union: 

' There can be no doubt that an almost unanimous vote 
in favor of Union will be given by the Quarterly Meet- 
ings. Methodism will enter shortly upon a great organi- 
zation, and a yet more hopeful destiny within this 
Dominion.' 

Last year the New Year's muster of the Montreal Sun- 
day Schools and their missionary contributions were so 
large that Dr. Douglas remarked : " In all my goings in 
and out among you for forty-two years I have never 
seen the equal of this. It is the grandest success of all." 
Some thought the climax was reached. But this year 
about 2,000 scholars brought in $3,154, exceeding the 
amount of last year by over $600. At the S. S. tea- 
meeting the next evening the Secretary, Mr. J. J. Mc- 
Laren, reported a total of 300 teachers and 2,500 scholars. 

The votes of the Quarterly Meetings on Union with the 
Conference of Eastern British America and with the 
New Connexion Church, received up to the close of 
1873, were very decidedly in favor of both projects. 

284 



DIVERSE VIEWS OF UNION 

Class-meetings — 

' A class-meeting revival is a prime necessity, and 
Toronto is consistently honoring its position in taking 
the van in this movement. The class-meeting — a Divine 
thing with a human name — providentially interwoven 
with the history of Methodism from its commencement, 
is as much needed in this century as in the last. As a 
spiritual barometer it is needed, Bunyan's Talkative 
colored when Faithful came " to ex?perience, to conscience 
and to God." As a soul stiumlant it is needed — " Teach- 
ing and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns 
and spiritual songs." As an instrument of aggression it 
is needed — " Come thou with us and we will do thee 
good." As a conservator of piety it is needed — " If we 
walk in the light as He is in the light we have fellowship 
one with another." The late John Angel James once said 
to a Methodist : " Class-meetings are your strength, the 
want of them our weakness." — H. F. Bland. 

At a recent meeting of the Canadian N. C. Executive 
Committee a series of resolutions was adopted in reply 
to certain resolutions adopted by the English Missionary 
Committee, expressing regret that that Committee should 
have acted on incomplete information and without any 
official communication from the Canada Conference, and 
the hope that when all the facts are known there will be 
liberal concession to Canadian views. 

The death of the Rev. George Scott, D.D., is 
announced in the English papers. Among his many ser- 
vices his fruitful mission to Sweden and his Presidency 
in the Canada and Eastern Conferences will be grate- 
fully remembered. 

A New Ladies' College. — The division of Conference 
opens the way for an Institution to meet the requirements 
of young ladies within the bounds of the Toronto Con- 
ference. It becoming known that " Trafalgar Castle " 
and grounds, owned by Sherifif Reynolds, Whitby, might 
be offered for sale, investigations were made by the 
Rev. J. E. Sanderson, which led to the formation of a 

285 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Joint Stock Company and the purchase of the property, 
after consultation with Conference authorities and many 
others hkely to be interested. The following were ap- 
pointed Provisional Directors : 

Revs. Dr. Wood, Dr. Nelles, J. E. Sanderson, M.A., 
Wm. Scott, David C. McDowell, John Breden, Messrs. 
James Holden, Charles Draper, Judge Burnham, Dr. 
Gunn, J. B. Powell, J. H. Greenwood, Joshua Richard- 
son, Anson Ross, Hon. T. N. Gibbs, Major Grierson, 
James Luke, Thomas McClung, A. F. Walbridge, Hon. 
R. Read, Richard Hatch, H. B. Taylor, J. B. Bickle and 
Ezra Hoi ton. 

A meeting of the Directors was held Feb. 17th, 1874, 
at which James Holden, Esq., was appointed Chairmaii 
H. B. Taylor Secretary, and a sub-committee to obtain 
a Charter and secure stock. 

Negotiations with the Sheriff resulted in the purchase 
of the Castle and grounds — eight acres — for $30,000 and 
$5,000 in stock. The architect of this splendid building 
was Mr. Sheard of Toronto. 

' Its dimensions — front 80 feet, depth 105 feet, with 
wing 55x33 ; basement 10 feet, first floor 16, second floor 
15, third floor 12. There are fifteen towers, the main 
one 27x28 feet and 65 feet high. There are about 
seventy different apartments, the principal ones provided 
with fireplaces, grates, marble mantels, hot, cold and foul 
air flues, with valves and registers. The entrance is 
16x12, vestibule 21x21, centre hall 44x18, staircase hall 
30x20, with large richly-traceried glass doors, and a 
mammoth group of stained-glass windows at the land- 
ing — the whole forming a grand hall 105 feet long, with 
arches, niches, marble walls and groined ceiling. On 
entering, the first door to the left opens to the Library, 
20x25 ; immediately opposite is the Parlor, same size ; 
next, the Drawing-room, 25x50; Dining-room opposite, 
same size ; Sitting-room, Breakfast-room, etc. Wide oak 
stairways, with heavy bannisters, lead to the upper flats, 
which are conveniently divided and beautifully finished. 
There is also a brick carriage-house, 50x30, with base- 

286 



i 



DIVERSE VIEWS OF UNION 

ment, extensive lawn, garden and orchard^ — all now 
bought for about one-half the original expenditure.' 

Stanstead — During the first year the Stanstead Col- 
lege had about one hundred students, of whom twenty- 
five were boarders. 

Of Pickering circuit the Rev. Geo. H. Cornish reports: 

' Three successful years ; parsonage and five acres of 
land nearly paid for ; debts on Claremont and Brougham 
churches paid ; Mt. Zion Church removed, renovated and 
expenditure met; new church built at Glen Major, nearly 
paid for, and twenty new members added; fifteen at 
Greenwood — a net increase of 54.' 

The Rev. R. Whiting, Chairman of the far-reaching 
Pembroke District, started on a northern tour Feb. loth. 
1874, the Rev. R. F. Oliver, with swift horse, cutter and 
robes, as his travelling companion: 

' After thirty-five miles on the Government Road, we 
took tea with the Armstrongs and McConnells, near 
Point Alexander — which Revs. W. Scales, J. B. 
Keough, A. Doxee. W. Sanderson, and B. Rose had 
made their central point — held service, then three miles 
to Bro. Evans' for the night. The next day we reached 
a lumber camp in time for dinner, and had a short, 
earnest talk to Protestants and Catholics, with whom 
there should be a missionary. Ten miles over the frozen 
Ottawa, and we were at Mr. Mclntyre's for an evening 
appointment. Here the river is about half-a-mile wide 
and over 400 feet deep. Next morning — 22 below zero — 
we started for Mattawa, 45 miles, passed a fine mill, 
owned by Peter White, and a steamer waiting for sum- 
mer; took dinner at a hotel kept by a Catholic, who 
" welcomed Protestant missionaries as he did Catholic 
priests, to the best in his house — ' without money and 
without price.' " A large Bible and good books were on 
the table. Scores of teams were on their way with 
oats, pork, flour, etc. By sunset, at Mattawa, we were 
taken in from the storm by Mr. Bangs. In the village 
there are eighteen dwellings, four stores, shoe and saddler 
shops, axe factory, two taverns and a Roman Catholic 
Church. On Sunday T preached twice in a house fitted 
up by Mr. Bangs ; Mr. Oliver in other places twenty 

287 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

miles further west. The first witness in our class-meet- 
ing had been a Romanist. We spent five days visiting 
the famiHes, and called on many as we returned. The 
extent of the lumber trafiic is indicated by the 232 
ladened steamers we met.' 

The Quarterly Meetings of the Eastern Conference 
voted strongly in favor of Union. 

The Hon. Edward Blake gave his opinion that the 
Canadian Connexion, according to the Articles of Union 
and the Discipline, is invested with power to control its 
own affairs, independently of the English Conference. 

The Rev. G. Cochran writes from Yokohama, Japan, 
April 7th, 1874, eleven months after leaving Toronto: 

' Our work is getting into shape. Dr. McDonald has 
just gone to Shidzuoka, where we hope to make a per- 
manent mission. On the 29th of March we baptized our 
first converts — one of them my teacher. He came to me 
in the beginning of the year, accepted the truth heartily, 
and I believe has entered into the liberty of the children 
of God. The other is a young man, who has been with 
me about five months, and I believe he is truly converted. 
We conducted the baptismal service in the Japanese 
language — the first Methodist baptism in Japan. Dr. 
McKay and colleague, of the Methodist Episcopal Mis- 
sion, present by invitation, assisted in the Communion. 
I expect to remove to Yeddo when my year is up. A 
Japanese gentleman there, who has a large school, in- 
vited me to preach in his house, and every Sabbath 
morning I find thirty to forty young men. able to under- 
stand English spoken slowly — a great opening.' 

Dr. McDonald writes from Yeddo, March 25th, 1874: 
' Next Monday Mrs. McDonald and I expect to start 
for Shidzuoka, the Capital of the Province of Surunya, 
a city of about 60,000, about a hundred miles from Yoko- 
hama. I go as a missionary, and by invitation, tp take 
charge of a school, on reasonable salary. There is also 
the prospect of hospital service. There are other circum- 
stances of which you will be informed later.' 

The Rev. E. R. Young writes from Beren's River, 
288 



DIVERSE VIEWS OF UNION 

April 22nd, 1874, telling of his safe arrival after nearly 
a month of travel, from Ontario. 

' How four dogs can draw sticks of timber thirty to 
forty feet long is a mystery to me ; but my gallant team 
— two St. Bernards and two Newfoundlanders — seem to 
think it sport. We have thirty-two dogs at work. You 
would hardly know the missionary, dressed in a leather 
shirt, blue leggings, moccasins and sash. My home is in 
a little mud-and-log cabin, with an Indian family. My 
bed is a buffalo robe and blanket ; my food, whitefish 
and flat cakes. I am glad I brought the two dogs given 
me by kind friends. It cost a good deal to get them 
through, but they have been worth more already in the 
work they have done. We call the new mission after an 
honored Montreal name — Eerrier. It breaks the long 
distance of four hundred miles between Winnipeg and 
Norway House,* and meets the wants of many whose 
Macedonian cries have been calling for years. It is the 
gateway to a glorious mission in the rear, three hundred 
miles wide by five hundred lone. About fifteen were at 
our first sacramental service. These Indians, the Saul- 
teaux, seem to be a band of the great Ojibway nation. 
Bro. Semmens has reached Norway House, and will 
soon go on to Nelson River. Br. Ruttan is struggling 
with financial burdens, and must have help.' 

May 2nd, 1874. the Rev. John McDougall writes : 
'At Bow River we have succeeded very well, consid-^ 
ering the extreme lateness of our arrival last fall. I 
have built a temporary meeting-house, larger than the 
one in Victoria, and have got out timber for a school- 
house and parsonage. Lumber is very dear, flour nearly 
double what it was a few months ago and other things 
in proportion. The magnificent Bow River Valley, the 
garden of the North-West, is wholly occupied by the 
natives, among whom are some of the most numerous 
and warlike of the savage tribes that roam over the 
vSaskatchewan plains.' 

The New Connexion Conference opened in Milton on 

the 25th of May, 1874. In consequence of the death of 

the President, the Rev. S. B. Gundy, the ex-President, 

Rev. Wm. Williams, took the chair. About one hundred 

19 289 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

and twenty ministers and laymen, duly accredited, were 
present. Great interest was felt in the election of the 
President, as an index of Union feeling. The Rev. J. 
Medicraft, General Superintendent, was the nominee of 
the Anti-unionists, and the Rev. David Savage of the 
Unionists. Mr. Savage received ninety-four votes and 
Mr. Medicraft twenty. 

The Special Committee reported : 

" Whereas a majority of the Quarterly Aleetings have 
adopted the basis of the proposed Union, submitted by 
our last Conference; 

" Resolved — That this Conference hereby ratifies and 
adopts the Basis of Union, provided that an interpreta- 
tion of the twenty-third clause in the Basis of Union be 
approved by the Wesleyan Conference, viz., Any act of 
the General Conference, affecting the rights and privi- 
leges of the Annual Conferences, shall become law only 
when it secures a majority of two-thirds of the members 
of the General Conference who may be present and 
vote thereon ; provided also that such act be not disap- 
proved by a majority of the next ensuing Annual Con- 
ferences ; also that a respectful statement, by deputation 
or otherwise, of the whole case be submitted to the Eng- 
lish Conference, soliciting their approval of our action ; 
also that a deputation be appointed to the next Wesleyan 
Conference, soliciting their approval of our interpreta- 
tion of the twenty-third clause." 

The motion was adopted, with only one dissentient. 
The Rev. Wm. Williams and Mr. Robert Wilkes, M.P., 
were appointed Delegates to the English Conference. 

At the Convocation of Victoria University the Bacca- 
laureate sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. Ryerson. 
A lecture was given by the Rev. Dr. Taylor on " The 
Great Tone Land." Dr. Haamel has proved a valuable 
addition to the faculty. The Theological Department is 
in successful operation ; and over $30,000 has been added 
to the Endowment Fund. 



290 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

1874. 

UNION ARRANGEMENTS ACCEPTED. 

Conference, Hamilton — Annual Conferences — Campbell — Crosby 
— Basis Adopted — Carman — Deaths — Whitby — Book Concern 
— Edmonton — Warner — Goldwin Smith — Wiseman. 

The Wesleyan Methodist Conference was opened in 
the Centenary Church, Hamilton, June 3rd, 1874. 

President — Rev. Samuel D. Rice, D.D. ; Secretary, 
Rev. Edward B. Ryckman, AI.A. 

The names of laymen elected to Conference by Quar- 
terly Meetings were reported. 

Into full connection — Nathan Austin, Wm. H. Cairn- 
duff, Wm. Craig, Orrin German, Robt. H. Hall. Richard 
G. James, John E. Lanceley, John J. Leach, Henry M. 
Manning, Charles E. Mclntyre, Joseph Odery. Austin 
Potter, Thomas H. Patchell, Wm. Pyke, Th. J. Reid, 
Charles Smith, James Simpson, John C. Stevenson, Alex. 
Thibaudeau, Christopher L. Thompson, James Turner 
Reuben Toye, Albert J. Van Camp, Wm. Walsh, Cover- 
dale Watson. 

Rev. John G. Manly was received from the Congre- 
gational Union, and George A. Gifford from the Primi- 
tive Methodist Church. 

Thirty-six young men were received on trial. 

Died — George Sexsmith, Feb. 22nd, 1874, aged 39 years. 

George Goodson, May 14th, 1874, aged 64 years. 

George Mclntyre, May 17th, 1874, aged 2^ years. 

Noble F. English. May 23rd, 1874, aged 53 years. 

Book Stezvard — Samuel Rose. 

Editor — Edward H. Dewart. 

Editor of S. S. Publications — ^Wm. H. Withrow, M.A. 

Delegates from the New Connexion Conference, Revs. 
James McAllister, David Savage, Wm. Tindall, Geo. 

291 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Buggin and J. Mitchell, Esq., were introduced. After 
their addresses a Committee was appointed to consider 
certain modifications in the Basis of Union. Concur- 
rence in the request presented by the Delegates was 
approved by the Committee and adopted by the Confer- 
ence. 

A session was held on Monday evening for the recep- 
tion of Delegates. 

A deputation from Whitby — Messrs. Aaron Ross, 
Judge Burnham, W. Couthard and Rev. J. E. Sanderson 
— was introduced and presented a Memorial in regard 
to the projected Ladies' College at Whitby. The 
Memorial was referred to a committee, who reported: 

1. We recommend the Conference to grant the prayer 
of the memorialists, accepting the College as a Connex- 
ional Institution, extending to it the confidence and 
patronage of the Conference, but without any financial 
responsibility. 

2. That the College be placed under the special super- 
vision and patronage of the Toronto Conference, with 
such authority to appoint Officers and Visitors as may be 
granted from time to time by the General Conference, in 
accordance with the Charter and by-laws of the College. 

The Report was adopted by the Conference. 

The Directors having requested the sanction of the 
Conference to their appointment of the Rev. J. E. San- 
derson, M.A., as Principal, the request was concurred 
in, and he was also appointed Moral Governor. 

The Rev. E. B. Ryckman, M.A., was appointed Gov- 
ernor of the Educational Institute at Dundas; the Rev. 
Wm. Hansford, Governor of Stanstead College ; and the 
Rev. Allan Bowerman, M.A., Governor of the new In- 
stitute in Manitoba. 

The total value of church and parsonage property was 
about $3,300,000. 

The Address of the Eastern Conference was read. 
292 



UNION ARRANGEMENTS ACCEPTED 

Arrangements were made for the several Annual Con- 
ferences to meet at the rising of Conference to organize, 
according to decision of last Conference. 

It was agreed that the London Conference should meet 
on the first Wednesday in June ; the Toronto Conference 
on the second Wednesday in June ; and the Montreal Con- 
ference on the third Wednesday in June. 

The Conference closed at 4.30 o'clock Thursday. 

The Toronto Conference met in the John St. Church. 
The Rev. Dr. Wood was elected President, and the Rev. 
John Shaw Secretary. 

The Conference of the Wesleyan Methodist Church 
having accepted the Ontario Ladies' College, Whitby, 
as an Institution in connection with our Church, and 
having commended the College to the patronage and 
supervision of the Toronto Conference, therefore, 

Resolved — i. That this Conference, highly appreciat- 
ing the liberal and ^successful efforts already made to- 
wards founding the Institution, and believing the project 
well calculated to meet our increasing requirements in 
female education, accept the trust of such patronage and 
supervision, and commend the College to the confidence 
and generous support of our people. 

2. That the Revs. Dr. Nelles, E. H. Dewart, and W. H. 
Withrow, M.A., be appointed Visitors to the College. 

Representatives to the General Conference were 
elected. The next meeting of the Toronto Conference 
to be in Picton, on the second Wednesday of June, 1875. 

The London Conference met in the King St. Church. 
The Rev. John A. Williams was elected President, and 
the Rev. James Gray Secretary. 

Delegates to the General Conference were elected. 

The Montreal Conference met in the Centenary 
Church. The Rev. James Elliott was elected President, 
and the Rev. Wm. Scott Secretary. 

293 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Delegates to the General Conference were elected. 

The first session of the Stanstead College has been a 
decided success, and gives good promise for the future. 
The stock subscriptions have reached $37,000. The Rev. 
A. Lee Holmes, M.A., was reappointed Principal. 

Circuits 

or 

Conferences. * Missions. Ministers. Members. 

Toronto 185 284 27,922 

London 159 229 26,699 

Montreal 152 183 18,946 

496 696 73,567 

Of the ministers, 75 are superannuated, 23 are super- 
numerary, and 130 are on probation. 

The closing exercises of the Wesleyan Collegiate Insti- 
tute, Dundas, were highly satisfactory. 

The Rev. Peter Campbell, writing from Victoria, April 
ist, 1874, mentions the arrival of the winter packet with 
the first news since the previous August : 

' The richly ladened Guardian is like the coming of an 
old friend to tell of all that was going on in Church and 
State. After a five months' hunt, many of our Indians 
are short of provisions and have removed to places 
where fish can be caught. Their roving habits are not 
favorable to mental or moral improvement, and the dis- 
sipations of the chase prove fatal to spiritual progress. 
Many contemplate moving to Beaver Lake, about fifty 
miles, where buffalo and timber are more abundant. The 
low temperature of the Saskatchewan does not ensure 
the safe ripening of the crops. My trips to Whitefish 
Lake were very difficult on account of snowdrifts, but 
we found attentive hearers.' 

The Rev. Dr. McDonald writes from Shidzuoka, May 
19th, 1874, giving interesting particulars of his hundred- 
mile journey over mountains and rivers, among people 
full of curiosity, and of the pleasant quarters in which 
he and his wife found a new home. 

294 



UNION ARRANGEMENTS ACCEPTED 

The Rev. Thomas Crosby, writing from Port Simp- 
son, July 2nd, 1874, gives interesting particulars of his 
return journey from Ontario, preaching at many places 
on the way, spent a week at the " blessed camp-meet- 
ing," Chilliwack, and reached home on the last of June. 
He was soon busy selecting a site for new mission 
premises, cheered by the hearty co-operation and bright 
expectations of his people. They brought blankets, guns 
and money, as willing offerings, to the amount of $560. 

" Now I think our friends in Canada will help these 
people, so willing to help themselves. Had we half-a- 
dozen men of the right stamp, with real missionary souls, 
we could give them plenty of work." 

The adjourned New Connexion Conference met in 
Milton, Aug. I2th, 1874. The Delegates — Rev. Wm. 
Williams and Robert Wilkes, Esq., M.P. — reported that 
the English Conference had withdrawn its opposition 
and consented to the Union. The Conference then 
adopted the Basis of Union without opposition. 

Delegates were elected to the General Conference. The 
consummation was celebrated by a tea-meeting in the 
Wesleyan Church. 

The Rev. W. M. Punshon, LL.D., was elected Presi- 
dent of the English Conference. The Rev. A. H. Reynar, 
B.A., son-in-law of the President, was introduced and 
addressed the Conference. 

The Rev. W. H. Withrow, M.A., presented a series of 
suggestions in regard to the publication of a Monthly 
Magazine. 

The Missionary Committee met in Oshawa on the 
i8th of August. Sermons were preached by the Rev. 
James Elliott, President of the Montreal Conference, 
and the Rev. J. A. Williams, President of the London 
Conference. 

The Anniversary Meeting was held on Tuesday even- 
ing, with James Gooderham, Esq., of Streetsville, in the 

295 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

chair. The Report read by Dr. Wood showed that there 
were i6i domestic missions -in Ontario and Quebec, 
besides missions to the French, Germans, Indians of the 
North-West, and in Japan. 

Dr. Taylor presented the financial statement showing 
an income of $118,690, an increase of over $10,000, in 
which was an offering of $2,200 from an anonymous 
friend in Quebec. The income did not meet the expendi- 
ture by $5,000. 

At the General Conference of the Canada Methodist 
Episcopal Church, at Napanee, the Rev. Albert Carman, 
D.D., President of Albert College, was elected Bishop. 

The Committee on Union reported the steps taken 
since the appointment four years ago, referred to the 
Union almost consummated between the Wesleyan and 
New Connexion Churches, and recommended that nego- 
tiations be continued. The Revs. James Gardiner and 
Michael Benson were appointed Delegates to the General 
Conference, meeting in Toronto, Sept. i6th. 

Many Canadians read with grief the following: 

" We regret to announce the severe illness of Mrs. 
Phoebe Palmer, well and favorably known for her evan- 
gelistic labors, in connection with her husband. Dr. 
Palmer. Her case has been critical for several days, and 
at this writing, Sept. 7th, 1874, she is apparently very 
near to the closing moments of her precious life, sur- 
rounded by devoted friends." — N. Y. Cliristian Advocate. 

On the 3rd of Sept., 1874, His Excellency Lord Duff- 
erin, the Governor-General, and Lady Dufferin, visited 
the Ontario Ladies' College. They were received by 
the Officers and Directors, who presented an Address, to 
which the Governor-General replied, speaking in highest 
terms of the costly mansion secured, the noble purposes 
to which it was to be devoted, and wishing the promoters 
great encouragement in their work. 

On the 15th of September, the College was formally 
296 



UNION ARRANGEMENTS ACCEPTED 

opened. Congratulatory addresses and music filled up 
the evening. About fifty boarders and twenty-five day 
pupils were soon enrolled and prospects augured well 
for future success. 

The Delegates appointed to General Conference by 
the Toronto, London, Montreal, Nova Scotia, New 
Brunswick, Newfoundland and New Connexion Confer- 
ences met in the Metropolitan Church, Toronto, at lo 
o'clock on Wednesday, Sept. i6th, 1874. Hon. Judge 
Wi'lmot, ex-Governor of New Brunswick, was appointed 
Chairman, pro tem., and the Rev. A. Sutherland, of 
Montreal, Secretary. After devotional exercises the 
names of the Delegates appointed were called, and a 
large majority found to be present. On the third ballot 
the Rev. Dr. Ryerson was elected President, he having 
89 votes, Dr. Rice 64, and Dr. Douglas 7. Dr. Ryerson 
ascended the platform amid repeated cheers. The Rev. 
D. D. Currie was elected Secretary, with Rev. Wm. Scott 
and B. Hopkins, Esq., as Assistants. 

The President addressed the Conference, briefly re- 
ferring to the past and the accomplishment of his desire 
in seeing a General Conference composed of ministers 
and laymen in equal numbers. 

A Committee was appointed to draft rules of order. 

The Rev. Gervase Smith, M.A., Representative of the 
English Conference, and his companion, the Rev. W. H. 
Cornforth, and the Rev. Thomas Sargeant, D.D., of the 
United States, were introduced. 

A Committee on Nominations was ordered. 

A Document, authorizing the formation of the present 
Conference, was inserted in the Minutes. 

The Committee on Nominations reported. 

A tea-meeting was given on Friday evening as a wel- 
come to the Delegates. The evening was spent in most 
delightful and auspicious fellowship. 

On Sunday Bishop Peck, Rev. G. Smith, and o*:her 
297 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

strangers occupied city pulpits. On Monday Bishop 
Peck gave a most brotherly and sympathetic address. 
The Rev. Thomas Sargeant, representing the M. E. 
Church, South, was received. 

Much time was necessarily spent in reorganizing the 
Educational, Missionary, Publishing, and other general 
interests of the Church. 

Many Memorials and Reports of Committees passed 
under careful revision, in earnest endeavor to harmonize 
and consolidate the diverse elements. With general 
unanimity, '.' The Methodist Church of Canada " was 
accepted as the name. 

A Committee was appointed to compile a new Hymn 
Book. 

The first Wednesday in September, 1878, was ap- 
pointed as the time for the opening of the next General 
Conference ; and the same date in every fourth year 
thereafter. 

The Rev. Dr. Douglas was elected Vice-President. 
The Rev. J. H. Robinson, of the English New Connexion 
Church ; the Rev. George Young, and the Rev. Geo. 
McDougall were introduced. 

Much time was given to Reports on Discipline, the 
Course of Study, etc. 

A Committee was appointed on Union with other 
Methodist Churches. 

In regard to Ontario Ladies' College it was provided 
that the Executive of the General Conference should 
appoint the Clerical Directors. 

The Rev. Dr. Ryerson was appointed Delegate to the 
English Conference. The Rev. S. Rose was appointed 
Book Steward in Toronto, the Rev. A. W. Nicholson 
Book Steward at Halifax, and also Editor of the Pro- 
vincial Wcsleyan; the Rev. E. H. Dewart, Editor of the 
Christian Guardian, and the Rev. W. H. Withrow, M.A., 
Editor of the S. S. Periodicals. The Rev. Dr. Wood 

298 



UNION ARRANGEMENTS ACCEPTED 

was appointed Missionary Secretary, the Rev. A. Suther- 
land Assistant, and Jo'hn McDonald, Esq., Lay Trea- 
surer. Montreal was chosen as the next place of 
meeting. The Conference closed on Friday evening, hav- 
ing been sixteen days in session. A full account of the 
deliberations and legislation was pubHshed in the Minutes. 

The organization of a General Conference, the in- 
troduction of laymen into all Church Courts, and the 
adaptation of rules and regulations to such greatly 
changed circumstances demanded and received the 
gravest consideration and wisest counsels. The dropping 
of the name " Wesleyan " was regretted by many, but 
it opened the way for future Unions. " Methodists " 
was the designation accepted by Wesley himself, the 
name found in the Poll Deed, on the Minutes of the 
English Conference, and in the Hymn Book. " Wes- 
leyan " was a later addition, and too restrictive for 
Canadian amalgamations. 

The brotherly frankness which marked the delibera- 
tions, the ability and interest of the laymen, the great 
accession of legal and judicial experience combined in 
wonderful ways in the development of a complicated 
but harmonious system. Whale the results attained are 
regarded as in the highest degree satisfactory by those 
immediately charged with their elaboration, assurance 
is given of general and hearty acquiescence by the people 
and of great spiritual progress in years to come. 

The newly-elected Editor of the Canada Christian Ad- 
vocate — the Rev. Samuel G. Stone^ — speaks : 

" Upon the question of a united Methodism for this 
Dominion, we shall carry out our personal convictions, 
entertained before we came to this office, which agree 
with the expression of the highest Council of our 
Church: 'That a proper and just Basis of Union be- 
tween ourselves and other Methodist bodies in Canada 
should be prayerfully and candidly sought.' At the 

299 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

same time we shall feel it our duty to sacredly guard 
those principles to which we have so long adhered." 

A Correspondent of the above paper says : 

' By all means let us follow the example of the Presby- 
terians, who are this very week in Toronto giving the 
finishing touch to their Union. I do not know that the 
difficulties in our way are greater than they have sur- 
mounted ; and surely no one can doubt that a Union 
would be economy in time, men and money.' 

The Rev. James C. Seymour writes : 

' From every quarter comes intelligence of marked 
success resulting from the consummation of Methodist 
Union. Already in many places great spiritual benefit 
has resulted; in others union missionary meetings have 
been ii^ld, with greatly increased contributions.' 

Mr. John P. Roblin, of Picton, elected to General 
Conference, was unable to attend owing to failing health. 
He died at the age of seventy-five years, and his funeral, 
Nov. 15th, 1874, was very largely attended. 

Several Conference Executive Committees have been 
considering the great connexional interests intrusted to 
their oversight, and devising plans for aggressive work. 
The year 1874 closed with evidences of general pros- 
perity and with the seal of divine approval upon the 
multiplied and extending operations of the Methodist 
Church. 

The year 1875 witnessed the harmonious blending of 
three branches of Methodism^ — the Wesleyan and New 
Connexion of Canada, and the Wesleyan Church of 
Eastern British America, under the new name, " The 
Methodist Church of Canada." Two of the church 
papers are also merged in one, and will henceforth appear 
as the Christian Guardian and Evangelical Witness, 
under the joint editorship of the Revs. E. H. Dewart 
and David Savage, who express the hope ' that the two 
streams, flowing thus far in separate channels, but now 
united as one river, with wider sweep and mightier 
volume, will spread life and fruit fulness along its course. 

300 



UNION ARRANGEMENTS ACCEPTED 

The Missionary contributions brought in by the Meth- 
odist Sunday School scholars of Montreal on New Year's 
morning, 1875, amounted to over $4,000. 

Mr. Robert Campbell, of Montreal, widely known and 
highly esteemed in social, religious and business life, died 
Jan. 2nd, 1875. 

The death of Mrs. David Torrance, one of the fore- 
most Christian women of Montreal, and also that of 
Mrs. Thomas Kay, a helper in all good work, will be 
deeply regretted. 

Very appreciative reviews of " Catacombs of Rome," 
by the Rev. W. H. Withrow, M.A., have appeared in 
the London Quarterly Review and the Bibliotheca Sacra. 

Whitby, Jan. 30th, 1875 — 

' It may answer many enquiries and afford satisfaction 
to stockholders and patrons of Ontario Ladies' College 
to say that thus far our expectations have been sur- 
passed. We have already enrolled eighty pupils, of whom 
fifty are boarders. . . . Our staff of teachers is 
complete, and they are doing thorough work. By daily 
visits of friends from far and near, our buildings and 
the accommodations we offer are becoming known. The 
stock list is over $40,000, and payments come in 
promptly. We are thankful to be able to report encour- 
aging progress.' — J. E. Sanderson. 

The Rev. George Young writes : 

' I have just returned from a trip with dog sleds to the 
missions of the north, travelling 1,200 miles in six 
weeks, camping in the snow twenty-three nights, forty 
below zero, or more. The thermometer at Oxford House 
would mark no lower, but another registered 58. My 
Indians had cheeks and ears frozen. I had a shawl over 
mine, and after three days under the doctor's care, I am 
better.' 

The Rev. Lewis Warner, appointed at the last Con- 
ference to the Saskatchewan, and to take charge of the 
District during the absence of the Chairman, writes from 
Edmonton House, Jan. nth, 1875: 

' We left Toronto on the nth of July and sailed from 
301 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Sarnia the same day. After a favorable voyage through 
the great lakes, we received a hearty welcome at Win- 
nipeg from the Rev. George Young, who is doing a 
great work in Manitoba. Our trail pased through 
Portage la Prairie, where we found Bro. Fawcett and 
family in their new parsonage. Their cheerful greeting 
made us almost forget that we were in a land of stran- 
gers, two thousand miles from home. The journey to 
Edmonton was tedious — 74 days and nights — the low 
lands and marshes flooded by unusual rains. Heavily 
ladened carts broke down ; even our new wagons needed 
much repairing. Two horses strayed and could not be 
found. We had yet 750 miles before us, and half the 
distance, not a house. Every available horse and ox be- 
longing to our party of forty carts was in use, so we 
had to depend on worn-out horses for hire all the way 
up. At one place our trail led directly through a large 
pond or lake. Our guide said there was no alternative, 
so in we went. The foremost horse began to sink in the 
mire, and, plunging, went under. With difificulty he was 
detached from the wagon and swam ashore. The horse 
I drove was soon in the same predicament, and had to 
be released from the buckboard. There in the middle 
of the lake we were left, but in time were helped 
through. The streams were all unusually swollen, and 
forcing the poor horses and oxen into them was difficult ; 
the exit up the steep banks even more so. Amid prairie 
fires we had narrow escapes and lost some things of much 
value. Through August the heat was intense. In Sep- 
tember and October the nights were cold, with one severe 
snowstorm. The country from Western Minnesota to 
the Rocky Mountains is the finest tract of land on this 
continent. We all arrived safely at our places of destina- 
tion. Mr. Hardesty, Chief Factor at Edmonton House, 
gave us a hearty welcome. The missionaries of former 
years have done a great work. Their kindness to the 
Indians prepared the way for the Anglo-Saxon race, and 
ensured loyalty to the British Crown. All the brethren 
attended District Meeting. The state and needs of the 
missions were carefully considered, and we trust the 
requests will be granted. Notwithstanding the extreme 
cold, our Quarterly and Missionary meetings were sea- 
sons of great interest. A missionary oflfering of $245 

302 



UNION ARRANGEMENTS ACCEPTED 

from these poor people! The two or three hundred 
Indians at Whitefish Lake subscribed $120. They have 
an interesting Sunday School, superintended by Miss 
Barratt, of Orono, and a day school of over 60 children, 
among them two sons of the missionary, Rev. H. Stein- 
haur, whom he is most anxious to send to Victoria 
College, in the hope that they will become missionaries. 
Our church is now lighted with a beautiful chandelier, 
lamps and oil, sent by John McDonald, Esq., of Toronto. 
Two beautiful stained-glass windows have been received 
— one from Jos. McCausland, Esq., of Toronto, for the 
church at Edmonton ; the other from^ R. Lewis, Esq., of 
London, which will be placed in the Bow River Church. 
For all these gifts our Indians send most hearty 
thanks. Of other places I hope to write in due time.' 

Ontario Ladies' College — 

' The magnificent hall and suite of rooms in the second 
flat were for the first time opened to a public audience, 
and were thronged with an audience eager to hear Prof. 
Goldwin Smith's lecture on England. Sheriff Reynolds 
presided, encircled by officers and teachers of the College, 
ministers, visitors, and a brilliant array of some hundred 
young ladies. A few pieces of music by Mr. Torrington 
and his finely trained pupils were highly applauded. 
Strangers from Toronto, Hamilton, Cobourg, and other 
places seemed greatly delighted.' 

Amalgamation in Owen Sound — 

* The New Connexion congregation here and ours 
arranged to come together next Sabbath. To celebrate 
the union a tea-meeting was held, and about $5,000 
subscribed towards building a suitable church.' — J. G. L. 

A Japanese convert — 

' When Nee Suna returned to his people, his aged 
father bowed and wept for joy. His revered mother 
threw her paper gods into the fire. Old acquaintances 
flocked in to hear his story. Even the priests gave him 
audience in a Buddhist temple. So also did the magis- 
trates, and he writes : " I find all ready for the Gospel." ' 

The Wesleyan and New Connexion congregations, of 
Aurora, have decided to unite in the Wesleyan Church 
and sell the old one. 

303 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The need of prohibitory liquor legislation has been 
much discussed of late, and petitions with about half a 
million signatures were sent in to Parliament. In the 
House of Commons a Committee was appointed to con- 
sider the matter. 

A Convention of Primitive Methodist Ministers, re- 
cently held in Toronto, considered the following topics : 

1. The numerical and financial position of our Church 
in Canada, past and present. 

2. The geographical position of our Church. 

3. The distinctive features of Methodism in Canada. 

4. Are we justified in expending our means and 
energies for the further prosecution of Church work in 
Canada, as a separate denomination? 

5. Canadian Methodism — its claims. 

' Very full statistics were given of money expended, 
the resources and present membership of the Church. 
No attempt was made to adopt a decision for or against 
Union, but there was no mistaking the strong current 
of fraternity and its direction.' 

Tristram Bickle. Esq., of Hamilton, ' died on the 23rd 
of April, 1875. For sixty years he had been a member of 
the Methodist Church, and, like the late Edward Jackson, 
was regarded as one of the representative men of the city.' 

Peter Pearse, Esq., of Norwood, ' was born in Corn- 
wall, England, Feb. 12th, 1812, and in 1835 came to Can- 
ada with his parents, who settled in Asphodel. From his 
conversion in 1841, he was a faithful member of the 
, Methodist Church in many official positions. His intelli- 
gence and abilities were shown in his public services as 
Magistrate, Warden, etc. He died in Norwood on the 
1 2th of May, 1875.' 

The Editor of the Christian Guardian and Dr. Nelles, 
appointed by the Conference as Visitors to Ontario 
Ladies' College, spent a day examining into its condition, 
and reported: 

' It is too much to expect that any such Institution 
should spring into existence so fully equipped as to pre- 
clude improvement. But considering that the College 
was first opened last fall, that it has now sixty boarders 

304 



UNION ARRANGEMENTS ACCEPTED 

and forty-seven day pnpils, and that the receipts will 
more than meet current expenses, the success exceeds 
our expectations. Much credit is due to the untiring 
energy of the Rev. J. E. Sanderson, M.A., both in secur- 
ing the subscription of stock, the purchase of the prop- 
erty, and the measures by which its present position has 
been attained. The situation is beautiful and healthy. 
The buildings are capacious, well ventilated and sur- 
rounded by extensive grounds. The teaching appears to 
be conducted with ability and efficiency. Mr. Torrington 
is Director of the musical department.' 







H-?r 






W.dC'Ojfl-^ • 










-: P. 




Wesley College, Winnipeg. 
305 



CHAPTER XXIV. 

1875. 
HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION. 

The Conferences — Appeal — Corson — Camp-meetings — Ontario 
Ladies' College — Lucas — Convention — Grimsby — Lindsays — 
Quebec — Belleville — Barrie District — Union — Winnipeg — 
French Missions — Miller — Montreal, McDougall, Young, 
Meacham, Algoma. 

Under new arrangements the number of Conferences 
is increasing and our notice of each will necessarily be 
brief. 

The London Conference is first on the list, meeting 
in London on the 2nd of June, 1875. 

President — Rev. John A. Williams. 

Secretary — Rev. Wm. Williams. 

Into full connection — John Turner, John Robins, 
Thomas E. Morden, B.A.. Reuben Millyard, Wm. J. 
Maxwell, Henry E. Hill, Henry Berry, James Mooney, 
Geo. W. Calvert, Jabez Edmonds. 

Total number of members, 32,787: increase, 2,017. 

The harmonious blending of ministers previously in 
separate churches was delightful. 

Eight brethren had died during the year : 

William Hay, Sept. 3rd, 1874, aged 43 years. 

Joseph Reynolds, Oct. i6th, 1874, aged 64 years. 

John Hutchinson, Nov. 4th, 1874, aged 78 years. 

Charles Freshman, D.D., Jan. 4th, 1875;, aged 55 years. 

James Armstrong, Feb. 9th, 1875, aged 59 years. 

Henry Kellam, April 23rd, 1875, aged 38 years. 

Robert Reynolds, May 23rd, 1875, ^g^d 28 years. 

Richard Lyle Tucker, May 23rd, 1875, aged 48 years. 

The work of the Stationing Committee was success- 
fully accomplished and a place found for every man. 

306 




1. Antliffe, J. C. D.D. 

4. Wooctsworth. Jas., U. !). 

7. Williamson, J. S., D.D. 



2. Mrs. J. C. Antliffe 

5. Sutherland, D. G., D.D. 

8. Campbell, Rev. Th. M. 



3. Burwash, John, LL.D. 
6. Shaw, W. I., LL.D. 
!>. McBride, Mr. Wm. 



I 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

The Toronto Conference was held in Picton, com- 
mencing on the 9th of June, 1S75. The town is pleas- 
antly located by the beautiful Bay of Quinte and has 
interesting Methodistic reminiscences. In this region 
our first Canadian itinerants began their labors, won 
their first trophies and built the earliest sanctuaries. 
Here, while the town bore the earlier name of Hallo- 
well, was organized in 1824, the first Canadian Confer- 
ence. The only member of this Conference who at- 
tended the first is the Rev. Dr. Green. Here also, 
in 1832, the movement was initiated for union with the 
British Conference; and here the Toronto Conference 
holds its first session after union with the New Con- 
nexion Church. 

The Rev. Enoch Wood, D.D., was elected President — 
his tenth election to that high office — and the Rev. John 
Shaw Secretary. 

Dr. Wood gratefully acknowledged divine direction 
and blessing in our Ecclesiastical progress and congrat- 
ulated his brethren on the bright outlook before them. 

The Rev. George Douglas, LL.D., Vice-President of 
the General Conference, was introduced. 

The following young men were received into full 
connection — Edward F. Goff, Adam Glazier, William G. 
Plowson, George J. Bishop, Joseph R. Gibson, Isaac N. 
Robinson, John Hart, Wm. Buchanan, Arthur B. 
Hames, Wm. H. Cook, Samuel Salton, John W. Cath- 
cart, John Semmens, John Walton, Wm. V. Sexsmith. 

Twenty-three candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Edward Harris, Oct. 9th, 1874, aged 41 years. 
John Lever, April, 1875, aged y;^ years. 
Joel Briggs, May ist, 1875, aged 48 years. 

Members reported, 31,743; increase 3,800. 

Educational statistics — Two Universities, with 229 
Students, in Arts, Law and Medicine; 3 Theological 

307 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Schools, with 80 students ; 6 Academies for boys, with 
430 students ; 7 Academies and Colleges for girls, with 
750 students. 

The ordination and other services were largely at- 
tended and heartily enjoyed. 

The Montreal Conference assembled in Sydenham 
St. Church, Kingston, June i6th, 1875. 

President — Rev. James Elliott ; Secretary — Rev. Wm. 
Scott. 

Into full connection— y\im. Knox, Wm. F. Perley, J. 
E. Werden, Wm. Austin, Henry W. Knowles, Wm. 
Timberlake, A. Lee Holmes, M.A., John W. Clipsham, 
Francis De Long, John R. Fowkes, John Syvert, 
Edward De Gruchy. 
Died — Brock Rose, June 20tli, 1874, aged 39 years. 

Thomas Atkinson, Dec. 29th, 1874, aged 50 years. 

The Rev. Michael Fawcett was introduced and gave 
an account of his work in Manitoba. 

A message of congratulation was sent to the Presby- 
terian General Assembly on the completion of their 
union. 

The Nova Scotia Conference opened in Halifax, 
June loth, 1875. President — Rev. Alex. W. Nicolson ; 
Secretary — Rev. Robert A. Temple. About seventy 
ministers, thirty probationers and candidates attended. 

Died — Charles DeWoIfe, D.D., June 9th, 1875, aged 
60 years. 

The New Brunswick Conference, in St. John, was 
attended by about seventy preachers. President — Rev. 
Duncan D. Currie; Secretary — Rev. Robert Duncan. 

Died — Stephen Humphrey, M.A., April i6th, 1875, 
aged 46 years. 

The addresses and sermons of the Rev. Dr. Ryerson, 
Delegate to these Conferences, were highly appreciated. 

The Newfoundland Conference was held in St. Johns, 
308 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

President, Rev. Thomas Harris ; Secretary, Rev. James 
Dove. Increase of members, 600. 

By a law, taking effect July ist, 1875, the Protestant 
Boards of Education, Newfoimdland. were dissolved, 
and the Government grants made to the Denominations. 
This is contrary to Methodist views, but to insure the 
efficiency of Methodist Schools the Conference ap- 
pointed the Rev. Geo. S. Milligan, M.A., to their over- 
sight. A request was forwarded to the Board of Mis- 
sions that Mr. Milligan be also appointed Superinten- 
dent of Missions in the Island. 

The Rev. Dr. Wood left on the 9th of July for Winni- 
peg, and the Rev. George McDougall for Edmonton. 

The corner-stone of the new Dominion Churcli, 
Ottawa, was laid by W. E. Sanford. Esq. 

The Sunday School in Charlottetown, P. E. I., has 
volvmteered to support the new mission to be opened at 
Bow River, to the extent of $1,000 a year. 

The missionary treasurers issued an earnest appeal 
for a large increase in contributions to meet the rapidly 
increasing demands. 

The Missionary Board of the Canada Methodist 
Episcopal Church requested the Rev. James Gardiner to 
visit Manitoba during the summer and arrange for the 
opening of a mission. 

Rev. Robert Corson writes : 

' It is fifty-one years since I was appointed to the 
Dumfries Circuit. The circuit was new — only 120 
members. But I had labor enough. There were' 
eighteen appointments. Eighty members were added 
to the Church the first year. ' I received $120. But 
changes have taken place. Instead of one preacher, 
there are now twelve, and nine circuits with some 
splendid churches. Our union with the British Confer- 
ence in 1847 was a great success. Our union with the 
New Connexion will be a blessing to both churches. 
Our Episcopal brethren are clinging to the Presiding 

309 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Elder system, but when they unite with us they may 
think differently/ 

Camp-meetings were held at Grimsby, Nelson, Chris- 
tian Island, Parry Sound, Bond Head, Oneida, Oak- 
wood, Maitland, etc. The Indians of Christian Island 
subscribed about $150 to provide bread and meat for 
their people coming from other missions. 

A revival movement spread for several weeks in 
Sydenham, near Owen Sound, enlisting Presbyterians, 
Baptists and Methodists. 

Clement Lucas came from New Brunswick to Upper 
Canada in 1807 and settled at Wellington Square, 
where he died at the age of 93 years. His son, Capt. 
John Lucas, father of the Rev. D. V. Lucas, was born 
at St. John, N.B., May 20th, 1800, was married to 
Elizabeth Young in 1823. They joined the Methodist 
Church in Nelson the next year and continued members 
while they lived. Mrs. Lucas died in 1865 and Mr. 
Lucas in 1875 — both being held in the highest esteem 
for Christian fidelity. 

A Prohibition Convention was held in Montreal Sept. 
i6th and 17th, 1875, attended by over 300 Delegates. 
The Hon. Mr. Vidal, G. W. Ross, M.P. ; Hon. Malcolm 
Cameron, Mrs. Letitia Youmans, and Hon. Neal Dow 
were among the prominent speakers. A series of reso- 
lutions was adopted urging entire prohibition of the manu- 
facture, importation and sale of intoxicating liquors. 

The Rev. James Caughey writes from New Bruns- 
wick, N. J. : 

' My health is permanently impaired — the result of 
hard work and badly ventilated churches, particularly 
in England. Pen and pulpit I have had to resign. 
Holiness to the Lord! Oh. what a paradise!' 

Extensive improvements were completed for the 
camp-meeting at Grimsby. ' The Rev. G. R. Sanderson 
was in the chair and the services were begun on the 
26th of August. Takingx as his text — " In the name of 

310 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

our God we will set up our banners," the Chairman 
preached an appropriate sermon. On Friday hundreds 
arrived by trains and private conveyances, filling every 
cottage and tent. Over one hundred and twenty pro- 
fessed conversion. During the next year over a hundred 
cottages will probably be built on the grounds, and more 
than a thousand dollars be spent in building a pier and 
other improvements. Nearly all the lots have been sold 
and twelve acres additional purchased at a cost of nearly 
$5,000. Great credit is due Noah Phelps, Esq., of St. 
Catharines, the energetic President, and John B. 
Bowslaugh, Esq., of Grimsby, for the wisdom and skill 
that have made the Ontario Camp Ground an acknowl- 
edged success.' — John Ridley. 

Other Camps — 

' We recently attended two Indian camp-meetings — 
one with the Oneidas and Onondagas, under the charge 
of Rev. Wm. Cross; the other with the Ojibways, 
Munceys and Delawares, under Revs. Cosford and 
Tucker. As they speak different languages, the meet- 
ings, though not a mile apart, were held separately 
and in succession. At the first the attendance was 
small at the beginning; but on Saturday the Indians 
gathered in, repaired their old tents, built new ones 
and were cheered by the coming of many from the 
Grand River and other places. Messrs. Dupont and 
Smith, with some of their people, came from the United 
States and gave valuable assistance. On Monday 
evening about thirty were forward, seeking mercy. 

' The closing on Tuesday morning was a time of deep 
emotion and hallowed interest. Oh that we could have 
understood the language in which they spoke their 
happy experience! Whites and Indians bowed together 
to receive the Communion from our venerable Indian 
brother, Rev. Abraham Sickles. 

'The Lindsay Financial District meeting showed 
signs of vigorous progress, under the energetic Chair- 
man. Rev. Charles F'ish. Lindsay is planning for 
church extension ; Omemee is aiming at a new and com- 
modious church, and enlargement of the parsonage; 
Oakwood is wiping off a debt of $1,000 on the parson- 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

age; Dunsford is preparing for a new parsonage and 
church sheds ; Fenelon Falls is clearing off a parsonage 
debt ; Woodville is contemplating two new churches ; 
Bobcaygeon is ambitious of circuit status and a five- 
thousand-dollar church ; Coboconk is eager for im- 
provements; Cannington intends freeing the parsonage 
from debt; Beaverton, Minden, and Haliburton are 
determined to keep pace with other parts of the District. 
The Oakwood camp-meeting was in progress and the 
meeting proved mutually helpful.' — John Wesley Sav- 
age. 

The Quebec Financial District Meeting was held at 
Sawyerville. ' The opening meeting, Tuesday evening — 
the Chairman, Rev. Henry F. Bland, presiding — was for 
the consideration of evangelistic work. The topic was 
introduced by Rev. John Scanlon, after which laymen and 
ministers took part in free, earnest and profitable dis- 
cussion. The missions on this District are so closely 
hemmed in by Romanism that extension is difficult and 
missionary grants a necessity. A Class Leader's Con- 
vention was held on the second evening, with good 
attendance and deep interest. Wm. Sawyer, Esq., 
M.P.P., opened the subject and was followed by Mr. 
Orr, Registrar of the County, and others. All felt that 
the meeting was not for financial interests only but as "a 
season of grace and sweet delight " also.' 

The new M. E. Tabernacle in Belleville will cosl 
about $30,000, half of which is provided for. 

The Goderich District Sunday School Convention was 
held at Seaforth. Rev. Ch. Lavell gave the opening 
address. The first topic — " What the Sunday School 
is for and what it has accomplished." — was presented 
by the Rev. James Caswell. " The organization and 
management of the Sunday School " was introduced by 
Rev. F. E. Nugent. The evening and the next day 
were very profitably occupied by lessons, addresses and 
discussions. 

After the Barrie District Meeting in Bracebridge, 
the Chairman, Rev. John Bredin, in a hired conveyance. 

312 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

with Rev. W. W. Leech as companion, visited some of 
the Muskoka missions. 

'After twenty-five miles' drive through roads that 
beggar description, we reached Huntsville, put up at 
a hostelry and met a small congregation, gathered 
on short notice in the schoolhouse. The embryo vil- 
lage is amid settlers' homesteads, on the beautiful Lake 
Vernon, the headquarters of Rev. Thomas W. Hall, 
•trying to live with his family and colleague in a habita- 
tion sixteen feet square. Efforts were in progress to 
enclose the framework of a church, which for lack of 
means had been standing for three years. The country 
is fast filling up with newcomers, eager for free grant 
lots, but until recently without much effort to meet their 
spiritual wants bv any denomination. Saturday, Sept. 
1 8th, opened frosty but bright and it was found that 
some of the farmers' oats had been " nipped by the un- 
timely blast," and were scarcely worth the harvesting. 
After a 6 o'clock breakfast the trio of clerics, each 
with a paddle, started down stream in a log canoe, to 
visit some of the settlements by Fairy Lake, Th« 
scenery is surpassingly lovely. Whether of old or 
more recently the " little folk," in elfin form, played 
their pranks on the sheen of the shores or spent their 
brief summers amid the dells of the sylvan solitudes, 
we stay not to inquire. The expletive is every way 
worthy the waters that sleep on in their almost unbroken 
solitude ; and we trust that the children's children of 
the present inhabitants will retain the name by which 
their forefathers baptized its crystal depths — " Fairy 
Lake." Here may tyro Nimrods and followers of 
Izaak Walton find to repletion both pleasure and profit. 
After an excellent dinner, Mr. J. P. Fetterly accom- 
panied us to Father Shea's, with whose family we 
joined in song and supplication. Paddling our own 
canoes, we reached the new locks, which will open 
navigation between Vernon, Fairy, Peninsula and Mary 
Lakes, with an outlet into the Muskoka River and down 
to Bracebridge. Retracing our steps for Huntsville, 
we reached Utterson in the evening and found a home 
with Mrs. Scarlett, an old Methodist from Cobourg. 
On Sunday morning we dedicated the new frame 

313 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

church, 24x40, in Utterson. It is beautifully finished, 
pews in oak graining, pulpit and stairs carpeted and a 
stained window over the entrance, for which great 
credit is due Mr. Scarlett and his many co-workers. A 
baptism and the Lord's Supper followed, and closed a 
service of great local interest. In the evening, at 
Bracebridge, we had a church-full of attentive hearers. 
The hardest part we found during a week of full em- 
ployment in the " Free Grant " country was the thir- 
teen miles of red granite between Severn Bridge and 
Gravenhurst, included in the Morrison Mission, where 
we found Rev. John Pepper, B.A., with a new church 
in Gravenhurst, standing half-finished for lack of funds. 
1 cannot suppress the wish that some lover of our Zion 
would intrust me with $500 to assist in the completion 
of three mission edifices. Muskoka is purely mission 
ground demanding Methodist agency throughout the 
entire district.' — John Bredin. 

Union — 

' In the new Walkerton District the Financial Meet- 
ing, composed of former Wesleyan and New Connexion 
elements in nearly equal parts, the union was so com- 
plete that old lines seemed entirely obliterated. Perfect 
harmony prevailed in all the services and deliberations.' 

— William Johnston. 

The Rev. W. R. Morrison writes: 

' We started from Winnipeg July 29th, by stage, and 
reached the Portage by 6 p.m., where we were enter- 
tained by Mr. Troop, in good bachelor style. Great 
credit is due Rev. M. Fawcett for the erection of mis- 
sion house and church — the latter a plain log building, 
holding 150. From Portage la Prairie We passed 
through Burnside, seeing good settlements and^ some 
fair crops. Changing horses at Westbourne and report- 
ing at Palestine Police Camp, we finished seventy miles 
at Government Depot by 8.45. Next morning we were 
at Little Saskatchewan about 10 o'clock; crossed the 
river by bridge and were at Shoal Lake camp in the 
evening. Here men are securing hundreds of tons of 
hay for winter feed. Leaving the old trail we struck 
north by a more direct one to Fort Pelly, with finger- 
posts to guide. We spent the Sabbath at Shell River 

314 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

Camp. Off at 4 a.m., with splendid horse and comfort- 
able buckboard, for eighty miles before night. The 
country rolling, scenery wild and picturesque, but no 
settlers. Dinner at White Sand River ; at Fort Felly by 
4 o'clock, where I met Chief Factor McBeth and left an 
appointment for next Sunday. Nine miles further — 
reached Swan River Barracks at 5.30 p.m. ; was received 
very courteously by Capt. Walker, and had a room 
allotted me in the officers' quarters. Three hundred and 
thirty miles in five days is considered quick time.' 

The Rev. John Borland writes of the French Mis- 
sions, Quebec : ' Mons. Dorion reports fair congrega- 
tions in Waterloo and North Ely, admission to many 
families and several children baptized. A supply of 
Bibles is kept among them for giving or lending. Many 
families were visited at the Brisette appointment. Several 
new converts attended the Quarterly Meeting. Prepara- 
tions were under way for building a mission house. 
Mons. Syvert, of Roxton Pond Mission, has six appoint- 
ments and several week-night services, with fair congre- 
gations. An intelligent man, who had been reading the 
Bible two years, was taken very ill. His friends wished 
to send for the priest, but he refused to see him, and is 
now much persecuted ; but he endures calmly for Christ's 
sake, and is determined to make the Bible the rule of 
his life. Many others are enquiring and desiring copies 
of the Scriptures. It grieved him to find fifty children 
in these Protestant families growing up without educa- 
tion, there being no schools except those under the 
priest's direction. He was planning to open a school 
and take twenty or thirty of these children as boarders. 
To make provision for this will cost about ^600, and I 
have some promises of help.' 

' Mons. Sadlier, of Canaan Mission, preaches in both 
languages to good congregations, has distributed four 
hundred tracts, three Bibles, eight Testaments, and 
teaches a Bible class of French and English children in 
the Sunday School. Some priests were having discus- 
sions on Protestantism and Romanism. The missionary 
offered to take a side, but the priests preferred to have 

315 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

both sides. This gave opportunity for private discus- 
sion with the people and the sowing of good seed.' 

Mr. I. V. Smith, of the Carrying Place, volunteered 
his services and a team to convey the Chairman, Rev. 
Wm. Briggs, Revs. J. E. Howell and William J. Hewett 
on a visit to the missions of Belleville District. 

' Starting September 27th, we attended an education 
meeting at Bridge water Monday evening, where the 
amount of last year was doubled ; Tuesday a missionary 
meeting at Flinton, where Brother Leith is preparing to 
build a new church ; Wednesday to Vannacher, on the 
Denbigh Mission, taxing to the utmost endurance 
powers of man and beast. Up before the sun and de- 
lighted with a fine view of his eclipse, we reached Mas- 
sanoga Lake, where flows the ^Mississippi into the 
Ottawa, in time for an early dinner. Then eighteen 
miles over the worst of roads, made worse by snow and 
a violent rainstorm ; no stopping-place, so over the rocks 
and corduroys of Addington road we endured the jolt- 
ing to Eagle Hill, and, after making forty miles, drew 
up, wet, tired and sore, at the Vannacher parsonage. 
Service that evening, missionary meeting the next, at 
which Mr. Hames, father of our missionary at Thunder 
Bay, presided. We dined with Mrs. McLellan, a kind 
and generous Scotch lady. We were to have had a 
meeting at Madawaska River, among the lumbermen, 
but the announcement had failed. Saturday we were 
on the move at 4 o'clock, with forty-seven miles before 
us. The roads were awful. A spring and other parts 
of our democrat gave way, the snow was falline heavily, 
but after an hour the sun shone through, and the roads 
were better. From the heights of the Opeonga road we 
had fine views, and from Clear Lake could descry the 
mountains beyond the Ottawa. By nine o'clock we 
reached Rockingham, and were kindlv entertained by 
Mr. Watson. On Sunday we held missionary services 
at Rockingham, Cumbermere, and Purdy's. The Bru- 
denell Alission and their prospect of a parsonage pleased 
us. Monday we were at Maynooth, a mission fifty 
miles long, with Brother Baskerville. At that appoint- 
ment the givings nearly equalled the total amount of 

316 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

last year from the whole mission. We had a fine meet- 
ing at York Branch. The country is very fertile, oats, 
six or seven feet high, but on account of the rain and 
snow they are rotting in the fields. We failed to reach 
Bannockburn, but held a meeting at Deer Creek. Push- 
ing on the next day to Brother Roblin's, we learned that 
he had held the meeting and received good contribu- 
tions. Thursday evening we had a successful meeting 
on Madoc Mission, and the next day were safely home. 
There is good country through Brudenell and parts 
adjacent, but the section north of Addington road is 
valuable only for its pine.' — William J. Hewitt. 

The North St. Sunday School, London, contributed 
$500 towards the support of their missionary. Rev. John 
Semmens, at Nelson River, N. W. T. 

On the 17th of Oct., 1875, Sunday School sermons 
were preached in St. James St. Church, Montreal, and 
on the next evening the five schools of the city assem- 
bled for their Anniversary Meeting. The Rev. Leonard 
Gaetz presided, supported by the Superintendent, Hon. 
James Ferrier. The report, read by Mr. Whiteside, 
showed : 

' A total of 146 teachers and 934 scholars. One teacher 
was missing, Mr. John Vipond, who was lost with the 
steamship J^ickshitrg, on the ist of June. His heroism 
in helping the helpless and giving up his last chance for 
life to another were tenderly referred to. The conver- 
sion of forty scholars during the year was reported. 
One boy, near to death, gave all his savings — $63 — ^to 
the mission fund. The funds of the morning school 
were given to the Oka Mission and those of the after- 
noon school to the Saskatchewan Mission, besides 490 
garments. Of several excellent addresses the chief 
interest centered in Mr. Ferrier's. He said he had been 
in Sunday School work for forty-eight years, and was 
nearing the end. Some of the scholars and one from 
his own class — Mr. Adam Miller, of Toronto — had gone 
before him. If many now present could understand the 
enjoyment the work had given him they would join 
some Sabbathi School and work for God.' 

317 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Among the speakers at the Toronto missionary meet- 
ings were Rev. Arthur Browning, from British Colum- 
bia; Henry F. Bland, of Quebec; Wm. J. Hunter, of 
Ottawa; Judge Deacon, of Pembroke and W. Clen- 
denning, of Montreal. 

' The Rev. William Williams and W. H. Gibbs, Esq., 
the Missionary Deputation from the West to the Lower 
Provinces, represent different departments of our 
Church. Mr. Williams is an ex-president of the late 
New Connexion Church and one of the foremost advo- 
cates of Union. That church was essentially missionary. 
Mr. Gibbs is a representative in the Local Legislature. 
His time is money; yet, at the request of the Central 
Board, he went without hesitation. Congregations can 
scarcelv be otherwise than benevolent when addressed 
by such men.' — Halifax Weslcyon. 

Miss C. Battle's letter of experiences : 

'In this land of furs and frosts Methodism is Metho- 
dism still, retaining its faculty of warming all who come 
in contact with it. Its theology of love melts the icy 
heart and warms the sweet flowers of love, joy, and 
hope into beautiful luxuriance. Only two lone Metho- 
dist missionaries have pushed on beyond our boundar- 
ies. Often in rainbow-robed visions during " life's earlv 
morn " did I picture myself in some far-off kind, amid 
the gorgeous beauties of tropical luxuriance or enduring 
the frigid sterility and biting frosts of the North, repeat- 
ing the " old, old story of Jesus and His love " to eager, 
anxious souls. But my path seemed to lie in a circle, 
and nowhere point to the mission field, until four years 
ago I was moved by the appeal of the poor old Indian 
Chief, who, leaving his grandchildren in his wigwam, 
paddled his bark canoe two hundred miles to Norway 
House, in quest of a missionary. I could but pray the 
Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers. My heart 
sank very low, but a letter came from the Missionary 
Secretary: " Dear Sister, — We are very much in need of 
a teacher for Rossville, Norway House. Are you will- 
ing to go?" I did not dare stop to ask my heart that 
question, but forced my hand to write, " I am willing to 
go." It was hard to say " good-bye " to those I loved 

318 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

so much, and farewells were hastened by a teleofram— 
" Mrs. Nixon and family sail from Southampton Satur- 
day evening-. Can you join them?" How could it be 
done? But done it was. Trunks were packed in haste, 
and Friday eveninisc found me with aching- limbs and 
dizzy brain en route for Southampton. Not on Satur- 
day, but on Sunday, May 30th, after a forenoon of 
bustle and haste, we heard the signal for departure, 
aboard our sturdy little propeller, the Asia. On Thurs- 
day we were landed safely at Duluth, where Miss Nixon 
and I busied ourselves gathering specimens of copper 
ore, etc. Next morning we were not sorry to leave 
Duluth, its hard beds and sour bread. Bv train, over 
" ridges, gullies, and bridges," we reached Brainard in 
the evening. After a poor breakfast, -no dinner, and 
eagerly expecting a comfortable tea, we were told, as we 
had not telegraphed, the servants had retired and therp 
could be no tea that night. But bv scoldine and coax- 
ing we prevailed. Headache and the third nart of a 
hard bed did not ensure refreshing rest : but, revived bv 
a cup of tea. we left the prettv trees and cosy dwellings 
and were earlv away to Moorhead. In this "meanest 
and muddiest " and. we may add. wickedest, " of little 
villages " we were fated to stay over Sunday and until 
Tuesday evening. By the Rev. George Young we were 
informed of unavoidable delay in H. B. boats for Nor- 
way House, and our stav in Winnineg was prolonged 
for five weeks. But Mr. and Mrs. Young made it most 
pleasant by cheerful, hospitable kindness to all the com- 
pany. Grace and Zion Churches are well atten^lpd: 
their prayer and class meetings permeated with a spirit 
of holy earnestness. At last ths H. B. boat^ arrived, 
and with them the Rev. E. R. Youno-. On thp i/tth of 
July we were aboard the steamer Ma^^^ie for Lower 
Fort Garry, where for two days we were the guests of 
the officer in charge. Our company consisted of Rev. 
E. R. Young. Messrs. McTavish and Flett. ^irs. Mc- 
Tavish. myself, two H. B. officers, some native women 
and children, and a crew of thirty-five men, in a brig-ade 
of five sailboats, for a trip of nearly four hundred miles. 
As we landed fifteen huge dogs bounded and barked 

319 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

for joy : the Indians laughed and shook hands, 
and two dear little children were wild with excitement, 
" 'cause Papa's come home," and Mrs. Young welcomed 
us all to her neat and comfortable parsonage. Eight 
long years of loneliness had not quenched the ardor with 
which she bade adieu to her happy city home to face 
the dangers and wants of this wild northland. We 
found her and her sweet babes subsisting chiefly on 
sturgeon, with a very limited supply of the poorest flour. 
On Saturday we took our departure, and reached our 
destination Sunday morning — nineteen days from Win- 
nipeg. 

If the labor of these and other missionaries had 
been known and realized in Ontario there would 
not have been reported a decrease of eight thousand 
dollars last year. Our letters will be few. but I may 
send some Cree Christmas stories for the little folks.' 

John Sunday, converted from paganism at the age of 
forty, and for forty years one of our most faithful and 
effective Indian missionaries, died on the 14th of 
December, 1875, being then about eighty years of age. 

Ernestown — 

' We have in course of erection a new Methodist 
church on the fourth concession of Ernestown, where, 
if not the first, at least the second Methodist church in 
Canada was built in 1792. There are few old families 
in these parts that have not some of their number sleep- 
ing in the old church grounds. A few earnest young 
men have undertaken the work of building a church 
28x40, to cost $3,000.' 

Intelligence of revivals continues to be widespread 
and most gratifying. Perhaps never did the Gitardion 
contain richer records of spiritual work. If there is 
joy among the angels " over one sinner that repenteth " 
how great should be the joy of the Church below over 
so many. 

Appeals to the hearts and consciences of the people 
at missionary meetings are awakening liberal responses. 
Some missions are making vigorous efforts for inde- 
pendence. Three gentlemen in Halifax gave $1,900. 

320 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

A more than usually successful term has just closed 
at Mount Allison College and Academies. The new 
arrangement of the Theological Department has proved 
very satisfactory under the able direction of Prof. 
Sterne. Alma College, St. Thomas, the youngest in 
the sisterhood of Ladies' Colleges, reports a successful 
year. 

The Rev. Geo. McDougall arrived at Bow River on 
the 22nd of October, 1875, and sends Dr. Wood an in- 
teresting account of his visits and of negotiations held 
with Indian tribes at the request of the Government, 
in preparation for a treaty: 

' Entrusted with a commission to the Crees and Plain 
Stonies, I have visited 497 tents, including 3,976 natives. 
All, with one exception, received the Government's mes- 
sage with gratitude, and will anxiously await the com- 
ing of the commissioners next August. Near the con- 
fluence of the Red Deer and Bow Rivers I found the 
Plain Assiniboine camp, numbering seventv tents, and 
speaking* the same language as our Mountain Stonies. 
They were delighted with the prospect of a missionary. 
At Victoria I met Mr. Warner, twenty-three years ago 
my Chairman ; then an energetic, efficient minister of 
Christ, now infirm and desiring to return to Ontario; 
but he will spend the winter among the large body of 
Indians and mixed-bloods collected here. On the 17th, 
at Edmonton, we met Mr, Manning, once an invalid, 
but, braving the prairie atmosphere for three months, 
with his estimable wife, driving their own team and 
pitching their tent, he is now strong for the Master's 
work. On the 22nd we reached Morleyville, a mantle of 
snow cresting the venerable summits, but the valley 
fresh and green. A great change has come in fifteen 
months. Men of business are establishing themselves 
on the banks of the beautiful river.' A stock raiser has 
arrived with several hundred cattle. On the very hills 
where two years ago I saw herds of buflfalo, domestic 
cattle are grazing, requiring neither shelter nor fodder 
all the yeaV round. The mission house, 25x45, is ap- 
proaching completion; the walls of a church. 27x47, are 

21 321 



■ METHODISM IN CANADA 

up, and a school has been built. The mounted police 
have broken up the whiskey trade; the frontier rowdy 
and the bowie knife have disappeared; the poor, plun- 
dered Blackfeet have obtained a respite from the spoiler, 
and a treaty with the tribes will open a bright future for 
this countrv.' 

On the 26th of August, 1876, the Methodist Church 
in Port Hope was burned. It was built when there 
were scarcely members enough to form a Trustee Board 
and had been in constant use for forty-two years. 

' The corner-stone of a new church was laid on the 
2nd of September following, and in six months the 
spacious edifice, seating about fourteen hundred, was 
ready for dedication. A preliminary service was held, 
of which the Rev. Dr. Ives, of Auburn, N.Y.. took 
charge. The entire expenditure — $46,000 — was provided 
for. The dedication sermon was preached by the Rev. 
Dr. Wood on Sunday morning, March 5th, 1877. The 
beautiful church was filled to overflowing, as it was also 
in the evening, when the pastor. Rev. E. B. Harper, 
preached.' 

The death of Mr. David Torrance, a trustee and lib- 
eral supporter of Great St. James St. Church, one of the 
merchant princes of the city and a generous helper of 
every good cause, will be deeply felt by the Methodism 
of Montreal. 

Sault Ste. Marie— 

* By the oflFer of $100 from the Missionary Societv. a 
tea and subscription, the debt on the church has been 
paid and the society greatly cheered.' — P. D. Will. 

Eollowing closely upon the last vigorous and hopeful 
letter of the Rev. George McDougall, came the sad 
tidings of his death. A few extracts from a letter of 
Mrs. McDougall's will give particulars, so far as known : 

'MoRLEYViLLE, Bow RivER, February 15th, 1876. 

' My Dear Mother. — I have just come from the grave 

of my dear husband, who was buried on the loth of 

this month. It is very sad to have the painful dutv of 

writing. Four weeks aeo he left home with our son 

322 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

John, his nephew ]\Ioses, and two Indians, to hunt buf- 
falo, some thirty miles away. The snow being deep and 
the weather cold, they had little success till the next 
Monday, when late in the afternoon they killed six. 
When these were loaded on the sleds thev started for 
the tent, nearly four miles distant. Having left M"opes 
at the tent unwell, his uncle was anxious about him, and, 
saying he would hurry on and have a good fire ready, he 
rode off at a gallop. When the others reached the tent, 
about lo o'clock, they found only ]\Ioses, asleep, and the 
fire about out. They loaded their guns, went to the 
highest places, and fired a number of times, but to no 
purpose. Tuesday from early dawn thev were searching 
in every direction. With the aid of the mounted police 
the search was continued. A boy was found who said 
he had seen a white man on a horse Tuesday afternoon 
riding round in a circle, then getting off, kneeling down 
and getting on his horse again. Saturday the horse 
came to a tent, near the road homeward, without anv 
saddle. All these days I was sixty miles down the 
river, with our daughter Nellie. The first Sabbath I 
was there my dear husband was with the mounted 
police, preached twice for them, then left for home so 
well, and I was to meet him in two weeks at the police 
station. I went and there first heard the sad news. 
But still there was some hope, and the search was kept 
up. Finally the body was found and brought to the 
tent. He was found lying as if some kind hand had 
been there, one hand on his breast, the other on the side, 
his eyes and lips closed, a smile on his countenance. 
He must have had great presence of mind when he lay 
down to die. We feel assured that Jesus was with him 
in the trying hour. It is generally supposed that he 
became snow-blind, but it is a mystery.' 

Westminster Memorial Tablets — 

* A verv interesting service was held in the grand old 
Minster last Thursday, when the Wesley Memorial 
Tablet was unveiled by the Very Rev. Dean Stanley, 
in presence of some three hundred Wesleyan ministers 
and laymen. The late lamented Lady Stanley was to 
have unveiled the Tablet, had it pleased Providence to 
spare her life. Nothing could be more fitting than the 

323 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

hearty and well chosen words of the Dean, who looked 
sadly thin and worn. He explained that but for the 
burden of grief under which he suffered he would have 
celebrated the unveiling by a discourse on the Wesleys, 
but would do so at some future time.' 

The white marble tablet is two feet nine inches wide 
and about eight feet high. The upper part bears the 
simple record : 

John WksliSy, M.A., 
Born June 17, 1703; Died March 2, 1791. 

Charles Wesley, M.A., 
Born December 18, 1708; Died March 29, 1788. 

Within a sunken circle are n\edallion profiles, life size, 
of the two brothers, representing them in the maturity 
of hfe. 

Underneath are inscribed the dying words of John 
Wesley : 

"the best oe all is, god is with us." 

Underneath is sculptured John Wesley preaching on 
his father's tombstone, with some fifty figures repre- 
senting his rustic hearers and groups of his " helpers," 
in the background. 

Next is inscribed Wesley's declaration : 

" I LOOK UPON ALL THE WORLD AS MY PARISH "; 

also Charles Wesley's exultant exclamation : 

" God buries His zvorkinen, but carries on His zuork." 

Thus does time win acknowledgment for men who 
were not ashamed to suffer scorn for the name of the 
Lord Jesus. 

Revival successes continue in the Eastern Confer- 
ences ; also in Bermuda and Prince Edward. 

Major John Lawrence was born in the township of 

324 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

Augusta, on the 12th of July, 1786, and died on the 
2nd of January, 1876, in his ninetieth year. 

' His mother was the widow of PhiHp Embury. He 
married Margaret, second daughter of Capt. John Dul- 
mage, and after nearly seventy years of married life, 
she survives him. He made a profession of religion 
in early life and for many years was a class leader.' 

Margaret Crawford, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Andrew Crawford, ' came with her father and his large 
family of two sons and eight daughters from County 
Armagh, Ireland, to Little York — now Toronto — in 18 18, 
and was one of the early members in the little frame 
church on King street, built that year. In 1823 she be- 
came the wife of Mr. John Sanderson, who had come 
from England three years before. On his little farm of 
twelve acres, at the corner of Yonge and Elm streets, was 
a huge spreading elm tree in the front lawn, giving name 
to the street. After some years Mr. Sanderson sold his 
town property and bought several hundred acres of 
bush land twenty miles distant, where the family helped 
to form and maintain the Harrison appointment, after- 
wards a part of the Brampton Circuit. On retiring 
from farming, Mr. and Mrs. Sanderson moved to 
Woodstock, where lived a daughter and son-in-law, 
Mr. and Mrs. Vickerman Holtby. There they died, he 
on the 24th of February, 1873, at the age of 83 years, 
and Mrs. Sanderson on the 29th of March, 1876, aged 
75 years.' 

The writer of these volumes transcribes the above 
notice in grateful remembrance of his revered parents 
and of his earliest home. The little cottage and the 
native elm tree bravely held their own while the original 
owners lived, but were finally compelled to surrender 
to the onward march and insatiable demands of busi- 
ness and building. For no other tree has the writer 
pled so sympathetically — 

* Woodman, spare that tree ! 
For once it sheltered me.' 

325 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Miss E. A. Barrett, teacher at White Fish Lake, 
writes, Dec, 17th, 1875 : 

*I have been seven months without a letter from home. 
Mr, Steinhaur's suppHes, ordered from Winnipeg last 
spring, may not be here before next summer. A little 
flour, rice, raisins, sugar, tea, salt and spice constitute 
about the sum total of our imports. I like the barley 
bread very well, and I fancy our butter, potatoes and 
turnips taste better than in Ontario. Fish and rabbits 
are plentiful. We get pemmican, buffalo, moose or 
bear meat; and eggs from wild fowl. Our garden was 
a failure from bad seed. Horses stay out all winter. 
Barley sowed on the 14th of May was cut in the end 
of August, and potatoes planted 20th of May were fit 
for use in July. We lack many things, but are relieved 
by the arrival of a box of books. I spent my four-weeks' 
vacation visiting Edmonton, Victoria and Lac la Biche. 
My tears were not far away w^hen I sat down in a par- 
lor and saw once more pictures, melodeon, carpet and 
sofa. About two hundred sat down to the grand 
Christmas dinner provided by Mr. Steinhaur and two 
or three others. Then came sports for the men, a con- 
cert and speeches. Our Quarterly Meeting will be re- 
membered to all eternity — such presence and power of 
the Holy Ghost.' 

The Rev, George Young, when about leaving Winni- 
peg after eight years of arduous labor, was presented 
with an address and purse in acknowledgment of his 
patriotic services during the troubles of 1869-70, and 
his many helpful contributions to the welfare of the Red 
River Settlements. 

In a letter from Yeddo, March 22nd, 1876, Rev. 
Geo. Cochran tells of his pleasure in being the pastor 
of a church with fifteen members, and one of his young 
men — Mr. Hiraiwa — preaching a sermon that might do 
for the Metropolitan, and appeals for more missionaries. 
In answer to these appeals the Rev. Geo. M. Meacham, 
M.A., and the Rev. C. S. Eby were appointed. 

A resolution expressing very high appreciation of the 
326 



HARMONIOUS CO-OPERATION 

Rev. G. M. Meacham's labors during the last two 
years in Dundas was adopted by the Official Board. 
Donations of $ioo each were presented to Mrs. 
Meacham and her sister, Miss Moulton, in acknowl- 
edgment of their many helpful services. 

The Algoma District — 

'From the south-eastern part of Manitoulin Island to 
Fort Francis, on the Dawson route towards Manitoba, 
the missions extend about 800 miles and are widely 
separated. Fort Francis is an old Hudson Bay post, 
and long known as Rainy River or Lac la Pluie, purely 
an Indian mission. After being left vacant for a time, 
the Rev. Arthur B. Hames was sent to investigate con- 
ditions, and judging that it must become a place of im- 
portance, he remained and reports brighter prospects 
for the future. At Prince Arthur's Landing, the mis- 
sionary has a centre with about six or eight hundred 
inhabitants, a good church and parsonage, a Sunday 
School and fair congregation. He also has several out- 
posts. Expectations of a great influx of population at Fort 
William, a railway terminus, have not yet been realized, 
but Bro. Halstead keeps charge of the ground, and, 
like other brethren occupying these picket stations of 
our missionary army, has large claims on the prayers and 
sympathy of the Church. Silver Islet is a mining settle- 
ment, -limited in extent, demanding the continuous plod- 
ding efforts of Rev. Robt. Johnson. Along the north shore 
of Lake Superior we find occasional mining locations, trad- 
ing posts or fishing stations, mostly deserted in the winter, 
but on suitable occasions having the ministrations of an 
Indian missionary. At Sault Ste. Marie Rev. Phineas 
D. Will has a good church and parsonage, a consider- 
able congregation and hopeful membership. In regard 
to Garden River somebody blundered; the missionary 
was withdrawn and the people advised to unite with 
another church. The resuming of the work without a 
resident missionary was not a success. When I came 
here the people seemed to have lost faith in us, but we 
have an interestmg Indian congregation. The mis- 
sionary at Bruce Mines writes of improved spiritual 
conditions and other settlements which call for atten- 
tion—at St. Joseph's Island, Thessalon River, Otter 

327 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Tail Lake, etc. A hundred miles away we reach Little 
Current. On some of the islands and at tradin^^ posts 
are a number of Indians and French half-breeds, mostly 
under the influence of Jesuit priests. I visited some of 
them last surnmer, but found them addicted to their 
old ways. Sunday, like other days, being spent in 
fishing and gaming, only a few would be gathered for 
religious service. Yet I think good could be done 
among them. From Little Current the missionary 
reaches several points, but the population is sparse and 
the work difficult. From Manitowaning the roads are 
very bad, the settlements far apart and the members 
few. The missionary had to build a house to live in. 

' On the north shores of these lakes there are probably 
from one to two thousand pagan Indians. On every 
field in the District much hard work is being done and 
the brethren are worthy the prayerful attention of the 
whole Church.' — Thomas Williams, Chairman. 

The progress of Kent, Essex and adjacent Counties 
was somewhat impeded by heavy hardwood timber 
and the lack of drainage. As these hindrances to agri- 
culture were overcome these portions of Ontario 
proved to be some of the best in the Province. The 
growth of Chatham, Windsor, Dresden, Ridgetown, 
Blenheim, Leamington and other towns indicate the 
general advance in population, while the fine climate 
and rich soil unite in making these western counties 
the very garden of Canada. Here also has Methodism 
struck her roots deeply. When the first District Meet- 
ing was held, under the Chairmanship of the Rev. 
Edmund Shepherd, in 1855, seven circuits comprised 
the ground now embraced in the Chatham, Sarnia and 
part of the St. Thomas Districts; and the membership 
then reported — 863 — has grown to 3,330. Among 
many of those early pioneer Methodists will be remem- 
bered Mr. Samuel Proctor and his wife, of Sarnia 
Township. Mr. Proctor, a veteran of the Grenadier 
Guards, was wounded in the Battle of Waterloo, and a 
Bible in his pocket saved him from death. In his new 

328 



HARAIONIOUS CO-OPERATION 



home he became a Methodist class-leader, and a grand- 
daughter — Miss Margaret Proctor — is the wife of Chan- 
cellor Burwash. 

' In 1874 Simcoe St. Church, Hamilton, was set oft" 
as an independent station. The church was small, but 
there was room and to spare. The district was poor, 
the members few and the Sunday School almost the 
only hopeful feature. When the Rev. Joshua P. Lewis 
entered upon his labors the prospect was far from en- 
couraging. But with faith in persevering effort, he 
went to work. Every nook and corner was visited.' 
Into homes where the foot of minister had never stepped 
went our indefatigable pastor. Special services were 
commenced and continued for ten weeks, with little 
outside help. Scores were gathered in. An impetus 
was given to Sunday School work beyond anything 
in the past. The superintendency becoming vacant, 
the pastor himself took the position and has kept it. 
The lack of teachers was supplied by his unwearied 
activity. Class leaders were wanted and the positions 
of two or three were supplied in the person of Mr. 
Lewis himself.' — J. G. 

New churches^ have been recently built in London 
Township, Bell River Road, Bethel, Guelph, Napanee 
Mills, Woodslee, Montreal, Lennoxville, Port Hope, 
Paris, Thamesville, Lowville, etc. 




Berkeley Street Methodist Church, Toronto. 
329 



CHAPTER XXV. 
1876-7. 

THE ENGLISH AND OTHER CONFERENCES. 

Conferences — England — Dr. Ryerson — Camp-meetings — New- 
Churches — Circuits — M. E. Conference — Corson — Confer- 
ences, 1877 — Japan — Do Justly — Coleman — Conventions — 
Union — Missions — Churches — Manly — Dr. Ford — South — 
French — Australia — College — Red River — Primitives. 

The London Conference assembled in St. Catharines, 
June 7th, 1876. The Rev. George R. Sanderson was 
elected President and the Rev. Wm. S. Griffin, Secretary. 

Received into full connection — John T. Smith. 
Charles W. Hawkins, B.A., George A. Schram, Thomas 
Gee, Thomas R. Fydell, Robt. J. Husband, George 
Daniel, Robert Burns. 

Their reception was moved by Rev. Wm. S. Griffin 
and seconded by Rev. Robert Fowler, M.D. 

The ordination sermon was preached by the ex- 
President, Rev. John A. Williams. The Rev. George 
Douglas, D.D., LL.D., preached in the evening. 
Died — John B. Keagey, B.A., Sept. ist, 1875, aged ^/ 
years. 
William Herkimer, Oct. 3rd, 1875, aged 75 years. 
Wm. W. Graham, Jan 15th, 1876, aged 35 years. 

At the missionary meeting, on Monday evening, ad- 
dresses were given by the Revs. Charles S. Eby and 
George M. Meacham, M.A., the newly-appointed mis- 
sionaries to Japan. 

The Conference closed on Wednesday evening. 

The Toronto Conference was held in Peterborough, 
commencing on the 14th of June, 1876. The Rev. 

330 



THE ENGLISH AND OTHER CONFERENCES 

Wellington Jeflfers, D.D., was elected President and the 
Rev. Wm. Briggs, Secretary. 

Mr. W. E. Sanford, of Hamilton, was introduced, and 
informed the Conference that the late Mrs. Eliza Ann 
Jackson, in addition to former gifts, had left to the 
Missionary Society $10,000 and to the Theological 
Chair in Victoria College, $10,000. These munificent 
bequests were acknowledged in suitable resolutions. 

The Rev. John B. Manly, Agent of the French-Can- 
adian Missionary Society, was introduced and addressed 
the Conference. 

Received iiiio full connection — J. W. Annis, B.A., 
Samuel McCauley, Thomas Grandy, Edward Hill, Wm. 
J. Rutledge, Thomas J. Snowdon, 'Wm. E. Smith, 
Charles Langford, John Pepper, B.A., John McCarroll, 
Richard Strachan. 

The reception of the young men was moved by the 
Rev. Ed. H. Dewart and seconded by the Rev. Thomas 
W. Jeffrey. 

The President preached the ordination sermon, and 
the Rev. George Young, of Winnipeg, preached in the 
evening. A resolution was adopted that hereafter the 
ordination sermon be preached by the ex-President. 

The following ministers died during the year : 

John Sunday, Dec. 14th, 1875, aged 80 years. 

George McDougall, Jan. 23rd, 1876, aged 56 years. 

John W. Dockstader, Feb. 26th, 1876, aged 35 years. 

Orrin Whitcomb, April 12th, 1876. aged 71 years. 

The Rev. Peter Campbell was one of the speakers at 
the missionary meeting. 

' On the 13th of May, 1868, I left for the North- 
West. The distance to Winnipeg then seemed great, 
though now shrivelled to ten days. Thence to Edmon- 
ton, a thousand miles, on foot, walking by the head 
of one ox and leading another. We slept out sixty-one 

331 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

nights. The prairie soil was exceedingly rich and the 
grass most nutritious. Horses turned out poor would 
in three weeks be rolling in fat. Coal beds seem almost 
inexhaustible. Flour fifty dollars a barrel, sugar sixty 
cents and pemmican twenty cents a pound. We have 
the hope of wheat, certainly of barley and potatoes, and 
pretty sure of oats. Among natural products are 
buffaloes, antelopes, black flies and mosquitoes.' 

The speaker gave some thrilling scenes of Indian 
enmity and of famine, when hunters were compelled 
to eat their horses and even their dogs, and told of the 
labors of Evans, Rundle, Woolsey, McDougall and 
others. 

The Rev. George Young spoke of the openings in 
the great North-West — some waiting twenty years for 
the fulfilment of promises — his experiences, especially 
during the Riel Rebellion, the land policy of the Gov- 
ernment and the urgent demand for missionary rein- 
forcement. 

The Montreal Conference began in Quebec, June 2ist, 
1876, President — Rev. Wm. Scott; Secretary — Rev. 
William J. Hunter. 

Into full connection — Wm. J. Crothers, M.A., Wm. 
Philp, Moses Scott, Nassau B. Topping, Jas. Hender- 
son, Edward De Gruchy, Jas. G. Crozier, Samuel 
Shibley, Wm. S. Jamieson, B.A., Wm. K. Shortt, B.A., 
Albert De Long. 

Nine young men were received on trial. 
Died — James A. Gordon, Aug. 26th, 1875, aged 39 years. 
John Scott, Dec. 30th, 1875, aged 44 years. 

An increase of 600 members was reported. 

The Conference presented an address to His Excel- 
lency Lord Dufferin, the Governor-General. 

The Conference closed on Tuesday. 

The Nova Scotia Conference was held at Windsor, 
commencing on the 21st of June, 1876. President — Rev. 
Robert A. Temple ; Secretary — Rev. S. F. Huestis. 

332 



THE ENGLISH AND OTHER CONFERENCES 

Seven young men were ordained and six were received 
on probation. The net increase of members was about 
600. The services throughout were intensely interest- 
ing. 

The Conference of New Brunswick and Prince 
Edward Island was commenced on the 22nd of June, 
1876, in St. Stephen, N. B. President— Rev. Robt. 
Duncan ; Secretary — Rev. Howard Sprague. The ordi- 
nation sermon was preached by the President, and four 
young men were ordained. 

The increase of members was 1,183. 

The Rev. Richard Weddall died in 1876, at the age 
of 64 years. 

The Newfoundland Conference^ was held in St. 
John's. The Rev. James Dove was chosen President, 
and the Rev. John Goodison Secretary. Four young 
men were ordained. The demand for men was beyond 
the supply, and general prosperity was reported. 

Ontario Ladies' College — The examinations in chem- 
istry were conducted by Prof. Kirkland, M.A., of the 
Normal School, Toronto. The students received from 
74 to 84 per cent., and the Professor reported : 

' I was very much pleased with their papers. , . . Had 
they been up for examination at the University they 
would all have received first class.' 

The Dundas Wesleyan Institute had no boarders 
and 12 day students during the year. The session closed 
on the 22nd of June, when prizes were awarded by the 
Principal, Rev. E. B, Ryckman, M.A. 

The Revs. George M. Meacham, M.A., and Charles 
S. Eby, M.A., left August ist, 1876, for Japan. 

The Revs. Dr. Ryerson and David Savage were 
worthily received by the English Wesleyan and New 
Connexion Conferences. Eorty-three years ago Dr. 
Ryerson visited the British Conference in a similar 
capacity. 

333 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Recorder's graphic delineation : " The Doc- 
tor's personal appearance is very prepossessing — gray 
hair, fine healthy complexion, a gentle eye, a full, 
emotional voice, dressed in the style of the ' fine old 
English gentleman,' with a refreshing display of linen, 
clean and white. One scarcely knows which to admire 
the most — the simplicity of the man, his well-furnished 
intellect, or his practical good sense ; which most to 
wonder at — the real progress which has been made in 
this one lifetime or the boundless possibilities of the 
future. It is something to have rocked the cradle of 
an Empire Church. The audience was several times 
deeply moved by the Doctor's allusions to the memories 
of the past, but most of all when at the conclusion of 
his address he said — ' Farewell ! ' — with a tearful ex- 
pression of his own rejoicing in the hope of eternal 
life." 

The corner-stone of a new Methodist church, in West 
Belleville, was laid on the i6th of August, 1876, by J. 
H. Meacham, Esq., and addresses were delivered by 
the Hon. Billa Flint, Thomas Mills and others. 

The Missionary Society is hampered by a consider- 
able debt — the expenditures of the past year having 
exceeded the income by $38,000. In justice to the mis- 
sionaries employed, retrenchment seems impossible, and 
fresh demands are being made. The only hope of relief 
seems to be in increased income, and to insure this the 
treasurers issued an earnest appeal. 

More camp-meetings are being held during this sum- 
mer than for some years past. Grimsby, Rama, Man- 
vers, Fenella, Merrickville, and other places have had 
seasons of abundant blessing. 

The opening of the new Dominion Church, Ottawa. 
Nov. 15th, 1876, was an occasion of deep interest, not 
to the Capital City alone, but to the Dominion at large. 
The total expenditure was about $50,000, toward which 

334 



THE ENGLISH AND OTHER CONFERENCES 

contributions had been received from many outside 
places, this being considered a representative church. 
Prominent men of the city, the Government, and from 
distant points were present. The Rev. Dr. Ives, of 
Auburn, N. Y., preached the opening sermon. He asked 
for $16,000, and over $20,000 were pledged. The 
church is built of stone, 99x105, with tower, when com- 
pleted, 186 feet high. 

The Annual Meeting of the Missionary Society was 
held in St. John, N. B. The large debt and constantly 
increasing demands taxed the wisdom of the Committee. 
Special arrangements were made for wiping out the 
debt. With great reluctance the estimates were again 
allowed to exceed the income. 

The Rev. Thomas Charbonnel reports the erection of 
buildings in Sherbrooke for a French Institute at a cost 
of $2,800, with a debt of $1,300, towards which he asks 
contributions. 

Montreal Anniversaries — ' Our series of missionary 
meetings has been remarkable for deputations, attendance, 
influence and financial results. The collections are about 
double of last year, and. the givings at the tea-meeting 
were princely, so that we are already in advance of last 
year by over $1,000. If similar willingness prevails 
throughout the country the income might easily reach 
$250,000.' — Leonard Gaetz. 

New churches have been opened in Acton, Petrolea, 
Bolton, Dorking, Bond Head, Primrose, Sackville, N. B., 
Centralia, Rodney, Lansdowne, Omemee, Goodwood, 
London, Spencerville, Brockville, Mono Road, Under- 
wood, Franklin Centre, Plattsville, Bethany, etc. 

The Rev. Dr. Ryerson writes from London, Dec. 14th, 
1876: 

" The energy, earnestness, and simple spirituality of 
the Wesleyan pulpits, the revival and aggressive spirit 
of both ministers and people appear to me in advance 
of anything I witnessed in former visits to England." 

Father Isaac Van Norman, of Nelson, who died on 

335 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

the 15th of Feb., 1877, at the age of 93 years, was said 
to he the oldest member in Canadian Methodism. He 
came from the State of New York when a boy, was 
converted in 1800 and was a member of the Methodist 
Church for at least 75 years. He enjoyed the minis- 
trations of Anson, Sawyer, Bangs, Jewell, Keeler, 
Ryan, Case, Whitehead and others of our early minis- 
ters. His eldest son, the Rev. Daniel C. Van Norman, 
LL.D., was a Professor in Victoria College and after- 
wards Principal of the Hamilton Ladies' Academy. 

Ten new Methodist churches have been built in the 
County of Essex during the last two years. 

The Rev. George R. Sanderson, President of the 
London Conference, writes : 

* Gracious revivals are in progress on most of the 
circuits of the Niagara District.' 

The Rev. Richard Clarke, of Norwood, reports the 
revival there as one of the most extensive and glorious. 
in proportion to the population, ever witnessed in this 
land. For twelve weeks the work went on with unabated 
interest and the conversions were estimated at from three 
to four hundred. 

At Newburgh over one hundred professed conversion 
and in Belleville over five hundred. 

' Previous to that revival under Crossley and Hunter 
we had about 150 members; since then four or five 
times as many.' — Wm. Johnson. 

At Mount Forest over one hundred have been 
received on trial ; at Paris about one hundred and fifty ; 
at Hanover about seventy ; in Dundas St., London, over 
fifty ; at Tara, over forty ; at Bath, over fifty ; at Colborne, 
eighty-seven ; at Preston, 

' the number of persons beginning a new life is unusually 
large and the benefits of the work have extended beyond 
our congregation.' 

Clinton — ' We have had wonderful displays of con- 
verting power — the membership nearly doubled.' 

336 



THE ENGLISH AND OTHER CONFERENCES 

The Holstein Mission — 
' is composed of tlie late New Connexion Egremont 
Mission and part of the Wesle3'an Mount Forest Mis-^ 
sion. Five of our six appointments are in Egremont — 
a township improving fast. The year has been one of 
much trial but of wonderful blessing and ingathering,' 

The Ontario Annual Conference of the Canada Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church held its fifteenth session in 
Brampton, Bishop Carman presiding. The Rev. James 
Curtz was re-elected Secretary. There are three Dis- 
tricts and about fifty circuits supplied by about ninety 
preachers. 

The examinations and closing exercises of the Wes- 
leyan College, Stanstead, indicate a successful year. 
The Baccalaureate sermon was preached by the Rev. 
Alexander Hardie, M.A., on the loth of June. 

The closing exercises of the Hamilton Female College 
were exceedingly interesting. 

Many visitors from a distance attended the concert 
and general reunion at Ontario Ladies' College. The 
essays read by the graduating class, the awarding of 
prizes and other exercises afiforded the highest satisfac- 
tion. The corner-stone of a large additional building 
was laid by Dr. Ryerson. 

Reports of District meetings tell of general progress 
in all departments of Church work. New churches 
have been built in Cressy. Kincardine, Brussels, George- 
town, Newcomb, West Belleville, Mount Forest, 
Stewartown, Ridgetown, Iroquois, Alma, Woodstock, 
Owen Sound, Blair's, Sydenham Mills, Allumette Island, 
Fraserville, Seguin, Fenelon Falls, Durham, Chesley, 
Arkwright, etc. 

The Rev. Robert Corson writes : 

' I am in my 85ith year. My health is improved. 
Since Conference I have preached forty-five times, read 
thirty-three books, attended thirty-eight prayer-meetings 
and made 153 religious visits. When I was appointed 

22 337 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

to the Long Point Circuit, in 1827, we travelled through 
ten townships, where now there are eighteen circuits. In 
1828 I was sent alone to Whitby ; twenty appointments 
and no chapels. Now there are fifteen circuits and 
about forty chapels.' 

The Rev. John McDougall writes of attending by 
request the gathering of the Indian tribes, when treaties 
were formally signed by Governor Morris and the 
Chiefs, and reports favorably of the state of the work 
at several stations. 

The Rev. Henry Steinhaur finds abundant reason for 
gratitude and encouragement. 

Mr. Sinclair, teacher at Victoria Mission, says: 

' Under the zealous efforts of our missionary — Rev. 
John Walton — affairs generally are looking more hope- 
ful.' 

The Rev. Thomas Crosby, of Port Simpson, writes: 
' Our work here is doing well. The church was well 
filled all winter; two new classes formed, twenty adults 
baptized recently and many eager to learn.' 

The Rev. John Semmens, of Beren River, ' made 
several long trips during the winter and was much 
encouraged by congregations of 25 to 100, and ten added 
to the Church.' 

The London Conference began in Guelph on the 6th 
of June, 1877. The Rev. James Gray was elected 
President and the Rev. J. B. Clarkson, M.A., Secretary. 

The Congregational Union met in the same town and 
an interchange of delegations was enjoyed. 

The Rev. Dr. Ryerson was requested to write and 
publish a series of papers on early Canadian Methodistn. 

Into full connection — ^Wm. Baugh, Charles C. Couzens, 
Wm. Godwin, Joseph Guest, Adam Ira Snyder, James 
Watson, James Livingstone, Richard Hobbs, Joseph 
Ward, Wm. W. Spading, Wm. Kettlewell, Charles R. 
Morrow. The Rev. John A. Williams moved and the 
Rev. Hugh Johnston seconded their reception. 

The Rev. James P. Bell was received from the Primi- 

338 



THE ENGLISH AND OTHER CONFERENCES 

tive Methodist Church. The ordination sermon was 
preached by the Rev. Joseph H. Robinson. 

Fifteen candidates were received on trial. 

Died — Claudius Byrne, Oct. 5th, 1876, a.eed 83 years . 

The Revs. Dr. Carroll, Dr. Douglas, Egerton R. Young 
and Alex. Sutherland were among the visitors. 

The Conference closed on Wednesday. 

The Toronto Conference was held in Whitby, com- 
mencing on the 13th of June, 1877. 

President — Rev. George Young. 

Secretary — Rev. Wm. Briggs. 
, Into full connection — Samuel P. Rose, W. H. Jamie- 
son, B.A., John W. Bell. Andrew Wilson, Andrew 
W. Ross, J. Armstrong McCamus. Francis Johnson, 
Wm. Torrance, Almon P. Lyons, Charles Hearing, 
George Edwards, James M. Harrison, Wm. R. 
Morrison, Thomas W. Hall. The Rev. Dr. Green 
moved and the Rev. N. R. Willoughby seconded their 
reception. The ordination sermon was preached by the 
Rev. Dr. Jefifers. 

Twelve young men were received on trial. 

Died — Gilbert Miller, April 6th, 1877, aged 80 years. 

At the missionary meeting the President took the 
chair and the Rev. Egerton R. Young, of Norway 
House, was one of the speakers. The Conference closed 
on Tuesday evening. 

The Montreal Conference began its sessions June 
20th, 1877, in Ottawa. 

President — Rev. George Douglas, LL.D. 

Secretary— Re.v. Wm. S. Blackstock. 

Into full connection — Henry Meyer, Silas J. Hughes, 
John Webster, Simon Cruikshanks, Ernest M. Taylor, 
Allan Patterson. 

The ordination sermon was preached bv the Rev. Dr. 
Ryerson. The Rev. Dr. Fowler, Editor of the New 
York Christian Advocate, preached in the evening. 

Seven candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Robert Garry, Oct. 31st, 1876, aged y:^ years. 

Ezekiel Richardson, Dec. 9th, 1876, aged 40 years. 
Sylvester Hurlburt, March 8th, 1877, aged 73 years. 
John G. Stratton, March 26th, 1877, aged 31 years. 

339 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

A telegram from St. John, N. B., stated that three- 
fourths of that city had been destroyed by fire ; the loss 
estimated at $15,000,000. Three of the best Methodist 
churches were destroyed. A subscription was author- 
ized to assist the suffering- congregations. 

Resolutions were adopted requesting the Government 
to investigate the condition and redress the grievances 
of the Oka Indians. 

The Conference closed on Wednesdav. 

The Nova Scotia Conference commenced its sessions 

in Yarmouth, June 20th, 1877, with Rev. Elias Brettle 

President and Rev. S. F. Huestis Secretary. The total 

number of ministers, 112; members, 9,728; decrease, 132. 

The death-list numbered four — 

Thomas H. Davies, Aug. 28th, 1876, aged 78 years. 
Albert S. Des Brisay, Oct. 4th, 1876, aged 36 years. 
WilHam Sargent, March 3rd, 1877, aged 36 years. 
Michael Pickles, April 9th, 1877, ^g^d 80 years. 
The New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island Con- 
ference was held in Fredericton, commencing on the 27th 
of June, 1877. The Rev. John Prince was elected Presi- 
dent and the Rev. Howard Spragge, M.A., Secretary. 
Total number of ministers, 96; members, 7,717; increase, 

154- 

The disastrous conflagration in St. John enlisted the 
warmest sympathy of the Conference. Deputations 
were appointed to secure assistance for the sufferers 
and to aid in the erection of new Methodist churches. 

The Newfoundland Conference was held in Car- 
bonear, commencing June 13th, 1877. President, Rev. 
John Goodison ; Secretary, Rev. Joseph Pascoe. Total 
number of preachers, 49 ; members, 7,075. Died — John 
Dixon, August 4th, 1876, aged 26 years. The Rev. 
John Lathern bears testimony to the very great pleasure 
afforded by the Revs. Dr. Taylor, George Douglas, and 
W. H. Withrow in their visit to the Eastern Provinces. 

340 



THE ENGLISH AND OTHER CONFERENCES 

Greatly increased activity in temperance work is 
manifest throughout the country. Petitions and efforts 
to secure prohibitory legislation have at least led to the 
more general adoption and rigid enforcement of the 
Dunkin Act of 1864, by which partial local prohibition 
may be secured. It is in force in all the counties be- 
tween Toronto and Kingston, except Hastihgs, and it is 
soon to be tried there. The contest in Peterborough 
was fierce and prolonged, but won a majority of 1 16 
votes for temperance. 

The Rev. Charles S. Eby, M.A., in a series of letters 
on the way to Japan, tells of severe domestic and per- 
sonal affliction, also of renewed health and hard work, 
learning the language and teaching anxious learners. 

The Rev. George M. Meacham, M.A., writing from 
Numadzo, Japan, June 28th, 1877, says : 

' Twelve societies are in the field, employinof a total 
of about 80 foreign missionaries, doctors and teachers; 
also about as many native helpers, about 1,000 converts 
and 400 attendants.' 

After telling of the work done by the British and 
Foreign Bible Society and translators, Mr. Meacham 
speaks of a succession of violent storms : 

' Through fire and flood, and stormv wind we have 
been brought in safety and here we raise our " Ebene- 
zer!" Our work is still prosperous. Fourteen have 
been baptized, seven of them heads of families. The 
Japanese are fluent in prayer. We have no dull meet- 
ings. One young woman shows great readiness to 
speak or pray. Three of the converts are beginning 
to preach Jesus. Our friends in Canada must be patient, 
for our work will necessarily be slow.' 

From Victoria, B.C., the Rev. William Pollard 
writes : ' Our church here, with enlargement, has cost 
about $20,000. It is perhaps the most missionary church 
in the Dominion — supporting its own minister, an Indian 
mission in the city, a missionary at Naas, six hundred 
miles north, and subscribing liberally to the general fund. 
In this district we have 12 ministers, 23 churches, and 

341 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

31 other preaching places, 771 members, 3,250 adherents, 
10 Sunday Schools. 450 scholars. 7 parsonages, 2 Indian 
schools, and i Chinese. The missions paid towards 
salaries $5,121; to Connexional fimds $1,114 ^"^1 ^ 
large amount for local purposes.' 

Mrs. Jane Coleman Washington, sister of Revs. Fran- 
cis and William Coleman, wife of Mr. Stephen Wash- 
ington, Darlington, and mother of Revs. William C. and 
Edwin S. Washington, ' was born in Cornwall, England, 
in 1810, came to this country in 1834 and was married the 
next year. When about eighteen years of age she was con- 
verted and through life maintained a steadfast faith in 
Christ and close attachment to the Church of her choice. 
Amid the hardships of pioneer life, her home, like that of 
her father, was ever open to the weary itinerant and her 
thoughtful ministrations available. After some weeks 
of severe affliction she calmly fell asleep in Jesus, on the 
25th of July, 1877, aged 67 years.' 

During the summer several very profitable conventions 
were held to consider the best means for the promotion 
of the work of God. Then we hear of revivals on 
many circuits — Streetsville, Walter's Falls, Bond Head. 
Kleinburg, Keene, Perth, Cartwright, Colborne, Fair- 
field, Sunderland, Welland. Ridgeway, Vienna, Brad- 
ford, Woodslee, Gravenhurst, North Gower, Wellington, 
Oil Springs, etc. 

Dr. Carroll's vigorous pen continued faithfully to 
advocate further Methodist Union, laying stress upon 
additional privileges for laymen as a means of facilitat- 
ing success. The Rev. William Herridge declared the 
Committee of the Primitive Methodist Church was 
ready for further negotiations and mutual concessions. 

The Missionary Committee met in Brockville, October 
22nd, 1877. Sheriff Patrick took the chair at the public 
meeting. An income of $145,998 was reported. The 
expenditure exceeded the income by $28,257, making 

342 



THE ENGLISH AND OTHER CONFERENCES 

the debt $53,000. The unusual and prolonged financial 
depression had been severely felt, but there was a cheer- 
ing outlook for better times. The Rev. George Young, 
from Manitoba, Rev. John Prince, from New Bruns- 
wick, Rev. John Goodison, from Newfoundland, T, M. 
Lewis, Esq., of Yarmouth, and John McDonald, Esq., 
of Toronto, were the chief speakers. 

Dr. and Mrs. Palmer, of New York, assisted in a 
series of very successful services in Hamilton, 

The Rev. Richard W. Woodsworth says his circuit — 
Jarvis — 'has advanced from $313 missionary money last 
year to $657 — an indication of what is possible were a gen- 
eral effort made to meet the urgent demand.' 

Between the ist of June and the end of December, 
1877, new churches were opened at Mt. Zion, Beebe 
Plain, Lunenburg, Hunts ville, Trenton, Flos, Manotic, 
Sutton, Que., Harrietsville, Brucefield, Stromness, 
Palestine, Man., Flesherton. Clifford, North Chatham, 
Parry Sound, Selkirk, Man., Port Stanley, Hillsburg, St. 
Catharines, Welland, Seaforth, Hamilton — Simcoe 
Street — Drayton, etc. 

The new year, 1878, opens with evidences of renewed 
consecration to God and reports of revivals on many 
circuits. 

Margaret Byrne came with her parents from Ireland 
in 1820 to Perth. In 1829 she became the wife of the 
Rev. John Black. She proved an effective co-worker, 
survived her husband, and died February 17th, 1878. 

, Muskoka : 
' The Morrison Mission, including half a dozen town- 
ships of Muskoka, has been favored with fruitful ser- 
vices. Some old debts have been paid and new churches 
arranged for. The Carling Mission, including the 
townships of Medora, Monck, Watt and Wood, has 
built three churches in two years, and has received as 
a gift a suitable site for a parsonage. The missionary 
travels his extensive field on snowshoes or in his canoe. 

343 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Huntsville Mission embraces the Stephenson, 
Stisted, Brunei, Franklin, Chaffey. and Perry town- 
ships, and has three churches recently completed. Other 
adjacent places are calling- for a missionary. Showers 
of blessing have fallen, even in the wilderness and many 
conversions have swelled the roll of membership. The 
Rosseau Mission includes Cardwell and Humphrey. A 
new church has been built in Ashdown and another at 
Trout Lake; but at Rosseau Lake, the resort of many 
tourists and the depot for settlers' supplies for sixty 
miles northward, there is yet neither church nrr a 
substitute. Spence, the newest and most distant of 
these missions, includes the townships of Monteith, 
Spence, Croft, Chapman, and Ryerson, the no-thern 
portion being one hundred and forty miles from Barrie. 
New churches in Monteith and Ryerson townships were 
dedicated in January last by the Chairman. In the lat- 
ter township, seventy-five per cent, of the land is of 
good quality and mostly located. We owe this country 
Christian ordinances and more liberal allowances for 
the men supplying them.' — John Bredin. 

In the saddle-bag days the little school-house in 
" Smoky Hollow " was one of the appointments of the 
Dalhousie Circuit. About 1840 the New Connexion breth- 
ren built a good-sized church. The Wesleyans built an- 
other a mile and a half north-west and the New Con- 
nexion another not far distant. To unite the three in one 
a central site was obtained and a new church erected, 
which was opened on the i6th of May, 1878. 

' Such unity and enthusiasm were never before wit- 
nessed in that neighborhood, and the subscriptions ex- 
ceeded the expenditure.' 

S. P. Ford, M.D., of Norwood, in reply to a corre- 
spondent who had asked " What becomes of our new 
members ?" says : 

' Let the frontier town, where the increase reported at 
Conference did not correspond with the number reported 
in the papers, answer for itself. The hundreds who 
gave their hearts to the Lord here last winter, with very 
few exceptions, are in our Church communion to-day. 

344 



THE ENGLISH AND OTHER CONFERENCES 

The work was pre-eminently the work of God — the re- 
sult of three years' honest, faithful presentation of God's 
truth and in answer to the importunate supplications 
of God's people. No wonder that there are so few 
backsliders after such a work — and it is still going on.' 

New churches have been built at Monckton, Kirkfield, 
Caledon, Hamilton — Wesley Church— W. Winchester, 
Richmond, Kelvin, etc. 

The Rev. Dr. Douglas, Delegate to the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South, received a real Methodist wel- 
come, and his address awakened unbounded enthusiasm. 

The French District Meeting was held in the little 
French Church, Montreal, the Rev. John Borland, Chair- 
man, presiding. All the brethren were present with 
cheering reports of progress. There had been 42 re- 
movals, but an increase of 78. Everywhere there were 
difficulties and constant opposition. 

The General Conference of the Australian Methodist 
Church opened in Sydney, N.S.W., on the 8th of May, 
1878. Ninety-one delegates — the whole number elected 
— were present, representing the Annual Conferences of 
New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania, South Aus- 
tralia, and New Zealand. The Rev. J. Watsford was 
President and the Rev. J. B. Waterhouse Secretary. 

The returns at the Red River District Meeting show a 
membership of about 1,000, an increase of 130. Four 
additional men are asked for. 

British Columbia District Meeting reports thirteen 
missionaries employed ; the total membership of Indians 
and whites 996, an increase of 225, and $11,279 raised 
for all purposes, and church property valued at $74,375- 

At the recent Primitive Methodist Conference in Lon- 
don, Ont., the question of union was carefully con- 
sidered, but no final action was taken. 



345 



CHAPTER XXVI. 

1878-9. 

RELIEF AND EXTENSION. 

Conferences — Kingston — General Conference — Montreal — East- 
ern Visit — Chilliwack — Crosby — Pollard — Derrick — Steinhaur 
— Manning — Lawson— Conferences, 1879 — Colleges — Relief 
Fund — Ottawa — Winnipeg — Cosford — Peterson — Ecumenical 
Council — Oxford House — Japan. 

The London Conference opened in St. Thomas on the 
5th of June, 1878. The Rev. E. B. Ryckman, M.A., 
was elected President and the Rev. John Wakefield Sec- 
retary. 

Into full connection — Joseph H. Hodson, B.A., 
Edwin S. Shibley, Hugh T. Crossley, Wm. L. Hackett. 
John W. Cooley, Samuel C. Sellery, B.D., Alfred M. 
Phillips, B.D., Richard C. Henders. 

The Rev. J. B. Clarkson, M.A., moved and the Rev. 
S. D. Rice, D.D., seconded their reception. 

A Conference prayer-meeting was held at six o'clock 
Sunday morning, and the love-feast at nine o'clock. The 
ordination sermon was preached by the Rev. Egerton 
Ryerson, D.D. On Monday the Rev. Dr. Wood pre- 
sented the report of the work in Japan and the Rev. 
Davidson McDonald, M.D., gave an account of their 
five years' labor in that country. 

Nine candidates were received on trial. 
Died — Geo. McNamara, Aug. 3rd, 1877, aged 66 years. 
Peter Ker, April 8th, 1878, aged 69 years. 

Number of members — 37.880; increase, 569. 

The Conference closed on Wednesday evening. 

The Toronto Conference was held in the Richmond 
Street Church, Toronto, commencing on the T2th of 
June, 1878. The Rev. E. B. Harper, M.A., was elected 
President and the Rev. John G. Laird Secretary. 

The greetings of the London Conference were received 
346 




1. Lake, Mr. .lolm .N 
4. Sparling, J. W., D.D. 
7 McDougall, John, D.D 



•J Mrs. Jamt-s Goodurhaui 
5. Mrs. E. S. Strachan 
8. Young, Rev. Joseph 



a. MrLareii, .linl-r •!. 
6. Ross, James S., D.D. 
9. Inch, J. R., LL.D. 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

by telegraph and answered. 

Into full connection — ^George C. Workman, M.A., 
Francis H. Wallace, B.D., Henry Thomas, Wm. H. 
Elmsley, Thomas C. Legate, Foster McCammond, 
Thomas B. Wilson, Sidney J. Shorey, Wm. T. Dyer, 
Jabez Wass, Thomas Manning, B.A., George Walker, 
Robt. C. Wilkinson, Frank C. Keam, Wm. T. Hicks. 

Their reception was moved by Dr. Ryerson and 
seconded by Dr. Jeffers. 

The Rev. Dr. Nelles preached the ordination sermon. 
The Rev. Alex. Burns, M.A., D.D., returning from the 
United States, was re-admitted to membership in the 
Conference. 

Sixteen candidates were received on trial — three of 
them from Japan. 

Died — Thomas Sliter, Jan. 3rd, 1878, at the Montreal 
College, in the fifth year of his probation, and at the 
age of 28 years. 

Members — 36,072; increase, 740. 

The Montreal Conference assembled in Brockville, 
June 19th, 1878. The Rev. John Borland was elected 
President and the Rev. W. I. Shaw, LL.B., Secretary. 

Into fnll connection — George H. Porter, Isaac 
Wheatley, Arthur Whiteside, Edward W. Crane, George 
C. Poyser, Benjamm Franklin, B.A., Joseph Carr. 

Their reception was moved by the Rev. Henry F. 
Bland and seconded bv the Rev. Wm. Jackson. 

The ex-President, Rev. Dr. Douglas, preached the 
ordination sermon. 

Nine candidates were received on trial. 
Died— ]ohn Howes, Sept. ist, 1877, aged 65 years. 

Wm. S. McCullough, M.A., May 27th, 1878, aged 
36 years. 

Number of members, 22,850; increase, 744. 

To provide for the debt on Stanstead College it was 
proposed that the ministers contribute $5,000, that $5,000 
be raised in Stanstead, and that a general canvass be 
made for the balance. The ministers present subscribed 
$6,387. 

The Conference closed on Tuesday night. 

347 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Nova Scotia Conference was held at Amherst, 
N.S., commencing June 27th, 1878. President, Rev. 
James Taylor; Secretary, Rev. Stephen F. Huestis. The 
places of meeting were but ten miles apart and these 
two Conferences interchanged visits. 

Died — Henry Pope, July 6th, 1877, aged 89 years. 

W. F. Penny, B.D., March 28th, 1878, aged 30 
years. 
The New Brunswick Conference met in Sackville, 
N.B., June 27th, 1878. The Rev. Joseph Hart was 
elected President and the Rev. Charles H. Paisley, M.A., 
Secretary. 
Died — John Ellis, July 26th, 1877, aged 32 years. 

Wm. McCarty, Nov. 17th, 1877, aged 62 years. 

The Newfoundland Conference commenced on the 
13th of June, 1878. President, Rev. George S. Milligan, 
M.A. ; Secretary, the Rev. James Dove. 
Died— John Gibson Currie, May 8th, 1878, aged 2y years. 

In all the Conferences Delegates were elected to the 
General Conference. 

After improvements to the extent of $6,000 the Syd- 
enham Street Church, Kingston, was reopened July 
T4th, 1878. 

The Rev. Alex. Burns, D.D., LL.D., resigned the 
Presidency of Simpson Centenary College, Indianola, 
and was appointed President of the Wesleyan Female 
College, Hamilton. 

The second General Conference of the Methodist 
Church of Canada assembled in the Dorchester Street 
Church, Montreal, on the 4th of September, 1878, the 
President, Rev. Dr. Ryerson, in the chair. After de- 
votional exercises the President gave an historical and 
statistical review of the past four years. The quadren- 
nial census of the Church presents us with the following 
results, as reported at the Annual Conferences of June, 
1878. Number of Conferences, 6; number of members, 

348 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

113,175; on trial, 9,430; total, 122,605; increase, 20,659; 
ministers, 1,165; increase, 134; Sunday schools, 1,733; 
increase, 221; officers and teachers, 15,751; in- 
crease, 2,474; scholars, 120,972; increase, 19,754; 
churches, 2,046 ; increase, 540 ; parsonages, 484 ; in- 
crease, no; total value of all church property, $6,022,- 
227; increase during quadrennial, $2,667,330. The 
Doctor's lucid and encouraging address elicited the 
heartiest approval of the Conference. The number of 
Delegates elected by the Annual Conferences was 225. 
The Rev. George Douglas, D.D., was elected President 
and the Rev. Alex. Sutherland Secretary. The Rev. 
Samuel Coley, Representative of the English Conference, 
was introduced. To ensure uniformity of administra- 
tion a Committee was appointed on the Government of 
the Church. On the evening of the first day a sacra- 
mental service was held in St. James Street Church. 
The Rev. Dr. Sargeant, Representative of the M. E. 
Church of the United States, was introduced. Among 
many memorials was one from the Kingston District 
proposing the admission of laymen to the Annual Con- 
ferences. The Endowment Funds for Arts and Theology 
in Victoria College had reached $120,000. The Trans- 
fer Committee was made to consist of the President of 
the General Conference and the Presidents of all the 
Annual Conferences. 

On Sunday the Rev. Samuel Coley, of the English 
Conference, preached in St. James Street Church in the 
morning and the Rev. William Taylor, Missionary 
Bishop from India, in the evening. 

A committee was appointed with authority to publish 
a new Hymn Book. 

The Committee on Class-Meetings reported that ' they 
do not find any sufficient reason to warrant them in 
recommending any legislation, either on the subject of 
class-meetings or class-meeting attendance.' 

349 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

This awakened discussion. On one side it was con- 
tended 

* that the rules are not and cannot be enforced — that 
there should be no condition of Church membership 
not authorized by the New Testament — that compul- 
sory attendance is a bar to many g-ood people — that Mr. 
Wesley did not regard his societies as a Church — that 
making attendance at class a test unduly exalts one 
means.* 

On the other side it was urged ' that the class-meeting 
has been a main factor in the beginning and development 
of the Methodist Church — ^that making attendance op- 
tional would tend to discontinuance and open the way 
for a nominal and unconverted membership — that spirit- 
uality would be lowered — that the class-meeting, though 
not as such specially mentioned, is a form of Scriptural 
fellowship — that the desire for change is from outside — 
that attendance is a condition rather than a test of mem- 
bership — that Wesley made it so, not only in. his societies 
at home, but in the Methodist Episcopal Church — that 
those who declare opposition to Christian fellowship are 
very few — that while a small number may have been 
repelled, multitudes have been won by the social life and 
power, fostered in the class-meeting- — that it is an efficient 
means for Scriptural oversight— and that the Church 
has a right to employ the best means to accomplish New 
Testament injunctions.' 

A lengthy debate ended in adopting the Report and 

allowing our rules to stand. 

" Thus closed one of the finest debates ever conducted 
in any Conference of the Methodist Church of Canada. 
For point in argument and application, for logical de- 
duction, for earnestness of spirit, for gentlemanly con- 
duct towards opponents, it is doubtful if ever it has been 
excelled in any similar court." 

But the general consensus reached was regarded 
more as a truce than a final decision. 

An evening session was held for the reception of 
Delegates, when the Rev. Samuel Coley, of the British 
Conference; the Rev. Dr. Upham, of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, United States, and the Rev. Dr. 

350 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

Kelley, of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, ad- 
dressed the Conference. 

It was resolved that only one Missionary Secretary be 
appointed. The Rev. Dr. Wood, who had been Super- 
intendent of Missions from 1847 ^o 1^68 and Missionary 
Secretary from 1868 to 1878, sent in a letter of resigna- 
tion. The resignation was accepted, with the request 
that Dr. Wood continue his attendance at the meetings 
of the Committee and of the Central Board. The Rev. 
Alexander Sutherland was appointed General Secretary 
and also Clerical Treasurer, with John McDonald, Esq., 
as Lay Treasurer. The Rev. Edward H. Dewart was re- 
elected Editor of the Christian Guardian and Evangelical 
Witness, and the Rev. William Briggs was elected Book 
Steward. The Rev. D. D. Currie was elected Editor of 
the Wesleyan and the Rev. Dr. Pickard Book Steward 
for the Eastern section. Six memorials requested an 
extension of the ministerial term to four or five years. 
The Committee reported against the extension, and the 
Conference sustained the Report. The Revs. J. R. 
Jacques and William Brown, Delegates from the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church of Canada, brought a fraternal 
message from their Conference, and were heard with 
great pleasure, both the message and the addresses 
breathing the desire " that we be more and more closely 
united in the bonds of Christian fraternity." These senti- 
ments were reciprocated in a Conference resolution, car- 
ried by a rising vote, expressing the hope that " the 
Methodism of our country may ultimately become one." 

A motion to admit laymen to the district meeting 
received a majority vote, but not the necessary three- 
fifths. A proposal by the Rev. Louis Beaudry and Hon. 
James Eerrier for the organization of a Woman's Mis- 
sionary Society was referred to the Central Board, with 
power to act. It was resolved that the debt of the 

351 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Missionary Society be divided among the Conferences, 
to be paid in four annual payments. 

The addresses, debates, and general business of the 
Conference were well reported in the Christian Guar- 
dian, and all legislation published in the minutes, to 
which reference may be made for further particulars. 

The sessions were continued from the 4th to the 23rd 
day of September. A very excellent photo of the Con- 
ference, from individual sittings, was executed by Not- 
man & Co. 

From Conference annual missionary meetings comes 
the unanimous determination — " the debt must be paid." 

The Rev. Drs. John A. Williams and Davidson Mc- 
Donald visited the Eastern Provinces on behalf of the 
Missionary Society. Over $1,000 expenses have been 
incurred in defence of the Oka Indians and their claims. 

Ontario Ladies' College : 

' The Christmas concert was given on Wednesday 
evening. The Music Hall had been beautifully orna- 
mented by the young ladies ; " Merry Christmas," 
" Louise and Lome " and other evergreen work adorn- 
ing the walls. As the pupils marched in. filling tier 
after tier of reserved seats, the whisper was heard: 
"Are there many more coming?" Mr. Torrington and 
his pupils went splendidly through a choice programme, 
without a failure. Then the pupils and their friends 
were invited to supper. After an hour spent in con- 
versation, friends old and new separated with many 
hearty congratulations on the unmistakable success _ of 

the college With the new buildings, boarding 

accommodations are very complete and the facilities 
afforded for a thorough literary, scientific and musical 
education are confessedly unsurpassed.' 

The Rev. Charles M. Tate, writing from Chilliwack, 
B.C., December loth, 1878, tells of much work and 
weeks at a time from home : 

' We have at once to be farmer, mechanic, magistrate, 
teacher, doctor, and missionary. Yet it thrills the heart 

352 .. . . 



L 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

with joy to have the pleasure of telling- the story of 
" Jesus and His love." On the 6th of Nov. we be^an 
a four days' meeting. The weather was cold, but the 
church was filled, many coming thirty miles and living 
in tents. We had promised to visit the Indians on the 
coast and took steamer for New Westminster. Through 
a friend we procured a sloop and with our previous 
knowledge went to work on ropes, sails, provisions, 
ballast, etc' 

During the summer new churches were built in 
Ameliasburg, Bell's Corners, Victoria — Ridgeway 
Church — Kirkville, Euphrasia, Woolford, Talbotville, 
Aurora, Conestoga, Wellington, Man., Sandlake, Cottam, 
Belmore, Morris, Man., Gravenhurst, Beeton, Man. 

Perth : ' A year ago we had a gracious outpouring of the 
Holy Spirit. One hundred and fifty joined the Metho- 
dist Church, a large proportion of whom are doing well. 
Our congregations are doubled, our prayer-meetings 
quadrupled. A deep-seated religious feeling is growing 
m intensity. At the country appointment the little one 
has become a thousand.' 

The Rev. Thomas Crosby, Port Simpson, writes of 
spiritual improvement, seven classes, with 262 members, 
and some useful native assistants ; congregations of six 
to eight hundred and a hundred children in the Sunday 
School. 

' We want a new schoolhouse and are getting the 
foundations ready; who will help us? Another great 
need is a Home for young women — now even by fathers 
and brothers sold to their ruin ! They come to us cry- 
ing for help. Had we a place for them, we might have 
a score or more all the time under our care, learning 
all kinds of work and preparing to make good homes. 
Who will help to raise — say $800 — for the necessary 
buildings? Christian women in Canada would surelv 
be willing to lend a helping hand. We are praying that 
God will come in power and save the people.' 

This was one of the many appeals which reached the 
ears and hearts of some Methodist women in Hamilton 

23 353 



METHODISM IN CANADA 



and led the way to the organization of the " Woman's 
Missionary Society." 

Ever and anon in the rusty pages of old Guardians 
we meet the black lines which tell of many who will not 
again answer the Conference roll-call. 

Temperance, missionary, and revival meetings make the 
winter months a harvest time. 

Mr. John Mathewson, now in his ninetieth year, has 
been fifty-seven years in Montreal. At the time of their 
golden wedding Mr. and Mrs. Mathewson invested a 
sum of money to yield $ioo annually to the Ottawa 
Street Church and an equal amount to the Superannua- 
tion Fund. This venerable couple have been permitted 
to see the cause they loved develop from small begin- 
nings in 1821 to its present vigorous proportions. 

CENSUS OF SOME DENOMINATIONS IN ONTARIO. 
Status per 1,000, omitting decimals. 



Congregational . 

Baptist 

Roman Catholic 
Presbyterian 
Episcopalian . . 
Methodist 



I85I 


1861 


8 


7 


56 


50 


176 


184 


214 


217 


234 


228 


224 


250 



I87I 



53 
169 
220 
204 
285 



The Rev. William Pollard, writing from Victoria, 
B.C., February 29th, 1S79, tells of improving health, 
revival services attended by persons speaking fourteen 
languages, the conversion of many from the interior, 
good attendance at day and Sunday School. 

The Rev. Thomas Derrick, moving from Burrard 
Inlet to New Westminster, says : 

' I' am ending my tenth year on this District — the 
oldest man in the work — and serving the Society with 
as little expense as possible. My home has been a hos- 
pital for weeks. We have to be all things to all men.' 

354 



L 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

The Rev. Henry Steinhaur, of White Fish Lake, after 
being laid aside nearly five months, was slowly recover- 
ing and thankful that the mission had not greatly suf- 
fered. He was cheered by the arrival of books and a 
visit from his Chairman. Two young men were prepar- 
ing to come to Ontario to study. 

The Rev. Henry M. Manning, of Fort McLeod, had 
secured a house, lot and some furniture for $225; a 
large, building for church and school at $6 a month, 
fitted up by the people. Young men of the Mounted 
Police, long deprived of social and religious privileges, 
increase the small congregation. 

Miss Barrett, teacher, rejoices in the coming of Mr. 
Manning and the general kindness of the people; she 
has twenty-two scholars, much in need of books. 

The Rev. Thomas Lawson says he is trying to hold the 
fort at Little Saskatchewan and Shoal Lake until assist- 
ance arrives. Many places were desiring attention. A man 
should be at Beautiful Plains and another at Rapid City, 
fast becoming an important centre. 

The untimely death of Mr. James Gooderham. of 
Toronto, by a railway accident at Carlton, May loth, 
1878, is very deeply and widely mourned. He started 
as a probationer for the ministry in 1848, but his health 
failing after two years, he went into business. Through 
subsequent years his services were in constant demand 
and highly prized on many circuits, which he visited as 
a local preacher. Many will miss his generous benefac- 
tions. His funeral was one of the largest ever seen in 
I'oronto. 

Reports from educational institutions indicate general 
success. Towards the Stanstead College $40,000 were 
subscribed. The May district meetings give encourag- 
ing evidence of financial and numerical increase. New 
churches have been erected in Lancaster, Mount Albert, 
Corinth, Gait, etc. 

355 " 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The London Conference met in Queen's Avenue 
Church, London, on the 4th of June, 1879. President, 
Rev. William S. Gritifin ; Secretary, Rev. George H. Cor- 
nish. In the evening of the first day a memorial service 
was held, and fitting tributes were paid to the unusually 
large number of ministers who had died during the 
year . 

Asahel Hurlburt, July 26th, 1878, aged 75 years. 
William Philp, Aug. i8th, 1878, aged 71 years. 
Solomon Waldron, Sept. 7th. 1878, aged 83 years. 
Robert Corson, Oct. 8th, 1878, aged 85 years. 
John Ryerson, Oct. 8th, 1878, aged 79 years. 
Edmund S. Jones, Oct. i6th, 1878, aged 39 years. 
Joseph Messmore, Jan. 15th, 1879, aged 84 years. 
Joseph B. Goodspeed, March 7th, 1879, aged 53 years. 
C. W. Hawkins, B.A., April 13th, 1879, aged 32 years. 
James Bell, May 31st, 1879, aged 69 years. 

Into full connection — Lewis Warner Crews, Robert 
W. Wright. Theophilus R. Earle, Francis Swam, Robert 
H. Balmer, James E. Ford, Robert W. Smith, Andrew 
M. McCulloch, Thomas B. Leith, Cecil Harper, B.A., 
George J. Kerr, Jasper Wilson, William H. Gane, 
James E. Russ, Thomas R. Clarke, John W. Freeman, 
B.D., Fred H. Sanderson. Robt. R. Maitland, David 
Rogers, Alfred A. Bowers, Thomas H. Orme. 

The Rev. John F. German, ]\I.A., of Winnipeg, was 
introduced. The ordination sermon was preached by 
the ex-President, Rev. E. B. Ryckman, M.A. Twelve 
candidates were received on trial. The Conference dis- 
approved of the change made by the General Conference 
in regard to the Transfer Committee. Total number of 
preachers, 331; of members, 38,767; increase, 887. 

The Toronto Conference was opened in Port. Hope 
on the nth of June, 1879. 

President — Rev. John Shaw. 

Secretary — Rev. Thomas S. Keough. 

356 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

Into full connection — George W. Hewitt, B.A., Wm. 
H. Madden, James H. Barkwell, B.A., George S. 
Reynolds, Thomas W. Campbell,, B.D., Solomon C. 
Edmunds, B.D., Andrew Stewart, B.D., Peter W. 
Davies, Charles W. Watch, James W. Stewart, Charles 
M. Tate, Wm. P. Brown. 

Six young men were received on probation. 

The Revs. John McDougall, from the North-West, 
Drs. George Cochran and Davidson McDonald from 
Japan, spoke at the missionary meeting. 

Messrs. James Holden, Joshua Richardson, G. Y. 
Smith and Rev. J. E. Sanderson appeared on behalf of 
Ontario Eadies' College. They spoke of the additions 
made to the buildings, the mcreasing attendance of 
pupils, and a surplus of ip 1,500, after paying running 
expenses and interest. The Rev. J. E. Sanderson hav- 
ing resigned the Governorship, the Rev. John J. Hare, 
B.A., was appointed in his place. The Rev. Drs. Jeffers, 
Harper and W. H. Withrow, Official Visitors to the 
College, highly complimented the officers and staff for 
the energy and ability manifested in the success of the 
Institution. 

Died — Conrad Vandusen, Aug. 19th, 1878, aged 78 years. 
Matthew Robison, Dec. 17th, 1878, aged 34 years. 
John W. Wicher, Feb. 3rd, 1879, aged 38 years. 
Anson Green, D.D., Feb. 19th, 1879, aged 78 years. 
William Andrews, April 14th, 1879, aged 63 years. 
John Mcguire, May loth, 1879, aged 70 years. 
William Sutton, May 26th, 1879, aged 64 years. 
William Coleman, May 27th, 1879, aged 71 years. 

Total number of ministers, 359; members, 36,031; 
decrease, 41. 

The Conference closed on Tuesday evening. 

The Montreal Conference opened in Sydenham S*". 
Church, Kingston, on the iStli of June, 1879. 

President — Rev. George McRitchie. 

Secretary — Rev. Thomas G. Williams. 

Into full connection — Samuel D. Chown, Thomas B. 
Conley, B.A., Samuel Ellery, Wm. T. Smith, Wm. H. 
Sparling, B.A. 

Their reception was moved by the Rev. LeRoy Hooker 
and seconded by the Rev. James Elliott, D.D. 

357 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The ordination sermon was preached by the Rev. S. 
S. Nelles, LL.D. 

The Revs. George Cochran, from Japan, John Mc- 
Dougall and Wm. Halstead, from the North West, took 
part in the evening meetings. 

Ministers, 225 ; members, 22,373 5 decrease, 477. 

The thanks of the Conference were given to the 
Ladies' I'Vench Missionary Societies of Montreal and 
Stanstead. 

The Rev. Alex. Hardie, M.A., was appointed Gover- 
nor and the Rev. A. Lee Holmes Principal of the Stan- 
stead College. 

Proposals from the Missionary Committee of Finance 
for the raising of $150,000 were approved. 

The Conference closed on Wednesday afternoon. 

The Centenary Church, Hamilton, was well filled for 
the closing exercises of the Wesleyan Female College. 
Essays, music, addresses, and presentation of prizes 
pleasantly occupied the evening. 

The new Ryerson Hall, Ontario Ladies' College, was 
the scene of a grand gathering of parents and friends 
for the College closing. Essays were read by the gradu- 
ating class — Misses Davies, Herriman, McDowell, San- 
derson, Scott, and Wilson. A gold medal was presented 
to Miss Davies ; silver medals to Misses Herriman, San- 
derson, and Scott ; and prizes to several others. A very 
appreciative address and an elegant silver service were 
presented by the pupils to the Rev. J. E. Sanderson, 
M.A., on his retiring from the college. 

" The Board of Directors, in accepting Mr. Sander- 
son's resignation, adopted unanimously a resolution ex- 
pressing their high aDpreciation of his Christian char- 
acter and conduct and their best washes for his future 
welfare. At a subsequent meeting of the Board a peti- 
tion was received from the whole school requesting a 
reconsideration of Mr. Sanderson's resignation." 

The Executive Committees of the Annual Conferences 
and the District Meetings generally endorsed the pro- 
posal to raise a Missionary Relief and Extension Fund of 

358 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

$150,000. The discussions in the General Conference 
on Class-meetings have been followed by lengthy cor- 
respondence, and for the most part strongly in favor of 
these meetings as essential factors in the origin, develop- 
ment and perpetuation of Methodism. 

Robert Campbell, of Brooklin, Ont., son of an officer of 
the British Army, ' was born in Kingston in 1801, and was 
brought up a Presbyterian. Removing to York Township 
he fell in with " the people called Methodists," at a camp- 
meeting, in 1827, was converted and united with the 
Methodist Church at Richmond Hill. After two years' 
he was made a leader, and shortly afterwards a local 
preacher. About 1844 he removed to Brooklin, where 
until his death, Sept. 18th, 1879. he was known as a 
good man, a faithful leader and very acceptable local 
preacher.' 

The Annual Meeting of the Missionary Society was 
held in Ottawa, October, 1879, Mr. Dawson, Mayor of 
Charlottetown, presided at the public meeting. The 
Report was read by the Secretary, and addresses were 
delivered by Revs. John Shaw, John McDougall, Dr. 
Rice, Dr. Dove, Messrs. Donley, Morrow, and others. 

The prospect for raising a special Relief and Extension 
Fund seemed very hopeful. Some subscriptions of 
$1,000, $8,000 raised in Montreal, and other liberal 
offerings, gave assurance of success. A probationer, 
receiving $200 salary, having to pay $125 for board and 
horse-keeping, $35 for books and other necessaries, 
enquires: "What can I do?" yet resolves to have a 
share in the $150,000. 

The Rev. Thomas W. Constable's tribute: 
' At the age of about twenty-one years, Diana Matti- 
son became my wife and we came to this country. In 
1843 ^^e went to the Amherstburg Mission, where she 
endured for Christ what only some ministers' wives 
have experienced. One half of a large house was our 
parsonage, the other half our church. My work took 
me from home every alternate week from Sunday noon 

359 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

to Saturday noon, and in that dreary old house she 
spent every second week alone, while I was making 
my 150 miles' ride around the circuit on horseback. 
But the loneliness and hardship she cheerfully endured 
that souls might be won. When we left, after three 
years, her name was as ointment poured forth. Thence 
for thirty-five years of itinerant life she was every- 
where my efficient helper. She had what William 
Arthur calls the gift of '* patience in prayer " ; and often 
while thus she prayed sinners trembled and saints 
shouted for joy. After five months' distressing suffer- 
ing, from paralysis, she fell asleep in Jesus, Nov. ist, 
1879. Of her ten children — four daughters and six 
sons — two had gone before her. " The woman that 
feareth the Lord, she shall be praised." ' 

The above may be taken as a sample of many similar 
records w^e might insert of itinerant life. 

For the most bountiful harvest in several years a day 
of general thanksgiving was proclaimed, and cheerful 
gratitude prevails. 

The General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, United States, in 1876 proposed a General 
Council, in which all sections of Methodism should be 
represented. The English Conference of 1878 endorsed 
the proposal. Similar action was taken by many other 
Conferences and committees were appointed. 

Emerson, Man. : 

' The Rev. George Young and wife arrived here Dec. 
19th, and arrangements were made for services on Sun- 
day. The Literary Association Hall was rented, fitted 
up with seats, desk, and an extra stove. The weather 
was intensely cold, but the Hall was nearly full and we 
were comfortable. With an organ and excellent choir 
we sang the songs of Zion in a strange land, and though 
distant far from former associations, we felt thankfuj 
for the consolations of our dear old ^Icthodism. The 
text was Ps. xx, 5 : " In the name of our God we will 
set up our banners." 

' Having been so long destitute, we were hungry for 
the bread of life. In the afternoon fellowship meeting 

360 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

our hearts were melted within us. God was with us 
and we were drawn closer to each other. Twenty-six 
names were taken for membership and others have been 
added. In the evenin_^ the Hall was full. After the 
sermon a short but warm prayer-meeting was held. 
We had " a day of feasting." On Monday the Trustees 
decided to purchase a site, build a tabernacle and a small 
parsonage — an expenditure of about $2,000. We are all 
newcomers, but will do what we can. For four weeks 
the weather has been extremely cold, about 40 below 
zero and last night 56.' — W. McKechnie. 

Dr. Young's list of members is interesting: 

' Mr. and Mrs. Sparling, St. Mary's ; Mr., Mrs. and 
Miss McKechnie, Charlottetown ; Miss Wallace, Win- 
throp; Mr. Keighley, Mrs. Young, and Miss Linton, 
Toronto; Mr., Mrs.' and Miss Baskerville, Ottawa; A. 
B. Stoeffer and Mrs. Stoeffer, Oxford; Harper Mc- 
Kechnie, Grimsby; Mrs. Trayner, Renfrew; W. J. 
Curtis, London; Mr. and Mrs. Kinch, Belleville; Mrs. 
and Miss Kirfoot, J. W. Kirfoot, North Gower; Mr. 
and Mrs. Armstrong, Clinton; Mr. and Mrs. Crogan, 
Athens; Miss Copeland, Tamworth; Mr. Leatherlaw, 
Seaforth ; Mr. and Mrs. Ferguson, Ashfield ; Wellington 
Stouifer and wife, Kippen. Total, 32.' 

For these few to " arise and build " seemed a formid- 
able undertaking. A house for parsonage was bought 
for $1,000, and two lots adjoining for $400. 

Winnipeg : 

' Six years ago this place was a small village, now a 
city of over 9,000. It was simply a Hudson's Bay post 
when Sir Garnet Wolseley arrived at Fort Garry. 
New buildings are to be erected by the Company at a 
cost of $100,000. Main Street, one-third wider than 
King or Yonge St., Toronto, is built up for a mile and a 
quarter. There are many fine buildings, but the usual 
array of inferior ones. Grace Church is neat and com- 
fortable. The Presbyterian church cost $30,000. The 
other churches are small. Private residences are gen- 
erally comfortable ; some elegant, considering the cost 
of materials. Two lots have been secured for Methodist 
churches. The weather lately has been of the coldest- 
down to fifty below zero.' — W. T. Turner. 

361 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

As last winter in Brantford, Chatham, and Guelph, so 
now in St. Catharines, the labors of Rev. E. P. Ham- 
mond have been attended with great success, several 
hundreds having professed conversion. Services have 
been held in most of the churches simultaneously. 

Mrs. Martha Cosford, mother of the Rev. Thomas 
Cosford, was born in Northamptonshire, England, Oc- 
tober 14th, 1792. In 1819 she came with her husband, 
John Cosford, to Little York. In 1827 they moved up 
Yonge Street, where she was converted, under the min- 
istry of Rev. D. McMullen, and became a member of 
the Methodist Church. In 1846 the family, with other 
friends, found a new home in the Township of Peel, 
then all a bush, where her son Thomas, stationed in 
Guelph, gave them occasional ministrations. On the 
death of her husband in 1862 she went to live with her 
son-in-law, Mr. John Garbutt, of Springhill, where she 
died, November 6th, 1879, aged 87 years. She was an 
intelligent, faithful, Christian woman. Eleven children 
and over sixty grandchildren cherish her memory. 

James Peterson, of Colborne, Ont., was one oT a 
family of nine sons and four daughters whose parents, 
loyal to the British Throne, sought a home in Canada in 
1783, and settled in Adolphustown. 

' The mother and most of the family became members 
of the Methodist Church. James was converted at the 
age of fifteen and continued a steadfast member of the 
Church all his days. He was a class leader and a local 
preacher for fortv years. He died on the 3rd _ of 
December, 1879, at the age of eighty-one years, leaving 
a widow, a large family of sons and daughters, and 
many grandchildren.' 

William Roadhouse was the eldest son of William 
and Elizabeth Roadhouse, who came from England in 
1819 and settled in Albion. 

' Before leaving England. William married Sarah 
Cass. For over sixty years he was a member of the 

362 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

Methodist Church. About 1830 a church was built 
near his home, known as the Roadhouse appointment. 
He died on the ist of January, 1880, aged 83 yearsj 
leaving a widow, six sons and ^daughters,^ many grand- 
and great-grandchildren.' 

The Rev. Ebenezer Robson writes of his pleasant fur- 
lough in Ontario,, visits to Montreal, Lachute, Brock- 
ville, farewells at Toronto, his trip with Miss Lawrence, 
a teacher, to San Francisco, and his safe arrival at 
Victoria. Having reached the " Royal City," he con- 
cludes : 'It is just twenty-one years since I first set foot 
on the banks of the Eraser River. Not a single tree had 
then been cut down on the site of this city.' 

For some years the Ladies' Missionary Society of 
Montreal and other Eastern places have greatly aided 
the French mission work. Women in some western 
cities — Toronto, Hamilton, etc. — have been thinking 
that by union of effort they might assist Indian and 
other missions and help to swell the missionary income. 
In answer to their suggestions the Missionary Secretary 
mentioned Japan, Fort Simpson, and the Saskatchewan 
Orphanage, towards which their united energies might 
well be directed. 

For years the name of Thomas Vaux has been a 
household word in Ontario and Quebec. 

' He was born in England in 1797. His father died 
early, but Thomas received a good education, came to 
America when about twenty-one and after a short stay 
in the United States, made Canada his permanent home. 
While employed as a teacher at Saltfleet he married Miss 
Carpenter. Subsequently he taught more advanced 
schools in Hamilton and Little York, after which he 
entered the service of the Government. His wife died 
while he was yet a young man, and later he married 
Miss Marshall. One of his daughters by this marriage 
became the wife of Rev. Joseph Hugill; another the wife 
of the Rev. J. S. Evans, D.D., the youngest, Mrs. W. 
E. Sanford, of Hamilton. Mr. Vaux was converted in 

363 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

a camp-meeting at Ancaster in 1823, became a local 
preacher and filled other offices in the Methodist Church 
with great acceptability. He was a happy, cheerful, 
consistent Christian, and the influence of his life was 
widely felt in charitable and religious work. A peace- 
ful and quick close came to his useful life of eighty- 
three years on the 25th of February, 1880.' 

Victoria. — " Then and Now," by Rev. E. Robson : 

' Victoria of 1859 consisted almost wholly of wooden 
buildings. Now there are scores of stone and brick 
edifices, some of them large and handsome. All the 
churches have been built since then. Not a single pub- 
lic hall then — now quite a number; scarcely a store or 
warehouse worth naming — now substantial commercial 
blocks. For private residences there were the old cot- 
tages of the Company; now city and suburbs can boast 
of palatial mansions, with evidences of wealth and any 
number of cosy dwellings. The Governor and the Col- 
onial Chaplain had the only gardens then worth seeing; 
now flower and fruit gardens are numerous. English 
holly, cypress, laurel, borders of box, crocuses in full 
bloom present a lovely spectacle in February. There 
was but one Protestant minister before our arrival ; 
now eight or nine. There was no organized Methodism ; 
now our congregation in Victoria is the largest, I be- 
lieve, in the Province, and over five thousand people 
listen to our ministers, and contribute to their support 
nearly six thousand dollars a year, besides building 
churches and parsonages.' 

At the General Conference of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, United States, begun in Cincinnati. May 
1st, 1886, the Committee on the Ecumenical Council 
presented an elaborate report. Seven Methodist 
churches had expressed approval, and word was ex- 
pected from others. Suggestions were made as to the 
appointing of committees and a general meeting. The 
Committee on Lay Representation in the Annual Con- 
ferences presented a plan for the election of laymen. 
The Revs. William, Arthur and F. W. McDonald, Dele- 
gates from the English Wesleyan Conference, were in- 

364 



RELIEF AND EXTENSION 

troduced ; also the Rev. Wm. McMullen, from the Irish 
Conference. 

The Rev, Enos Langford sends interesting particu- 
lars of his journey to Oxford House, the heavy-ladened 
boats of the Company and the kind attentions of offi- 
cers. During a delay of three weeks at Norway House 
he was able to assist Mr. German and witness the 
work of Miss Battle in her school. 

' We reached the Fort August i6th, 1879, strangers 
m a strange land, tired and hungry. We were lighting 
a fire to prepare breakfast when a H. B. officer appeared 
and cheerfully said : " Come with me " ; and by his kind 
wife we were hospitably entertained. Finding the old 
parsonage not habitable we fitted up the church and 
lived in it until a few days before Christmas, when we 
moved into the new parsonage. We held service in the 
open air, with a congregation of two hundred, and for 
a school put up a lean-to against the church, into which 
Miss Parkinson gathered about seventy children. Before 
closing the school in October Miss P. had so learned 
the Cree characters as to teach the children, and many 
of them could read nicely. Many things which we might 
say about our work we reserve for a future time.' 

The Rev. George Cochran, writing from Japan says : 

' There is no more encouraging feature in the labors 
of the last ten years than the wonderful growth and 
efficiency of woman's work for heathen women, as I saw 
it during six years. Nearly every mission has a girls' 
school, under the care of Christian women, sent out and 
sustained by special funds. I have felt it as the one 
defect in our mission to Japan that we have nothing of 
the kind. I am glad to notice in a report of the Cen- 
tenary Church missionary meeting that this lack is 
awakening attention. The needful complement of a 
school for woman's work will, we trust, receive such 
generous encouragement as to render it at no distant 
day an accredited part of our agency in the foreign field.' 

This is another call for women to help. 

The Rev. Wm. Arthur visited Toronto and addressed 
the District Meeting on the 27th of May, 1880. A re- 

365 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

ception was tendered him in the evening, when minis- 
ters and members of many churches gave the dis- 
tinguished visitor a hearty Canadian welcome. On Fri- 
day Mr. Arthur visited Hamilton, and on Sunday morn- 
ing he preached in the ^Metropolitan Church, Toronto. 

New churches have been built at Holmesville, Mara, 
Teeswater, St. Mary's, Flamboro, Arran, Strathroy, 
Lynville, Georgina Island, Newington, Duffin's Creek, 
Newmarket, Thurlow, Staffordshire, Roblin, Thomp- 
sonville, Pene^^anguishene, etc. 




Methodist Church, Strathcona. 



366 



CHAPTER XXVII. 

1880-1. 

ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AND UNION. 

Conferences — Colleges — Central Board — Vitality — Ladies' Society 
— Revivals — W. M. S. — Hamilton — Conferences, 1881 — Coun- 
cil — Lady Macdonald— Hunt — Union — Ryerson. 

The London Conference met in Wesley Chnrcli, 
Hamilton, on the 2nd of June, 1880. 

President — Rev. John Wakefield. 

Secretary— Rev. W. R. Parker, M.A. 

Received into full connection — Solomon Cleaver, B.A., 
Wellington Bridgman, Hugh T. Crossley, Wesley F. 
Campbell, Augustus Broadway, Ephraim B. Stephenson, 
George W. Henderson, and Charles Deacon. 

Their reception was moved by the Rev. Alex. Burns, 
LL.D., and seconded by the Rev. Alex. Lang^ford. The 
ordination sermon was preached by the ex-President, 
Rev. W. S. Griffin. Nine candidates were received on 
probation. Towards the Relief and Extension Fund 
$111,803 had been subscribed and $70,880 paid in. 
Total number of members, 38,599; decrease, 168. 

Died — Matthias Holtby, January 6th, 1880, aged 81 
years. 

The Conference closed on Tuesday afternon. 

The Toronto Conference met in Bridge St. Church., 
Belleville, June 6th, 1880. 

President— Rev. N. R. Willoug-hby, M.A. 
. Secretary — Rev. Samuel J. Hunter. 

Into full connection — Henry Sherin. John M. Wilkin- 
son, B.A., James E. Allen, John Power, Thomas Dunlop, 
Alfred J. Barltrop, Stephen A. Arkels, Thomas McKee, 
Walter W. Eloyd. 

The Rev. John Learoyd moved and the Rev. Dr. 
Sutherland seconded their reception. The Rev. John 
Shaw preached the ordination sermon. 

367 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Eight young men were received on trial. 
Died — Wm. McCulloch, Sept. 19th, 1879, aged 66 years. 
William Irwin, October 9th, 1879, aged 43 years. 
Thomas Derrick, March 29th, 1880, aged 65 years. 
Jonathan Scott, May 5th, 1880, aged 77 years. 
Total number of members, 36,854; increase, 823. 
The Conference closed on Tuesday afternoon. 
The Montreal Conference met in Stanstead, June 
i6th, 1880. 
President — Rev. William Hansford. 
Secretary — Rev. Thomas G. Williams. 
Into full connection — Lewis Conley. Drummond Mc- 
Cunn, Martin Bates, John Gibson, David C. Sanderson, 
Delmer E. Mallory, Joseph Earl. Chief Joseph Ones- 
akenarat. 

The Rev. Hugh Johnston, M.A., moved and the Jlev. 
Fred W. McDonald, of the English Conference, seconded 
their reception. The Rev. Mr. McDonald also preached 
the ordination sermon. 

Six candidates were received on probation. 
Died — James E. Werden, Nov. 6th, 1879, aged 32 years. 
Jabez B. Keough, Dec. 27th, 1879, aged 50 years. 
Alfred E. Jaques, April 28th, 1880, aged 27 years. 
J. B. Selley, M.D.. May loth, 1880, aged 72 years. 
Total number of members, 22,429; increase, 56. 
The Rev. George Douglas and Hon. Tames Ferrier 
were elected Delegates to the Ecumenical Conference; 
Rev. Dr. Elliott and Dr. Skinner alternates. 

The Conference closed on Wednesday afternoon. 
The Nova Scotia Conference was held in Truro, N. S., 
commencing June i6th, 1880. The Rev. Richard Smith 
was elected President and the Rev. Jabez A. Rogers, 
Secretary. 

Number of members, 9,612; increase, 78. 
The New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island Con- 
ference was held in St. John, N. B., commencing June 
1 6th, 1880. The Rev. Edwin Evans was elected Presi- 
dent and Rev. H. P. Cowperthwaite, M.A., Secretary. 
Number of members, 8,218; increase, 81. 

368 



ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AND UNION 

The Newfoundland Conference was held in Carbonear. 

The Rev. Thomas Harris was elected President and 
Rev. Charles I^adner was re-elected Secretary. 

Number of members, 7,686, a decrease of 521. 

On the 13th of July, 1880, the Revs. Dr. Rice, T. W. 
Hall, Geo. K. Adams, John Mears, and Benj. Franklin, 
B.A., left for the North-West. 

By the Supreme Court of New Brunswick, the Can- 
ada Temperance Act was declared unconstitutional. 
This decision was reversed by the Supreme Court of the 
Dominion. The question was then appealed to the 
Privy Council of England. 

The Colleges are all opening with brightening pros- 
pects. An important change has been made in the staflF 
of Ontario Ladies' College in securing Miss Mary E. 
Adams, of Brookhurst Academy, Cobourg, as Lady 
Principal. Under the oversight of so experienced a 
teacher and by the amalgamation of the two Institutions 
the Whitby College should maintain and surpass the 
status of former years. 

Rev. John McLean, of Fort McLeod, writes : 

' My work till this week has been chiefly among the 
whites and half-breeds, with what little I could do 
among the Blackfeet. We bep'an school, got hold of a 
few phrases and invited the children. There were about 
800 Blood Indians, of the great Blackfeet nation, here 
for a few weeks during treatv time. My wife teaches 
half the time and I the other half. We very much need 
books, slates, and pencils. Sunday morning I preached 
a funeral sermon for young Hooley of the Mounted 
Police, who was drowned crossing Belly River. I seek 
my congregation in club-room, restaurant, lodges, and 
houses, and find many who have not been in church for 
years. I give special addresses to the police force, and 
have school for them three nights a week. I have also 
started a monthly paper — the Excelsior — in which I can 
give news and strike sins. In a meeting of the Indians 
they wished me to sing. I sang " The Old, Old Story," 

369 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

prayed with them, and talked through an interpreter. 
They were pleased, and wished me to be their friend.' 

The new Hymn Book, authorized by the General 
Conference, has been published and seems likely to give 
general satisfaction. 

The Annual Meeting of the Central Board of Mis- 
sions was opened in Montreal, Oct. 19th, 1880, the Rev. 
Dr. Douglas presiding. The ordinary income for the 
year was $131,204 — a decrease of $4,029; but there was 
a decrease in expenditure of $9,054. Total amount 
subscribed for the Relief and Extension Fund — $116,- 
500; amount paid — $74,817. A request was presented 
from the Montreal Conference for a grant of $1,000 
towards a French School ; another from the Committee 
of Finance for the establishment of an Indian Orphan- 
age and Training School at Morley Mission. The for- 
mation of a Ladies' Auxiliary Missionary Society was 
cordially approved. 

Sympathetic record was made of the prolonged and 
painful illness of the Rev. Dr. Wood and the gratitude 
felt for his long and faithful services. 

The Rev. Alexander Sutherland had spent about four 
months visiting the missions of the North-West. He 
thought the missionaries were keeping pace with the in- 
creasing population and was delighted with his visit. 

The Revs. Dr. Douglas, of Montreal, and Dr. Allison, 
of Halifax, were appointed Representatives to the 
Ecumenical Executive Committee. 

Miss Catharine Heck, eldest daughter of the late 
Jacob Heck and grand-daughter of Paul and Barbara 
Heck, died on the 8th of Nov., 1880, at the residence 
of her cousin, George Heck, near the Old Blue Church, 
within one month of 88 years of age. 

Mr. John Elson, of London, Ont., was born in Exeter, 
England, in 1806, and at the age of 23 joined the Metho- 
dist Church. In 1832 he was married and came to this 

370 



ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AND UNION 

country. After a short stay in Port Hope, the young 
couple settled in London in 1844. Mr. Elson was a 
faithful member of the Church, a class leader and local 
preacher until his useful life of seventy-four years 
reached a triumphant end. He leaves a widow, four 
sons and two daughters. 

On the 2nd of Dec, 1880, Mrs. Young, wife of the 
Rev. Dr. Young, Emerson, Man., died suddenly from an 
attack of pleurisy. Her death was deeply felt — so soon 
after coming to their new home. 

' Sarah McCurdy, wife of William Hall, Lennoxville, 
Que., died October 25th, 1880, aged 59 years. When 
about nineteen years of age she was converted, under 
the ministry of Rev. Edmund Botterell, in Sherbrooke, 
and on her marriage moved to Lennoxville, where she 
ever kept an open door for the ministers. When the 
Methodist Church perished in the fire which swept the 
village the congregation met in the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hall, and for thirty years the missionary deputa- 
tions were their guests. In general church work her 
services were invaluable. Her experience, energy, and 
devotion helped in every direction. Through the illness 
which ended her useful life, though sufifering intensely, 
she feared no evil. "Thy rod and Thy staff, they com- 
fort me." ' 

James Switzer was born in Elizabethtown, New 
Jersey, in 1813, and while quite young came to this 
country with his father's family and settled near Streets- 
ville. In a camp-meeting he sought and found salvation. 
When about twenty-one he removed to the Township of 
Goderich, as one of the first settlers, and after the usual 
privations had a comfortable home, but felt greatly the 
lack of his former means of grace. With the coming 
of the early missionaries he was set to work as an ex- 
horter, and then as local preacher. In time he became 
partially blind, but knew so many portions of Scripture 
and hymns that he was seldom at a loss in conducting 

371 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

services. As " Father Switzer " he was well-known 
throughout the Goderich region. He died on the 29th 
of December, 1880. 

The Ladies' French Missionary Society, of Montreal, 
celebrated its third Anniversary on the 21st of January, 
1881. The income — nearly $500 — was paid out for 
Bible Reader, $50; parsonage furniture, $50; church 
debt, $209; French Institute, $159; sundries, $24, In 
three years this Society expended over $1,500. 

Immense congregations listened to the sermons of the 
Rev. Jesse O. Peck, of Brooklyn, at the Missionary 
Anniversary, and to his lecture, in St. James Street 
Church, Montreal. 

The Rev. Henry F. Bland writes of the Pembroke 
District : 

' I attended the missionary meetings at Green Lake 
and West Wilberforce, Messrs. Allum and Krupp speak- 
ing in German. The churches are log buildings, but 
comfortable ; attendance thirty at the first and fifty at 
the second meeting ; cash $50, as the Germans bring 
their money with them. Their devoutness and hearti- 
ness impressed me much — so like the Moravians. They 
wish to retain their connection with the Methodist 
Church. The young people speak English. I left by 
train for McKay's Station, forty-five miles up the Can- 
ada Central, and next morning to Deux Rivieres, twenty- 
seven miles, where Mrs. P. Evans, of Point Alexander, 
received me kindly. On Sunday I preached to a motley, 
but attentive, congregation, in two rooms. I intended 
preaching at Mattawa, 22 miles further, in the evening, 
but failed of a conveyance. It will be an important 
place when reached by the railway. Something should 
be done for the Upper Ottawa region. There are some 
800 men working on the line, about one-third of them 
Protestants, and it is computed that 5,000 men are 
engaged in lumbering. In this great hive of industry 
we have no agent. Beyond a Presbyterian missionary 
at Mattawa and an occasional visit from a Bible col- 
porteur I know of no provision to meet their need.' 

372 



ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AND UNION 

Erastus Lawrence was born in South Stukely, Que., 
in 1819, and in 1837 assisted his father in felHng the 
trees where the village of Lawrenceville, Que., has 
since sprung up. 

* In early life he was a member of the New Connexion 
Church, and when the Rev. John Armstrong, of Shef- 
ford Circuit, in 1858. took up Lawrenceville as an 
appointment, Erastus Lawrence was appointed leader. 
In 1869, on Lawrenceville becoming a separate mission, 
Mr. Lawrence was recording steward. All his nine 
children followed the example of their parents in 
choosing early the good way. The little brick church is a 
memento of Mr. Lawrence's faithful devotion to the 
Lord's cause until his sudden call — January 20th, 1881.' 

Judging from the more frequent reports of revivals 
during the winter months, it would appear that seasons 
of refreshing have come. 

Tidings of the death of the Rev. William Morley 
Punshon, D.D., on the 14th of April, 1881, were 
received with unfeigned sorrow by Methodists of both 
continents. In his short life of fifty-six years he left his 
impress on the Methodism of the Old World and the 
New. The few years he spent in Canada as President 
of our Conference are memorable for the generous aid 
and inspiration he imparted to all departments of church 
work. His domestic and personal afflictions awakened 
general sympathy. 

' At Rose Hall during our services of six weeks there 
were about forty seekers of salvation, of all ages, from 
the old man of seventy to children of ten. Closing 
there, we opened immediately at Wellington, where 
" the bones were very many and very dry." The pre- 
vailing opinion was if the Lord were to come down 
from heaven and work a miracle, then might we have a 
revival at Wellington. Trusting in God, we began. On 
the second night six presented themselves for prayer, 
some of whom had been considered hopeless. At the 

373 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

end of six weeks over one hundred had been seeking. 
We had some most marked cases of evanoehcal repent- 
ance, saving faith, and true conversion.' 

According to instructions from the last General Con- 
ference the Central Board has had under consideration 
the organization of a Woman's Missionary Society, and 
the General Secretary was directed to lay the matter 
before the women of our Church. 

In June, 1880, the Secretary met a number of women 
of the Centenary Church, Hamilton, and an initial 
organization was effected. At a subsequent meeting, 
April 29th, 1881, it was considered advisable that there 
should be a Connexional Society, with Auxiliaries 
throughout the Church. This proposal was adopted, 
and the " Woman's Missionary Society of the Metho- 
dist Church of Canada " was organized. 

Provisional officers : 

President — Mrs. Dr. Burns, Hamilton. 

Vice-Presidents^ Mrs. John McDonald, Toronto; 
Mrs. Judge Jones, Brantford ; Mrs. Charles Morton, 
Montreal ; Mrs. George H. Starr, Halifax ; Mrs. Howard 
Sprague, St. Stephen, N.B. 

Secretary — Mrs. Dr. Strachan, Hamilton. 

Treasurer— Mrs. F. W. Watkins. jr., Hamilton. 

Board of Management— "Vhe Officers, Mrs. Dr. Potts, 
Mrs. Dr. W. T. Aikens, Toronto; Mrs. Sheriff Glass, 
London ; Mrs. Dr. Skinner, Kingston ; Mrs. John Wake- 
field, Mrs. George Brown, Mrs. J. G. Scott, Mrs. H. 
Clarke, Mrs. W. E. Sanford, Mrs. Field, Hamilton. 

A Constitution was adopted and arrangements made 
for another meeting to complete the organization. 

That meeting was held on the 8th of November, 1881. 
The evening of that dav was made memorable by a 
meeting in Centenary Church, Hamilton, when addresses 
were delivered by John McDonald, Esq., of Toronto, 
Rev. Thomas Crosby and others, and contributions for 
Hfe membership of wives and daughters received 
amounting to $1,000. Thus favorably launched, the 

374 



ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AND UNION 

" Woman's Missionary Society " undertook to assist the 
French Mission in Montreal, the Girls' Home at Port 
Simpson, the McDougall Orphanage, and to support a 
missionary in Japan. 

William Jackson, Downsview, was born in the County 
of Sligo, Ireland, in 1791, and died February i8th, 1881. 
In May, 1826. he married Jane Duncan, of County Lei- 
trim, Ireland. Coming to Canada, they found a new 
home in 1827, where they spent the rest of their days. 
In their house and in a schoolhouse on their farm 
religious services were held by Revs. William Ryerson, 
John Beaty, and other ministers, in which they found 
great delight. For about fifty years they helped to main- 
tain the privileges of the sanctuary — until Mrs. Jackson 
was called home. Mr. Jackson, with his numerous 
family — nine of twelve still living — continued in faith- 
ful attachment to the church of liis choice, until he, too, 
heard the summons, and, at the age of ninety-one, de- 
parted to be with Christ, leaving an example of fidelity, 
liberality, and integrity for generations to come. 

Churches were recently opened in Princeton, Delhi, 
Huntingdon, Morrisburg, Forfar, Williamsford, etc. 

The Montreal Conference was held in Napanee, com- 
mencing on the 25th of May, 1881. The Rev. Henry 
F. Bland was elected President and the Rev. Joel T. 
Pitcher Secretary. 

Received into full connection — Robert W. McKechnie. 
Charles R. Flanders, B.A., Walter W. Madge, B.A., 
Melvin Taylor, Thomas J. Mansel, William R. Young, 
George H. H. Davis. 

The reception of the young men was moved by Rev. 
William Galbraith, B.C.L., and seconded by Rev. James 
Elliott, D.D. The ordination sermon was preached by 
the Rev. Dr. Sutherland. 

The London Conference assembled in Brantford June 
1st, 1881. The Rev. Alex. Langford was elected Presi- 
dent and the Rev. William C. Henderson, M.A., Secre- 
tary. A resolution was adopted expressing deep sorrow 

375 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

and sympathy on account of the fearful disaster on the 
Thames, May 24th, in which 218 excursionists were 
drowned. Mr. Wm. McBride, for many years an official 
member of the Methodist Church, and an ex-Mayor of 
London, was one of the victims. 

Received into full connection — Samuel H. Edwards, 
James H. White, James W. Shilton, B.A., Ezra A. Fear, 
William Penhall, James G. Foote, Samuel O. Irvine, 
John Stewart, George W. Dean, David A. Moir, George 
R. Turk, Alfred A. Bowers, Alfred E. Smith. 

The Rev. W. R. Parker, M.A., moved and the Rev. 
John A. Williams, D.D., seconded their reception. The 
ordination sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. Doug- 
las. Ten candidates were received on trial. The Rev. 
Thomas R. McNair, who returned from the United 
States, and Rev. Thomas Boyd, of the Primitive Metho- 
dist Church, were received. 

Died—YLsW Christopherson, Aug. 3rd, 1880, aged 45 years. 
Joseph Guest, December 12th, 1880, aged 31 years. 
Wilham Hawke, April 6th, 188 1, aged 57 years. 

The Conference concurred in the action of the Special 
Committee in appointing the Revs. John Wakefield and 
Ed. B. Ryckman, D.D., Delegates to the Ecumenical 
Council. The Conference closed on Tuesday afternoon. 

The Toronto Conference met in Brampton on the 8th 
of June, 1 88 1. The Rev. John G. Laird was elected 
President and the Rev. Samuel J. Hunter Secretary. 

Into full connection— W\\\\2.m Bacon, William Strong- 
man, B.A., Robert B. Laidley, Lewis W. Hill, B.A., 
Edward Eves, George Wesley Marvin, Thomas B. 
Beynon, B.A., Joseph Edge, Enos Langford, John 
McLean, Alfred E. Green, Tsuneyasu Hiraiwa, As- 
agawa Koko. 

The Rev. William H. Laird moved and the Rev. Wil- 
liam J. Hunter seconded their reception. The Rev. Dr. 
Douglas preached the ordination sermon. 

Eleven young men were received on trial. 
376 



ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AND UNION 

Died — Elias Battell, August 6th, 1880, aged 25 years. 

John Sanderson, August 13th, 1880, aged 85 years. 
Ephraim L. Koyl, Nov. 21st, 1880, aged 66 years. 
Robert Darlington, April 4th, 1881, aged 74 years. 
Thomas Hamilton, May 21st, 1881, aged 71 years. 
The Conference closed on Tuesday. 

The Nova Scotia Conference was held at Granville 
Ferry. The Rev. John Lathern was elected President 
and the Rev. Jabez A. Rogers Secretary. 

The Newfoundland Conference was held at St. John's. 
President, Rev. Charles Ladner ; Secretary, Rev. George 
Boyd. 

The New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island Con- 
ference was held in Moncton, N.B., commencing June 
22nd, 1881. President, Rev. Douglas Chapman; Secre- 
tary, Rev. H. P. Cowperthwaite, M.A. 

Into full connection — John Esty, Cyrus S. Wells, and 
William E. Johnson, B.A. 

Three candidates were received on trial. 

The great Representative Assembly of Methodism, 
called the Ecumenical Council, ma}' be said to have 
begun its sessions at a breakfast in Exeter Hall, London, 
given by the Religious Book and Tract Society. This 
gathering of four hundred Delegates, representing some 
twenty millions of people scattered over the globe, was 
intensely interesting. Asia, as well as Europe and 
America, has its representatives, the wilderness as well 
as the cities, the laity as well as ministers. After the 
repast letters were read from correspondents in many 
parts of the world and addresses were delivered by 
several members. A copious and elaborate program 
indicates the great variety of subjects to be considered. 
Free and open discussion was expected, although some 
live questions, fruitful of debate and possibly of divi- 
sion were avoided. That ' all things should be done to 
edification ' seems to have been intended. 

377 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Methodism is seen to be clothed with a world-wide 
significance, and the influence of the Council will be 
borne to remotest centres of operation. By the papers, 
secular as well as religious, its proceedings were pub- 
lished to all the world, and drew universal attention to 
the purposes and progress of this great sisterhood of 
churches called Methodism as never before. The sub- 
jects discussed are living issues, grand essentials in the 
character, work, and progress of the Church, and the 
exhaustive consideration of these great themes must 
quicken and strengthen the manifold activities to which 
Methodism in all lands stands committed. 

' As the intellectual wealth and rich experience of the 
essayists and speakers have been developed it has 
become manifest that the strength and influence of 
Methodism had not been appreciated, even by Metho- 
dists themselves. The moral and spiritual forces in- 
herent in the Methodist Churches of both continents will 
not only be augmented, but will flow outward like Eze- 
kiel's river, blessing whatever it touches. Many of the 
topics are of as much interest to other religious bodies 
as to Methodists ; and if the word religion had been 
substituted for Methodism, many of the essays and 
speeches would have suited other assemblies.' 

The formal opening of the Council was made in City 
Road Chapel at lo o'clock September 14th, 1881, the 
Rev. Dr. Osborne leading the service of praise and 
prayer. The opening sermon by Bishop Simpson, from 
John vi. 63 : " The words that I speak unto you, they 
are spirit and they are life," gave tone and inspiration to 
the Council. 

A circular letter was issued by the Council bearing 
brotherly greetings to all members of the great Metho- 
dist family, with a consensus of opinion reached on 
many important subjects considered during the sessions. 
The paragraphs bearing on the fraternity of Methodists, 

378 



ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AND UNION 

missionary, educational, and revival work are specially 
opportune. The impulse given to Union will be appre- 
ciated in Canada. 

To Dr. Douglas, as President of our General Confer- 
e'lce, was giveii a place of honor among the Bishops, 
and to Dr. Sutherland a seat with the Secretaries. 

Mr. John Hunt, of Brampton, * was born in Lincoln- 
shire, England, in 1793, came to this country about 1830, 
and settled in the Township of Toronto, where for fifty 
years his zeal and abilities as local preacher have been 
widely known and highly appreciated. In prayer-meet- 
ings, class-meetings, and love-feasts his freedom, origin- 
ality, and force quickened and edified. He died in Bramp- 
ton, September 19th, 1881, on his ninety-eighth birthday. 
By a lady who knew him well a handful of ripe ears of 
wheat was laid upon his coffin, with the words : " Thou 
shalt come to thy grave in a full age, like a shock of corn 
cometh in his season." The Rev. John Hunt is a son.' 

Few women in Montreal were more generally known 
or more highly esteemed than Mrs. Ferrier, wife of the 
Hon. James Ferrier, who died September 24th, 188 1. 
Her genuine Christian character shone out in constant 
good-doing — a stand-by in the Church for every good 
work; a helper to the needy, wise in counsel and ener- 
getic in action. Many ministers have good reason to 
remember her generous hospitality and her helpful sym- 
pathy in their work. 

Tributes from many lands have been paid to the 
memory of the Rev. Lachlin Taylor, D.D., who died in 
a seaside home on the 4th of September, 1881, aged 66 
years. A few words of a private letter from a lady in 
Charlottetown may voice the experience of many: 

' The first sermon he preached in our city, eleven 

years ago, will ever live in our memories. Who can 

forget his talking and lecturing on the Holy^ Land — 

, " pressed by our Saviour's feet " — or the sympathy he 

379 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

felt and showed for those on whom rested the chastening 
of the Lord? No more can we look upon his bright, 
intelligent face nor hold sv/eet fellowship on earth ; but 
we shall meet him in the New Jerusalem.' 

By the fireside, in the pulpit, on the platform, the fire 
and pathos of Dr. Taylor's Highland speech captured all 
hearts. As traveller, lecturer, preacher, companion, and 
friend Canada has produced few men more worthy of 
remembrance. For some years Dr. Taylor suffered from 
heart weakness and his life ebbed away in prostration. 

On the 25th of October, 1881, the Missionary Board 
met in the Mission Rooms for the annual meet- 
ing. The income for the past year was $134,842. an 
advance of about $7,000. A missionary breakfast was 
given in the Metropolitan Church, which proved inter- 
esting and inspiring. Through the Relief and Extension 
Fund the debt of $67,786 had been paid, and a surplus 
of about $15,000 was available for extension. 

A union meeting, to hear from Delegates to the Ecu- 
menical Council was held in the Carlton Street Primi- 
tive Methodist Church. Toronto, on the 7th of December. 
There was a large attendance and a most delightful 
spirit of unity prevailed. 

' It may be largely due to the harmonious association' 
and brotherly fellowship of the various branches of 
Methodism that a marked revival of union sentiment is 
apparent in Canada. Some of the hindrances seem less 
formidable, certain concessions seem nrobable, and 
further negotiation is evidently desired.' 

Wise men from the East: 

' In social intercourse several brethren in the eastern 
part of Ontario conceived the thought that the time was 
drawing nigh when steps should be taken to test the 
strength of union sentiment among the ministers and 
laity in these parts. A meeting was held December 15th, 
1881, in the Methodist Episcopal Church, Morrisburg. 

380 



ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AND UNION 

The M. E. Church was represented by Revs. William H. 
Graham, P.E., A. D. Traveller, Thomas W. Mavety, 
William Blair, William Brown, and Thomas W. Pickett ; 
the Methodist Church of Canada by Revs. Thomas G. 
Williams, Chairman; Andrew A. Smith, John Scanlon, 
William Galbraith, James Kines, and James Allen, M.A. 
After praverful consultation it was unanimously 
resolved : 

1. That the union of the Methodist churches in Can- 
?da is desirable. 

2. That there are no insuperable barriers in the way 
of its accomplishment. 

3. That a Convention be held in Iroquois, on the ist 
day of February, 1.30 p.m.. in the Methodist Church of 
Canada, to be composed of all the ministers and mem- 
bers of Quarterly Conferences in the Brockville and 
Ottawa Districts' of the Methodist Church of Canada 
and the Methodist Episcopal Church respectively ._ for 
the purpose of discussing Methodist Union; and, if the 
way seem clear, to take such further steps as shall bring 
the matter before the churches in an ofificial way.'— 

Methodist Union. 

The subject was kept before the people by frequent 
correspondence in the papers. Many questions incidental 
to union also received attention — the part of laymen 
in the work and government of the Church, the consti- 
tution of the Stationing and Transfer Committees, etc. 

Ann Dulmage, another of the Palatine Methodists, 
was born in the County of Tipperary, Ireland, and came 
with her parents to Canada in 1830. They settled in 
Trafalgar, and seven years later Ann became the wife 
of Mr. William Switzer. Together they lived in fellow- 
ship with the Methodist Church until she was sum- 
moned, December 23rd, 1881, at the age of 62 years, to 
leave earth for heaven. 

On New Year's morning, 1882, some 2,800 scholars 
of the Montreal Methodist Sunday Schools brought in 

381 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

$3,394 for the missionary treasury — nearly $200 in 
advance of the previous year. 
Prince Arthur's Landing: 

' We are cut off from the outside world. Early in 
November the mail steamers ceased to ply between 
Duluth and Eastern ports. Until Christmas we had 
weekly visits from a small United States tug. Our 
magnificent bay was free from ice until the last week of 
the old year. We had two mails by dog train from 
Duluth and the promise of more. We look forward with 
great expectations to next summer, and expect large 
accessions through the opening of the C.P.R. to Winni- 
peg. The people here are exceedingly social and liberal. 
We had a successful tea-meeting December 22nd ; the 
following evening our Sunday school anniversary and 
Christmas tree, with a good programme. There are no 
works going on, and our people are fewer than ever, 
yet we have raised $156.' — Osborn Lambly. 

The Christian Guardian of February 22nd appeared 
in deep mourning for the Rev. Egerton Ryerson, LL.D., 

who died on Sunday morning, February 19th, 1882, at 
the age of 79 years. 

" A prince and a great man has fallen in Israel." A 
strenuous life has reached its close. During his public 
life of fifty-seven years no man has been more thor- 
oughly identified with the best interests of his country 
than Egerton Ryerson. Scattered through the pages we 
have written will be found many evidences of the faith, 
the love, the zeal which inspired his whole life. In him 
were strangely combined the simplicity of a child, the 
tenderness of a woman, the courage of a lion. His 
monuments are around us — in our schools, in our 
churches, in our legislative halls. Not by the massive 
form, erect upon the granite pedestal, fronting the scene 
of his great life-work, will he be chiefly remembered. 
He has reared a monument more lasting than brass, and 
we have good hope — yea, blessed assurance — that " his 
record is on high." ' 

Jonas CannifT was born in 1789, and when four years 
382 



ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AND UNION 

of age came with his father, a U. E. Loyalist, to Adol- 
phustown. In 1815 he settled in Thurlow, and became 
influential in the township. With his wife he joined the 
Methodist Church in 1823. 

' He was a class leader for twenty years ; helped to 
build the Pinnacle Street Church, Belleville, of which 
he was for many years the mainstay; assisted in organ- 
izing the first Missionary Society in Canada, and liberally 
supported it. His life of 92 years, marked by integrity 
and devotion, came to a peaceful end Feb. 15th, 1882.' 

On the 27th of February an informal meeting of 
Representatives of the Wesleyan, Primitive, and Metho- 
dist Episcopal Churches was held in Brampton, when 
the prospects for Union were considered in the most 
brotherly and hopeful spirit. This was followed by a 
general Convention on the 23rd of March, in which the 
question of L^nion was very favorably considered by 
Representatives of all the Churches. 

At a meeting of ministers and laymen, held in the 
Mission Rooms, March 9th, 1882, it was resolved: 

' That this meeting very cordially endorse the propo- 
sal to endow a Chair of Mental and Moral Philosophy 
in Victoria University, in memory of the late Rev. 
Egerton Ryerson, D.D., LL.D., to be known as the 
" Ryerson Chair," and that the amount of Endowment 
be fixed at $35,000.' 

One gentleman present offered $1,000 towards the 
Chair, and suggested a fund of $200,000 for the better 
equipment of all our Colleges ; to such a fund he was 
ready to contribute $10,000. 

Margaret Graham, daughter of Capt. Graham, of the 
British Army, was born in County Cavan, Ireland, Janu- 
ary 20th, 1790. In 1818, with her husband, Charles 
Hurdman, she came to Canada. For six years they 
lived at Hull, then moved a few miles up the Aylmer 
road, where they spent the rest of their years. Mr. 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Hurdman died in 1847. In Hull Mrs. Hurdman united 
with the Methodist Church. 
The Rev. James ElHott writes : 

' When I first knew Mrs. Hurdman, thirty-five years 
ago, she was an established Christian, a Methodist of the 
original stamp, and she reaped the fruits in a happy 
heart and a useful life.' 

Of herself she said : "My early life was very pleasant ; 
my middle life was full of care and trouble; my old age 
has been calm, peaceful and blessed with every comfort." 

She died on the 15th of March, 1882, aged 92 years. 




Metropolitan Church, Victoria, B.C. 



384 




1. Dean, Jud(fe U.W. 2. Mrs. A. U. Rutherford :i. Hobinsoii, Mr. George 

4. Crosby, Rev. Thos., D.D. 5. Mrs. Thomas Crosby 6. Allen, Rev. James, M.A. 

7. Brecken, Ralph, U.D. S. Withrow, W. H., D.D. It. O'Flynn, Mr. E. D. 



CHAPTER XXVIII. 

1882-3. 

THE METHODIST CHURCH. 

Conferences — Kilgour — W. C. T. " U. — M. E. Conference — Gen- 
eral Conference — W. M. S. — Union Committees — Basis — 
Churches — Cartmell — Conferences, 1883 — General Conference 
— Union Consummated — Statistics. 

The Montreal Conference was opened in the Domin- 
ion Square Church, May 31st, 1882. 

President — Rev. Ezra A. Stafford. 

Secretary — Rev. Marmaduke L. Pearson. 

Into full connection — James Lawson, Albert Holden, 
John V. McDowell, and Barry Pierce. 

Their reception was moved by Rev. William Hansford 
and seconded by Rev. Stephen Bond. The ordination 
sermon was preached by Rev. Henry F. Bland. 
Died — John Tomkins, Sept. 21st, i88r, aged 84 years. 
Edward A. Ward, Dec. 5th, 1881, aged 58 years. 

Resolutions of appreciation and commemoration were 
adopted regarding Dr. Egerton Ryerson and Dr. Lachlin 
Taylor and grateful testimony was borne to the work 
they had accomplished for their Church and country. 

Six candidates were received on trial. 

The Committee reported that indications were favor- 
able for Union. Conference closed on Wednesday after- 
noon. 

The London Conference opened in Woodstock June 
7th, 1882. The Rev. William Williams was elected 
President and the Rev. John Philp, M.A., Secretary. 
The Revs. William Briggs, Dr. Dewart, and Dr. With- 
row presented reports of their several departments, and 
were heard with much satisfaction. 

25 385 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Received into full connection — Harvey M. Hall, John 
E. Hunter, Edmund E. Scott, John H. joslyn, Albert C. 
Crews, Ebenezer B. Lanceley, William J. Brandon, 
James H. Hazlewood, Richard Redmond. 

The Rev. Donald G. Sutherland moved and the Rev. 
Dr. George R. Sanderson seconded a motion for their 
reception. The ordination sermon was preached by 
Rev. Dr. Douglas. Seven young men were received on 
trial. 

Died — William Taylor, Dec. ist, 1881, aged 49 years. 
Wm. McCann, Dec. nth, 1881, aged 48 years. 
George C. Madden, Feb. 6th. 1882, aged 39 years. 
Henry Reid, April i6th, 1881, aged 71 years. 
James Shaw, April 30th, 1881, aged 62 years. 
The Conference closed on Wednesday afternoon. 
The Toronto Conference met in the Elm Street 
Church, Toronto, June 14th, 1882. The Rev. Alex. 
Sutherland, D.D., was elected President and the Rev. 
William H. Laird, Secretary. 

Received in full connection — Edward D. Lewis, 
James Liddy, Wm. Marshall, Thomas B. Steel, Matthew 
B. Conron, David N. McCamus, B.A., George K. 
Adams, Benjamin Greatrix, Henry S. Jenkinson, John 
E. Starr, Wm. J. Barkwell, B.A. Joseph C. Bell was 
received from the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Their reception was moved by Rev. George Cochran, 
D.D., and seconded by Rev. John S. Clarke. 

The Rev. George Douglas, D.D., preached the ordina- 
tion sermon. 

Nineteen young men were received on trial. 
Died — Richard Potter, June 29th, 1881, aged 52 5^ears. 
James Seymour, Aug. 8th, 188 1, aged 83 years. 
Edward Morrow, Aug. 31st, 188 1, aged 41 3^ears. 
L. Taylor, D.D., Sept. 4th, 1881, aged 66 years. 
Thomas McMullen. Dec. nth, 1881, aged 78 years. 
Philip J. Roblin, Dec. i6th. 1881, aged 84 years. 
David Williams, Jan. 23rd, 1882. aged 45 years. 
E. Ryerson, LL.D.. Feb. 19th, 1882, aged 79 years. 
H. Bawtinhimer, April 15th, 1882, aged 54 years. 

386 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

A resolution in appreciation of the life and labors of 
the Rev. Egerton Ryerson, LL.D., was adopted. 

The Revs. Robert Cade, D.D., and James C. Antliff, 
M.A., of the Primitive Methodist Church, and the Revs. 
Fred W. Bourne and Edward Roberts, of the Bible 
Christian Church, were introduced. 

The Conference closed on Thursday afternoon. 

The Nova Scotia Conference was held in Windsor, 
beginning June 21st, 1882. 

President — Rev. Wm. C. Brown. 

Secretary — Rev. Cranswick Jost, M.A. 

The Rev. ©rs. Young and Douglas were introduced. 

Received into full connection — Wm. H. Langille, Fred. 
A. Buckley, Wm. A. Outerbridge. 

Died — Elias Brettle, Dec. 9th, 1881, aged 63 years. 

Members, Q.284; on trial, 411. 

Each Conference elected its quota of delegates to the 
General Conference. 

' In 1840 Mr. and Mrs. Kilgour, with their family, 
arrived from Scotland and settled in Clarendon. Find- 
ing no Presbyterian Church the parents diligently in- 
structed their children in the Scriptures and Shorter 
Catechism. Under the labors of a Methodist proba- 
tioner, Wm. Morton, during the years 1843-4, a wonder- 
ful revival spread with marvellous power through all 
that region. One of the converts having seen some of 
the Kilgour family at one of the meetings visited them, 
and to the mother expressed the hope that her daugh- 
ters would find religion. " Do vou think my daughters 
are not religious?" said she. "Yes, but should they ' ex- 
perience religion,' as some others have done, you would 
see a marked change." They continued to attend, and 
one night as their mother opened the door on their re- 
turn, one of them, embracing her, exclaimed " Mother, 
we've all been in the dark ; Janet and I never had relig- 
ion until to-night !" Before they retired the mother was 
on her knees and her daughters praying for her. She, 
too, " found religion " and declared — " God had led her 
by a way she knew not." She did not rest until the 
whole family rejoiced together in the same experience. 

387 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Her example and influence proved a blessing- to many. 
Her eldest son, Joseph, became a Methodist minister. 
Her husband went before her to the better land, and on 
the 2ist of April, 1882, in the eightieth year of her age, 
lanet Norval Kilgour peacefully ended her useful and 
happy life.'— D. C. McDowell. 

The Rev. Thomas Crosby, after a few months in 
Ontario, greatly helping to deepen interest in missions, 
left with his family, June 29th, for his distant field on 
the Pacific. Accompanying him were Rev. William J. 
Dowler, B.A., for Maple Ridge; Rev. James A. Wood, 
for Bella Coola; Rev. Dennis Jennings, apd Miss Hen- 
drie, who goes to take charge of the Girls' Home. In 
bidding farewell Mr. Crosby said: 

' Since October I have travelled 8,000 miles, attended 
hundreds of meetings and hope for great increase of 
missionary funds. We thank God and the many friends 
who have shown us so much kindness.' 

The decision of the Privy Council, declaring the Scott 
Act valid, will greatly help temperance work in the 
Dominion. 

Since the organization of the Women's Christian 
Temperance Union in 1874 and the forming of a local 
Union in Owen Sound, the women of Canada have taken 
hold of temperance work with persevering- intensity. In 
the Ontario and Dominion W.C.T.U.'s the eflForts of 
many earnest and capable women have been enlisted, 
among whom Mrs. Letitia Youmans, as President, and 
Mrs. Annie O. Rutherford, as Secretary, have done 
valiant and effective service. Successive Acts of legis- 
lation for the restriction and abolishing- of the liquor 
traffic are largely due to their persistent advocacy. 

Western work : 

'Yesterday we held our first services in our new 
Tabernacle at Rat Portage. On Kridav evening, while 
practicing singing, a poor fellow who had been a fore- 
man on the line, hearing the organ, came in. He had 

388 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

been drinking, but softened and sobered by the singing, 
tears rolling down his cheeks, he took my hand, and 
said — " Oh^ that there were more places like this and 
fewer saloons !" The work between here and Thunder 
Bay is being pushed and soon we shall have a highway 
into our great North-West.' — W. H. 

Oak Lake, July 6th, 1882 : 

' Our Temperance Colonization party are camped 
sixty miles west of this place, pushing on to South Sas- 
katchewan. Track-laying on the C. P. R., two miles a 
day. Country looking lovely.' — John N. Lake. 

The Revised New Testament : 

" I greatly value the Revised Version. It is very use- 
ful in the study and for the pulpit. Yet I do not think 
it will prevail in its present shape, because it makes 
changes where nothing is gained thereby, either in 
sense, in force, or beauty ; and because, in many cases 
by a too servile adherence to Greek idiom, it sacrifices 
unnecessarily the rhythm and euphony of the Author- 
ized Version." — Dr. H. M. Scudder. 

The General Conference of the Canada Methodist 
Episcopal Church met in August, 1882 ; after con- 
sideration of the question of Union and the steps already 
taken, it resolved : " That we hail with pleasure the desire 
manifested in favor of an organic Methodism in the 
Dominion " ; and appointed a committee of eighteen 
ministers and laymen in equal numbers '" to confer with 
committees of other Methodist Churches, to negotiate a 
Union, if possible, with all, or with any of these bodies " ; 
also, " That this Conference stand adjourned, to meet 
at the call of the Bishop and the Secretary of this Gen- 
eral Conference to receive the report of the said Com- 
mittee, and to take such action thereon as may be 
deemed necessary." 

The third General Conference of the Methodist 
Church of Canada was held in the Centenary Church, 
Hamilton, commencing September 6th, 1882. The ballot 

389 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

for President resulted in the election of the Rev. Samuel 
D. Rice, D.D. ; for Vice-President the Rev. John A. 
Williams, D.D., and for Secretary the Rev. Alex. Suth- 
erland, D.D. On the first evening a sermon was 
preached by Dr. Williams, and the Lord's Supper was 
administered. 

As full reports of the proceedings were published in 
the minutes, we need but refer briefly to some of the 
results reached. All necessary committees were appointed 
and their reports considered. Total number of mem- 
bers, 125,420; increase in Toronto Conference, 2,100; 
London, 761 ; New Brunswick and Prince Edward 
Island, 149 ; Newfoundland, 593 ; decrease — Mont- 
real, 565; Nova Scotia, 217; net increase, 2,815. Total 
number of ministers and probationers, 1,192 ; increase, 26. 
An address from the Australian Wesley an Metho- 
dist Church was received. The Rev. F. W. Briggs, 
Delegate from the English Conference; Rev. 
W. S. Studley, D.D., from the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, United States; Bishop McTigert, from the 
Methodist Episcopal Church South; Dr. Stone from the 
Canada Methodist Episcopal Church; Revs. Thomas M. 
Griffith, James C. Antliflf. and Robert W. Walker, Esq., 
of the Primitive Methodist Church, were introduced. 

The Report finally submitted to the Conference from 
the Union Committees declared that if provision be 
made for the admission of laymen to the Annual Con- 
ferences and for a General Superintendency, the pro- 
posals for Union would probably be acceptable to all. 
The report, with some changes, was adopted. 

A mixed Committee of forty-three, representing all 
the Conferences, was appointed to meet the Committees 
of the other Churches in Toronto on the last Tuesday of 
November, 1882; and, should the Committees so meeting 
agree upon a Basis of Union, the Basis should be sub- 
mitted to the Quarterly Meetings. 

390 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

The Superannuation, Missionary and Children's 
Funds, General Superintendency, Transfers, Court of 
.Vppeal, A-Iinisterial Term, Colleges, Book and Publish- 
ing Houses, Hymn Book, Connexional Publications, the 
Discipline, and many other important interests were con- 
sidered, and such legislation enacted as was deemed 
necessary. 

Provision was made for a special session of the Gen- 
eral Conference, should the action of the Committees on 
Union so require. 

The Conference adjourned on the 27th of September. 

Auxiliaries to the Woman's Missionary Society were 
formed — in Hamilton in 1880; Uxbridge, Goderich, 
Montreal, 1881 ; Toronto, Paris, Halifax South, Picton, 
Simcoe, Brantford, St. Thomas, Chatham, Listowel, 
Peterborough, St. Stephen, N.B., Strathroy, and Bur- 
lington in 1882. The Ladies' French Missionary Society ' 
of Montreal, which had been doing much to help French 
Missions, for a few years, united with the Woman's 
Missionary Society in 1881. Mrs. James Gooderham 
was elected President. 

The intensely earnest appeals that had been coming 
from the missionaries in Japan, from the Rev. Thomas 
Crosby, of Port Simpson, and especially from Mrs. 
Crosby, regarding the necessity of a Home for Indian 
girls, thrilled the hearts of many Christian women and 
awakened a general response from the Auxiliaries. 

The beginning of the Crosby Home, at Port Simpson, 
was pathetic — a little Indian girl coming and telling 
Mrs. Crosby she had come to live with her. What 
could the missionary do but take in and care for the 
innocent, pleading child? In 1879 Mr. Crosby built an 
addition to the Mission House, in which twelve girls 
soon found a home and a mother's love. But who can 
understand the strain which this strange addition to 

391 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

the mission family imposed on the time, strength, and 
resources of Mrs. Crosby? After years of struggle and 
hope, Miss Hendrie, of Brantford, was sent to her relief 
as Matron of the Home in 1882, and provision was 
made by the Woman's Board for meeting the urgent 
needs. 

Meantime the calls for help coming from Japan found 
eager and responsive listeners. The women at home 
resolved, in harmony with General Conference sugges- 
tions, to have a share in the foreign field, and send a 
missionary to Japan. A volunteer for the distant and 
difficult mission was forthcoming, and on an evening 
appointed the lecture-room of Centenary Church, Ham- 
ilton, was crowded with sympathizers to bid farewell to 
Miss M. J. Cartmell on her leaving for Japan. Several 
appropriate addresses were delivered, and a purse of 
$200 was presented to Miss Cartmell. She left on the 
23rd of September, 1882. 

A veteran pioneer — ' Robert Holbrook was born in 
Brooklyn, N.Y., in 1796. At ten years of age he entered 
the British Navy, and in the Battle of Trafalgar served 
in the third ship behind Nelson's flagship. In 1824 he 
married Miss Mary Chester, and the next year united 
with the Methodist Church. In 1847 they came to 
Hamilton and joined the John St. Church. In vari- 
ous offices Mr. Holbrook showed the firmness of his 
devotion to religious life and duty until his death on 
the 19th of August, 1882, in his eighty-seventh year.' 

Mr. John N. Lake, of Toronto, after a visit to the 
North-West, suggested the raising of $50,000 to meet 
the necessities of the work there, and offered the first 
$5,000. Other liberal offers encouraged the hope that 
the amount might be raised. Through failure of health 
Mr. Lake had been compelled to retire from the minis- 
try, but as a layman continued an active worker in 

392 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

connection with Sherbourne St. Church, Toronto, and 
in the service of the Church at large. 
Some early Toronto Methodists: 

' John Cornish was born in Exeter, England, July 
loth, 1809, where he received his education and was 
early converted in the Old St. Sidwell's St. Methodist 
Church. In September 183 1 he was married to Miss 
Elizabeth Hellins, and for some years they were both 
devoted to Sunday School and Church work. In 1843 
they came with their little family of four children to 
Canada and settled in Toronto, where until his death 
he was engaged in mercantile life. On coming to 
Toronto he first identified himself with the old George 
St. Church, when John P. Hetherington was pastor, 
and subsequently when Richmond St. Church was 
opened in 1845, he with his family, became connected 
with that Church and Sunday School, He died after 
only a few days' illness, trusting in Jesus, on March 
22nd, 1882, aged 73 years. He was survived by his 
widow, two daughters and four sons, one of whom is 
the Rev. Geo. H. Cornish of the Hamilton Conference. 

Among the earliest members of Berkeley St. 
Church, Toronto, were Mr, Emerson Coatsworth, Mr. 
George Sherlock Faircloth^ and Mr. Edward Galley, a 
noble trio of workers, who stood by that church from 
its inception. Mr. Coatsworth came to Toronto in 1831, 
when six years of age, and through many years has 
done faithful service as Sunday School superintendent, 
class leader, trustee, and local preacher. More widely 
known has he been and as highly appreciated in his official 
capacity as City Commissioner. 

Mr. Faircloth came to Toronto in 1850, and was a 
faithful fellow-worker with Mr. Coatsworth in Berkeley 
St. Church until his death — February nth, 1879. 

Mr, Edward Galley came from England to Toronto 
in 1852, and united with the Adelaide St, Church, 
In 1856 he married Miss Mary Jane Jewell, of 
Oshawa. Mr. Galley was the builder of the first Par- 

393 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

liament St., Berkeley St., and Sherbourne St. 
Churches. He and his wife were active members of the 
Berkeley St. Church from its building in 1857 until 
their removal to the western part of the city, where they 
became identified with Trinity Church. 

Many other names, are honorably enrolled in the 
annals of Toronto Methodism, such as Mr. William H. 
Pearson and Mr. Samuel S. Martin for faithful Sunday 
School work; Mr. Richard Brown, Messrs. James and 
William Gooderham, Mr. John McDonald, Mr. Edward 
Gurney, Mr. Hart ]\Iassey, Mr. George Cox, and many 
more — men able and willing to work and some of them 
to contribute largely to Church interests. 

The Rev. John McDougall writes of the death of 
Mrs. Sibbald, wife of their missionary teacher, October 
7th, 1882 : " For seven years she has lived and labored 
among us, esteemed and beloved by both whites and 
Indians; the latter especially mourn her loss, as she was 
always kind and patient with them, ready to sacrifice 
herself for others' good. To Brother Sibbald and his 
four motherless children is the greatest sorrow." Mrs. 
Sibbald was one of many women missionaries ' sacri- 
ficing themselves for others' good,' and their names are 
worthy of thankful remembrance. 

Uncrowned Queens. — 

' I am so glad, Mr. Sanderson, that you are including 
some of the wives of the pioneers in your work on 
Methodism. They were heroines just as truly as their 
husbands were heroes, and I think they had to endure 
more of the hardships of early days.' — S. R. 

The Committees on Union of the several Methodist 
Churches met, as previously arranged, on the 28th of 
November, 1882, in the Carlton St. Primitive Metho- 
dist Church, Toronto. Bishop Carman was appointed 
President, Dr. Rice Vice-President, Dr. Sutherland 

394 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

Secretary, Rev. J. C. Antliff, M.A., Corresponding Sec- 
retary, and Rev. J. Mott Assistant. 

The steps leading up to the present meeting were 
reviewed and reports received from Committees and Con- 
ferences. 

Committees were appointed on — General Superinten- 
dency, Lay Delegation, Publishing Interests, Education, 
Church Funds, Annual Conferences, Church Property, 
Rearrangements, District Superintendency, etc. 

After seven days' frank but brotherly discussion of 
all matters pertaining to Union, a general agreement was 
reached, and the following committee was appointed to 
arrange the findings of this United Committee and formu- 
late a Basis of Union to be sent to Quarterly Meetings 
and Annual Conferences : Revs. Dr. Sutherland, Dr. 
Dewart, Dr. Stone, George Abbs, James C. Antlifif, 
Edward Roberts, and Mr. John McDonald. 

A " Basis of Union " was accordingly prepared. 

A " Circular Letter " to the Churches was also issued, 
signed by the Presidents of the several Conferences, com- 
mending the " Basis of Union " to the careful and candid 
consideration of all concerned. 

New Churches have been dedicated recently at Pot- 
tageville, Florence, Proton, Midland, Ancaster, Bow- 
man's, Hensall, Kirkland Ridge, Bervie, Forest, Mc- 
Crae's, Wexford, Moorhouse's, Burnside, Man., Lachute, 
Q., Neepawa, Man., Welland, Craighurst, Elm Grove, etc. 

Abundant correspondence followed the publication of 
the proposed " Basis of Union." Bright hopes and 
gloomy fears alternated as writers for or against ven- 
tilated their views in the papers. For a time general 
uncertainty prevailed as to final results. The apprehen- 
sions of many in regard to modifications in church polity 
by Lay Delegation and the Superintendency, the future 
of Church funds, and other issues, seemed strangely for- 

395 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

midable, even revolutionary and disastrous. But these 
and all other matters involved in Union were to come 
under intelligent review and wise adjustment. 

To cool or to animate the disputants sundry poetical 
effusions were proffered, such as : 

Cheer up, the Union's coming; 

Discord and gloom disperse ! 
Let's all do what's becoming, 

And none will be the worse ; 
Cheer up, the Master's speaking — 

" My peace to you I give ;" 
Let each. His glory seeking, 

Show how His servants live. 

— /. B. Aylcszvorth, M.D. 

Corrections : 

" In Dr. Carroll's historical sketch of the Guardian 
and Book Room are a few errors which I wish to correct 
— ' having had perfect undestanding of all things 
from the very first.' The first volume of the Guardian 
was published in March St., now called Lombard, 
beginning Nov. 2ist, 1829. The office was then re- 
moved to the flat over Mr. J. R. Armstrong's store, on 
the south side of King St., nearly opposite Toronto St. 
It was thence removed to Jordan St., and in the year 
1833 to the building on the west side of Toronto St. 
There, in 1834, the Book Room was commenced. 
About 1839 the present building on King St. was 
erected, the Book Room moved into it, with the Guar- 
dian Office in the second story. Shortly afterwards a 
wooden building was erected in the rear for the printing 
office and the rooms above the Book Room fitted up as 
a residence for the Book Steward, The first book pub- 
lished was Everett's Life of Sammy Hick, the Village 
Blacksmith, of which 1,000 copies were issued — then 
thought to be a great undertaking." — S. S. Junkin. 

By the General Conference of the Canada Methodist 
Episcopal Church, held in Napar.?° during the second 
week of January, 1883, the proposed " Basis of Union " 
was adopted. 

Very few names of laymen appear among the many 

396 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

writers on Union ; but as a sample of opinions held, we 
give an extract from a letter by Mr. John McDonald: 

" I greatly mistake the temper and spirit of the Metho- 
dist Church of Canada if it will not prove by its action 
that in magnanimity and brotherly love it is not behind 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, whose General Con- 
ference did itself so much credit in the recent session 
at Napanee, and that its verdict will command the 
respect, not of the contracting parties only, but of the 
Church throughout the world." 

In the first sixteen Quarterly Meetings reported of 
the Toronto Conference the Basis of Union was adopted 
almost unanimously, there being only thirty votes 
recorded against it. In the first fourteen meetings 
reported from the London Conference only six nays 
were reported. In the first fourteen meetings of the 
Montreal Conference only seven nays were reported. 

Bishop Carman on Union : 

' My anxiety and prayer are not that there be a 
Union, or that there be not a Union, but that 
we know the will of God and do it. If there 
be a Union, let it be in love, meekness and good- 
will, under the baptism of the Holy Ghost. If there 
be no Union, let us be justified before God and men 
in standing and laboring apart. God can and will bless 
us all in our work. As for me, I would not like to go 
up to the judgment seat of Christ having done aught 
to hinder the present movement for the unification of 
our Methodism.' 

New churches have been opened at Conway, Smith- 
field, Wilsonville, Ryde, Campbellford, Rockport, etc. 

The golden wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Heck, of 
Augusta, was very pleasantly celebrated on the 13th of 
March, 1883, by a gathering of their children and 
friends, with suitable presentations and addresses. 

Several very interesting letters were written by Miss 
Cartmell as she crossed the continent. She arrived at 
Tsukiji, December 27th, and was met by Revs. McDonald, 

397 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Eby, Meacham and Mrs. Eby, Mrs. Meacham, and Miss 
Moulton. 

January nth, 1883, Miss Cartmell writes: 

' A room was very kindly placed at my dis- 
posal by Doctor and Mrs. McDonald. I have 
had very little opportunity yet of considering 
the work before me, but I have no trouble in 
seeing- more than it is possible for me to undertake. 
I stand helpless, facing a great need, my heart burdened 
with the precious message, but not one word to express 
it, I have hesitated to ask for an appropriation in my 
first report. But you have honored me Ijy sending me 
into this field to work for the Master. Four hundred 
dollars, I am told, would pay teachers and the running 
expenses of two schools for a year. There is one such 
school in the mission and no difficulty in getting pupils, 
who pay a nominal sum. I am encouraged by all the 
mission to ask for $400. "The silver and the gold is 
mine," saith the Lord, and I thought if the need were 
made known the Lord might put it into the hearts of 
some of the stewards of His bounty to present a free- 
will offering.' 

The Montreal Conference met in Ottawa, May 30th, 
1883. The Rev. Thomas G. Williams was elected Presi- 
dent, the Rev. Andrew B. Chambers, LL.B., Secretary, 
and the Rev. William Jackson Journal Secretary. 

Received into full connection — Wm. Smith, Fred W. 
A. Meyer, James Elliott, Frank A. Read, Sidney C. 
Kendal, Fred. W. Crowle, B.A. 

The Rev. Benjamin Longley, B.A., moved, and the 
Rev. George McRitchie seconded, their reception. The 
Rev. Ezra A. Stafford preached the ordination sermon. 
Thirteen candidates were received on trial. 
Z)iV(/— Stephen Wilson, Sept. 9th, 1882, aged 33 years. 

Allen Patterson, Oct. 25th, 1882, aged 34 years. 

Daniel Connolly, Oct. 20th. 1882, aged 47 years. 

Jno. M. Moore, Nov. 21st, 1882, aged 27 years. 

Edmund S. Ingalls, Dec. 30th, 1882, aged 74 yrs. 

Jno. C. Warren, Apr. 14th, 1882, aged 75 years. 

398 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

Wm. Creighton, April 28th, 1882, aged 61 years. 
Nathan Austin, May 30th, 1882, aged 34 years. 

A resolution of sympathy was adopted on account of 
the destruction by fire of the beautiful and costly church 
at Stanstead. 

After a long and able debate the Basis of Union was 
adopted — 66 to 51. 

The Conference closed at 12.30 Thursday morning. 

The London Conference opened in St. Catharines. 
June 6th, 1883. 

President — Rev. Wm. R. Parker, M.A. 

Secretary— Rev. Donald G. Sutherland, B.D., LL-B. 

Journal Seeretary — Rev. Edwin Clement. 

Into full conneetion — Vernon H. Emory, Wm. J. 
Little, John H. Howard, George Lounds, Samuel G. 
Staples, B.A., James W. Sifton, B.A., Edward J. Clarke, 
Richard J. Treleaven, James B. Freeman, B.A., Charles 
W. Cosens, Walter S. Jamieson. 

Their reception was m.oved by the Rev. Wm. Philp, 
M.A.. and seconded by Rev. Wm. W. Ross. 

The ordination sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. 
Searles, of AiflDurn, N. Y. 

Six candidates were received on trial. 
Died—hewis Warner, June 29th, 1882, aged 70 years. 

William Bothwell, Sept. 8th, 1882, aged 61 years. 
• Edwin S. Shibley, Nov. 6th, 1882, aged 34 years. 
Hamilton Biggar, Feb. 20th; 1883, aged yy years. 
Joseph Shepley, March 22nd, 1883, aged 71 years. 
John J. A. Lever, April 30th, 1883, aged 49 years. 

Vote on the Basis of Union — for, 88; against, loi. 

The Conference closed on Friday at noon. 

The Toronto Conference met in Peterborough, June 
13th, 1883. The Rev. George Cochran, D.D., was elected 
President, Rev. John S. Clarke, Secretary, and Rev. 
Edward Barrass Journal Secretary. 

Into full connection — Joseph R. Real, Benjamin 
Greatrix, Wm. J. West, Wm. F. Wilson, George W. 
Marvin, Albert D. Wheeler, John Peters, Wm. D. Wil- 
son, Mirjagawa Minori. 

399 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The Rev. Dr. Jeffers moved and Dr. Burwash sec- 
onded their reception. The Rev. Dr. Sutherland 
preached the ordination sermon. 

Five candidates were received on trial. 
Died — V. B. Howard, Aug. 13th, 1882, aged 71 years. 

Richard G. James, Sept. 14th, 1882, aged 36 years. 
Ashton Fletcher, Oct. 8th, 1882, aged 80 years. 
William Steer, Nov. 7th, 1882, aged 84 years. 
William Price, Dec. 14th, 1882, aged 65 years. 

Vote on the Basis of Union — 137 for, 37 against. 

The Conference closed on Thursday afternoon. 

The Bible Christian Conference was held in Exeter, 
Ont., commencing June 6th, 1883. One minister had 
died — J. Edwards, The Basis of Union was carried by 
more than two-thirds in the Quarterly Meetings and also 
in the Conference. 

The Nova Scotia Conference began in Yarmouth, 
June 2ist, 1883. President, Rev. W. H. Heartz ; Secre- 
tary, Rev. Jabez A. Rogers ; Journal Secretary, Rev. 
Cranswick Jost. The Rev. William C. Brown preached 
the ordination sermon, and Joseph E. Donkin was 
ordained. The Centennial Fund had reached about 
$3,800. Members — increase, 500. For the Basis of 
Union, 34; against, 31. 

The New Brunswick Conference was held in St. 
Stephen, commencing June 27th, 1883. President, Rev. 
Stephen T. Teed ; Secretary, Rev. Richard W. Weddall, 
B.A. ; Journal Secretary, Rev. John Reid. 

Died — H. McKeown, Oct. 14th, 1882, aged 54 years. 

Thfe Rev. Dr. Rice preached the ordination sermon, and 
Alonzo D. McCully was ordained. For the Basis of 
Union, 40; against, 28. The Rev, D. D. Currie was 
appointed to act for the Centennial Fund. The work in 
Bermuda Islands had been unusually successful. 

The Newfoundland Conference was held in Carbonear, 
commencing June 27th, 1883. President, Rev. James 
Dove; Secretary, Rev. George J. Bond. In 1872 there 

400 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

were 23 stations, with 29 preachers ; this year 49 sta- 
tions, with 54 preachers ; circuit receipts doubled. 

The first Manitoba Conference was held in Winnipeg", 
beginning August ist, 1883. President, Rev. George 
Young, D.D. The Rev. Dr. Rice moved and the Rev. 
'^. A. Stafford seconded the reception of Albert D. 
(Vheeler and Neal D. Peters into full connection. The 
Rev. John F. German, M.A., preached the ordination ser- 
mon. Four candidates were received on trial. The Basis 
of Union was carried unanimously. 

Mary A. Hutchinson, wife of Mr. Samuel McLean, 
Toronto, ' was born in Little York in 1826, in the first 
stone house built in that embryo town. Her mother was 
one of the earliest members of the Primitive Methodist 
Church there. In a revival, under the Rev. Wm. Lyle. 
the daughter was converted, and in all relationship? 
proved faithful to her early profession until called to a 
nigher service. May 20th, 1883.' 

Among some early Methodists, still in active service. 
is Mr. James Manning, who came with his parents from 
Ireland to Little York in 1802, later settled in Tecumseh. 
where he became a class leader, local preacher and man 
of affairs, giving three sons — Henry, Thomas and Charles 
— to the Methodist ministry. 

The Ladies' Colleges in St. Thomas, Hamilton, an'^ 
Whitby all report increasing success. Alma College 
the youngest in the sisterhood, has already taken s. 
worthy place in female education. This college wss 
onened October 13th, 1881, by the Methodist EpiscoDal 
Church ; it had an attendance of forty pupils the first 
year and the number has greatly increased. 

The Adjourned General Conference of the Methodist 
Church of Canada met in Belleville, August 29th, 1883, 
to consider the question of Union, the Rev. Dr. Rice, 
President. Reports from 749 Quarterly Meetings showed 
649 for the Basis, 90 against, and 10 ties. After four 
davs' discussion the Basis was adopted by 123 to 38. 
26 401 ^ 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

All the Annual Conferences of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church voted for the Basis, and 135 of 177 Quar- 
terly Conferences, with 7 ties. 

In the Primitive Methodist Church, out of 3,802 
members votinof 3,20=^ voted for the Basis. In the Bible 
Christian Church more than t\vo-thirds of their societies 
and their Conference voted for the Basis. 

The Basis havinsf been adopted bv the four nesfotiat- 
ine Churches, their Representatives met in the Methodist 
Eniscop?! Tabernacle. Bellf^ville. Sentpiriber t;th. t88?. 

The Rev. John A. Williams. D.D.. was annointed 
President, the Rev. Edward Roberts Vice-President, the 
Rev. Fred. B. Stratton Secretarv. with Rev. Tames C. 
Antliff. M.A., and David Allison, LL.D.. Assistants. 
Numbers elected — Methodist Church of Canada. 206: 
Methodist Episcopal, 54; Primitive Methodist, 16; Bible 
Christian 14. The Resolutions adopted by the several 
Conferences and the votes of the Quarterly Meetings on 
the Basis of Union were presented. A committee on the 
legal status of the delegations was appointed — Judsfe 
Jones, Judge Dean, Revs. William I. Shaw, B.A., Dr. 
Rice, Edward Roberts, J. Kent, Dr. Gardiner, Dr. Stone, 
and Dr. Allison. This committee reported the legal 
status of the delegations satisfactory. 

It was then resolved : 

" That the final deliverance of each of the contract- 
ing Churches at present constituting the various 
branches of the IMethodist Church in Canada into one 
United Church be en2:rossed on vellum, sis^ned by the 
Conference officers of each contracting Church and 
sealed with the seal of the said Church, and that the 
name of each member of this General Conference, signed 
by himself as a contracting party to the said Union, be 
attached to said document ; the above forming the 
official record of the said Union." 

Committee on engrossing the above — Revs. S. J. 
^ 402 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

Hunter, William Pirritte, J. Cooper Antliff, M.A., and 
George Webber. 

It was decided that all necessary legislation be secured 
and the Union take effect on the ist of July, 1884. 

Committees were appointed on Nominations, Mis- 
sions, Education, Publishing Interests, Discipline, 
Church Funds, Memorials, Course of Study, Boun- 
daries, Statistics, Temperance, Finance, Sunday Schools, 
Rules of Order, General Superintendency, Annual Con- 
ferences, Young People, Church Property, Transfers, 
Amalgamation of Societies, Name of Church, etc. 

It was resolved that two General Superintendents be 
elected. The Rev. Samuel D. Rice, D.D., was elected 
General Superintendent for eight years, and the Rev. 
Albert Carman, D.D., for four years. The Rev. James 
Cooper Antliff, M.A., B.D., was elected Secretary. 

The Rev. William Briggs was appointed Book Stew- 
ard for the Western Section and the Rev. Stephen F. 
Huestis for the Eastern ; the Rev. Ed. H. Dewart, D.D., 
Editor of the Christian Guardian, and the Rev. Dr. 
Stone Associate Editor; the Rev. Watson Smith Editor 
of The Wesleyan; the Rev. W. H. Withrow, M.A.. 
D.D., Editor of the Methodist Magazine and the Sunday 
School periodicals; the Rev. Alex. Sutherland, D.D., 
Missionary Secretary and Clerical Treasurer; Mr. John 
McDonald Lay Treasurer, and the Rev. Dr. Wood Hon- 
orary Secretary. 

The Rev. James Gray was elected Clerical Treasurer 
of the Superannuation Fund and Governor Aikens Lay 
Treasurer. " The Methodist Church " was adopted as 
the name of the united church. Each Annual Confer- 
ence shall elect its quota of ministers to the General 
Conference and an equal number of laymen. 

A resolution of appreciation and sympathy with the 
Woman's Missionary Society was adopted. Votes of 

403 \ 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

thanks were tendered to the Press, the officers of the 
Conference, and the people of Belleville. The Confer- 
ence adjourned on the 19th of September, 1883, 

Full reports of the proceedings having been published 
in the minutes and all acts of legislation embodied in the 
Discipline, we deem it unnecessary to repeat them. 

The following table of statistics of the Uniting 
Churches was presented by the Rev. George H. Cornish, 
and his Cyclopaedia of Methodism in Canada was highly 
commended. 

STATISTICS OF UNITING CHURCHES. 





Ministers. 


Members. 






. 






d 


Ut 




Churches. 






£ 















r P 


c 




CTi 


B 






> 



1= 2 
53 «j 



1 


13 











^ 


D- a. 
3 3 








c 


3 







W 


m^n 


0^ 


H 





Ph 


H 


Methodist Church of Canada. 


87 s 


174 


167 


1216 


837s 


120369 


128644 


Methodist Episcopal Church . 


189 


39 


31 


aw 


1883 


23788 


25671 


Primitive Methodist Church . 


64 


IS 


10 


89 


I4I3 


6677 


8090 


Bible Christian Church 


56 
1184 


13 
241 


II 

219 


80 
1644 


480 


6918 


7398 


Total 


12151 


157752 


169803 



SUNDAY SCHOOLS. 



Churches. 


'o 

^ 
S 2 

12; Ol 


Officers 

and 

Teachers. 


"o 



Methodist Church of Canada 


1968 
432 
152 
155 


16781 
3182 
1172 
1299 


132320 

23968 

9065 

9699 


Methodist Episcopal Church 

Primitive Methodist Church 


Bible Christian Church 






Total 


2707 


22434 


175052 





404 



THE METHODIST CHURCH 

The Rev. John A. Williams, D.D., as President of 

the Conference composed of various elements occupied 
an unquestionably difhcult position, but presided 
throughout the protracted sessions with acknowledged 
ability, tact, and fairness. 

The Rev. Samuel D. Rice, D.D., elected to the high 
honor of General Superintendent, comes to his office 
after lengthened experience in many departments of pas- 
toral, educational, and official work, enjoying the esteem 
and confidence of his brethren. 

The Rev. Albert Carman, M.A., D.D., after much 
experience in college work and ten years' faithful ser- 
vice in the highest office of the Church to which he 
belonged, is regarded as a wise and efficient adminis- 
trator, who will honor the position to which the United 
Church has appointed him. 

All the other brethren appointed to various important 
positions are men of tried abilities, and enter upon their 
duties by the almost unanimous votes of members of 
Conference. 

The newly-constituted Methodist Church faces the 
inviting and expanding work of the future with an 
actual and comparative force that, with the blessing of 
God, should tell mightily upon the moral and spiritual 
interests of the Dominion through ages to come. In- 
stead of division and consequent weakness there is now 
the union and concentration of a mighty army, loyal to 
the doctrines and usages of Methodism, which is and 
we trust ever will be " Christianity in earnest." 

Whoever may trace the movements and record the 
triumphs of this evangelistic host, pushing its way from 
sea to sea over our broad Dominion and into the regions 
beyond, will have records to inscribe which will bring 
joy to comrades on earth and to the angels in heaven. 



405 



CHAPTER XXIX. 

PRIMITIVE METHODISM IN CANADA. 

Being a portion of a lecture delivered by request 
before the Canadian Historical Society of the Methodist 
Church by the Rev. Robert Cade, D.D. 

It was in the somewhat memorable year of 1829, when 
the Christian Guardian, under Methodist Episcopal 
auspices, began its career, and King's College, subse- 
quently Toronto University, was founded, that Mr. 
William Lawson and Mr, Robert Walker, Primitive 
Methodist local preachers from the Old Land and after- 
wards prominent business men and important Canadian 
citizens, commenced public religious services in the 
Market Square of what was then called Little York, and 
continued them from time to time with success. For 
some time the little band secured a house on Duke 
Street, in which to worship God, but in a short time a 
commodious church was erected on Bay Street and 
occupied until the increasing commercial importance of 
the locality led the congi'egation to move up to Alice 
Street, where a beautiful and commodious sanctuary 
was dedicated to the service of God. A strong church, 
with a large congregation, a fine membership, and a live 
Sunday School was the result. The present writer was 
one of the preachers who ofificiated at the dedicatory 
services and for some years afterwards was assistant 
pastor and pastor. The cause in Alice Street Church 
continued to grow until fire destroyed the edifice and 
Carlton Street Church arose in its stead. 

406 




1. Allison, I)., l.L.H. -. .Miss M. .). C'artiiiell .". Holmes, Rev. A. 1... M. A. 

4. Hare, Rev.'J. J., Ph.D. 5. Dyer, W. P., M.A., U.D. (!. Wallace, F. H., M.A.,!).!). 
7. Graham, Mr. David 8. Massey, Mr. Chester D. !». Rutledge, Mr. C. W. 



PRIMITIVE METHODISM 

Perhaps no church in this land better deserves to be 
called a Mother of Churches than old Bay Street 
Church. From that Pioneer Society proceeded York- 
ville, now St. Paul's Church ; Euclid Avenue, Parliament 
Street, King Street East, Bathurst Street, Zion on 
Wellesley Hill and the Don churches. Chiefly by intelli- 
gent and consecrated local preachers, appointments were 
opened in Scarboro, Etobicoke, York, Markham, Albion, 
Whitchurch, Chinguacousy, Reach and other townships. 

Duly ordained ministers from England were sent 
from time to time, and the cause spread to Brampton, 
Hamilton, Stratford, Woodstock, London, St. Cath- 
arines, Orangeville, Barrie, Bowmanville, Kingston and 
many other points. But the principal centres were in 
agricultural districts where the people most needed the 
Gospel. A further proof of the remarkable vitality 
of the old Bay Street Church was its vigorous and 
aggressive Sunday School, which for many years was 
under the able superintendence of Mr. Robert Walker. 

Revival meetings, protracted services, open-air exer- 
cises, camp-meetings, etc., were means employed by thej 
ministries. The plain, simple, earnest preaching of Jesusi 
Christ and Him crucified from the lips of men who had 
been born again, baptized of the Holy Ghost, and had a 
story to tell and must tell it, or men and women would be 
lost, succeeded by short, fervent praying and vehement 
responses produced marvellous results. Men who went to 
mock remained to pray. Profligate sinners were preached 
to their knees and prayed to their feet again. Strong 
men fell to the ground as if from a rifle shot. Women 
shrieked in their agony of soul. People lay as if dead 
upon the ground. Pentecost seemed to have come back 
again. Whole congregations were swept down under 
the divine power. Communities were shaken as a forest I 
in a winter gale, and the blessed result of those mighty ' 

407 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

awakings were widespread, permanent and largely con- 
tributed to the foundation-laying of Protestant Chris- 
tianity in this new land. 

The first Primitive Methodist Missionary sent from 
England, while Canada was still a Mission of the Hull 
Circuit, was the Rev. William Watkins; subsequently 
came the Rev. William Summerside, the Rev. Josiah 
Partington and later Revs. William Lyle, Thomas 
Adams, William Jolly, etc. Among the most notable 
ministers deserving honorable mention who served the 
cause faithfully in those days was Rev. Matthew 
Nicholls, a man of great tenderness of heart and power 
in prayer. He died in Kingston, in 1854. of cholera 
and was buried in Barriefield Cemetery. The Rev. John 
Lacey, a man of few books, but an orthodox theologian 
and a preacher whom people rode many miles to hear. 
He sleeps in Sydenham grave-yard, near Kingston. 
Later the work was reinforced by the Rev. John Gar- 
ner, Robert Boyle, James Edgar and many others 
whose presence and speech would be no discredit to any 
Canadian pulpit to-day. 

The cause had been 25 years in the country and the time 
had come for it to become self-sustaining. In the spring 
of 1854 the first Conference was organized in the town of 
Brampton. The Rev. John Lacey was appointed President 
and Wm. Lawson, Esq., Secretary. Stations reported, 32 ; 
missions, 40 ; ministers, ■^y ; members, 4,274. Large num- 
bers of the converts had joined other churches, where 
no society of their own had yet been formed. It is on 
record that in this year, 1854, 54,000 British emigrants 
arrived in Canada. 

After the organization of the first Conference, the 
Christian Journal was started, under the editorial manage- 
ment of the Rev. John Davidson. The paper was well 
conducted, liberally supported and continued up to 
the Union. Mr. Davidson was a man of commanding 

408 



I 



PRIMITIVE METHODISM 

personality, a brilliant preacher, a versatile writer, loved 
by his brethren, and possessed in a large degree the confi- 
dence of the Society in Britain, from whom grants of 
missionary money were received. Besides being Editor 
and Missionary Secretary he was also Book Steward, 
and supplied the preachers and circuits with Connexional 
and general literature. Maximum of work and mini- 
mum of wages was the rule in those times. 

On Mr. Davidson's retirement the Rev. William Rowe 
took over the duties of these several offices ; and on his 
return to England the Rev. William Bee became his 
successor until the Union. 

A strong desire was expressed to afford candidates 
and probationers for the ministry a more thorough 
literary and theological training. A four years' course 
of study in Methodist Standard Theology had been 
maintained, and every year the young men before ordi- 
nation were subjected to rigid examinations; but some- 
thing further was needed and the Rev. Thomas Cromp- 
ton, a man of considerable ability and preaching power, 
was selected to initiate a Theological Institute. Classes 
were actually formed, but the impending changes in Cana- 
dian Methodism made it undesirable to embark upon 
building undertakings until Union issues were settled. 

A Children's Fund was formed which supplemented 
the salaries of the preachers ; and to those who had 
large families it became a very considerable advantage. 

For ministers in their declining years provision was 
made in double form ; a Benevolent Fund was sustained 
by annual subscriptions and collections in the churches, 
and a Friendly Societ}^ Fund, made up of ministers' 
contributions and legacies. It was in affiliation with 
the society in the Old Land, and membership therein 
was made obligatory on all the preachers. 

In all the courts of the Connexion laymen had seats 
and equal rights to speak and vote with the ministers. 

409 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The layman had his place as a member of the stationing 
committee and his presence was appreciated and con- 
sidered an advantage. Two-thirds of the Annual Con- 
ference delegation were laymen. The pastor had no 
legal right to the chair of his official Board by virtue of 
his office, but at such meetings he was usually elected 
to preside. 

Ministerial character was a matter of annual investiga- 
tion, but in all the writer's years of service a trial affecting 
a minister's standing was almost unknown. 

A fine spirit of social and brotherly affection existed 
among the brethren; they trusted one another and that 
trust was rarely betrayed. The loyal devotion of the 
members to the ministers was deep and enduring and 
manifested itself in many liberal forms. 

There was no invitation system, as it is commonly 
understood. The churches made a first, second and third 
choice; if the Stationing Committee could not send 
the first or second they would send the third and that 
decision was accepted by the congregations. 

Every quarter a meeting of the Missionary Committee 
was held and in extent and importance was almost like 
an Annual Conference. The letter from the English 
authorities was read, criticisms of our work here and the 
agents employed were freely given, reports of the mis- 
sions received, and grants apportioned. 

The Primitive Methodist Church in Canada having 
no ancient feuds to settle and no formidable obstacles 
in doctrme or discipline in the way was ready to con- 
sider the question of Union when the other contracting 
parties were ready to meet. 

The Rev. Jonathan Milner, a man of large adminis- 
trative ability who had distinguished himself on many 
charges as a wise and capable church builder and a 
prudent adviser in all financial concerns, was successful 

410 



PRIMITIVE METHODISM 

in raising, with the aid of the preachers and societies, 
a LeveUing-up Fund, which, with some assets from the 
Book Room, enabled the Church to go into the Union 
with $18,000 in hand. 

Church debts had been reduced to a minimum and most 
of the buildings were so situated as to be continued in 
useful occupation. 

After many preliminary meetings, a very large majority 
vote of our entire membership and the kindly acqui- 
escence of the English Conference in the movement, 
on the opening of the Aurora Conference, after a season 
of earnest prayer, the writer of this paper proposed the 
following resolution : " That in the judgment of this Con- 
ference the Union of the Methodist Church in Canada, the 
Bible Church in Canada, and the Primitive Methodist 
Church in Canada into one organization is desirable, feas- 
ible and practicable and that this Conference proceed in 
the direction of its consummation." This resolution with- 
out debate was carried with enthusiasm. 

The Union meant large sacrifices to many of the min- 
isters. It was found difficult to supply the surplus 
preachers with suitable appointments and some of them 
located. Some went to the United States; some found 
places in other churches in Canada; some superannuated 
before their time, and some returned to the Conference 
in England. But these difiiculties w'ere fewer than 
had been feared and gradually disappeared. The in- 
crease in membership of the united denomination of 
20,000 in the next three years was distinct evidence of 
the divine good-will towards the movement. Every suc- 
ceeding year has proved the wisdom and generosity of 
all the societies concerned in coming into that grand 
unity of the Spirit and bonds of love. 

Of laymen and honorable women helpers Primitive 
Methodism was ever rich and strong. Many of them 
rest from their labors and their works do follow them. 

411 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

The workers associated with this brief history were, 

as a ruling characteristic, men of strong common sense 
and large knowledge of men, mainly self-educated but 
faithful students of the Bible and fairly well read in our 
Standards of Methodist Theology. They had gifts and 
graces. They had a large acquaintance with the variety 
and romance of small incomes but they practised the 
simple economical life which enabled them to answer 
satisfactorily the annual question put to them : Are you 
in debt? They were always at home in revivals. Some 
of them had considerable preaching power. Their main 
themes were man's utter helplessness as a lost sinner, 
the atoning love of God, full, free and present salvation 
through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, the irretrievable 
consequences of rejecting the Gospel, regeneration by 
the Holy Ghost and sanctification of life, the great 
Judgment Day and the terrors of the wrath to come. 
These and kindred strong truths of Holy Scripture were 
enforced with vehemence and with permanent results. 

The career of Primitive Methodism in Canada though 
brief and limited in extent was in many respects help- 
ful to the progress of the Kingdom of God in the forma- 
tive period of Upper Canada's history. It was a contribu- 
tion to evangelical revival in this land when it seemed to 
be most needed. It diffused the spirit of Christian liberal- 
ism in all the courts and on all the questions of Church 
government. It demonstrated the wisdom and safety of 
admitting consecrated and prudent laymen into the Con- 
ference and Stationing Committee. It recognized the 
rights of woman to exhort and preach when gifts and 
graces indicated her call. It stood loyally by the State 
when political clouds hung thick and low. It cultivated 
the feeling of fraternity with other Churches and drew 
to itself respect from men of all creeds. Because its 
sphere of operations was limited it enriched the larger 
Methodism with much fruit produced by its labors. It 

412 



PRIMITIVE METHODISM 

stood for a religion that was more than a letter ; it was 
a snirit and became an inspiration. 

It regarded the Union as an immense financial relief 
when the country was experiencing a serious and pro- 
tracted period of agricultural, commercial and industrial 
depression and when our towns and villages were being 
denuded of manv of their best workers and supporters 
by emigration to the opening western Territories. 
Primitive Methodism in Canada lived to see five denom- 
inations hecome one and felt thnt it had not lived in vain. 
It brnueht its ronereeations. churches, nrincinles and 
spirit into the Union, and cheerfully laid down its Con- 
nexional life that the larger interests of our Redeeming 
Lord might be promoted. 

And now, standing in the s^olden and purple sunset 
of life's summer evenine. waiting on the western 
slopes of the great Pacific sea of immortality for the 
heavenly voyagers, the supreme fov of the writer of 
these reminiscences is that Jesus Christ is more exalted 
in the still advancing Church ; that the swing of victory 
-is in the march of the amalgamated hosts and the halle- 
lujah shout of triumph is ringng in the air and that a 
new generation, bright with consecrated hope and burn- 
ing with loyal enthusiasm for all the old ideals, sees 
from the mountain tops of Christian prophecy and faith 
the Millennial year approaching, the end of all strife 
and the dawn of individual brotherhood and everlasting 
peace and Christ is. all in all. 

Robert Cade, 
Toronto, 1905. 



413 



CHAPTER XXX. 

1833-1883. 

THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN 
CANADA. 

By Rev. J. M. Simpson. 

By request of the Author of this work, I have under- 
taken to prepare a brief sketch of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church in Canada. As the history of Canadian Meth- 
odism is ah-eady given in this and in a preceding volume, 
this sketch must necessarily be brief. 

Methodism in its organic form was planted in Can- 
adian soil by the Methodist Episcopal Church of the 
United States of America in the year 1791, the Rev. 
William Losee being stationed in Kingston by the New 
York Conference in that year. That was the planting of 
a healthy and vigorous vine that took root and budded, 
and bloomed, and brought forth abundantly the best of 
fruit whereby Our Father is glorified. 

Those early Methodists were harbingers of good to this 
country. God was with them, and mightily endorsed His 
Gospel, giving them thousands of precious souls, which 
was their richest hire. This vigorous gospel vine was well 
and truly planted in what proved to be fertile soil, and its 
growth has been marvellous. It has leaped over many 
walls, climbed to the mountain tops, struck its roots down 
deep and strong in the valleys below, and bloomed and 
brought forth the richest fruit everywhere, making tlys 
" wilderness and the solitary places glad for them," and 
causing "the desert to rejoice and blossom as the rose." 
It has "blossomed abundantly, and rejoiced even with joy 
and singing." It was a glorious thing to be a pioneer 

414 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

Methodist preacher in a country hke Canada — a country 
that has made such munificent returns for the labor and 
capital invested. 

The early Methodist preachers in Canada, however, 
suffered manv hardships. The sfoodlv herita^fe that we 
en iov in twentieth-century Canadian Methodism was not 
obtained withotit much personal sacrifice and g-reat hard- 
ships on the part of its founders and earlv Dropaeators. 
The hardships that our fathers in Canadian Metho- 
dism endured were not onlv those peculiar to a new 
country in its wild wilderness state, but also hardships 
that were due to the attitude of the rulers of the coun- 
try and the influence of a favored Church. The Metho- 
dist preacher, however, could o-enerally hold his own 
with anv and all that came nj) asfainst him. as the follow- 
inof incident will show. The Rev. Isaac Puffer, one of 
the first Methodist preachers that came to Canada from 
the United States, is said to have been a sfreat Tover of 
a g^ood horse, and that he was the owner of an extra- 
fine one. One dav as he was ridinsf alonsf the public 
hiehwav upon his fine horse, a would-be aristocrat, who 
had recently been made a magistrate, called to him thus : 

" Good mornins^, Mr. Puffer. I notice times have 
chansfed since the days of your Master; an ass was 
,8food enoug-h for Him, but now His servants must have 
the best horses in the country." " Oh." said Mr. Puffer, 
" there is a g"ood reason for that ; the Government has 
made magistrates of all the asses." 

In the year 1831, there arose an agitation among the 
Methodists in Canada over a proposition to form an 
organic Union with the Wesleyans of England. 
This movement though not unanimous, was carried 
into effect and ratified in 1833. There was, however, 
a small minority who earnestly protested against the 
proposed Union. This they did for several reasons; I 

415 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

will mention but two. First, they wished to remain an 
independent Church in Canada. Second, they held a 
decided preference for the Episcopal Form of Church 
government. Believing it to be their duty to them- 
selves, their country, and their God, they proceeded at 
once to gather up what remained, and reorganize the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada. A Conference 
was called, and the few preachers who did not go with 
the Union met in Cummer's Church, Yonge Street, on 
June 25th, 1834. Without finishing the business, the 
Conference adjourned to meet in Belleville on the loth 
of February, 1835. Pursuant to adjournment it met in 
Belleville on the day appointed, and after attending to 
some important business decided to call a General Con- 
ference, which they did. That General Conference met 
in the Trafalgar Church — now Palermo — on the 25th of 
June, 1835. ^he Rev. John Reynolds, who had pre- 
viously been appointed President pro tem., presiding. 
At that General Conference the Rev. John Reynolds 
was duly elected General Superintendent of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church in Canada, and on the following 
Lord's Day he was consecrated to the Episcopal office 
by the laying on of the hands of the Elders present. This 
completed the reorganization of the Church. Following 
this was the work of rearranging the districts, circuits, 
and societies, which was no trifling task. But those men 
were marvellously sustained of God in this extremely 
difficult work. 

After the reorganization of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church in Canada the number of ministers rapidly in- 
creased and very great success attended the efforts that 
were made for the salvation of the people. Times of re- 
freshing from the presence of the Lord were frequent and 
fruitful, making large accessions to the membership of the 
Church. The places of worship as well as the church mem- 
bers were nearly all carried into the Union, so that our 

416 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

meetings were mostly held in schoolhouses, and often in 
private dwellings. I have known many sinners converted 
to God in a farmer's dining-room ; and when they were 
made new creatures in Christ Jesus they knew it, 
and they let everyone else know it. Those were the 
days of powerful conversions. The old schoolhouse 
protracted meeting with its penitent bench did grand 
service in those days. Many an old saint looks back 
to the time when and to the Methodist penitent bench 
where he found the Saviour of sinners. 

In the Methodist Episcopal Church of Canada the 
Quarterly IMeeting was an occasion of very especial 
interest. This was largely due to the Presiding Elder- 
ship, an ofifice of much value in a Church with an itine- 
rant ministry. The Presiding Elder would visit each 
circuit and mission in his district every three months 
and if possible give a Sunday with each visit. He 
would arrive on Saturday, preach a sermon, meet the 
Quarterly Conference, transact the quarterly business 
of the circuit and conduct a prayer-meeting in the even- 
ing. Then on Sunday at 9 a.m. the Presiding Elder 
would open the love-feast, and after an hour 
or an hour and a half of singing and testi- 
mony, with more or less shouting, he would 
administer the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, 
assisted by the pastor, and then preach. He gen- 
erally preached again in the evening. Many times a 
glorious revival has started with the Quarterly Meet- 
ing. People from every preaching place on the circuit 
would be at the Quarterly Meeting; and a circuit would 
have from eight to ten preaching places, so that some 
•of the people would have to travel long distances to 
get to the Quarterly Meeting. I have known a man and 
his wife travel on foot fifteen miles and carry their 
babe to get to the Quarterly Meeting. The camp-meet- 
ing also was a fruitful means of soul-saving in those 

417 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

days. A camp would comprise from ten to twenty 
tents, all built of common lumber that the camp com- 
mittee would borrow from some lumberman and pay 
for what they did not return in good condition. The 
camp would enclose about an acre of the best bush that 
could be found, where there was plenty of good water. 
There the best Christian workers on two or three cir- 
cuits joining would unite their influence and efforts 
for a week or ten days for the salvation of sinners, and 
the quickening of the Church. Their labor was not in 
vain in the Lord ; for many, sometimes a great many, 
souls were converted to God. At one of our camp- 
meetings about fifty years ago, on the Lord's Day, a 
great concourse of people were on the ground, and the 
Rev. John F. Wilson, one of the sons of thunder at 
that time, was preaching. When he was in the midst of 
his sermon, a large tree standing in front of the preach- 
er's stand, and in the midst of the seated congregation, 
broke off four or five feet from the ground and fell 
upon one of the tents. A mother was sitting in that 
tent with her babe in her arms. The tree was a crotch 
tree, and the crotch came down on both sides of that 
mother; she and her babe received no injury what- 
ever, nor was any one hurt in the least by the falling 
of that tree. One of the preachers explained the mystery 
as follows : The Devil said to the Lord—" Those 
Methodists are not as sincere as they appear to be, and 
they are not as loyal to you as you think they are ; now 
just let me throw that tree down among them and they 
will all get scared and run away." And the Lord said 
to the Devil — " You may do what you please with that 
tree, but lay not your hand upon any of those people 
to do them harm." And the result was proof to devils 
and to men, that God protects His trustful people 
against the worst that devils can do." After that the 
work of soul-saving prospered more than ever. 

418 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

At the same cainp-meeting the Rev. Robert Earl 
was preaching one day from Proverbs 27. 8 — " As 
a bird that wandereth from her nest so is a man that 
wandereth from his place." While the preacher was 
pressing home the truth, and exhorting wanderers to re- 
turn a native song bird came flying down, and lighting 
upon a branch in front of the preacher struck up a beauti- 
ful song that seemed to give increased effect to the 
Gospel Word. The Lord can, and often does make 
the wrath of devils and men to praise Plim ; and He 
can commission a song bird to make His word still 
more effective. At another of our camp-meetings, the 
season was very dry, and the condition of the country 
began to look serious. On the Lord's Day it was ex- 
tremely dry and hot. At the 2 p.m. service the Rev. 
George Jones offered the opening prayer, in which he 
laid before the Lord the country's great need of 
rain and implored the Almighty to send rain. 
There was an infidel leaning against a tree listening 
to the prayer. When Mr. Jones closed his prayer the 
infidel, turning to a gentleman near him, said : " Well, 
if it rains to-day I will believe in Christianity, and I 
will believe that that — pointing to Mr. Jones — is a 
righteous man." About five o'clock that evening it was 
pouring rain, and continued until midnight. 

What that infidel's final decision was I never learned, 
but he passed on to another world years ago. 

The Conference of 1837 met in Cummer's Church, 
Yonge Street, on the 21 st of June, Bishop Reynolds 
presiding. The increase in membership reported that 
year was 1,132; the number of preachers stationed by 
the Conference w^as thirty-four ; and the total member- 
ship of the Church at that date was 3,522. From these 
statistics we see that those few humble workers in the 
gospel vineyard were workers in earnest, and that God 
owned and blessed their labors in no small degree. 

419 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

At the Conference of T843. ^^^^ i" Sidney near Belle- 
ville, twelve candidates for the ministry were received 
on trial. The total membership of the church reported 
at that date was 8,880. The General Conference also 
was convened at the same time and place, and divided 
the work, making two Annual Conferences — Niagara and 
the Bay of Quinte. 

In October, 1845. a General Conference was con- 
vened in what was known as Grove Church, near Port 
Hope. At that Conference the Rev. J. Alley, a 
member of the Black River Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States, 
was duly elected General Superintendent of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church in Canada, and on the following 
Lord's Day he was consecrated to the Episcopal office 
by the laying on of the hands of Bishop Reynolds, 
David Gulp, and Philander Smith. Mr. Alley was a 
man of genuine piety, an able preacher, and the Con- 
ference cherished the hope that he would be able to 
give the Church and the country manv years of great 
usefulness. But in this they were sadly disappointed, 
for in less than two years he was not, for God had taken 
him. 

In the year 1845 the Rev. Thomas Webster and the 
Rev. Joseph Leonard issued the first number of the 
Canada Christian Advocate. 

This journal was purchased by the General Confer- 
ence in 1847 ^"d became the organ of the Church. The 
Canada Christian Advocate was first published in the 
town of Cobourg, but when purchased by the Church 
the office of publication was removed to the City of 
Hamilton, where it continued to be published until amal- 
gamated with the Christian Guardian upon the con- 
summation of Methodist Union in 1884, when the Rev. 
Samuel G. Stone, D.D., who had been for several years 

420 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

Editor and Book Steward, became the Assistant Editor 
of the Christian Giuirdian. 

Higher education was always a subject of very great 
interest m the Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada. 
In the time of the Church's greatest weakness she 
heroically launched an educational enterprise that re- 
sulted in the planting of an institution of higher edu- 
cation for both sexes in the Town of Belleville, widely 
and favorably known as Albert College, 

For several years after the opening of " Belleville 
Seminary," as it originally was called, great financial 
stringency prevailed in the country, which affected the 
interests of the Institution very much, making it diffi- 
cult to keep the school alive and at work. But the men 
who had the management and control of the school 
and its financial interests were heroic and untiring in ' 
their efforts until their cherished hopes were realized 
and their labors crowned with success. As a denomina- 
tional college we do not think there is another in Can- 
ada doing a better class of work or doing its work better 
than Albert College at Belleville. 

Nor were Albert and Alexandra colleges the only 
educational enterprise of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church in Canada. The beautiful and well-equipped 
Ladies' College at St. Thomas, Ontario, is another 
evidence of the educational sentiment of the Church 
and the liberality of her people. It is cause for much 
thankfulness to know that Alma College enjoys a good 
degree of prosperity, and has taken rank as one of the 
best equipped Ladies' Colleges of the country. 

It is quite evident that both the ministry and laity 
of the Church believed the doctrine of Isaiah 33. 6: 
" Wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy 
times, and strength of salvation; the fear of the 
Lord is His treasure." 

421 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Some years ago, at one of my country appointments, 
I was invited one Lord's Day to dine at a good old 
Methodist home, where the preacher so often gets hi*" 
Sunday dinnei. Another brother — Mr. L. — was also 
invited. A gentleman friend, who was in mercantile 
business, was also there — all Methodists together. 
When dinner was over, brother L. slipped away to the 
kitchen for his after-dinner smoke. When our mer- 
chant friend saw Mr. L. enjoying his pipe, he exclaimed 
— " Oh, Mr. h., I am sorry to see an old Christian like 
you indulging in such a filthy and sinful habit. I have 
no more respect for a tobacco user than I have for a 
whiskey drinker." Mr. L. replied — " Do you sell 
tobacco in your store?" There was a pause. The ques- 
tion was repeated, and the brother acknowledged that 
he did. " Then," said Mr. L,-, " I have no more respect 
for you than I have for a whiskey seller!" By this 
time I thought our brother saw his inconsistency. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada had not 
yet undertaken foreign mission work. The need of the 
home mission w^ork being all that the Church was able 
to meet. Our missions, however, were many, stretch- 
ing from east to west along the interior of Ontario and 
a few in Manitoba. 

At the General Conference held at St. David's in the 
year 1858, the Rev. James Richardson was elected and 
consecrated to the Episcopal Office to share the labors 
and honors of the office with Bishop Smith. Bishop 
Richardson received no salary from the Church ; he was 
a real nobleman, one of nature's finest productions, who 
studied and labored to make the most of himself for his 
family, his country, his Church, and his God. He still 
lives in the loving memory of his people. He entered the 
joy of his Lord and the rest that remains for God's 
people, in the year 1875, having served the Church in the 
Episcopal Office seventeen years. 

422 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

The territory occupied by the Methodist Episcopal 
Church in Canada was divided into three Annual Con- 
ferences — Niagara, Ontario, and Bay of Quinte. 

At the General Conference held in Napanee in the 
year 1874, the Episcopacy was again strengthened by 
the election and consecration of the Rev. Albert Car- 
man, M.A., to the Episcopal Office; a man who, in the 
judgment of his brethren, was well qualified for the 
position. Mr. Carman at that time was President of 
Albert College, where he was very much needed. But 
the Conference knew that a supply for the College 
Presidency would be more easily secured than a suit- 
able man for the Episcopal Office ; and so it proved. Dr. 
Carman's efficiency during ten years as Bishop of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada, where his su- 
perior talents were of priceless value to the work of the 
Church in every department, was proof of the wisdom 
and good judgment of the General Conference in mak- 
ing him Bishop. And we think it is evidence of good 
judgment on the part of the General Conference of 
United Methodism in this country that he was elected 
to the office of General Superintendent. So the five 
men who occupied the Episcopal Office during a period 
of fifty years were John Reynolds, J. Alley, Philander 
Smith, James Richardson and Albert Carman, D.D. — 
all good men and safe leaders of a heroic Church. 

At the time of the Canadian Methodist Union in 
1884, the three Annual Conferences of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church in Canada numbered 228 ministers, 
25,671 church members, 23,968 Sunday School scholars, 
and had church property valued at $1,523,514, nearly 
all free of debt, except the colleges. 

The system of stationing the ministers and preachers 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada was ver\- 
diflferent from the methods adopted in the other sec- 

423 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

tions of Methodism. The Presiding Eiders of the Dis- 
tricts, with the Bishop at their head, constituted the 
Stationing Committee. As these men travel through- 
out the whole work they are supposed to know the 
needs of the work and the wishes of the people, and of 
the preachers as well, and it was marvellous how well, 
both the preachers and the circuits were suited with 
the stationing work. When the Bishop read the sta- 
tions at the close of Conference, every man was ex- 
pected to say '■ Amen " to his appointment ; and if an) 
brother failed to say " Amen " some other brother, or 
it may be several would join in the " Amen " for him. 
I remember one occasion when a certain brother was 
not pleased with his appointment, and therefore did not 
say " Amen " ; of course others said it for him. 
When asked why he did not say " Amen " he replied — 
" I say ' Amen ' at the end of my prayers." 

In, those days there were no easy places and fat 
salaries to fish for ; therefore there was but little fish- 
ing. There was, however, a common ambition among- 
the preachers to be successful fishers of men, and to 
make a poor circuit good and desirable. 

The Presiding Elders were officers of considerable 
importance in the government of the Church. They 
were appointed by the Bishop in council with an Ad- 
visory Committee composed of two ministers from 
each district. This committee the Bishop would call 
together and advise with them with regard to the ap- 
pointment of the Presiding Elders. If a preacher were 
known to have obtained special favor by his special 
pleading with some Presiding Elder, it was said that 
he had ploughed with one of the Bishop's heifers. 

It is exceedingly pleasant to see on the pages of this 
book some of the faces of dear brethren with whom we 
have enjoyed delightful fellowship and happy toil in past 
years, though, by reason of limited space, only a few of 

424 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

those faces can be presented. But we cherish the joyful 
hope of meeting- them all in our Father's house. 

And what shall I say more upon the history of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada? To speak- 
further upon this subject is to speak of fifty years of 
toil, trial, tears, and triumph. It is to speak of fifty 
years going forth weeping, bearing precious seed, and 
of coming again with rejoicing, bringing their immortal 
sheaves with them. As a Church we were a happy 
family, rejoicing in and contending for the faith once 
delivered unto the saints. In that we were not disturbed 
by modern higher critics. 

It is the cherished hope of the writer of this brief and 
imperfect sketch that on the great gathering day, when 
all men will stand before the judgment seat of Christ 
and give an account of their stewardship it will be seen 
that the Methodist Episcopal section was a healthy, 
loyal, and conservative element in united Canadian 
Methodism. 





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Methodist Church and Parsonage, Haileybury. 



425 



CHAPTER XXXI. 

1833-1883. 

THE CANADA BIBLE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. 

Selections from a lecture before the Methodist His- 
torical Society by the late Rev. George Webber. 

The first Bible Christian Society was organized at 
Shebbear, Devon, England, October 9th, 181 5, with 22 
members, by William O. Bryan. The first Quarterly 
Meeting was held at Holsworthy, January ist, 1816. 
The first Conference was held at Baddash, Lancaster, 
August 17th, 1819; preachers, 30; members, 2,000. The 
entire district over which their labors extended was at 
that time one of England's moral wastes. But there has 
been a great change. 

In 183 1 two missionaries were set apart for Canada. 
It required no little courage for a young denomination 
of 6,650 members, with a missionary income of $520, to 
undertake that responsibility. But their confidence in 
God and the people was not misplaced. The response 
to the appeal for funds was liberal, doubling the income. 
The missionary spirit is changing the face of the vvoild, 
and men are being filled with the divine sentiment of 
love. The first missionary — Francis Wetherall — reached 
Prince Edward Island in June, 1832, and John H. 
Eynon reached Cobourg in July of the next year. Their 
first reports were made in 1833, showing 30 members in 
Canada and 47 in Prince Edward Island. The next 
year they reported 88 in Canada and 60 in Prince Ed- 
ward Island. In entering upon their new fields the mis- 
sionaries had no churches, no congregations, no members. 

426 



BIBLE CHRISTIAN CHURCH 

They preached in the open air, in the woods, in houses, 
barns, workshops, shanties and schoolhouses. In 
Cobourg Mr. Eynon preached in a dweUing house, and 
formed a class of four members. In unreserved sur- 
render to Christ they went wherever need and an open 
door were presented. Mr. Wetherall soon had a circuit 
extending over a hundred miles, with 36 preaching 
places. My Eynon's circuit extended nearly 200 miles. 
Think of a young woman coming seventy miles through 
the woods to urge Mr. Eynon to preach in the township 
where she lived! Privations and dangers amid the wild 
beasts of the forest were not of small account. Once 
Mr. Eynon missed his way, and was all night in 
the woods. After kindling a fire he lay down to sleep, 
but was soon aroused by the rustling leaves and a 
prowling bear, and began to sing — 

" How happy is the pilgrim's lot," etc. 

Mrs. Eynon preached also. Someone asked her if she 
had been ordained. " No, but I was fore-ordained." 

In 1834 John Kemeys was sent to Upper Canada and 
Philip James to Prince Edward Island. They returned 
154 members for Canada and 67 for Prince Edward 
Island, Two years later the total number of members 
was 350. John Edwards and Philip James were sent to 
Upper Canada and Absalom Pickings to Prince Edward 
Island. The next year John Kemeys returned to England 
and Robert A. Hurley was sent to Canada. The preach- 
ing in those days was attended with wonderful power 
and many conversions — sometimes twenty at a service. 
If anyone ask the secret of such power and the success 
of those early preachers, I can only say they lived much 
in secret prayer and meditation. Alone with God they 
became men of decision and strength. They were 
evangelists, and helped to leaven literature, business and 

427 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

social life with the spirit and principles of the religion 
of Christ. They stood firmly upon the word of God, 
and were true to it in belief and teaching. In this age 
it is more and more easy to give up one doctrine after 
another, and one part after another, and pass from the 
positive to the negative. Solid work is impossible with- 
out solid truth. We can do little or nothing while apolo- 
gizing for Christ or the Bible. Christ's calmness was 
the fruit of supreme certainty. The Gospel is not to be 
put into a Pantheon of the religions of the world. Chris- 
tianity claims to be absolutely unique. The terms Atone- 
ment, Justification, Regeneration, and Adoption are not 
to be regarded as fossil remains of an extinct theology. 
Gethsemane, with its tears and blood ; Calvary, with its 
darkness and veiled face, still have their place — a 
supreme place — and will while God's plan of salvation 
endures. The greatest awakenings and revivals the 
Church and the world have known show that when the 
great doctrines of the Word have been faithfully pro- 
claimed the greatest results have been seen. 

Ten years after the missions had been fairly opened 
the first District Meeting for Upper Canada was held at 
Zion, Hope, in March, 1844. Members — Upper Canada, 
657; Prince Edward Island, 360. The missions were 
then divided into two districts, with 8 missionaries, 15 
churches, 7 Sunday Schools, 40 teachers, 270 scholars, 
many preaching places. The first church was built at 
Cobourg, and opened March 5th, 1836; the second at 
Precious Corners, July 3rd, 1836. In 1844 Mariposa 
IMission was opened; the next year Belleville, by John 
Edwards, who visited eight townships. The first ser- 
vice was held in the bar-room of an Irish tavern keeper, 
whose whole family were converted and the tavern 
turned into a house of God, with a society of 46 mem- 
bers — ^all total abstainers. 

428 



BIBLE CHRISTIAN CHURCH 

Additional missionaries came out to Upper Canada — 
Thomas Green and J. B. Tapp; to Prince Edward Island 
W. Callaway and W. Harris. Mr. Eynon drove six 
hundred miles visiting the newly-opened Huron Tract, 
where, in 1846, a mission was opened by Philip James, 
including nine townships, with 38 members. This same 
year Paul Robins, G. Rippin, William Hooper, and H. 
Abbott W'Cre added to the Upper Canada staflF. The 
work extended rapidly, and more missionaries were 
needed. A church was built in Bowmanville, costing 
$1,000, and others soon after. In January, 1845, ^^^ 
first missionary meeting was held at Cobourg; collec- 
tion $30. Other meetings followed, awakening general 
missionary enthusiasm. At the fifth District Meeting, 
held in Darlington, the membership had doubled, and 
everything looked prosperous. That meeting took a 
decided stand for temperance. New missionaries arrived 
— A. Morris, John Williams, and Jacob Gale. On the 
1st of March, 1851, Philip James died, after twenty-five 
years in the ministry. At the eighth District Meeting 
the work in Upper Canada was divided into three dis- 
tricts. Two years later, at the district meeting in Bow- 
manville, Paul Robins was appointed to proceed to Eng- 
land to secure the formation of a Conference in Canada, 
and was successful. In 1849 Cobourg ceased receiv- 
ing missionary assistance. Then Darlington and other 
missions became self-supporting, and from the forma- 
tion of the Conference no further aid was received from 
England. The first Canadian Conference, regularly con- 
stituted, met at Columbus, June 7th, 1855. There were 
then 21 preachers, 51 churches, 104 other preaching 
places, 2,186 members, 335 Sunday School teachers, 
1,445 scholars, and an income of $6,000. There were 
present 9 preachers, 6 representatives, and J. B. Tapp 
was President. The Church entered upon a new era. 

429 



METHODISM IN CANADA 

Resolutions were adopted in favor of Prohibition. 

Mr. James Bissett, a local preacher, held services in 
Exeter, in the house of Mr. James Pickard, about 1850. 

At Crediton, a few miles out, Mr. George Lewis, 
another local preacher, began the work in an old store. 

A Bible Christian Church was built in Exeter in i860. 

Mr. Edwards and then Mr. Tapp preached in and 
around Mitchell as early as 1850, and a Bible Christian 
Church was built there in 1854. Mr. John T. Barley, 
then a young man, has been identified with the work 
there from the beginning. 

Bible Christian Plan, Mitchell, 1875. — i, J. Butcher; 
2, E. Tonkin; 3, C. Roflfe; 4, P. Drown; 6, S. Gerry; 
7, H. S. Wills; 8, T. Roberts; 9, T. Coppin; 10, W. 
Courtice; 11, T. March; 12, R. Moore; 13, J. Hodges 
Places — Mitchell, Bethel, FuUarton, Zion Providence, 
Carlingford. 

In i860 the Conference met at Columbus. There were 
reported 37 preachers, jy churches, 118 other preaching 
places, 3,700 members, 650 Sunday School teachers, 
3,600 scholars ; receipts, $6,600 ; missionary income. 
^3)350. William Hooper was President. A course of 
study was arranged for candidates for the ministry. 

In 1865 Prince Edward Island was included in the 
Conference, and there were reported 54 preachers, 132 
churches, and 5,000 members, showing that the denom- 
ination had more than doubled in ten years. C. Barber 
was President. From this date the most liberal efforts 
were made in church building. 

At the Union, in 1883, there were 80 ministers, 7,400 
members, 30,000 adherents, 181 churches, and 55 par- 
sonages, valued at $400,000, with a debt of only $50,000. 



430 



INDEX 



Adams, Ezra, I., 88, 114. 
Adams, Miss M. E., II., 369. 
Aikins, Jas., I., 237. 
Albert College, II., 421. 
Alder, Dr., I., 272, 253, 429, 

435 ; 11-, 13, 57- 
Algoma, II., 327. 
Alma College, II., 401, 421. 
Ancaster, I., 211, 222, 248. 
Arthur, Wm., II., 209. 
Asbury, I., 21, 60, 79. 
Augusta, I., 46, 87, 116, 363. 
Bangs, N., I., zy, 47, 142, I45, 

171. 193- 
Barrett, Miss, II., 126. 
Barrie, II., 198. 
Battle, Miss, II., 3j8. 
Bay of Quinte. I., 36-39, 116. 
Beatty, John, I., 123. 
Beecham, Dr., II., loi, 103. 
Belleville, I., 125, 199, 379; II., 

170, 200, 320. 
Belton, I., 161, 249, 271, 400, 

447- 
Bible Christian Church, I., 447 ; 

II., 271, 400, 426. 
Bidwell, I., 254. 
Biggar, I., 244; II., 146. 
Black, W., I., 17, 78. 
Black, J., I., 163, 205 ; II., 86. 
Blue Church, I., 46; II., 150. 
Bolton, East, II., 129. 
Book Room, I., 312, 383. 
Borland, II., 315. 
Bowman's, I., 72, 228. 
Brampton, II., 85. 
Brantford. II., 163, 359, 375- 
Bredin, II., 312, 343. 
Briggs, II., 316, 403. 
British Columbia, II., 134, 150, 

231. 234, 238, 345- 
British Conference, I., 105, 271, 

281, 302, 379. 
Brock, Jas., I., 253; II., 82. 
Brownell, II., 69. 
Browning, II., 144. 



Bytown, 223, 237. 

Cade, II., 406. 

Canada Conference, I., 145, 215. 

Carman, II., 225, 229, 296, 403, 

423, 483- 
Carroll, I., 115, 163, 340. 
Case, I., 44, 46, 57, 117, 15 r, 

193, 209, 212, 216, 242, 234, 

285, 289; II., 18, 51, 105. 
Catterick, I., 105, 128. 
Caughey, II., 24, 75, 79, 86. 
Census, II., 167, 258, 354. 
Century Meetings, I., 437-443. 
Christian Guardian, I., 229,242; 

II., 77- 
Class Meetings, II., 187, 215, 

285, 349- 
Clergy Reserves, I., 183, 302. 
Clinton, II., 119. 
Coate, M., I., 36. 
Coate, S., I., 35, 43, 47, 59, 60. 
Cochran, II., 288, 326, 365. 
Coke, Dr., I., 20, 21. 
Coleman, Jas., I., 32, 43. 
Coleman, F., II., 79. 
Constable, II., 105, 129. 
Cornish, II., 136, 139, 147, 185. 
Corson, R., I., 132, 140, 156; 

II., 55, 236, 309, 337. 
Coughlan, I., 13, i5- 
Crawford, II., 75, 78, ii5, 325- 
Crosby, II., 295, 353- 
Culp, I., 72, 320, 335- 
Cummer's, II., 416, 419. 
Currie, I., 438; H-, 22. 
Davis, Chief, I., 167. 
Demorest, I., 102, 138. 
Detlor, II., 41- 
Dewart, II., 124, 403. 
Dignam, II., 38, 75, Ii5- 
Division of Conference, II., 

264, 278. 
Dixon. Dr., II., 62, 259. 
Doel, I., 92. 

Douglas, Dr., II., 339, 349- 
Dundas, II., 202, 292, 333. 



431 



INDEX 



Dunham, I., 29, 30-32, ^6. 
Eastern Conferences, II., 

280, 308. 
Eastern Townships, I., 

175; II., 150, 182. 
Eby, II., 270. 
Ecumenical, II., 2>77- 
Elliott, Jas., II., 217. 
Ernestown, II., 113. 
Evans, E., II., 13S, I43- 
Evans, Jas., I., 243, 351, 

388, 402 ; II., 21, 32, 56. 
Fawcett, I., 126. 
Ferguson, G., I., 84. 
Ferrier, II., 118, 129, 148. 
Fish, II., 113, 311. 
Flanders, II., 126, 165. 
F. M. S., I., 235, 241. 
Freshman, II., 143. 
Gage, II., 93. 
Gardiner, Jos., I., 124. 
Gardiner, Dr., II., 309. 
Garretson, I., 19. 
Gemley, II., 53, 61. 
General Conference, I., 57 

165, 199, 295, 304; II., 

348, 389, 402. 
George, Bishop, I., 87, 95, 

142, 145- 
Goderich, II., 149, 197. 
Gooderham, II., 355, 391. 
Gray, II., 65, 109. 
Green, IT., 42, 98. 
Griffin, N.. II., 105. 
Grimsby, II., 31C. 
Guelph, II., 338. 
HalloM^ell, I., 115, 125, 14s, 
Hamilton, I., 125; II., 52, 

329- 
Hannah, Dr., II., 223. 
Harvard, I., 390, 404, 409; 

II, 53, 125. 
Hay Bay, I., lOi. 
Healy, I., 134; H-, 68. 
Heck, I., 23, 46; II., 80. 
Heddmg, I., 142, 205. 
Hevland, I., 169, 202. 
Hibbard, I., 68. 
Hicks, J., I., 85. 
Holtby, II., 34, 37, 122, 140. 
Howard, II., 64. 



103, 
128, 



367, 



80, 
297, 

137, 



268. 
127, 

11., 



Hurlburt, T., I., 190, 404, 409, 

426; II., 90, 109, 273. 
Hurlburt, Mrs., II., 23. 
Jackson, Mrs., II., 332. 
Jacobs, II., 22, 87. 
Japan, II., 269, 288, 392. 
Jeffers, II., 60, 88. 
Jones, R., I., 127, 320; II., 44. 
Jones, P., I., 131, 135, 153, 198, 

267, 401; II., 84, 97, 113. 
Jubilee, II., 188-189. 
Keeler, I., 32. 
Kennedy, G., II., 50. 
Kilgour, II, 387. 
Kincardine, II., 120. 
Kingston, I., 96, 225, 361, 409; 
II., 25, 29, 62, 8r, 134, 152, 
227. 
Lang., I., 272,; II., 41- 
Lawrence, II., 324. 
Lavell, II., 64. 
Lindsay, II., 311. 
London, I., 140; II., 50, 201. 
Lord, I., 344, 372, 378, 386. 
Losee, I., 27, 29. 

Lucas, II., 175. 

McCarthy, I., 27. 

McDougall, G., II., 77, 81, 91, 
176, 200, 321, 322. 

McDougall, John, II., 289, 398. 

McFadden, I., 223. 

McGill College, II., 46. 

McKendree, I., 108. 

Madden, Th., I., 211; II., 126. 

Manitoba, II., 241, 260, 401. 

Manly, I., 253, 440- 

Marsden, I., 319. 

Mason, II., 19, 124. 

Mathewson, J. A., II., 124, 189, 
208. 

^lessmore, I., 139, 358. 

Metcalf, I., loi, 126, 251. 

Methodist Episcopal Church, 
I., 322, 357, 389, 446 ; II., 296, 
414. 

Methodist New Connexion 
Church, I., 272, 277, 283, 290, 

29s, 449- 
Metropolitan Church., II., 261. 
Missionary Society, I., 147, 167. 
Montreal, II., 126, 129, 207,317, 

335, 348. 



432 



INDEX 



Muskoka, II., 312, 343. 

Neal, I., 24, 26. 

Nelles, II., 186, 252. 

New Brunswick, I., 22; II., 

340. 
Newfoundland, I., 13; II., 369. 
Niagara, I., 50, 66, 70, 297, 419. 
Norwood, II., 344. 
Nova Scotia, II., 368. 
Oakville, II., 116, 125. 
Ontario Ladies' College., II., 

285, 292, 296, 301, 303, 304, 

333, 352, 357, 358, 365- 
Ottawa, I., 86, 124, 173 ; II., 20, 

137, 215, 294. 
Owen Sound, II., 169. 
Palmer, II., 98. 
Peale, I., 94, I33- 
Pembroke, II., 50, 287, 372. 
Perth, I., 174; II., 199. 
Picton, II., 94, 132, 307. 
Playter, I., 120; IL, 170, 183, 

211, 218. 
Pope, H., 1,89, 118, 127. 
Port Hope, II., 322. 
Primitive Methodist Church, 

I., 28, 286 ; II., 183, 304, 406. 
Prince of Wales, II., 154, 156. 
Prohibition, II, 310. 
Punshon, II., 219, 243, 253, 279, 

29s, 373- 
Quebec, I., 27; II., 183, 312. 
Reed, F., I., 103, 114, 122. 
Reynolds, J., I., 52, 56, 93. 334. 
Rice, Dr., II., 106, 266, 403. 
Richardson, I., 209, 216, 239, 

263, 377, 382; II., 422. 
Richey, I., 376 ; II., 14, 61, 68. 
Robinson, J. H., II., 279. 
Rutherford, II., 388. 
Rundle, II., 21. 
Ryan, I., 44, 73, 105, i49. i57, 

205, 324. 
Ryckman, II. , 277. 
Ryerson, E., I., 151, 176, 192, 

231, 316; II., 14, 19. 333, 348, 

382. 
Ryerson, John, I., 123, 128, 138. 

272, 346; II., 28, 67, 84, 99. 
Ryerson, Wm., I., 113; II., 36- 
Rutherford, Mrs., II., 388. 
Samson, I., 60. 



Sanderson, J., II., 92, 325. 
Sanderson, J. E., II., 130, 286, 

292, 305, 358. 
Sault St. Marie, I., 415; II., 327. 
Sawyer, D., I., 48, 58, 282. 
Sawyer, Jos., I., 36, 53; 1 1., 93. 
Scott, J., I., 392. 
Selkirk, IL, 98. 
Selkirk, IL, 98. 
Shaler, IL, 90. 
Slight, I., 441. 
Smith, P., I., 195, 397. 
Spencer, IL, 156, 399. 
Squire, W., I., 164, 175, 227, 

256, 328; II.. 86. 
Stanstead, I., 164; II. , 214, 239, 

294, 337, 399- 
Steinhaur, IL, 91, 121, 193, 355. 
Stinson, Dr., I., 144, 213, 237, 

312, 326, 361, 421, 431 ; II. , 

H, 33- 
Strachan, L, 120, 176, 184, 192; 

n. 14, 33- 
Stratford, IL, 119. 
Strong, J. B., I., 77. 
St. Andrews, IL, 124. 
St. Clair, I., 351, 343, 351, 367. 
St. Vincent, II., 133. 
Sunday, J., I., 244, 294, 437. 
Sutherland, A., II. , 386, 395, 

403- 
Tablet Memo., IL, 323. 
Taylor, L., IL, 55, 365- 
Taylor, Mrs., 1 1., 98, 139. 
Temperance, I., 232; II., 340, 

346. 
Theological, II. , 265, 267. 
Three Rivers, I., 56. 
Toronto, I., 332; IL, 42, 230, 

237- 
Torrance, IL, 301, 322. 
Torry, I., 95, loi, 112, 125, 129, 

139- 
Trenton, 1 1., 249. 
U. C. Academy, I., 267, 289, 

384; II, 26. 
Union, L, 273, 304, 318; IL, 

55, 219, 272, 297, 381, 389. 

402. 
University, II., 142. I45. 180. 
Vandusen, C, I., 268; IL, 148. 
Van Norman, IL, 77, 376. 



433 



INDEX 



Vaux, L, 152., II., 87, 363. 
Victoria College, IL, 28, 31, 

49, 162, 215, 233, 290. 
Victoria, B.C., II., 137, 364- 
Wakefield, IL, z()T. 
Waldron, I., 163., 269, 327. 
Walker, R., I., 286; II. 30. 
War, 1812, I., 63. 
Warner, II, no, 301. 
Webster, G., IL, 150. 
Webster, Th., L, 357, 420. 
Wesley, II, 173, 240, 246, 323. 
Whitehead, Th., I., 46, 265, 2>-]Z \ 

IL, 19, 52. 
Whiting, R., IL, '68, 287. 
Wilkinson, H., I., 139, 257, 339 , 

IL, 38, 50. 
Williams, J. A., IL, 402. 
Williams, R., L, 78. 
Williams, Th., IL, 69. 



Williams, Wm., IL, 290, 318, 

38s. 
Willmott, I., 386. 
Winnipeg, IL, 361. 
Withrow, II. 
Wood, E., II. , 123, 361. 
Woodstock, IL, 63, loi. 
Woodsworth, R., IL, 70, 253. 
Woolsey, L, 32; IL, 166, 176. 
Wooster, I., 35, 356. 
Workman, Dr., IL, 204, 224, 

227. 
W. C. T. U., IL, 388. 
W. M. S., IL, 374, 391- 
York, I., 52, 114, 123, 169, 257, 

303, ZZ'2. 
Youmans, Mrs. IL, 388. 
Young, Dr. G., IL, 189, 225, 

232, 301, 326, 360, 367, 371- 
Yomig, E. R., IL, 289. 



§40 



4i4 



ilNDING S^Cr. AUG 2 7 13S5 



BX 3ander3on, Joseph liidward 

8251 The first century of 
32 Methodism in Canada 

V.2 
cop. 2 



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